Here are the top SAP interview questions. These most-asked SAP interview questions and answers are framed by the experts from MindMajix who handle our SAP training to give an idea of the kind of questions you can encounter in job interviews. They have taken utmost care to answer all the SAP interview questions precisely.
Developed in 1972 in Germany, SAP(Systems, Applications, & Products in Data Processing) is a robust and famous enterprise resource planning(ERP) tool utilized by corporations worldwide. It has plenty of completely integrated modules covering all business management aspects. These days users are more interested in interaction with a single unified system. SAP handles data in such a way that it can achieve efficiency through extensive modules developed.
The SAP implementation indicates that data handling is complex and implementation nature is also tricky, so there is a requirement for in-depth SAP knowledge and experience. That’s why there is a massive demand for certification in SAP technologies. SAP has now become a highly-paid specialization; thus, we can tell that it is an ambitious area of IT. As the SAP field has become saturated with talent, it is the right time to make a promising career. Thus, we have curated these SAP Interview questions with inline answers. If you are attending the SAP interview anytime soon, reviewing these frequently asked SAP interview questions and answers would be helpful.
Established in 1972, SAP refers to Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing. SAP is headed by Plattner, Hector, Tschira, Hopp, and Wellenreuther. SAP refers to the name of the organization and product. It is the world's most famous enterprise resource planner with more than 1,40,000 installations and has more than 75,000 active customers spread throughout 120 different countries.
Enterprise Resource Planning is the software or integrated computer-based system that is efficiently utilized by the business to plan and handle daily activities like supply chain, services, financials, manufacturing, and other processes. It assures fluent information flow and handles the workflows of different departments in an enterprise or a company. SAP is one of the first companies to offer world-class ERP solutions and build standard software for business solutions.
Following are the different kinds of ERP:
NetWeaver is the integrated technology platform that provides an instance called “SAP Web Application Server(SAP WEBAs)” to all the products of mySAP.
Following are the different modules of SAP:
No, SAP is not a database, but it is the application that uses the databases provided by other vendors like SQL Server, Oracle, etc.
Master Data is critical information that includes employee info, customer data, materials, available, etc. Meta Data is the collection of data about data stored, and it eases the setup using the meta-objects and gives the overview of data structure. Transaction Data is the data that traces everyday transactions.
It is a three-tier architecture that contains 3 layers:
The following image represents SAP R/3 architecture.
It is the client-server architecture, R refers to the Real-time system, and 3 represents the three-tier architecture.
For a specific client, we can run up to 6 sessions simultaneously.
The transaction is a series of logically linked dialog steps in the SAP terms, and individuals can learn all the transactions while learning SAP.
A dataset is a subsequential file processed on the application server and is essential to handle the files in the SAP.
Variables are a group of parameters that acts as a particular query. They abide by the parameters in the query definition. They will only include value once the corresponding queries are entered into workbooks.
Following are some of the disadvantages of using SAP:
The following are the different kinds of Variables:
To create the table in the data directory, follow the below steps:
Three Phases of Data Mining are:
AWB refers to Administrator Workbench. It is a tool used to control, maintain, and monitor all processes linked to data processing and staging in business data warehousing.
The ODS object stores the debugged and consolidated transaction data on the document level. It specifies the consolidated dataset from multiple sources. This dataset can be assessed with the Bex query or the Infoset query. The data of the ODS object will be updated with the delta update into the InfoCubes or the other ODS objects.
The term ABAP refers to Advanced Business Application Programming. It is a high-level programming language developed by the software company SAP SE. Currently, it is ranked together with Java as the programming language for the SAP NetWeaver Application Server, which is part of the SAP NetWeaver platform to build business applications. It is one of the various application-specific languages of the fourth generation and was designed in the 1980s.
The main difference between transparent tables and pool tables is that the transparent table will have a one-to-one relationship with the database tables; on the other hand, pool tables will have a many-to-one relationship with the database tables.
The ABAP Data Dictionary is used for creating and managing the metadata(data definitions). The APAP Dictionary enables a critical description of all the data utilized in the system without repetitions. Updated or New information is automatically provided for every system component. This assures data consistency, data integrity, and data security.
