Because of the increasing competitive pressure and continuous development of technologies, the quality needs of the organization are constantly rising. The rising customer anticipations are also making organizations aim for the continuous enhancement of their processes. At this stage, the utilization of quality management software is suggested. Quality management software enhances and controls quality and can be incorporated into the organization’s management process.
SAP QM is an important module of SAP that is useful for performing quality functions like quality assurance, quality control, and quality planning at several stages like the in-process manufacturing process stage, the incoming material stage, and after production also. Top organizations like The Hershey Company, Collins Aerospace, Bristol Myers Squibb, and Jabil Healthcare use SAP QM. In this SAP QM tutorial, you will learn to create a plant, inspection method, inspection plan, and inspection lot in the SAP QM.
|SAP QM Tutorial - Table of Contents|
SAP QM is one of the crucial modules of SAP that controls product quality. Whereas other SAP software can run our warehouse effectively and ensure that the flow of services and goods is maximum. They cannot assure the quality of the products that we handle. Thus, for maintaining the quality of the products, it is better to utilize the SAP QM.
It includes complementary components that are useful in the management of materials, production planning, and plant maintenance. The SAP QM can be useful in the warehouse and can be utilized in the materials inspection since it can monitor manufacturing operations. This enables the manufactured and processed materials to be checked before they can be unleashed and reach the warehouse.
It can integrate with other ECC elements like Sales and Distribution, Materials Management, Production Planning, Plant Maintenance, Controlling, Human Resources, and Finance.
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SAP QM is utilized mainly in the quality control processes that enterprises can utilize on the goods since they move across the product lifecycle, like inspecting the goods since they come into the facility when they go across the production, and when they go across production, and when they have been shipped as the finished goods.
It includes tools for various interconnected activities that we can configure for a particular process of an enterprise. Each of these tools includes functions that are precise to that activity. These tools are:
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In SAP, Plant is the independent, highest, and physical organizational unit in the SAP MM module. It can be a manufacturing unit or an operational unit, or the sales branch of the organization. From the material management perspective, we can define the plant as the location that stores valued stock.
The plant is accountable for the procurement, planning, and distribution of goods & services to the consumers to the other resources of the enterprise in one company code.
How do we create a plant in the SAP?
We can create the plant through one of the below navigation methods:
|TKBL||TKBL - Bangalore Plant|
|TKUS||TKUS - US Plant|
Step 1: write T_Code “OX10” in the command and press “execute.”
Step 2: On the change view plants overview screen, press the new entries to define the new plant according to the organizational needs.
Step 3: On the new entries screen, update the below details:
After updating the plant description and code, press the address button for updating the plant address.
Step 4: Now update all the mandatory and required details in the address screen.
Press the save button, select the personalizing request, and store the configured plant details. Press the next entry button(F8) and likewise create another plant TKUS with the necessary details.
Storage Location is the part of the plant where the stocks are physically maintained and stored within the plant. Every storage location can include its own address in the plant.
How to define the storage location in the SAP
We can configure the storage location through the below navigation method:
Step 1: Write T-code “OX09” in the SAP command field and enter.
Step 2: You will be prompted for entering the plant key, update the plant code in the provided work area field as displayed below, and click on “enter” to continue.
Step 3: In the change view “storage locations” overview screen, press the new entries button for defining the new storage locations according to the requirements.
Step 4: In the new entries storage location screen. Update the below details:
Step 5: Now choose the storage location key and press the address of the storage location in the dialog structure.
On the change view addresses of the storage locations overview screen, press the new entries button to update the storage location address.
Update the number in Field.no, and you can update up to three characters. After updating the No, press enters to continue, and you will be redirected to another screen for the entry of the secondary information.
Update the necessary details like address with city, telephone number, etc.
After updating all the necessary details, press the save button and save the details of the configured storage location.
|SAP Path||SAP Menu/ Logistics /Quality Management /Quality Planning/ Basic Data/Inspection Characteristic/Create|
Step 1: Run the execution code “QS21” in the SAP command field.
Step 2: In the next screen, “Create Master Inspection Characteristic: Initial Screen,” enter the below details
Step 3: In the next screen, “Create master inspection general characteristic data,” update all the needed details.
After providing all the necessary details, press the control indicators.
Step 4: In the following screen, “Edit characteristic control indicators, check the necessary option for
In the following screen, select the necessary details and click enter to continue.
Step 5: A tolerance keys screen displays for entering the tolerance details; click enter for providing the details for tolerance.
In the following screen quantitative data, update the necessary details like target value, upper limit, lower limit, measurement unit, etc, according to the requirements.
After updating all the necessary details of the quantitative data, click enter for continuing. After maintaining all the necessary details for the master inspection characteristic, select the save icon and save the configured details in the SAP.
Step 1: Execute the tcode “SPRO” in the SAP command field
Step 2: Select the “SAP Reference IMG.”
Step 3: In the next screen, show IMG, go to the navigation menu path - quality management/quality certificate/ output determination, and select img activity “Define condition types for the output determination.”
Step 4: In the following screen, show the output types overview and show the list of the defined output determination on the screen. We can specify the new condition types for the output determination in the SAP. Press the “Pencil” button for modifying or changing the output types.
