If you're looking for SAP PM Interview Questions & Answers for Experienced & Freshers, you are at the right place. There are a lot of opportunities from many reputed companies in the world. According to research SAP PM has a market share of about 2.9%. So, You still have the opportunity to move ahead in your career in SAP PM. Mindmajix offers advanced SAP PM Interview Questions 2021 that helps you in cracking your interview & acquire your dream career as an SAP PM Developer.
The R/3 SAP Plant Maintenance application component provides you with a comprehensive software solution for all maintenance activities that are performed within a company. The uniform, the graphical user interface is particularly user-friendly and quickly meets with acceptance, thanks to the numerous possibilities that are available for tailoring it to meet individual requirements.
The data and functions of all maintenance procedures performed within a company can be fully interconnected.
The openness of the R/3 System enables you to use external systems that are integrated with the PM component, such as geographical information systems (GIS), computer-aided design (CAD) systems, and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems.
Across clients but not systems.
You must use the plant reference number as the first level of the functional location structure.
plant maintenance>technical objects>functional location>structural display
Give five examples of functional location structures.
Chemical Process, Energy (power station), Property Management, Transport, Steelworks, Production line.
Activate alternative labeling and indicators for the primary labels. Create a new structure indicator, define a labeling system.
Activate alternative labeling, define labeling systems for functional locations, enter label internal view.
Second level functional locations are to be changed, in changing master records extras>alternative labels>overview, change label ‘internal view’ choose structure indicator and press refresh.
Plant maintenance>technical objects>functional location>labels>user profile.
Change documents, status profile, asset, object information key, partner determination, measuring point category.
The ‘SAP Plant Maintenance’ comprises of the following activities such as inspection, to measures and establish the actual condition of a technical system, preventive maintenance to measures and maintain the ideal condition of a technical system, repair to measures and restore the ideal condition of a technical system and other measures that need to be taken using the maintenance organization. SAP PM is closely integrated with other modules (for example, Materials Management, Production, Sales and Distribution, Personnel Management, and Controlling) the data is always kept current, and processes that are necessary for Plant Maintenance and Customer Service are automatically triggered in other areas (for example, a purchase requisition for non-stock material in the Materials Management/Purchasing area).
Equipment Master pertains to one of the master data elements within the domain of Operations & Maintenance i.e. The SAP Plant Maintenance Module.
The business object “Equipment” is an individual, physical object that is to be maintained independently. It can be installed in a technical system or part of a technical system.
You can manage all types of devices as pieces of equipment (for example, production utilities, transportation utilities, test equipment, production resources/tools, buildings, PCs).
Since many of these physical objects are managed as “assets” in Asset Management, the term “piece of equipment” was chosen for objects defined from a technical perspective, in order to avoid confusion with the activated tangible assets.
You define and manage each piece of equipment in the Plant Maintenance (PM) System in a separate master record and can set up an individual maintenance history for each one.
Depends upon the Equipment. Normally, the fields used to maintain in an Equipment master are:
Equipment Category, Constr. type (serialized), Planning Plant, Work center, Plant, Maintenance plant, Location. You can attach equipment to another using a superior Equipment field.
You can define in SPRO the “Allowed change of notification type”. Please follow the below path:
Maintenance and Service Processing –> Maintenance and Service Notification –> Notification Creation –> Notification types –> Allowed change of notification type
Please check if the check box for change documents is checked or not in Customizing
PATH:- Plant Maintenance & customer service –> Maintenance & service processing –> Maintenance & service Orders –>Functions & settings for order types –> Define Change Docs,Collective Pur.Req.Indicator,Operation No.Interval
My client has a default setting of 10% overhead and now they want to change.
Plant Maintenance and Customer Service–> Maintenance and Service Processing–> Maintenance and Service Orders–> Functions and Settings for Order Types–>Costing Data for Maintenance–> and Service Orders–> Maintain Costing Sheet
Select the costing sheet that you are using and push costing sheet rows, next see the column overhead rate, select the row, and push overhead rate.
consumer number, check your maintenance item or plan details.
It needs to be run as per business requirements.
There are two ways to do so.
Is it necessary to run the IP Transaction code for each maintenance plan that we have scheduled?
