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Python Partial Functions Using Functools

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Python Partial Functions Using Functools

Despite being a fully object-oriented language and not an inherently functional language, Python has its unique set of functional programming tools. Partial functions in Python can be created in style with the help of the functools library. Partial functions allow one to derive a function with x parameters to a function with fewer parameters and fixed values set for the more limited function.

The FUNCTOOLS module is for higher-order functions: functions that act on or return other functions. This module provides tools for working with functions and other callable objects, to adapt or extend them for new purposes without completely rewriting them. In general, any callable object can be treated as a function for the purposes of this module.

Though Python is not a functional language, this particular field helps coders to write their own code in a functional style and one such feature of Functools library is to create partial functions. In other words, Functools module is for higher-order functions where functions can either act or return on other functions. In order to use partial functions the following import is required:

From Functools import partial

Partial function helps you to derive a function with x parameters to a function with fewer parameters. In a partial function, one constant value argument can be bound to a definite function to create a new function that will take only the rest of the operations. Amongst all calls, the bound input will remain the same. To understand its application in detail, have a glimpse at the following example:

From Functools import partial

Partial Functions:

The primary tool supplied by the Functools module is the class partial, which can be used to “wrap” a callable object with default arguments. Partial objects are similar to function objects with slight differences. Partial function application makes it easier to write and maintain the code.

What Functools.partial does is:

  • Makes a new version of a function with one or more arguments already filled in.
  • The new version of a function documents itself.

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Now, have a look at another example of how to find a cube of a number with the help of partial functions:

Partial Functions


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Anjaneyulu Naini
About The Author

Anjaneyulu Naini is working as a Content contributor for Mindmajix. He has a great understanding of today’s technology and statistical analysis environment, which includes key aspects such as analysis of variance and software,. He is well aware of various technologies such as Python, SAS, Artificial Intelligence, Oracle, Business Intelligence, Altrex etc, Connect with him on LinkedIn and Twitter. Protection Status