SAP IBP Interview Questions

SAP IBP is the business solution utilized by more than 1000 companies globally. If you are preparing for an SAP IBP interview, this SAP IBP interview questions blog will help you. Here is an extensive set of basic to advanced SAP IBP interview questions and answers asked mostly by the interviewers

SAP IBP is the cloud-oriented supply chain planning solution that plans for a risk-resilient and sustainable future with SAP-integrated business planning for the supply chain solution. It integrates sales and operations planning(S&OP), response and supply, forecast and demand, inventory planning, and demand-driven replenishment.

It automates and coordinates supply chain processes. It includes advanced machine learning algorithms and planning capabilities. Top organizations like Infosys, Tech Mahindra, Capgemini, Accenture, and PwC recruit SAP IBP consultants. As per, the average salary of an SAP IBP consultant in the US is around $136K per annum. So, any certified SAP IBP consultant will have a dream career. Hence, we have come up with a compilation of SAP IBP interview questions that are asked frequently in the interviews.

SAP IBP Interview Questions - Table of Content

Top 10 Frequently Asked SAP IBP Interview Questions

  1. What is SAP IBP?
  2. What are the important features of SAP IBP?
  3. What are the primary components of SAP IBP?
  4. What are the advantages of SAP IBP?
  5. What are the applications to utilize the SAP IBP?
  6. What does Versioning in SAP IBP mean?
  7. Explain Aggregations in SAP IBP.
  8. What are the restrictions of SAP IBP?
  9. Explain Key Figures in SAP IBP.
  10. Describe the Resources of SAP IBP

SAP IBP Interview Questions For Basic

1. What is SAP IBP?

SAP Integrated Business Planning is a business solution that enables you to execute and implement your operations more effectively. It offers a single and integrated planning platform that can be utilized by all the members of the organization, from the top executives to the daily wage laborers. It contains several features and tools that we can use to enhance planning accuracy, raise operational effectiveness, and optimize inventory levels.

If you want to enrich your career and become an SAP IBP professional, enroll in "SAP IBP Training". This course will help you to achieve excellence in this domain.

2. What are the best practices of SAP IBP?

SAP Best Practices for the SAP Integrated Business Planning(IBP) provides you with all the things that we require for running the planning processes in the SAP IBP applications. IBP for Inventory, IBP for demand, IBP for response & supply, IBP for demand-driven replenishment and Supply Chain Control Tower, and SAP for sales & operation.

3. What are the best practices of SAP IBP content?

The best practices for SAP IBP content comprise an activated planning area for the quick start, planning the view templates for the interactive simulation, and what-if analysis, and predefined dashboards for the embedded analytics. SAP IAM integration for context-aware social collaboration, alert definitions for exception-based planning, and the sample data for showcasing the end-to-end process.

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4. What are the important features of SAP IBP?

The following are the important features of SAP IBP:

  1. Comprehensive supply chain visibility
  2. Integrated, cross-department, and Unified planning approach
  3. Simple and easy-to-use User Interface
  4. Embedded social collaboration and MS-Excel-based planning
  5. Advanced demand analysis, sensing, and predictive forecasting

5. Who can use the Best Practices of SAP IBP?

Anyone who has a subscription to the SAP Integrated Business Planning(SAP IBP) can utilize the best practices of SAP IBP. There is no cost to utilize the best practices of the SAP IBP.

[Related Article: What is SAP IBP]

6. What are the primary components of SAP IBP?

The primary components of SAP IBP are inventory planning, demand planning, supply planning, and response and supply optimization modules. It also contains supporting applications and tools, like the IBP Excel add-in and IBP Configuration tool.

7. What are the common applications of SAP IBP?

We can utilize SAP IBP for different purposes, but the most common use cases are supply chain planning, sales and operation planning, inventory planning, and demand planning. IBP will allow organizations to predict demand better, plan for inventory requirements, and maximize their supply chains.

8. How can we configure time horizons in the SAP IBP?

We can configure the time horizons in the SAP IBP by opening the application settings and choosing the time horizon that we have to utilize.

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9. What are the advantages of SAP IBP?

The following are the advantages of SAP IBP:

  • Unified Planning: It is utilized for integrating financial and operational planning and connects high-level strategic plans like mid and long-term business plans.
  • Total Visibility: We use it for the internal-external supply chain that contains Production, Inventories, Risk Elements, and Transportation. Linking all the business partners for the best collaboration and transparency
  • Instant Response: It is utilized for the optimizing process across the extended supply network. Utilized for the simulations of demand or supply modifications for comparing scenarios and analysis for the Informed, Rapid, and Decisions.

