SAP is a major ERP software package that is helpful in handling the company’s resources. SAP represents the name of the company and also the name of ERP software. SAP builds different software solutions for customer relationship management and business operations management. The main benefit of using SAP as an ERP system is that SAP has high integration level among its applications which assures data consistency across the company and system.
So, SAP has become a highly-paid specialization and a well-paid and rewarding career for freshers and experienced professionals. This SAP ERP Interview Questions and Answers blog will cover all the most frequently asked SAP ERP Interview Questions with inline answers.
SAP ERP Refers to the Enterprise Resource Planning suite. It is an incorporated computer-oriented system utilized for managing an organization’s resources. It assures smooth information flow among different departments of an organization and handles workflows.
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SAP refers to Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing. SAP was established in 1972 by Hopp, Plattner, and Hector and is Germany-based. SAP is the company name and also an ERP product. At present, SAP is NO.1 vendor in the ERP industry. It has more than 75,000 clients in 120 countries.
Business Content is the collection of the SAP-defined objects that exist in the delivery section. It offers pre-configured data models as per the metadata.
Following are the different types that offer ERP packages:
Over the other ERP packages, we choose SAP ERP because it is extremely secure, immensely configurable, max data consistency, min data redundancy, and data handling. Along with these features, it also helps us to handle the economics of sales like tightly integrated cross-functions and purchasing.
Following are the different SAP ERP Products
A Star Schema contains fact tables and dimension tables. The master data associated tables are stored in individual tables, which are associated with the dimension tables' characteristics. These individual tables for the master data are called Extended Star Schema.
Bex is defined as Business Explorer. Bex enables the user to analyze the information, locate the reports, execute the queries, and can view the reports. We can save queries in the workbook to their corresponding roles in the Bex browser. It contains the components like Bex Map, Bex Web, and Bex Analyzer.
ERP software will integrate every department and function of an organization into a single system that can service the departments' requirements. ERP integrates Finance, HR, Manufacturing, and Distribution into a single and integrated software that runs a single database such that the different departments can easily share information and interact with each other. This integrated methodology will have a massive payback, given the software is used and installed correctly.
The following are the different advantages of an ERP System:
ERP Systems can streamline the workflows and processes
The application layer of the R/3 system includes a message server and application servers. Application Programs in the R/3 system run on the application servers. Application servers interact with presentation elements, databases, and also with each other through message servers. All the data is stored in a centralized server. This server is known as the database server.
SAP Data Sets are defined as the sets of information which are needed for resolving queries that cannot be solved by utilizing method interfaces.
ODS refers to Operational Data Store. It is the element of the business warehouse. It is primarily utilized for data reporting.
SAP IDES refers to SAP Internet Demonstration and Evaluation System. This system is utilized for demonstrating the functionalities of several SAP solutions utilized by critical customers. This system utilizes data from the IDES model company.
Multi Cube is the Info cube which is a group of various basic cubes. Using the multi cubes, we can test data from basic cubes from one perspective. Multi Cubes will not have any information but works only on the information of the basic cubes.
1. Virtual Data Stores
2. Physical Data Stores
Business KPIs act as Key Performance Indicators. They provide the performance of the organization at the strategic level. They also assist in controlling the organization on the required track by comparing its performance with earlier performances and that of the market leaders in the same industries. SAP is standardizing the indication process by building a “Business KPI wiki” project.
For running multiple products from the mySAP suite, we need an integrated platform. This platform is known as NetWeaver. It assists all these applications in running a single instance. While working with NetWeaver, we can access the SAP data through the web. In some cases, we can even access it from Mobile.
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We use pooled tables for storing the control data. Several pooled tables will be integrated for building the table pool. The table tool is the physical table on a database in which every record of the assigned pool table is stored.
In some industries, we cannot create new master records for all the vendor trading partners. One-time vendor allows the dummy vendor code that can be utilized on the invoice entry that is saved in the vendor master.
The following are some disadvantages of SAP
Process of writing the BDC Program
For utilizing the parameters, we have to “set” parameters in the global memory area and next get the values from the parameter ID memory area. In an online program, we need to “set” parameters from the screen fields, and we will “get” the values for the screen fields.
In SAP, Company is the highest-level organizational unit for which financial statements like balance sheets and profit and loss statements can be drawn as per the organization’s requirements. A single company includes multiple codes. Every company code in SAP should utilize the same Char Of Accounts(COA) and fiscal year.
Variables are defined as the query parameters that are displayed in the definition of parameter query and are not loaded with the values until queries are inputted into the workbooks.
Some general transport areas are:
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Yes, we can run the business warehouse without implementing SAP R/3. We have to transfer the shapes encircled with the business warehouse data sources to inbound data files or utilize third-party tools for connecting the data sources and flat files.
Reason Codes are defined as the tags that can be assigned for explaining the payments in the assignment of the income customer payments. They must not be combined with “void reason codes” and utilized when outgoing cheques are generated.
In the SAP source system, an extractor is defined as the information retrieval process. It can fill the extract structure of the information source with data from SAP source system datasets.
Workflow is the tool used for controlling and executing the cross-application processes automatically. It involves the collaboration of the persons included, the work steps needed, and the information which must be processed. The primary benefit is minimizing the costs required for handling the business processes.
We can create the table in three steps. First, we must create the domains defining the field length, range, and data type. After that, we have to create the data elements which simplify the type and properties of the data field. Lastly, we can create the tables.
.sca file, or SAP Component Archive is utilized for deploying the Java components, paths, or other Java-associated developments. They will be in the form of .sda, .sca, .jar, and .war.
Seip suggests that we have to use SAP ASPA Methodology for the SAP systems. We should have a fundamental understanding of ASAP or the other industry best-practice data released constantly by the top ERP software vendors.
While comparing R/3 and BW, it is evident that BW offers better reporting. This is because BW utilized data warehouse or OLAP concepts for storage and analysis. On the contrary, R/3 is helpful for transaction processing. So, BW simplifies this kind of analysis, which is BW's primary advantage.
In SAP, we can have six parallel sessions at a time for one client.
Yes, SAP is a database and an application that uses databases offered by other vendors like SQLServer, Oracle, etc.
Yes, while handling the projects, I have worked on some SAP functional modules like HCM, MM, PP, and SD.
Three Phases of Data Mining are:
BDC refers to Batch Data Communication. In BDC, we will utilize the following methods:
ABAP Native SQL enables us to involve database-specific SQL statements in the ABAP program. Most ABPA programs, including database-specific SQL statements, do not execute with different databases. If different databases are included, we utilize OpenSQL. For executing the ABAP Native SQL in the ABAP Program, we utilize the “EXEC” statement. Open SQL enables us to use all the database tables that exist in R/3 system, irrespective of the manufacturer.
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Many small and medium-sized businesses use SAP ERP, so they recruit SAP ERP technical or functional consultants. But to get the job, candidates need to answer the questions asked in job interviews. This SAP ERP interview questions blog includes all the theoretical and applied concepts of SAP ERP. If you have any queries, let us know by commenting below. You can learn SAP ERP Course Offered by MindMajix and improve your knowledge. It will support you to bag your dream job and succeed in your career.
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I am Ruchitha, working as a content writer for MindMajix technologies. My writings focus on the latest technical software, tutorials, and innovations. I am also into research about AI and Neuromarketing. I am a media post-graduate from BCU – Birmingham, UK. Before, my writings focused on business articles on digital marketing and social media. You can connect with me on LinkedIn.
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