Yes, if it is needed that the plan should generate orders it needs to be scheduled either in background job or needs manually executed.
Yes, you can get a service order (PM Order) against this plant maintenance order with a control key as PM03 you can get PR from PR. You can get a service order again here MM integration if the auto PO concept used then auto PO (service order) gets generated.
But if you want to avoid a lengthy process you can use IP10.
During each IP10 run if the call falls within the date you will get a maintenance call object that is PM order – ——> PR —–> PO PM Order —–> FO (Frame Work Order) PM Order —–> Service Contract ——> Value / Qty (These tabs you will get in PM order operation header general data)
From the table, QMEL gets OBJNR(object number) using the QMNUM( notification number).
Using this OBJNR get STSMA( Status Profile) from table JSTO.
Using the OBJNR get STAT(object status) from table JEST. You may/ may not get multiple object status for an Object number.
System status number will start from E. User status number will start from I.
To get the text of the status, use the status number (STAT) and STSMA to get the status text from table TJ30T.
Define different equipment categories. Standard equipment reference categories for ‘Internal Machines’ and ‘Customer Equipment’ exist.
Same as Q1. Explore combinations of equip. category and equipment types to achieve the design objective.
Read the documentation on ‘Structuring Technical Systems’ in ‘Plant Maintenance / Service management modules. You need to define sales area (sales org/dist channel/division) for an equipment with equipment category being one for which the equipment reference category is ‘Customer Equipment.
Deactivate the FL. This allows no further creation of transaction data (service orders, etc.). However, the existing orders can be processed and closed. The deactivation can be reversed at a later date.
The service contract is assigned to a material. Material is assigned to the equipment in the equipment master. This functionality is not intended for managing equipment bought from vendors (where we are getting service rather than providing service).
Not in the standard system. But it can be done with ABAP batch jobs.
As maintenance orders are created for FL/equipment only, maintenance history can only be tracked at that level, not at the assembly level. Assemblies are mere structuring devices to have spare parts linked to equipment in a structured manner. However, in PM orders, you can mention the assembly along with the FL/Eq. Depending on your reporting needs; an ABAPer could use the ‘PM Assembly’ field in PM orders.
Standing orders are used to carry out ongoing maintenance jobs and settle them at month-end rather than creating a fresh PM order every time. Using order hierarchies, you could attach sub-orders to the standing order and settle them to the standing order to provide you with a more precise recording of maint costs at the sub-order level as well as a budget monitoring at the standing order level.
Below are some integration aspects:
Integration with MM:
1. Material master record for Batch Managed material as Equipment
2. Reservations and Goods Issue for Maintenance Order
3. Material valuation class/types for refurbishment materials as equipment
4. Triggering PR from Maintenance Order
Integration with FICO:
1. Asset/Sub-Asset numbering in Equipment Master Data
2. Activity-based costing for Operations performed through Maintenance Order
3. Settlement of accrued costs in Maintenance Order to G/L Account, Cost Center, Asset, etc.,
There are many interwoven activities.
Let us consider one practical issue of Spare Parts purchase.
We prefer to inspect incoming material for compliance of our requirements.
While creating of material master, tick the ‘Post to Insp. stock’ box in the Purchasing Tab.
If we do not want a task list / Result recording oriented inspection, in the Quality tab, choose appropriate selections,
When that Spare is received, it will go to Quality Stock.
Maint. a person can check it and transfer the stock to “Unrestricted Stock” through MB1B via 261 movements, giving a reason as Accepted after Inspection or Rejected.
The above procedure is a practical example of PM QM integration.
In SPRO – Under Maintenance and Service order —> general data —-> “Create System Conditions or Operating Conditions” –> check the box for PM Reservation.
In the equipment Master,
Under the Location tab, mention the PP work center and
In the Order Header data,
Give the system condition as “0” ie M/C not in operation.
|Explore SAP PM Sample Resumes! Download & Edit, Get Noticed by Top Employers!|
Ravindra Savaram is a Content Lead at Mindmajix.com. His passion lies in writing articles on the most popular IT platforms including Machine learning, DevOps, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, RPA, Deep Learning, and so on. You can stay up to date on all these technologies by following him on LinkedIn and Twitter.