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It depends upon a large number of factors. If no attention is being paid to aspects related to the security of information or data, the problem can declare its presence. Limited investment in security, no user account management, untrusted site certificates, unmanaged data, improper security applications, as well as access to entire data to every user are some of the common factors that are responsible for this.
It is nothing but a process in which the credentials provided by a user about his/her identity is matched with the database where similar information of the user is stored. The prime aim is to ensure security. If data provided by the user matched with the data or information available on the server, access is provided to a user to access the data otherwise the same is restricted.
Well, it actually depends on the size of an organization up to a great extent. In large-scale organizations, this approach is not common. Data or information that users can access on a server is often related to their own department only. They are not allowed to access data from other departments or anything that is too confidential. Generally, this practice is not adopted because of security issues.
The fact is both have their own factors related to security. The wireless approach is always regarded as best and this is because wired channels can be used for data leakage and other similar issues. Also, in the wireless approach, only the sender and the receiver know which path data will be following from source to destination.
All the tasks in the form authentication are generally performed by the Form itself. On the other hand, this needs to be done manually. When it comes to the implementation of Windows authentication on a large scale, it consumes a lot of time and there are certain chances of errors that can declare their presence and can cause issues related to authentication in a proper manner.
Sometimes there is a need to grant access or rights to a user and this is generally done by the network or security administrators. Administrators also have to check the user account permissions for the same purpose. And generally both these are referred to as authorization.
It stands for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. Basically, it’s an application protocol that is generally considered over an IP network. The aim is to access and manage the information in the distributed directory. Directory service is mainly responsible for managing a set of records in a systematic order.
It depends on the user’s need. Generally, the system or server administrator is responsible for this.
Machine authentication is a process when machines or systems have to interact with each other without human interference and user authentication is the process in which the interactions between humans and systems occur.
Just like humans, machines also have to go through the authentication process to prove their identity during some common tasks such as remote connection, data transfer, pairing, and so on. This is done to assure that only the authorized systems are interacting with each other and not a hacker.
Digital certificates are alternatives to passwords that are submitted by the machines when interacting with each other in a machine authentication approach. These certificates are verified and regulated by the Certificate Authority. They can be considered equal to a digital password. However, they are regarded as more secure than them.
It’s a two-factor authentication approach
The three authentication factors are:
All these factors are basically nothing but the category of authentication that is considered.
It stands for Multifactor authenticity and is a strong approach that is considered where the security of information or data adequately matters. It is also considered a two factors authentication that has wide application in cryptography. This approach can secure any volume of data with any number of users that access the same.
It is basically an approach that is used when the security is nothing in large matters. It is nothing but creating layer after layer for boosting security. A layer can be defined as a barrier that stops the stealing of data and eliminates other similar issues.
At each layer, the users have to prove their identity and in fact in a new manner every time. Thus, it widely contributes to enhancing the security of any information that is too confidential. This process has a drawback too and i.e. it needs a lot of cost for implementation.
CMP stands for Certificate Management Protocol and is used to obtain X.509 digital certificates.
Generally, to use authentication, it has been seen that the users have to be a member of the domain-based network. However, with form authentication, this is not an issue. One can easily keep up the pace and without worrying about anything. Any application can be accessed provided some basic criteria are met. It is beneficial for e-commerce or shopping websites where they need to keep informed of the user.
1. Creation of Certificate
2. Storage of same
There are a few steps that need to be followed for this. These are:
1. First of all, the authentication mode is to be set on the Web. config mode.
2. Next is to collect the login information which can be done by creating a Webform
3. After this, the usernames and passwords are to be stored in a database.
4. Finally codes are to be written for this purpose.
In any organization, there are different departments or teams that have to manage their tasks and responsibilities. A server generally controls all the systems and because every department or users has to use it, storage space is allowed to each user or department where they can share and store information related to other own work.
This space could be shared among different teams or departments or can be dedicated to a specific team or a user. It contributes to assuring the privacy and safety of information.
This can be done by requesting the certificates simply with the help of CRZ i.e. Certificate Request Wizard. You need to provide the concerned information that why the same is required if you go with this approach.
The second method is to request a certificate over a Web simply. This is simple but can be trusted only when the data is not very confidential. The third method that is so common and widely regarded as best is Auto-enrollment in the concerned task.
Yes, it’s possible to make changes to certification in case the need for the same is felt. Entire information available with a certificate can be modified or changed depending upon the exact requirement. However, changing entire information is a complex process. Generally, the names, properties, descriptions, and the purpose of the certificate can be changed reliably.
Automation of Certificate management saves a lot of time but it's a costly procedure. There are chances of errors too that need to be rectified at a later stage. In addition to this, it can sometimes lead to data leakage.
The biggest benefit is even some of the complex tasks can be handled in the shortest possible time. Distribution of certificates is limited in automation and seeks permission again and again from the administrators. Handling requests is easy and a good track record of the same can be kept. The two important factors associated with this task are:
1. Validating the path of the certificate
2. Roaming credentials
Well, the most common approach is to authenticate users through a database. Databases are generally secure and that is the leading benefit of this approach. In addition to this, the approach is low cost. Authentication of a large number of users can be done reliably. However, this task is a bit daunting if users create their own passwords than the ones assigned to them by the administrator.
I will choose a database. The reason is very simple to understand and i.e. it is possible to use names of users simply as the primary keys when it comes to storing other relevant information about the user. The overall performance of databases is always higher than that of the files. In addition to this, making any form of change in a database is not a daunting task.
The default authentication method in such a case would be Windows Authentication.
This can simply be done with a role-based authorization which is regarded as one of the finest approaches for this task. There are actually several inbuilt groups such as Guests, Administrators, and so on that, you can simply trust and can go ahead.
Yes, it’s possible to do this. The basic principle is setting the identity of the application element which is present in the application to allow impersonation. That is how this task can be accomplished simply.
When compared to other approaches, password-based authentication is not regarded as best due to several reasons. In this approach basically, the information provided by the user in the form of ID and password is the only way machine known to authenticate or authorize a user.
However, cracking and stealing passwords is becoming common. For adequately strong security, other approaches should be preferred than password-based authentication.
Yes, it’s possible. Generally, it is done with the help of FormsAuthentication. The primary aim is to add more security to the information. This is done before transferring data.
With the help of a Server or Network Administrator, the system or an application can be opened in Safe mode which is a common approach.
Ravindra Savaram is a Content Lead at Mindmajix.com. His passion lies in writing articles on the most popular IT platforms including Machine learning, DevOps, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, RPA, Deep Learning, and so on. You can stay up to date on all these technologies by following him on LinkedIn and Twitter.