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Data Types in PHP

All kinds of data types, from simple strings and numbers to more complicated arrays and objects, can be assigned to PHP variables. Eight basic data types are supported by PHP and are used to create variables. One by one, we'll go through each of them in great detail.

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PHP supports mainly 8 kinds of data types among which four are stable data types, two are compound data types and another two are special data types


i) int (or) integer       ii) Float (or) real (or) decimal         iii) Boolean data types

iv) string data types

i) int (or) integer:- all non decimal values . range in between 2(32-1) to -2(32-1)


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ii) Float (or) real (or) decimal: –all decimal values. Range in between 10(38) to 10(-38)

Float Data

iii) Boolean data types:-Boolean data types written in the form of true (or) false

Boolean data

iv) String data types: – a collection of characters enclose in between single (or) double cotations  are known as string data types

String data

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compound data types again two types

1. Array data type
2. Object data type

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Array data type which can hold more than one value. In php we have mainly 3 kinds of arrays

i) Numerical array
ii) Associative array
iii) Mixed array
Declaring an array in php can be done by two types

  • array as the function
  • array as a square bracket

i) Numerical array: –

A numeric array stores each array element with a numeric index.
There are two methods to create a numeric array.

1. In the following example the index are automatically assigned (the index starts at 0):


2. In the following example we assign the index manually:

Numerical array

ii) Associative array: – An associative array, each ID key is associated with a value.

When storing data about specific named values, a numerical array is not always the best way to do it.
With associative arrays we can use the values as keys and assign values to them.

Example 1

In this example we use an array to assign ages to the different persons:

$ages = array(“Peter”=>32, “Quagmire”=>30, “Joe”=>34);

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Example 2

This example is the same as example 1, but shows a different way of creating the array:

Array creation

The code above will output:

Peter is 32 years old.

 iii) Mixed array: – mixed array is nothing but combination of numerical & associative array  are known as mixed array

Ex:- mixedarrays.php


object is an instance of class. Class can be denoted with in class name. Collection of variables and functions are known as class. Calling class name should be create an object variable then that particular variable is known as object variable



Special data types are again two types

i) Resource data types
ii) Null data types

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i) Resource data types:- resource data type is calling an external variable value into another variable using (&) resource variable
ii) Null data types:- this is the pre-defined key-word data type. When a variable not initialize and by asking through printing method. This will result in null value

ex: –

Null data type

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About Author

Ravindra Savaram is a Technical Lead at Mindmajix.com. His passion lies in writing articles on the most popular IT platforms including Machine learning, DevOps, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, RPA, Deep Learning, and so on. You can stay up to date on all these technologies by following him on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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