10. What are the pre-installed planning areas known as?

Pre-installed planning used for the SAP IBP is:

  • IBP release 1705: UNIPA07
  • IBP release 1702: UNIPA06
  • IBP release 1611: UNIPA05

SAP IBP Interview Questions For Experienced

11. How do we create the planning area in the SAP IBP?

We can create the planning area of the SAP IBP by opening the administration tab and choosing the planning area options. From there, we can press on the “Create Planning Area” button and fill up the required information. 

12. What are the applications to utilize the SAP IBP?

Following are the applications to utilize the SAP IBP:

  1. SAP Integrated Business Planning for Sales and Operations
  2. SAP Integrated Business Planning for demand
  3. SAP Integrated Business Planning for inventory
  4. SAP Supply Chain Control Tower
  5. SAP Integrated Business Planning for response and supply

13. How can we integrate with other SAP solutions like ECC and APO?

SAP IBP can integrate with other solutions in a few ways. We can mostly use SAP IBP on its own, but we can also connect it to other SAP products like APO and ECC. After that, IBP utilizes the data from other solutions to create its planning models. Finally, We can utilize SAP IBP to create notifications and alerts as per the events that can happen in other SAP solutions.

[Related Article: SAP APO Interview Questions]

14. How should the forecast model be built in the SAP IBP?

The easiest method to build a forecast model is to look back into historical data. With this information, we may construct a model to foresee potential interest.

15. What does Versioning in SAP IBP mean?

Versioning in SAP IBP means that the planning model can have more than one version, each with its own unique identity. We can use it to compare different versions of the model side by side or to make changes to the model without affecting the live version that is already being used.

16. What is the difference between SAP IBP and SAP HANA Live?

Using the HANA database and the HANA Live data visualization tool, we can generate reports and dashboards in real-time. IBP is the forecasting and planning tool that we use for creating the simulations and models as per the data from multiple sources, like HANA databases.

17. Can we delete the records from the IBP cube?

Yes, the records can be deleted from the IBP cube. We can do it through the “DELETE” statement from the SQL.

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18. What is the use of exception reporting in SAP IBP?

Exception Reporting is utilized for identifying the areas where the planning process is not working as planned, such that proper action can be taken. This can include anything from detecting errors in the data input to detecting the areas where the planning process is not satisfying the requirements of the business. Exception Reporting is an essential business; it allows you to ensure that the planning process is as efficient as possible.

19. Explain Aggregations in SAP IBP?

Aggregation is a process of grouping the data in the SAP IBP. It can be useful to create reports or for analyzing performance. For instance, we can aggregate the data by product, customer, or by sales region.

20. What are some methods by which we can extend the IBP functionality?

There are a handful of methods using which we can extend the SAP IBP functionality. One way is to utilize the SAP IBP add-ons, which can be purchased from the SAP IBP. Another way is to utilize the SAP IBP customization options, which enable us to adapt the SAP IBP functionality to better satisfy our particular requirements. Finally, we can also utilize the SAP IBP integration options, which enables us to integrate with other SAP solutions.

SAP IBP Interview Questions For Advanced

21. What are the security features offered by the SAP IBP?

SAP IBP offers various security features that allow us to maintain the data secure and safe. It is flexible with various good security standards, and it gives various features that help us to secure the data. It is the best choice for the business that have to guarantee that their data is secure.

22. What are the restrictions of SAP IBP?

There are a limited amount of potential restrictions to utilizing SAP IBP that must be considered before the implementation. Primarily, IBP needs a high level of data completeness and accuracy for creating secure provision results. After that, the SAP IBP is resource intensive, both in terms of the hardware needed for running the software and the personnel required for handling and maintaining the system. Lastly, IBP can be difficult to configure and implement; thus using a complete understanding of the system is required before trying to utilize it.

23. What are the different kinds of demand data that can be utilized in the SAP IBP?

The different kinds of demand data that can be utilized in the SAP IBP are historical sales data, shipment data, point-of-sales data, market data, and forecast data.

24. Explain Key Figures in SAP IBP?

Key Figures are defined as the numerical values that we utilize to evaluate success and progress in the SAP IBP. There can be things like production figures, inventory levels, or sales figures. We can utilize the key figures to establish the targets and trace the progress over time.

25. How can we define the new key figures in the SAP IBP?

We can define the new key figure through the below methods:

  • By converting the attribute in the key figure in configuring the application
  • We can create the new key figure in the configuration application.

26. Describe the Resources of SAP IBP

1. Sales and Operations Planning

It is used to balance supply and demand and also offers visibility. Evaluating the Actual Performance against the plans and Monitoring for future misalignment between the operational and strategic plans.

2. Inventory Planning and Optimization

It is utilized for setting up the optimal inventory targets, which enables you to maximize the profits while assuring Customer Service Levels.

Resources of SAP IBP

3. Demand Management and Forecasting

It combines the various design signals with forecasting and collaborates to create the proper demand plans.