ABAP Dictionary endorses the definition of the user-defined data elements. table types, and structures. We can create the related objects(views or tables) in the relational database through these data definitions. ABAP Dircetory explains the logical structure of objects which is utilized in application development. These objects display the linkage with the inherent relational database in views or tables. The following diagram gives a graphical representation of the ABAP Dictionary.
ABAP Dictionary also supports standard functions to edit the fields on the screen, like assigning input help to the screen field.
SAP PI/PO is a tool that allows you to integrate the solutions from the SAP systems into the other SAP systems or Non-SAP systems. SAP PI/PO allows data between several systems to be easily synchronized.
Data Mining is the analytic process of exploring the data in searching the constant patterns or the systematic relationships between the variables. OLAP refers to online analytical processing and is the reporting tool used to understand our database dimensions, schema, and composition facts.
Some of the crucial objects of the ABAP Directory are as follows:
For using the parameter IDs, we have to “set” values in the global memory area and next “get” values from the parameter ID memory area. In the online program, we have to “Set” the values from the screen fields, and we will “get” these values for the screen fields.
LUW is the time span during which the database records are updated, either rollback or commit.
SAP BASIS is the administration module of SAP utilized for controlling code modifications, database admin, upgrades, network setup, etc. In contrast, SAP ABAP is the programming language utilized in SAP for generating forms, customizing, creating reports, etc.
|Related Article: SAP Basis Interview Questions|
In the SAP source system, extracts are the data retrieval mechanism. It can occupy the structure of the data source with the data from the SAP source system datasets.
The approach to writing the BDC program is as follows:
Step 1: Create the recording
Step 2: Transform the inherent system data to the flat file into an internal table called “conversion.”
Step 3: Transfer the Flat files into the SAP system known as “SAP Data Transfer.”
Step 4: As per the BDC, type “CREATE SESSIONS” or “CALL TRANSACTION.”
To handle communication, we have two kinds of services:
Cluster and Pooled tables are the special kinds of tables in the ABAP Dictionary. We can save the data from many different tables into the table cluster or table pool. Tables allocated to a table cluster or a table pool are implied as cluster tables or pooled tables.
We must use the table pool to store the implicit control information. The control information can be program parameters, screen sequences, continuous texts, and temporary data like documentation. Commercial significance data is saved in the transparent tables.
The “Reason Codes” act as the tags that we can allocate to explain over/under payments in allocating incoming customer payments. They must not be mixed up in “void reason codes” utilized when outgoing cheques are generated.
The business warehouse utilizes a data warehouse and OLAP concepts to analyze and store the data, while R/3 was designed for transaction processing. We can get a similar analysis out of R/3, yet it would be more straightforward from a BW.
While implementing SAP Payment Run, the standard phases of SAP contain:
Internal tables are the standard data type object; they exist only during the program's runtime. Check tables are used for field-level checking. Value tables are used for domain-level checking. A transparent table is available with a similar structure both in the dictionary and the database, with similar data and fields.
Following are the different kinds of source systems:
The star schema contains dimension tables and fact tables. The master data-related tables are stored in separate tables, referring to characteristics in the dimension tables. These separate tables for the master data are called Extended Star Schema.
For example, if invoice A341 is issued for $300, and the buyer pays $250. After subtracting the partial amount from the invoice, a balance of $50 is left.
While the customer receives the residual payments, invoice number A341 is paid completely, clearing the method for creating a new financial statement that makes up the outstanding amount of $50.
We can only create new records for some vendor trading partners in some industries. One-time vendor allows the dummy vendor code to be utilized on the invoice entry, and the data generally stored in the vendor master is stapled on the invoice itself.
The most common transit mistakes are as follows:
Transactional RFC, also called Transactional Remote Function Call, allows fetching the formerly made request if it was mistakenly entered into the system. This happens when the transaction process, called TID, has been allocated a unique identifier. Accessing the remote system is optional at the moment in the transactional RFC.
