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XPATH Usage in Selenium

XPATH Usage

There are times that you will need to find elements that are the same except for the difference in one or two attributes. To handle this, we can add the attributes to the query so that we can try to make the element more unique for use in the test. The format can be used for any attribute on any element.
It will always follow the xpath=//element [@attribute=’attribute value’].
For example, if you have two div elements on the page but they only differ by the class attribute, your XPath query would look like
xpath=//div[@class=’classname’]

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Xpath usage:-

1)  Two object has same attributes

2)  The object attribute changing dynamically–facebook
3) Element has no attributes.

Related Page: Finding Elements By XPATH And Using CSS - SELENIUM

Syntax:-
//–parent element /child element
//element[@attribute=’attribute name’]
Example 1:-

//button[@id=’123′]
Example 2:-
Face book code:-

u129747_3
u131602_3

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Rightstart:-

href=”http://www.rightstart.com/search/result/?link_location=default.leftnav& 
ocat=707″ class=”current”>Travel Gear

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Using attribute:-

//a[@href=’http://www.rightstart.com/search/result/?link_location=default.leftnav&ocat=707′]

Using Prent element:-

//dd[@class=’last odd’]/ol/li[3]/a

Example for Link:-


//a[@class=’current’] –its not working
//a[@href=’http://www.rightstart.com/search/result/?link_location=default.leftnav 
&ocat=707′]

Xpath using position:-

//element[@att=’attname’]/element1/element2 //dd[@class=’last odd’]/ol/li[10]/a

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Dynamic element:-


//element[@att=’attname’]
//input[@type=’submit’ and @value=’Log In’]

 


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