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SAP GRC Tutorial

Are you looking to enhance your organization's governance, risk management, and compliance processes? If it is so, you are in the perfect place. This tutorial covers all insights about SAP Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC), covering its features, components, and how it can improve your business operations. By the end of this tutorial, you will gain a solid understanding to kickstart your journey with SAP GRC.

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At present, organizations face numerous challenges in managing governance, risk, and compliance activities effectively. This is due to the inefficiencies, inconsistencies, and increased exposure to risks caused by manual manual processes. To overcome this challenge, SAP GRC offers the unified platform for managing governance, risk, and compliance functions efficiently. In this article, we will learn about the SAP GRC, including its components and features so that you can easily implement it. So let us start without any delay. 

Table of Contents 

Overview of SAP GRC 

SAP GRC stands for Governance, Risk, and Compliance which is the platform to manage the governance, risk management, and compliance processes within organizations. It offers a centralized framework for managing policies, monitoring controls, and mitigating risks across various business functions. It also helps the organizations to align with relevant regulations, policies, and standards such as SOX, GDPR, or HIPAA), industry-specific requirements, or internal policies. Therefore, we can easily define the controls, assess compliance status, remove deficiencies, and maintain the audit trails for the business processes. With this, organizations can achieve transparency, accountability, and resilience in business operations.

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Features of SAP GRC

  • It provides Centralized Policy Management

SAP GRC provides the centralized repository for defining, documenting, and communicating policies across the organization, ensuring consistency and alignment with regulatory requirements.

  • It helps us in Risk Identification and Assessment

With SAP GRC, organizations can identify, assess, and prioritize risks effectively through comprehensive risk management functionalities. This helps in proactive risk mitigation strategies.

  • It has Monitoring and Reporting tools

SAP GRC enables organizations to monitor compliance with regulatory standards and internal policies in real-time. This facilitates timely reporting and remediation of compliance issues.

  • It enables the Access Control and Segregation of Duties (SoD)

SAP GRC offers robust access control capabilities, allowing organizations to enforce segregation of duties policies and mitigate the risk of unauthorized access to critical systems and data.

  • We can implement Fraud Detection and Prevention:

GRC offers features for fraud risk assessment, anomaly detection, transaction monitoring, and fraud investigation. Thus, It allows business experts to easily implement fraud detection and prevention measures to mitigate financial and reputational risks

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SAP GRC Architecture

The latest version of the SAP GRC was released as the 10.1 release of SAP GRC. It is known as the SAP Access Control Applications. The Architecture of the SAP Access Control is shown below in the following diagram. Let us now discuss each of these in detail. 

SAP Access Control Application ( 10.1 release of SAP GRC) 

Image source- https://help.sap.com/doc/d94794adde854fbdb12201a407244425/10.1.18/en-US/loiob8bd82510b83c10fe10000000a445394_LowRes.png 

Access Risk Analysis 

It includes the Rule-Based Analysis, Risk Calculations, Risk Simulation, and Reporting. It implements advanced analytics and risk assessment methodologies to evaluate user access privileges. Thus, it can easily detect potential segregation of duties (SoD) conflicts, critical access violations, and other access-related risks.

User Provisioning 

This component automates the process of granting and revoking user access to systems, applications, and data. It streamlines user onboarding, offboarding, and access management workflows to ensure timely and secure provisioning of access rights. It is integrated with HR Systems like SAP SuccessFactors and SAP HR for employee-related provisioning operations. 

Business Role Management

This component helps us to govern the business roles by centralizing the role definition, assignment, and maintenance processes to ensure consistency, transparency, and agility in role management. Also, with the Role Mining techniques, it can easily identify the role conflicts and segregation of the duties violation to reduce the access risk.

Emergency Access Management 

It provides the mechanisms for for granting temporary elevated access privileges to users in emergency situations. It defines access policies, approval workflows, and access profiles for granting emergency access rights based on predefined criteria and risk thresholds. It also has access monitoring and logging capabilities to track and record all activities performed during emergency access sessions. 

Unified Master Data 

It is the centralized repository for managing the master data attributes like user identities, roles, and organizational structures. Since it serves as the single source of truth for master data entities, it prevents data conflicts, duplicates, and inconsistencies. It has the full functional support for the data ownership and data governance workflows. 