SQL Scripts are the most suitable approach to work as they can be loaded and stored anytime it is required to do so.
The information model contains Attribute, Calculation, and Analytic views, and it is primarily utilized to hide the data selection technicalities such that it is easy for business users to model the data who have only functional knowledge of the database and don’t have technical knowledge.
Code pushdown is transferring the data-intense applications to the database layer. Every calculation cannot be pushed into the database, only the needed calculations can be pushed. For instance, if we want to calculate the number of positions of invoices, it is not necessary to choose all the positions of those invoices and calculate the sum through a loop.
The SAP launchpad simplifies accessing the corporate solution that offers the launchpad site that is personalized and based on the user's activity. This service allows organizations to develop the centralized location for third-party services, SAP, custom-made apps, and other services in the cloud and on-premises. Some of the capabilities of the SAP launchpad are as follows:
Besides providing a role-based and customized launchpad, it also offers a data structure that adheres to and is adaptable to SAP Fiori 3 design criteria.
It is considered the scalable foundation for the modifications that can be achieved using personalized branding and shell extensions.
It provides a centralized entry point for the tasks and apps, with infinite integration to different user interface methods and third-party software programs.
Integration with the essential services of SAP BTP, like cloud identity and email services, is a feature of the product.
Stock transfer between the plants of different company codes is similar to the purchase order in Stock Transfer Order. The first case is intra-company stock transfer, and the second is inter-company stock transfer. The inventory movement without pricing is included in the stock transfer between the same company code plants. Inventory accounts transfer is included in this.
Using EDI LSMW is utilized. The SAP System is linked to the Non SAP systems through the EDI programmers. During this, Data migration is required. The destination code differs from the source code while the data migrates from source to destination. Thus LSMW allows us to transform the data into batch files; next, the batch files are transformed into the batch files of source code, and later data is migrated. During this process, standard interfaces like Idoc or BAPI are utilized.
The following fields are available in purchasing view:
Price determination process: A schema will be created. A condition type is inserted if required, and the Access sequence is allocated to the condition type. A condition table is made, and the fields needed are defined. A cond. Rec is created. The price schema has the condition type for a specific mat. The price determination process is invoked by pricing. To the condition type, the access sequence is allocated, which searches the condition type for determining the price and finding a specific cond. rec.
|Related Article: SAP MM Tutorial|
An electronic bank statement configuration is needed, but not a manual bank statement. Type the data and save it in the manual bank statement.
In the pharma and chemical industries, exclusion and listing are utilized; for example, a particular customer is ordering medicines or chemicals despite not having a valid license. Exclusion and Listing are helpful in this situation.
SAP provides the following products:
It is a cloud-based human resources management system that eases handling different HR tasks. The SaaS paradigm offers a foundation for the SuccessFactors platform.
It is a unique approach hosted in the cloud, allowing sellers and customers to interact with one another for conducting business on the unified platform. It streamlined the business operations, which resulted in enhancement in the organization’s complete system to handle the vendors. These enhancements will lead to cost savings for the firm.
It is a new user interface that has been implemented throughout all the SAP software packages. It includes the collection of the programs that are used in general company operations. These applications include process authorization programs, financial applications, computation systems, information processing software, and self-service implementations.
Using Concur, we can refer to all your spending on expenditures, transport, and the seller bank statements in the unified system. This can be achieved by providing a technique for collecting more excellent transaction permeability, handling spending from inception to delivery, simplifying processes, and promoting compliance for everyone.
It is hosted in the cloud and comes along with the open VMS, both of which help businesses in finding, manage, engage, and pay vendors. Through the SAP Cloud Platform Interface, web applications, or SAP Process Management, SAP Fieldglass can integrate into the free capacity and on-site SAP applications.
In SAP, Business Content is a pre-defined or pre-configured model of the information included in the SAP warehouse, which can be utilized directly or with the required modification in the different industries.
.sca refers to the SAP component archive. It is used for deploying the patches, java components, and other java deployments in the form of .sda, .sca, .jar, and .war.
