Settlement Configuration in SAP CO-Product Cost
The IMG menu path for all settlement configuration is SPRO • CONTROLLING • PRODUCT COST CONTROLLING • COST OBJECT CONTROLLING • PRODUCT COST BY PERIOD/ORDER/SALES ORDER • PERIOD-END CLOSING • SETTLEMENT.
Create settlement profile
The settlement profile is the main piece of configuration for settlement. The settlement profile includes whether costs should be settled in full or not, which receivers are valid, default structure values, and other indicators that drive settlement.
The screenshot in Figure 5.31 shows the standard SAP settlement profile for production orders. There are many standard SAP settlement profiles for each type of cost object. Minor tweaks may be required to these standard settlement profiles based on your requirements and it is recommended that you copy from an existing profile and create a new one.
Figure 5.31: Create settlement profile
Define settlement cost elements
This configuration transaction takes to you transaction KA06 to create a secondary cost elements for settlement. Standard SAP settlement cost elements break apart order costs in various ways: material, internal activity, third party, services, etc.
Create allocation structure
The allocation structure must meet the following criteria:
- Completeness –
For a settlement or assessment to be executed correctly, the allocation structure must represent all cost elements under which costs are incurred.
- Unambiguity –
There must be only one cost element in an allocation structure.
The allocation structure utilizes the settlement cost elements created to indicate which order costs should settle to each settlement cost element (see Figure 5.32). Standard SAP provides several allocation structures that can be tweaked to meet your specific needs.
Figure 5.32: Create allocation structure
The screenshot in Figure 5.33 shows the breakout of assignments within the A1 allocation structure by different types of order costs. On the left, you can see the source, assessment cost elements, and settlement cost elements under assignments. You select the assignment and then indicate which source cost elements, are relevant to the assignment. You can indicate assessment cost elements for assessing order costs. You then indicate the settlement cost element(s) where order costs for that assignment will be settled.
Figure 5.33: Create allocation structure assignments