If you’re preparing for a Cisco UCS interview, you might be curious about what types of questions you could be asked during the process. In this blog post, we’ve compiled some of the most common Cisco UCS interview questions as well as detailed answers to get you started. Thoroughly reviewing these questions will help you prepare well for the interview and get a clearer picture of what to expect.
If you're looking for Cisco UCS Interview Questions & Answers for Experienced or Freshers, you are at the right place. There are a lot of opportunities from many reputed companies in the world. According to research Cisco UCS has a market share of about 4.9%. So, You still have the opportunity to move ahead in your career in Cisco UCS Administration. MindMajix offers Advanced Cisco UCS Interview Questions 2023 that help you in cracking your interview & acquire a dream career as a Cisco UCS Administrator.
Cisco Unified Computing System (UCS) unites physical and virtual computational and network resources into a single system. UCS is a set of pre-integrated data center components that comprises blade servers, adapters, fabric interconnects, and extenders that are integrated under a common embedded management system. This approach results in far fewer system components than comparable data center platforms.
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UCS blade servers are certified for the following OS:
Cisco UCS supports several hypervisors including VMware ESX, ESXi, Microsoft Hyper-V, Citrix XenServer and others. Guest operating systems are limited to 255 GB of vRAM and 8 virtual processors in vSphere 4.x, upgraded to 1 TB of vRAM and 32 vCPUs in vSphere 5.0. Additionally, the Cisco UCS Virtual Interface Cards incorporate VM-FEX technology that gives virtual machines direct access to the hardware for improved performance and network visibility.
You should download OS patches from the respective vendors. Drivers that are not part of the OS and supplied by Cisco can be downloaded from cisco.com.
No, UCS does not support Netflow.
Ans: No, the Nexus 5000 is a general-purpose L2 switch, and UCS 6100 series is an integral part of the unified computing system. The software that runs on the UCS 6100 is different from the Nexus 5000, as the UCS 6100 has both control and management planes.
UCS Blade Servers sit inside the UCS chassis and are managed using UCS manager. UCS Rack Servers work independently and do not require the full UCS infrastructure; however, they can also be integrated into your existing UCS infrastructure. For a full list of differences between UCS Blade Servers and Rack Servers CLICK HERE.
UCS express is a compact, all-in-one computing and networking system targeted at branch offices. UCS Express is built on the concept of a lean branch office which reduces the branch-office infrastructure footprint, equipment and operating costs, and management complexity. The main components of UCS express are the ISR Generation2 series router and Services Ready Engine (SRE) multipurpose x86 blade servers. Cisco ISR G2 functions as a blade-server enclosure for SRE blade servers, which in themselves run branch office applications like DNS, DHCP, etc. The system comes with VMware vSphere Hypervisor for virtualization and CIMC Express for blade server management.
UCS E-Series Server modules are next-generation, power-optimized, x86, Intel® Xeon® 64-bit blade servers designed to be deployed in Cisco Integrated Services Routers Generation 2 (ISR G2). The Cisco UCS E-Series Servers extend the Cisco UCS product portfolio to meet the needs of customers who want to deploy a virtualization-ready computing infrastructure in the branch-office environment while maintaining a lean branch-office architecture. E-series servers are a good replacement for UCS express SRE.
Port mapping from server to the fabric interconnects is automatic in UCS. If the number of links from the fabric extender to the fabric interconnects is only one then all of the 8 ports are pinned to it. If the number of links from the fabric extender to the fabric interconnect is two then port 1,3,5,7 are pinned to the first link and port 2,4,6,8 are pinned to the second link. If the number of links from the fabric extender to the fabric interconnects is four then ports 1,5 are pinned to the first link; port 2,6 are pinned to the second link; port 3,7 are pinned to the third link, and port 4,8 are pinned to the fourth link. Remember that the three-link topology is not supported in UCS.
As of version 1.3(1), UCS supports up to 512 VLANs. Remember that VLANs 3968 to 4048 are reserved and can not be used.
If you have forgotten the password, you can set a new password. Connect to the console of UCS 6100 series fabric interconnect. Reload the fabric interconnect and when it boots up hit ctrl+L or ctrl+shift+R to go to the loader prompt then boot the kickstart image; if you have two fabric interconnects connected in HA then first reload the subordinate fabric interconnect and bring it in the loader prompt and then reload the primary and bring it in loader prompt, after this load kickstart image on the primary.
Configure the admin password using the “admin-password” command by going to config terminal mode. Now load the system image on the fabric interconnect or if you have HA load the system image on the primary fabric interconnect. The password is now set to the new password you have just configured; if you have HA then now you can load the kickstart and system images on the subordinate fabric interconnect.
The maximum number of users that can be created on UCS is 48, this includes any kind of user. The maximum number of GUI sessions (accessing UCS manager via HTTP) supported is 256. The maximum number of CLI sessions (telnet and SSH combined) supported is 32. Remember that CLI and GUI sessions are treated as separate; hence you can have at the max 256 GUI sessions and 32 CLI sessions at the same time.
The server interfaces that are affected will either lose connectivity or failover to another fabric extender, depending on if an interface is created as a HA interface. UCS M71KR-E/ UCS M71KR-Q Converged network adapter has the capability to failover Ethernet interfaces if so configured. UCS 82598KR-CI 10 Gigabit Ethernet Adapter does not have this capability.
Fibre Channel interfaces that are pinned to failing fabric extender link will just fail and their HA capability depends purely on the host side multipathing driver. If HA/multipathing is not configured for Ethernet/Fibre Channel then servers connected to the failed link will lose connectivity but the other three links will be working as usual. Remember that no automatic re-pinning will happen. You can manually re-pin the servers using two link topology since three link topology is not supported.
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Ravindra Savaram is a Technical Lead at Mindmajix.com. His passion lies in writing articles on the most popular IT platforms including Machine learning, DevOps, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, RPA, Deep Learning, and so on. You can stay up to date on all these technologies by following him on LinkedIn and Twitter.
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