30th June 2021

Describe the relationship between IoT, cloud computing and big data

17th August 2021

Answered by Sujith Sukumaran

Big Data, IoT, and the Cloud are digital tools that help businesses improve their analytics and decision-making. Market leaders all over the world use the interdependent relationship between IoT, Big Data, and Cloud Computing to profit from innovation and gain a competitive advantage. We now have more gadgets connected to the Internet and one other than ever before, as connectivity becomes more important in our daily working and social life. Digital transformation, as well as the requirement to connect and share data among numerous devices, is now essential.

Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term that refers to a collection of devices or objects that are connected via the Internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the concept of connecting many gadgets to the Internet. These devices can comprise a variety of appliances that need to be connected for a variety of purposes, including device automation and real-time control.


Big Data refers to the process of analysing massive amounts of structured and unstructured data to obtain insight into various business processes. Big Data is data that is too large or complex to be processed using traditional methods.


The Cloud is a centralised system that allows data and files to be sent and transported via the Internet to data centres. The centralised Cloud system makes it simple to access various data and programmes. Cloud computing is a cost-effective alternative since it eliminates the need for on-site storage, processing, and analytics infrastructure. Cloud Computing's scalability means that as your company grows, so will your technological and analytical capabilities.

Symbiotic Relationship

The interplay between IoT, Big Data, and Cloud Computing provides businesses with numerous opportunities to achieve exponential growth. Simply defined, IoT is a data source, Big Data is a data analysis platform, and Cloud Computing is the place for data storage, scale, and access speed.

Big Data and Cloud Data have a symbiotic relationship, as the Cloud infrastructure effectively enables storage, real-time processing, and Big Data analysis at scale and quickly. The most significant advantage of using Cloud storage for your Big Data is scalability: Cloud storage is pay-as-you-go. Essentially, the Cloud is the technology that serves, stores, and allows users to efficiently access and analyse Big Data. 

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a global network of devices that collect and share data from a variety of industries and sectors. Big Data, on the other hand, provides administration and analytical capabilities for massive amounts of data across a variety of platforms and systems. However, because Big Data and the Internet of Things are interconnected, the two technologies share shared aims and are expected to follow a similar path in the future. IoT gathers real-time analytics data to aid in decision-making. This function is aided by Big Data, which serves as a storage solution for predictive analytics that anticipate future problems and provide remedies. IoT and Big Data can investigate inputs to reveal hidden correlations, unexplained patterns, and new trends in your data collection when they work together.

All of this points to a single topic: digital transformation. Though your question is pertinent, you left out one major actor among the four pillers, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE. 

Big data and AI services have a synergistic relationship. The fuel that powers AI is data. Big data, which consists of large, complex, and frequently changing datasets, allows machine learning applications to do what they were designed to do: learn and acquire abilities. 

When you look deeper, you'll notice that data lies at the heart of everything.

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