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1. What is the difference between CBP and MRP?
The main difference between CBP and MRP
|When the materials are planned using this, the prediction for the required materials is done by past demand of the same materials.||When the materials are planned using this, the prediction for the required materials is done by SOP which is sales & operation planning|
|Forecasting, planning which is time phased and reorder point are used here||Since this is used for the planning of the future everything depends on the size of the lot that was previously given.|
2. What do you know about SAP MM?
SAP has a functional module which is known as SAP MM. It looks after the management of the material and obtaining handling. The module consists mainly about master data, configuration of system and transactions to complete the procurement to pay process
3. Can you elaborate about SAP and how it is useful in Industries ?
SAP stands for Systems, Applications and Processing the Data. It is the most popular software application used to provide enterprise business solutions. This ERP software application was first introduced in Germany (Mannheim) in the year 1972. ERP stands as Enterprise Resource Planning.
It provides solutions by incorporating various business tasks like sales, purchase and production. SAP obtains details from one business process and integrates it into another business process, thus speeding up the business process. It is broadly used in industries, since it updates and process important data very quickly and used by the department to determine how to prepare the products and also it can program business process and provide real time solutions for business.
4. Can you explain the essential components in SAP MM?
To define the requirements, determination sources, selection of vendors, order processing, follow up with the clients, receipts of goods and inventory management, verification of bills, payment systems etc.
5. Do you know about organizational structure in the MM module?
The structure in the MM module is a ladder in which various organizational unis are arranged designed according to the functions and tasks of each of them. The units that make the structure of the organization are as given below.
The first is the client and this unit is independent. This unit has a different record system and well as its own table sets. The second is the company code. This is one of the smaller units of the organization. For the need of external report one can make a self-reliant account sets for the unit of company code. The third is the plan. This is where the supplies are formed and the services and goods are given. The industry can be broken down into different plants based on maintenance, supplies, production, procurement etc. The next is the location of the storage. The produced goods are kept in this unit. The next is the number of the warehouse this shows the system of the warehouse. It is different for every area of storage and organization. After that is the storage type which tells one the different areas such as issuing area, area for picking up the goods etc. The next is the organization of the purchasing which is the unit that negotiates with others for purchasing and also obtains the services and the material. The next is the group purchasing which a code for an individual buyer or a group who actually purchase the materials. This unit is also partially involved in negotiating and obtaining the goods.
6. Explain in detail about order of purchase?
This is a final and formal confirmation of the essential materials to be supplied by the vendor to the industry. This will involve the all the names of the essential materials with the equivalent plant. The details of the purchase which would include the code of the company, vendor’s name, the delivery date of the materials.
7. Why is record of the information of purchase useful?
It is essential because it collectsvarious informationon the vendor and the materials supplied by them. For instance the current price at which the vendor is selling the material is recorded in the purchase record.
8. What are the important criteria in purchasing?
The important criteria in purchasing includes the following the unit of the order, the group of material, the base unit, the group of purchasing, the validity, the indicator of tax for that material, the part number of the manufacturer, and the manufacturer.
9. Elaborate on the goods receipt in the SAP System?
Once the purchase is processed by the vendor the material and goods are deliveredto the party that ordered it and this process is known as the goods receipt. During this time when the material is delivered the party that acquires it checks for the quality and the condition of the materials and goods. After the verification the receipt is finally poster.
10. What is the code used for extension of the view of material?
The code used for the transaction of the material view is MM50.
11. What is the code for deleting a particular batch?
The code for deleting a batch is MSC2N. Alternatively, if one flags the batch of the master record then the batch record can be deleted completely.
12. How is a receipt posted?
The goods receipt can be posted by going to the option of logistics and then to the materials management and then the inventory management and the choosing the goods movement and then choosing the T code which is MIGO.
13. What do you mean source list and what is the code of the source list?
The source list is to identify the home of the supply from where the materials come. The code for
creating the source list: ME01.
14. What is essential for creating a record of purchase information?
The essential information for making a record of purchase information is as follows
The number of the material, the part number of the manufacturer, the number of the vendor, the level code of the organization.
