SAP ISU Interview Questions

These are expert-created SAP ISU interview questions to help you prepare for the SAP ISU interview. Here you will learn Accounts Payable, Data Archiving, SAP IS Retail, Change Pointer, Energy Data Management, Processing Data Exchange, etc.

SAP ISU is used in companies that endorse waste disposal and utility industries. It is the information and sales system that offer services handling the distribution and supply of natural gas, electricity, and water. We have two primary categories of SAP ISU master data model: 1) Technical Data and 2) Business Data.

Statistical Research and Analysis found that companies that utilize SAP ISU are the most commonly used in the United States and Information Technology and Services Industry. Organizations that have more than 10000 employees and revenue exceeding 100M dollars will frequently utilize SAP ISU. Thus, anyone who wants to start their career in SAP ISU will have a good career. 

To begin your career at SAP ISU, you have to crack the interview with good interview preparation. This SAP ISU interview questions blog includes the most frequently asked SAP ISU interview questions and answers in the SAP ISU job interviews. Here is the list of these famous SAP ISU interview questions: 

This Blog covers the following:

Top 10 Frequently Asked SAP ISU Interview Questions

  1. Describe Processing Components.
  2. Describe Postal Regional Structure.
  3. What is the latest version of SAP IS Retail?
  4. Describe Stock Transfer Order.
  5. Explain the source list.
  6. Explain Change Pointer.
  7. Describe a generic article.
  8. Describe Energy Data Management
  9. What is Parameter Record?
  10. What are the Modules in SAP ISU?

SAP ISU Interview Questions For Basic

1. Explain Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable?

Due to the massive amounts of Invoices and Customers, the waste disposal companies should create a huge number of payment demands. For preventing you from entering this huge data in the sub-ledger accounting, general ledger accounting has been integrated with Waste Management: Accounts Payable and Receivable. 

Contract Accounts payable and receivable are developed for processing the mass data. At particular intervals, the system transfers the aggregated individual bookings to the general ledger in the Financial Accounting(FI). We can also transfer service invoices and sales from the Sales and Distribution(SD) component for contracting the accounts payable and receivable. The objective of contract accounts payable and receivable is automating all the processes. Manual involvement is only required if the agent’s decision is needed.

If you want to enrich your career and become an SAP professional, enroll in "SAP ISU Training".This course will help you to achieve excellence in this domain.

2. Describe Processing Components?

We use the processing components to create, change, display, Delete, Archive, Plan, Output, and Confirm.

3. What Interfaces are used for connecting?

It is a substitute for the integrated solution; we can utilize the generic interfaces for connecting the external and complementary products to the SAP recycling and waste. The interface is available for the below systems:

  1. Weighing Data system
  2. Routing Data System
  3. Board Computer

4. Describe Postal Regional Structure.

  1. Postal Regional Structure allows you to do the below activities:
  2. Handle the cities, streets, and postal codes
  3. Verify the accuracy of the cities, streets, and postal codes
  4. Streamline the process of entering the cities, streets, and postal codes
  5. When we create objects that relate directly or indirectly to the address, some fields may already include default values. In other situations, like the installation, we should have the system propose a value.

Related Article: What is SAP ISU

5. Describe Data Archiving in the SAP Utilities?

In SAP ISU, we can archive billing documents, budget billing plans, and print documents. This indicates that we can simplify the load on the database at any time by archiving the equivalent you no longer require online. Documents are removed from the database and written to the archive files.

6. What is the latest version of SAP IS Retail?

The latest version of SAP IS is 4.7.

7. Explain MAP?

MAP refers to Merchandise and Assortments Planning.

8. How do we perform price execution in Retail?

In SAP IS Retail, Normal Pricing is maintained through the VK11 through the different condition types. In the SAP system, we can configure the Change pointers that can be triggered when any price addition or price change happens, and the change pointers are transferred to the POS. Systems through other custom solutions or POSDM. The changes are transferred to other channels like mobile devices and websites through a similar strategy. 

9. How do we maintain promotions in the SAP IS Retail?

By using the transaction called WAK1, we can maintain the promotions; the pricing conditions are created and transferred to POS.

10. Describe Stock Transfer Order?

Stock Transfer Order is the PO that invokes the transfer of stocks between the sites or stores of the same company.

MindMajix Youtube Channel

11. Explain the Listing?

Listing is the process that controls what stores get what Articles. Articles that are cataloged to a specific store or DC will not process them. The master data associated with those articles are not available in the stores where that article is not cataloged.

12. Can we create a return for the deliveries from the stock transfer orders in the SAP MM?

Yes, we can create the return deliveries to sending store in STO.

[Related Article: SAP MM Interview Questions]

13. How does the physical goods issue post when the merchandise is returned in the SAP MM?

Physical goods issue is posted as the negative goods receipt when the merchandise is returned.

14. Can we have multiple vendors related to the single po in SAP MM in the SAP IS Retail solution?

No, the single vendor can always be related to the SAP PO.

[Related Article: SAP MM Tutorial]

15. Explain the source list.

The source list is a list that evaluates where a specific article can be procured from the source list, including validity dates, vendor information, etc. A vendor can also be a store.

SAP ISU Interview Questions For Experienced

16. Describe Space Management in the SAP IS Retail?

Space Management handles maximizing the positioning of the article on the shelf. Key Figures will determine how the space will be handled, which is generally done as per the revenue data, gross margin, or sales data.

[Related Article: SAP IS-Retail Interview Questions]

17. Explain Change Pointer?

Changer Pointer enables the system to handle the changes occurring in the master data, pricing, or general data change. We create different change pointers, and we can use them to transfer the changes to other systems like POS, Manugistics, BW, eBusiness, etc.