NW AS ABAP 7.40 

NW AS ABAP 7.40 means the NetWeaver Application Server ABAP version 7.40. It provides the runtime environment for deploying GRC applications. It supports full support for managing the application lifecycle and executing the ABAP Business Logic. It allows the various SAP Modules like  ERP, CRM, and BW. to exchange the data between each other. 

We have gained ample information about the Architectural components of the SAP GRC. Now, let us see the Modules in the SAP GRC.  

[ Related Article What is SAP GRC ]

SAP GRC Modules

Access Control

Access Control focuses on managing user access to systems, applications, and data. It ensures that users have appropriate access privileges based on their roles and responsibilities. Also, it also focuses on mitigating the risk of unauthorized access and segregation of duties conflicts. It has RBAC (Role-Based Access Control) to ensure restricted access to the systems as per the roles. 

Process Control

This module of SAP GRC is responsible for automating control activities within crucial business processes. It ensures that processes are executed effectively, efficiently, and in compliance with regulatory requirements and organizational policies. It has Control Automation and Control Testing features to control and manage the business processes. It also monitors the processes through automated controls, real-time monitoring rules, and exception reporting. 

Risk Management

This module categorizes the risks based on predefined risk categories, such as financial, operational, or compliance risks that are captured in the risk registers or risk heat maps. It also has qualitative and quantitative risk assessments. In addition to this, we can easily reduce the impact of the risks on the business processes by implementing risk mitigation plans. 

Audit Management

Audit means the systematic examination of the organization's financial records and business processes. Hence, this module allows us to define the audit objectives, scope, timelines, and resources based on risk assessments and regulatory requirements. Along with this, it also has Audit Scheduling, Audit Fieldwork, and Audit Reporting features to systematically examine and evaluate the business processes. 

Fraud Management

This module is useful for detecting, preventing, and responding to fraudulent activities within the organization. It has two subcomponents namely Fraud Detection and Fraud Prevention. The Fraud Detection module uses advanced analytics and machine learning algorithms to detect patterns and anomalies indicative of fraudulent activities. While in the Fraud Prevention, it uses the Segregation of duties (SoD) checks, access controls, and transaction limits. 

[ Click here to get frequently asked SAP GRC Interview Questions ]

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are SAP GRC and SAP Security the same? 

Both the GRC and SAP Security are related to managing the business processes and reducing the risk impact. Both sound similar but they are different from each other. SAP GRC focuses on managing governance, risk, and compliance processes across the organization. On the other hand, SAP Security deals with securing SAP systems and data from unauthorized access and cyber threats.

2. What is the Three-line model in SAP GRC? 

The three-line model of the business in SAP GRC defines the responsibilities at three lines. The first line contains the front-line business operations and the second line provides the risk management and compliance functions for the systems. Finally, the third line contains the internal audit for the governance. 

3. Is SAP GRC the part of SAP HANA? 

SAP HANA is the high-performance database and application platform for data processing and analytics. SAP GRC supports the integration with the SAP HANA to utilize its real-time data insights and analytics capabilities. This helps the stakeholders to improve the business processes and operations through enhanced decision-making. 

4. What is the latest version of SAP Access Control? 

What latest version of the SAP Access Control Application is version 12.0. SAP Provides documentation support at the official website https://help.sap.com/docs/SAP_ACCESS_CONTROL. In addition to this, it also provides community support at https://community.sap.com/ to find useful resources. 


SAP GRC provides efficient and integrated solutions for managing governance, risk, and compliance processes. It provides various modules like Access Control, Process Control, Risk Management, and others for managing the business processes, identifying the risks, and adhering the governing compliance. Not only this, but it also provides advanced analytics, workflow automation, and reporting capabilities to keep the pace up for the business environment. Now, you can easily manage and govern the business processes within your organization. 

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Last updated: 25 Apr 2024
About Author

Ravi is an author, coach, and business leader with more than 25 years of experience in the IT industry. He had a long tenure at SAP Labs as Director for Engineering Services of SAP Technology Stack and gained a broader perspective and expertise in multiple SAP solutions. He wrote and managed multiple thousands of pages of knowledge material on various SAP solutions, and actively contributed to SAP events and forums. Besides SAP, he has been a technical mentor for various start-up companies that develop AI and Data Science based solutions. He helped multiple educational institutions in building IT functional-oriented educational programs and promoting industry connect initiatives.

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