Aryan Sharma

Posted on 4th March 2024

These technologies can be divided into two broad categories:

3GPP standardized solutions

These technologies are standardized cellular technologies and have been developed by the joint efforts of the industry under the umbrella of 3GPP  to ensure a common framework for interoperability between devices and networks on the cellular networks.

  • LTE UE Cat-1
  • LTE UE Cat-0
  • LTE eMTC (LTE UE Cat-M)
  • NarrowBand Internet-of-Things (NB-IoT)
  • Extended Coverage GSM (EC-GSM)

Non-standardized solutions

In contrast to standardized technologies, the other set of solutions have been developed by certain industry player(s) who saw an opportunity to cater to the market of connecting billions of IoT devices that would come up in the future with proprietary technology. These were also the first technologies designed to cater to IoT specifically.

  • Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN)
  • Sigfox

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