Analyzing SAP CO-PA Value Flows
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Before you actually post CO-PA line items, CO-PA offers you the option of simulating your valuations and value flows in CO-PA in advance. You can call up this analysis directly from the CO-PA application menu (see Figure 8.4).
Figure 8.4: Options for analyzing value flows
Checking the Customizing Settings
You can check the customizing settings of the organizational structures of your CO-PA (see Figure 8.5). There is a statement: “The organizational structures are the backbone of the SAP system.” Using this monitor, you can check further customizing settings.
Figure 8.5: Customizing Monitor for checking the organizational structures
Value Field Analysis
Let us start with the value field analysis (see Figure 8.6).
Figure 8.6: Value field analysis initial screen
After clicking EXECUTE you can analyze your settings completely (see Figure 8.7).
Figure 8.7: Results of the value field analysis
You can see which fields are served by each interface. Using the buttons displayed at the top of the screen, you can navigate to the SD conditions, the PA transfer structure, or the defined assessments.
Overview of Valuation
In the next step, we check the valuations for record types A, F, B, and C at the actual point of valuation 01 (see Figure 8.8).
Figure 8.8: Executing the valuation overview
After executing the overview you see the following result (Figure 8.9):
Figure 8.9: Results of the valuation analysis
In this image, you can see which valuation strategies are assigned to your record types. You can see that for each record type, on one hand the material costing is processed and on the other, user exit U01.
This valuation analysis offers users the advantage that they can see what is set without requiring customizing authorizations.
Overview of Derivation
Figure 8.10 shows the initial screen for the derivation overview.
Figure 8.10: Initial screen of the derivation overview
When you run the derivation overview, for each derived characteristic, you receive a lot of the source and target fields. You can use these to analyze precisely whether the characteristic derivation is working correctly (see Figure 8.11). This is shown for derivation step 11 as an example.
Figure 8.11: Partial log as results of the derivation overview
The initial screen of the report overview in the Customizing Monitor looks as shown in Figure 8.12.
Figure 8.12: Initial screen of the report overview
When you run the report overview, you receive an overview of the fields used in a profitability report together with information about how they are used (see Figure 8.13).
Figure .13: Results of the report overview
“R(D)” denotes a report characteristic for which further drilldown is possible. “F(N)” denotes a characteristic from a form for which drilldown is not possible.
Summarization Level Overview
In this overview, you can see the summarization levels created for your operating concern, as well as the characteristics used for summarization (see Figure 8.14).
Figure 8.14: Overview of summarization levels
Now that you have been able to check your CO-PA customizing intensively in the steps described above, in the further sub-steps of the ANALYZE VALUE FLOWS item, CO-PA enables you to simulate documents. For the invoice transfer and sales order transfer items, you have to specify an SD document. In the analysis, you can then trace the behavior of CO-PA for posting precisely. Let us see in more detail in an example (see Figure 8.15).
Figure 8.15: Accessing the valuation simulation
Similarly, to transaction KE21 (Enter Actual Line Items), you first access the initial screen (see Figure 8.16).
Figure 8.16: Initial screen for the valuation simulation
Enter a posting date, the record type, and the point of valuation at which you want to simulate the valuation. In the next step, specify some characteristic values (see Figure 8.17).
Figure 8.17: Entry of characteristics for the valuation simulation
We want to run the simulation for customer K1 and product A1 from our example data. However, first we want to check whether the derivation works. By clicking DERIVATION, you can see that further characteristics have been derived (see Figure 8.18).
Figure 8.18: Successful characteristic derivation for valuation simulation
Characteristics were derived for the customer hierarchy, the product hierarchy, and the customer group. Switch to the VALUE FIELDS tab and enter a sales quantity. Then click VALUATION. You get the result shown in Figure 8.19.
Figure 8.19: Results of the valuation simulation