If the data is the base table of the match code ID modifications, the match code data has to be upgraded. The updated type requires when the match code has to be updated and how it has to be performed. The update type specifies which method will be utilized for the building match codes.
|Native SQL||Open SQL|
|It contains database-specific SQL statements.||It includes Cross-database SQL statements.|
|It can be utilized on the database tables that are administrated by the ABAP dictionary.||It can work only on the tables that were built into the ABAP dictionary.|
|It does not endorse the buffering of the tables in the SAP Application Server.||It supports buffering of the tables in the SAP Application server.|
|It does not endorse the conjunction with the ABAP constructions that ease or accelerate the access||It will support conjunction with the ABAP constructions that ease or quicken the access.|
|SAP CRM is the most famous ERP software that provides tools that can be utilized by enterprises in an extensive range of industries and enables users to choose the needed functions.||Salesforce provides an extensive Customer Relationship Management(CRM) tool with all the features covered in one plan and offers software solutions and products to users and developers.|
|SAP utilizes the cloud-oriented deployment model and supports on-site deployment.||Salesforce utilizes the Cloud-Oriented deployment model and does not support on-site deployment.|
|Any further changes are optional for SAP; we have to pay for the intuitive licenses annually for maintenance and support.||To use the Salesforce CRM features, an extra amount has to be paid.|
|In SAP, users should buy the online training module and certification||
Salesforce offers a “Get Started” guide to customers, which includes a subscription price. The user has to buy customized training or different directions.
Following are some basic interview questions in SAP:
The market for talent is getting more competitive, considering that SAP-based employment perspectives offer attractive perks and more excellent compensation to those with the needed technical expertise. Following are some things that you must consider while preparing for the SAP interview:
A person is said to have basic SAP knowledge if he or she has an understanding of working with any of the SAP modules like SAP Basis, SAP HANA, SAP ABAP, SAP FI, SAP HANA, etc.
Everyone who is going to take an SAP interview must go through SAP interview questions to know what kind of questions they can face in the interview and assess their understanding of SAP modules.
The full form of SAP is Systems, Applications, & Products in Data Processing.
The main purpose of SAP is to allow organizations and companies of all sizes to adapt continuously, run their businesses profitably, and develop sustainably.
SAP is one of the dominant software producers for handling business processes and building solutions that give efficient data processing and data flow throughout enterprises.
There are no types of SAP. SAP is an application software that is based on Enterprise Resource Planning(ERP); in simple words, it is the software where we can maintain any business.
SAP skills are the capability to utilize the SAP software suite to solve business problems. A suite is a group of integrated applications that enable organizations to handle their business processes. Some of the SAP skills are:
Following are the two main modules of SAP
Tip #1: Research
This is the first tip for SAP interview preparation. You must focus your research on three points. First is the job. Understand the job description, project specification, required qualifications, future prospects, and work environment. This will help you understand whether it is the proper job for you and the areas you must concentrate your preparation on.
Tip #2: Revise Your Resume
It is better to build a new resume, especially for the job you are applying for. Make sure that your resume focuses on experiences and skills that are relevant to the job.
Tip #3: Prepare for the Expected Questions
You can easily find various SAP interview QUestions online. Create a list of those questions. The questions must be of personal, technical, and behavioral types:
Tip #4: Prepare Notes
Prepare notes about the essential points that you would like to memorize. These notes will help you refresh your mind before attending the interview and assist you in future interview preparation.
Tip #5: Attire
Dress adeptly and think corporate. If you need more clarification about attire, discover how the people in the organization generally dress and take tips from them.
To crack any technical interview, theory, practical, project, and applied concepts are necessary for those applying for the job. This SAP interview questions blog covered all the frequently asked SAP interview questions and answers that suit the interview requirements. A candidate who wants to achieve the job in SAP must look through these SAP interview questions and answers before going to the SAP interview to give his best.
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Madhuri is a Senior Content Creator at MindMajix. She has written about a range of different topics on various technologies, which include, Splunk, Tensorflow, Selenium, and CEH. She spends most of her time researching on technology, and startups. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter .
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