Now we can define the new condition types for the output determination through the new entries option or by copying the function from the existing output types.
Select the existing output type to copy and click on the copy as the option.
Step 5: In the following screen, enter the output type name, description, and the necessary details, and click entire to continue.
Select copy All for copying all the entries from the existing output types to the latest output types.
Step 6: Select the output type from the main screen, and press the processing routines.
Press the new entries for maintaining new processing routines in the SAP.
In the latest entries screen, provide the necessary details, and press the save icon.
Step 7: Go back to the main screen and select output type, and press on the partner functions.
In the next screen, change the view partner function views, and press the new entries.
In the latest entries partner functions screen, enter the necessary details as displayed below. Click on the “save” icon and save configured condition types for the output determination in the SAP.
In the SAP, the inspection method explains how the inspection is to be performed for the inspection characteristics:
In SAP, we can create the inspection method through the transaction code “QS31” or the menu path.
Step 1: Execute transaction code “QS31” in the SAP command field and click enter to continue.
Go to the navigation menu path logistics - Quality Planning - Quality Management - Basic Data - Inspection Method and press “create.”
Step 2: In the next screen, “create inspection method: initial screen,” update the below details
After updating the details, press the inspection method.
Step 3: In the following screen, “Create the inspection method: General data,” update the below details
After entering details, press the documents for linking the document.
Step 4: In the following screen, “Link Document,” enter the below details.
After updating every detail, click enter to continue.
Now press the save icon and save the created inspection method in the SAP QM.
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In SAP, the inspection lot enables you to inspect the goods, record inspection results, record the defects of the goods, and finish the inspection process with a customized decision. For inspecting a piece of equipment or material, an inspection lot should be created in the SAP QM.
In SAP QM, inspection lots will be maintained automatically manually, or system by the user, and these inspection lots will be for different kinds of inspections.
|SAP Path||SAP Menu/Logistics/ Quality Management / Quality Management / Quality Inspection / Inspection Lot / Create|
We can follow the below steps for activating the valid inspection type for the material.
Step 1: Open the tcode “MM02” and enter the necessary material code.
Step 2: Select the view “Quality Management,” and update the necessary details for the procurement data and press the inspection setup.
Step 3: Press “Create inspection type.”
Step 4: Press the drop-down list and select the inspection type from the list and click enter.
Procedure for creating the inspection lot in the SAP
Step 1: Execute SAP tcode “QA01” in the SAP command field
Step 2: In the following screen, create the inspection lot manually: initial screen, enter the below details:
Step 3: In the next screen, create the inspection lot manually: origin, enter the below details
Select the save icon and save configured inspection lot in the SAP.
In SAP, we create the inspection plan for different purposes like inspection of the preliminary series, inspection of the model, inspection of materials, inspection of goods issues, etc.
|SAP Menu Path||SAP Menu/Logistics/Quality Management /Quality Planning/Inspection Plan/ Create|
Step 1: Execute transaction code “QP01” in the SAP command field.
Step 2: In the next screen, “Create Inspection Plan: Initial Screen,” enter the below details:
After updating the plant and material, press enter to continuing
Step 3: In the next screen, “Create Inspection Plan: Header Details,” enter the below details:
After maintaining all the required fields. Press” task list.”
Step 4: In the next screen, the inspection plan creates: a task list overview, it shows the overview inspection plan with the task information and lot sizes of the materials. Press the “operations” option.
Step 5: In the next screen, the inspection plan, create an operation overview screen, and enter the below details:
After providing the control key and work center, press the save icon for saving the configured details.
The following are the most valuable and efficient benefits of SAP QM:
SAP QM(Quality Management) is the element of the SAP ERP Central Component(ECC) that allows businesses to implement and run quality processes. It is developed for preventing defects, allowing continuous process enhancement, and setting up quality control programs.
The main responsibility of SAP quality management is conducting required design thinking workshops, formalizing the process design with the business, provide detailed specifications.
In SAP QM, quality control includes corrective, monitoring, and preventive activities that utilize default values from the quality planning and assessment of the quality inspection and the quality notification.
Following are the some important features of SAP data quality management:
Quality level is the data record that automatically updates the dynamic modification time by verifying the modifications for the inspection stage change end.
The QM functions apply partially to a particular material, vendor, and material-vendor combination. The control data, thus, are stored partially in the material master.
The following are the components of QM:
Following are the 7 QMs Principles:
When the inspection lot will be created, the system utilizes the inspection lot origin for determining how the inspection lot can be processed. Subject to whether the inspection lot is created manually or automatically, the system identifies the inspection type as follows:
SAP QM is the element of the SAP S/4 HANA that enables businesses to run ad implement quality control processes. It can prevent defects and develop quality control programs. I hope this SAP QM tutorial gives you detailed information about SAP QM. If you have any queries, let us know by commenting below. you can also enroll in "SAP QM Training" and get a certification.
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Madhuri is a Senior Content Creator at MindMajix. She has written about a range of different topics on various technologies, which include, Splunk, Tensorflow, Selenium, and CEH. She spends most of her time researching on technology, and startups. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter .
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