If you're looking for SAP ERP Interview Questions & Answers for Experienced & Freshers, you are at the right place. There are a lot of opportunities from many reputed companies in the world. According to research SAP ERP has a market share of about 8.6%. So, You still have the opportunity to move ahead in your career in SAP ERP. Mindmajix offers advanced SAP ERP Interview Questions 2021 that helps you in cracking your interview & acquire your dream career as SAP ERP Developer.
This article shares the latest 2021 SAP ERP Interview questions and answers collected from different interviews for programmers at varying levels of experience. We hope the topic areas covered in this blog help both beginners and experienced crack their next interview!
|Types of SAP ERP Interview Questions|
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ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning Software and is an integrated computer-based system used to manage a company’s resources effectively. It ensures smooth information amongst various departments in an enterprise or a company and manages workflows.
SAP stands for Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing. It was founded in 1972 by Wellenreuther, Hopp, Hector, Plattner, and Tschira and is a German Company.
SAP is the name of the company as well as its ERP product.
SAP is #1 in the ERP market. As of 2010; SAP has more than 140,000 installations worldwide, over 25 industry-specific business solutions, and more than 75,000 customers in 120 countries.
SAP R/3 – It succeeds SAP R/2 and is the market leader in ERP. R/3 stands for three-tier architecture i.e. Presentation, Logic and Data tier. It has many modules like SD, FI, and HR etc which encompass almost all enterprise departments.
My SAP – It is a suite of SAP products which apart from SAP R/3 also includes SRM, PLM, CRM, SCM
Net weaver is an integrated technology platform such that all the products in the SAP suite can run on a single instance of net weaver known as SAP Web Application Server (SAP WEBAs).
The advantage of using Net weaver is you can access SAP data using the web (http protocol) or even mobile. Thus you can save on costs involved in training users on SAP Client-side GUI.
There are many industry-specific solutions that SAP provides apart from the list of modules above which is ever-growing.
MetaData: Meta Data is data about Data. It tells you about the structure of data or MetaObjects.
Master Data: This Data is key business information like Customer information, Employee, Materials, etc. This is more like reference data. For Ex. If a customer orders 10 units of your
product instead of asking the customer for his shipping address 10 times, the same can be referenced from the Customer Master Data.
Transaction Data: This is data related to day-to-day transactions.
SAP is not a database but it's an application that makes use of databases provided by other vendors like Oracle, SQLServer, etc.
At any given time for a particular client, you can work on 6 sessions at max.
In SAP terminology, a transaction is series of logically connected dialog steps.
Yes, you can run a business warehouse without R/3 implementation. You have to simply transfer structures associated with business warehouse data sources (ODS table, Infocube) to the inbound data files or use third-party tools to connect your flat files and other data sources.
The data sets are sequential files processed on the application server. They are used for file handling in SAP.
Variables are parameters of a query that are set in the parameter query definition and are not filled with values until the queries are entered into the workbooks.
Variables are used in different application
Does not determine where master data resides
To view transaction table TSTC you can use transaction code st11, and you can define a new t-code using transaction se93.
OLAP: OLAP stands for Online Analytical Processing it is a reporting tool configured to understand your database schema, dimensions, and composition facts
Data Mining: It is an analytic process to explore data in search of consistent patterns or systematic relationships between variables.
Three stages of data-mining includes
Different layers in the R/3 system includes
To create a table in the data dictionary, you have to follow these steps
AWB stands for Administrator Workbench. It is a tool for monitoring, controlling, and maintaining all the processes connected with data staging and processing in the business information warehousing.
Bex means Business Explorer. It allows the end-user to locate reports, analyze information, view reports, and can execute queries. The queries in the workbook can be saved to their respective roles in the Bex browser. It has the following components Bex analyzer, Bex Map, and Bex web.
An ODS object serves to store debugged and consolidated transaction data on a document level. It defines a consolidated dataset from one or more info sources. This data-set can be evaluated with a Bex query or Infoset query. The data of an ODS Object can be updated with a delta update into InfoCubes or other ODS Objects in the same system or across systems. In contrast to multi-dimensional data storage with InfoCubes, the data in the ODS object is stored in transparent, flat database tables.
Data Element: It is an intermediate object between domain and table type
Domain: It defines the attributes such as length, type, and possible value range
To use parameter IDs, you need to “set” values in the global memory area and then “get” values from this parameter ID memory area. In the case of the online program, you have to “Set” values from screen fields, and you will “get” these values from screen fields.
LUW is a span of time during which database records are updated either commit or rollback.
BDC stands for Batch Data Communication. The methods of BDC are
The baseline date is the date from which the payment terms apply. Usually, it is the document date on the invoice but can also be the date of entry or posting date from the ledger.
In certain industries, it is not possible to create new master records for every vendor trading partner. One-time vendor enables for a dummy vendor code to be used on invoice entry and the information that is normally stored in the vendor master is keyed on the invoice itself.
While executing the SAP Payment Run the standard stages of SAP includes
The difference between the residual and partial payment includes
Partial payment: For example, let say invoice A456 exits for $100 and the customer pays $70. With the partial payment, it offsets the invoice leaving a remaining balance $30
Residual Payment: While in residual payment, invoice A456 is cleared for the full value of $100 and a new invoice line item is produced for the remaining balance of $30.
It is the standard data type object; it exists only during the runtime of the program.
The application layer of an R/3 System is made up of the application server and the message server. Application programs in an R/3 system run on application servers. Using the message server, the application servers communicate with presentation components, the database, and also with each other. All the data are stored in a centralized server, which is known as a database server.
Company in SAP is the highest organizational unit for which financial statements like profit and loss statements, balance sheets can be drawn according to the requirement of organizations. A single company contains one or many company codes. All the company codes in SAP must use the same COA (chart of accounts) and fiscal year.
SAP ABAP is the programming language used within SAP to customize, generate forms, generate reports, etc. While SAP basis is, the administration module of SAP used to control code changes, upgrades, database admin, network setup, etc.
The different types of the source system in SAP includes
In the SAP source system, extractors are a data retrieval mechanism. It can fill the extract structure of a data source with the data from the SAP source system datasets.
The star schema consists of the fact tables and the dimension tables. The master data-related tables are kept in separate tables, which have references to the characteristics in the dimension tables. These separate tables for master data are termed the Extended Star Schema.
The approach to writing BDC program is to
Business Warehouse uses Data Warehouse and OLAP concepts for analyzing and storing data While the R/3 was intended for transaction processing. You can get the same analysis out of R/3, but it would be easier from a BW.
To deal with communication, you can use two types of services
“Reason Codes” are tags that can be allocated to describe under/overpayments during the allocation of incoming customer payments. They should not be mixed up with “void reason codes” used when outgoing cheques are produced.
The SAP gateway process uses TCP/IP protocol to communicate with the clients.
Pooled tables are used to store control data. Several pooled tables can be united to form a table pool. The table tool is a physical table on the database in which all the records of the allocated pooled tables are stored.
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If the data in one of the base tables of a match code ID changes, the match code data has to be updated. The update type stipulates when the match-code has to be updated and how it has to be done. The update type also defines which method is to be used for building match-codes.
SCA stands for SAP component Archive. It is used to deploy the java components, patches, and other java developments in the form of .sca,.sda,.war, and .jar.
Business Content in SAP is a pre-configured and pre-defined model of information contained in the SAP warehouse which can be used directly or with desired modification in different industries.
A dispatcher is a component that takes the request for client systems and stores the request in the queue.
The common transport errors include
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