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Hardware and Software of IoT

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IoT – Hardware                           

Hardware of IoT includes devices, servers, routers, etc. These devices handle tasks and functions, like:

System Activation


Action Specification


Detection of goals and actions.

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1.  Sensors

Sensors are the important hardware part of IoT. It comprises of:

Power Management Modules

Energy Modules

Sensing Modules - Manage sensing through active and passive measurement devices.

RF Modules – Manage communication through Bluetooth, WiFi, Signal Processing, ZigBee and BAW.


2. Wearable Electronics

Wearable Devices are the small electronic devices that can be worn on arms, neck, head, feet, etc.   These devices are not only the part of IoT system, but they enable access for improved productivity.

Wearable Electronics

3. Standard Devices

Desktop, Tablet, Cellphone, Routers and Switches are the integral parts of IoT.

Desktop provides the highest level of control over the system settings.

Tablet has access to key features of system, and in a way, it acts like a remote.

Cellphone has essential setting modification and provide essential set of functionalities.

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Hardware and Software of IoT

IoT – Software    

IoT addresses key areas of networking, embedded systems, partner systems, and middleware. These applications are responsible for collaboration with critical business systems. They continue the execution of related tasks:

1. Application and Process Extension

Applications extend the reach of present software and system towards a wider effective network. They collaborate predefined devices like allowing access for engineering instruments. It enhances productivity and data collection.

2. Data Collection

It manages sensing, filtering, measuring, security and aggregation of data. It employs specific protocols to connect sensors with real-time, machine-to-machine networks. It collects data from multiple devices and distributes it accordingly, over the devices. This collected data is ultimately transmitted to a central server.

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3. Device Integration

Software Integration relates system devices to create an IoT system. It ensures stable networking among the devices. They define the software technology of IoT network. It manages applications, limitations and protocols of each device to allow communications.

4. Real-Time Analytics

These applications take input data from several devices and convert it into viable actions and patterns for analysis. They analyze data based on settings so as to execute automation-related tasks.

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Ravindra Savaram
About The Author

Ravindra Savaram is a Content Lead at His passion lies in writing articles on the most popular IT platforms including Machine learning, DevOps, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, RPA, Deep Learning, and so on. You can stay up to date on all these technologies by following him on LinkedIn and Twitter. Protection Status