18. What are the disadvantages of utilizing the change pointers?

One of the biggest disadvantages of utilizing the change pointers in the retail environment is the number of change pointers that may be created and the capability of the system to manage those changes; Performance of the batch jobs is largely impacted when we have various change pointers. Appropriate care must be taken to generate only those change pointers which will be utilized by the system.

19. Where else can we utilize the space management data in Retail?

We can utilize the space management data in the requirements replenishment and planning.

20. Describe a generic article?

Example for the generic article - T-shirt is the generic article, and different versions of this article are Blue, Red, and Green T-shirt

21. What is the Pricing profile of the article?

The pricing profile controls if the variant sales prices are similar or different from the sales price of the generic article.

22. Describe Energy Data Management

Energy Data Management is the tool that satisfies needs by providing settlement of the energy quantities, interval reading, billing, and scheduling of the interval energy utilization. The energy data management component of SAP ISU is completely integrated into the SAP ISU system, and we can install it in the existing SAP ISU system as the latest component. SAP ISU EDM is also integrated into the Intercompany Data Exchange(IDE). 

The element enables the data exchange in standardized formats and allows the integration of cross-company business processes. SAP ISU EDM enables you to bill the profiles in the SAP ISU. Profiles are developed in the SAP ISU EDM and transferred to the SAP ISU billing through the internal interface. This enables you to bill new kinds of contracts, like spot purchases.

23. Describe Processing Data Exchange?

Before the SAP ISU 4.63, data was interchanged through the IDE events. This indicates that during a particular process in the ISU, the IDE events are invoked, and the data exchange is processed as per the IDE communication control. Example: Consumption Billing. In ISU triggers, the execution of a consumption event is an IDE event that allows consumption values to be transmitted. 

As per the IDE communication control, the delivery consumption point evaluated in the billing can be transmitted to the supplier of the customer. In ISU 4.64, we must always process the data exchange through the data exchange processes. The data exchange process will allow a more distinguished specification, monitoring, and control of the data exchange. The IDE events can be incorporated into the infrastructure of the data exchange process. Data exchange basic processes are available for most IDE events.

24. What is Parameter Record?

The parameter record includes control data for the budget billing. We can utilize this control data for generating the due dates for the budget billing amounts when we create segment schedule records. We require the parameter record for creating a segment. 

We can enter the parameter record in the segment. Choose the Where Used List in the display or change mode for displaying all the segments that utilize a special parameter record. We can only create the parameter for creating the due dates for budget billing amounts. We can implement the below functions:

  1. Change the Paramtere Record
  2. Create and Delete the Parameter Record
  3. Can only delete the parameter record if it is not utilized in the segment.


1. What is SAP ISU used for?

SAP ISU is a solution developed by SAP for the utility industry. It addresses the challenges of the utility industry. It handles the industries like Natural Gas, Water, and Electric.

2. What does ISU stand for in SAP?

In SAP, ISU stands for “Industry Specific Solution for Utilities.”

3. What are the Modules in SAP ISU?

SAP ISU primarily includes the below modules:

  1. Financial Accounting
  2. Material Management
  3. Sales and Distribution
  4. SAP BW(Business Warehouse)
  5. SAP Customer Relationship Management(CRM)

4. What are the best practices of SAP ISU?

In SAP ISU, the best practice is to have a one-meter reading unit, including all the meters in the route that a meter can read up to 100 units per day.

5. What is master data in SAP ISU?

The master data stores both property and customer information. Property information is stored in the Technical master data. Customer information is stored in the business master data.

6. What are the five master data in the SAP ISU?

In the SAP production planning module, we have five crucial master data elements to be maintained: 1) Material Master, 2) Work Center, 3) BOM, 4) Production, and 5) Routing Version.

7. What is billing master data in SAP ISU?

This component handles the basic settings and master data that will remain unchanged for an extended period of time and controls the contract billing.

8. What is the meaning of SAP ISU in business?

SAP ISU is the sales and information system that endorses waste disposal and utility companies. SAP ISU supports business functions like master data management, meter reading, billing, invoicing, customer service, and accounting.

SAP ISU Interview Preparation and Tips

While preparing for an SAP ISU interview, consider the below tips:

Tip #1: Begin with Research

You would have done some research before applying for the job, but now it is time to level up your research. Search social media and the company’s website for insights into the current projects and future goals.

Tip #2: Research the Interviewer

Getting Information about the interviewer is the best way to prepare for the job interview. Open LinkedIn for the profile of the interviewer. It helps you know what the interviewer looks like and what his background is.

Tip #3: Prepare Your Answers

While preparing for the job interview, we have to learn to answer common interview questions and give explanations about transferable skills and employment gaps. 

Tip #4: Develop Questions to Ask

Think twice and prepare some thoughtful interview questions to convey your interest in the job and the company.

Tip #5: Keep an eye on the Details

If your interview is in person, outline your journey from the home to the interview location. If your interview is through video call or phone, test them and make them ready; ensure your computer or mobile is working correctly and your internet connection is stable.


SAP ISU is the sales and information system that supports different business functions of waste disposal and utility organizations. These SAP ISU interview questions are the most prominent skills that recruiters look for in an SAP ISU Consultant. I hope these"SAP ISU Training"are informative and you enjoy reading them. If you face any challenges, please comment on them in the below section. 

Course Schedule
SAP ISU TrainingJun 22 to Jul 07View Details
SAP ISU TrainingJun 25 to Jul 10View Details
SAP ISU TrainingJun 29 to Jul 14View Details
SAP ISU TrainingJul 02 to Jul 17View Details
Last updated: 19 Jun 2023
About Author


Madhuri is a Senior Content Creator at MindMajix. She has written about a range of different topics on various technologies, which include, Splunk, Tensorflow, Selenium, and CEH. She spends most of her time researching on technology, and startups. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter .

read less