4. Response and Supply and Planning

It is utilized for creating possible supply plans for satisfying the demand with the inventory targets and effective capacity utilization.

27. Does SAP IBP have any special needs regarding the hardware?

No, SAP IBP can be used on any standard hardware.

28. Explain the process of defining the planning strategy in the SAP IBP?

The process of defining the planning strategy in the SAP IBP starts with the business process for which that planning strategy will be utilized for. After understanding the business process, the next step will be identifying the essential inputs and outputs for the planning strategy. After identifying the inputs and outputs, the next step is to evaluate the best way to map the data from the inputs to the outputs. The last step is testing the planning strategy to ensure it works as planned.

29. What is the cost of utilizing SAP IBP in comparison to the same systems like JDA or Oracle?

SAP IBP is the most cost-efficient way for systems like JDA or Oracle. IBP provides plenty of the same features and functionalities as other systems, but it is generally valued at a lower cost. The IBP cost will vary as per the particular requirements of the business.


1. What is the basis of SAP IBP?

SAP IBP(Integrated Business Planning) for Supply Chain solution is the cloud-based supply chain solution that extends to satisfy the business growth and integrates with other third-party systems and SAP.

2. What are the disadvantages of SAP IBP?

The following are the disadvantages of SAP IBP:

  1. SAP IBP is unable to manage detailed customer sold to and shipped to the information.
  2. The price point of SAP IBP has to be improved as per the requirements of the organization.

3. What are the advantages of SAP IBP?

The following are the advantages of SAP IBP:

  1. Unified Planning
  2. Total Visibility
  3. Instant Response

4. What are the modules of SAP IBP?

Following are the five different modules of SAP IBP:

  1. SAP IBP for Demand
  2. SAP IBP for Response and Supply
  3. SAP IBP for Inventory
  4. Supply Chain Control Tower
  5. SAP IBP for Sales and Operations

5. Why Implement IBP?

Research shows that the primary advantage of implementing SAP IBP is increased revenue, forecast accuracy, and enhanced order delivery rates.

6. What is the structure of the SAP IBP?

The structure of SAP IBP is as follows:

  1. Attributes(Characteristics)
  2. Time Profile
  3. Master Data Types
  4. Key Figures
  5. Planning Levels
  6. Versions
  7. Planning Area

7. What are the uses of SAP IBP?

Enterprises utilize SAP IBP to coordinate sales, operations, and marketing teams for executing integrated business plans and achieving the target plans.

8. What are the benefits of SAP IBP demand?

The following are the benefits of SAP IBP demand:

  1. Agile Business Planning
  2. Real-World Data Rendering
  3. Collaborative Decision Making
  4. Cost Improvement
  5. Better Customer Satisfaction

9. What are the challenges of SAP IBP?

The following are the challenges of SAP IBP:

  1. Loss of Control of Services and Software
  2. Security
  3. Integration
  4. Software Updates
  5. Lack of Personalization

10. How is IBP different from S&OP?

While S&OP processes are inclined to support medium-term planning prospects that hardly exceed 18 months. It naturally has a longer time scale that easily coordinates with long-standing strategic planning and supports medium-term and short-term operational requirements.

SAP IBP Interview Preparation Tips

Tip #1: Focus on the Basics

Examine the job description to understand what type of position you are interviewing for. Research the enterprise, how your educational background suits you, and what you can impart to the organization and the job.

Tip #2: Be Ready to solve the problems.

Interviewers will desire to see how we see utilize our basics in practice and will get this by asking adaptable questions that can be solved in many ways. 

Tip #3: Explain Thought Process

If you will solve the problem in different ways, talk through the options before deciding which to utilize. It allows the interviewer to see and figure out your thought process.

Tip #4: Practice

Ensure that you simulate the interview environment. Give yourself a time restriction on the problems. If you have the phone interview, practice on Google Docs and Stypi. If you have the in-person interview, practice solving the problems on a whiteboard or a paper.

Explore SAP IBP Sample Resumes! Download & Edit, Get Noticed by Top Employers!


SAP IBP is a cloud-oriented supply chain planning solution that extends to adapt to business growth and integrates with SAP and other third-party systems. It offers capabilities to handle and build demand forecasts for medium-term, long-term, and short-term horizons. These SAP IBP interview questions are the basic to advanced SAP IBP Interview Questions and Answers that are frequently asked in job interviews. I hope these SAP IBP interview questions will help you in cracking the interview. you can also enroll in "SAP IBP Training" and get a certification.

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Last updated: 13 Jul 2024
About Author


Madhuri is a Senior Content Creator at MindMajix. She has written about a range of different topics on various technologies, which include, Splunk, Tensorflow, Selenium, and CEH. She spends most of her time researching on technology, and startups. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter .

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