15. What is planned delivery and GR processing time?
The meaning of planned delivery is the number of business days in which the person is expected to receive the materials and goods. The GR processing time is the number of business day in which the person has to inspect and place the material in the storage, after obtaining the goods and materials.
16. What is the Material Requirement Panning and mention the code to access this list?
Material Requirement Planning is the first working manuscriptfrom where the controller of MRP starts the work and it includes the planning of the information of the goods and materials. For accessing a single item one can use the code MD05.
17. What is known as RFQ?
RFQ is an abbreviation for Request For Quotation. It is a kind of a form which is given to the vendors for them to submit any quotation which is indicative of the terms and conditions and the price of the goods and materials. It has details of the quantity of the goods, information about the goods, the delivery date of when the form is to be submitted.
18. Explain what is reservation?
Reservation is the blocking of the stock beforehand so that its availability is ensured later in time. It ensures that the stock is made available and can be used as per requirement.
19. What is the code used for reservation?
The transactional code used for reservation is MMBE.
20. What is CBP?
CBP essentially means the consumption value of the materials in the past. It is used to know about the requirements in the future. Based on the consumption of the services in the past the average requirement of the goods can be calculated.
21. What is the type for the reversal of the issue of the goods?
The transactional type for the reversal of the issue of the goods is the number 262.
22. How is quota rating checked?
The formula for checking the quota rating is addition of the base quantity of the quota and the allocated quantity quota and divides it by the overall quota.
23. Mention the last stage in the cycle of procurement?
The last stage of the procurement cycle is the verification of the invoice. This also updates the documents which are related in the accounts and finances. There is a difference between the real invoice and the blocked one the real invoice can be handled by verification of the invoice.
24. Mention, for the stock transport order, some movement types.
Some of the movement types are 351, 641, 643 for the stock order. Another one is 301 which can be used an easy way for transferring materials.
25. What are the point of differences between the purchase order and the purchase requisition?
Purchase requisition is said to an internal sheet and it is a appeal that is done to the organization which is going to purchase the services and send the list of the goods. But purchase order is the formal sheet that is send to the vendor which has the list of the essential items that needs to be taken from the vendor.
26. How does one do a verification of the invoice?
When the invoice is related to an existing sheet then every information which is relevant is taken out by the system. This includes material, vendor, delivery and its terms, payment etc. One has to enter the invoice and the system takes out the account, tax, discount and corrections which are relevant. If the invoice is been posted data like the average of the price are reorganized.
27. How are parked documents showed?
Parked documents are showed with the codes FBV3 and FB03. FBV3 displays the parked sheets whereas FB03 shows all the posted sheets. It is useful to use FBV3 if one needs to know if any documents still need approval or if they still need completion.
28. What are the different types of ERPs?
Different types of ERPs are as follows: SAP, Microsoft dynamics, People Soft, Oracles, Siebel, BAAN. These are some of the different types of Enterprise Resource Planning.
29. What is NetWeaver?
NetWeaver is an incorporated technology in which every product in the MySAP group can be used in a single go of a server which is known as SAP Web Application Server. This technology is very useful and helps the user efficiently. One of the advantages of using this is that the data related to SAP can be accessed by the enterprise through or even through mobile. This is not only cost effective but also time effective. If one uses this a lot of money is saved which could otherwise go in training a new user in the SAPclient.
30. Explain about Meta data, Transaction data and master data? Can SAP be called a type of database?
Meta data: Meta data informs a person about the information of a data. This gives a person in-depth information about the hierarchy of the information or it is also called as Meta Objects. There are many types of meta data. Some of the metadatas are structural meta data, descriptive metadata, reference metadata, statistical metadata and administrative metadata. Each of these type have a different kind of function in a system.
Next is the transaction data. This is nothing but the information pertaining to the transactions which happen on the day today basis. After that comes the master data. Data provides essential information about the materials, the employees and even information related to the customer of that service. One can also call it the data of reference. For instance: the person orders for a product which is 20 units. So instead of asking for the customer’s address 20 times, the same information can be used from the master data of the customer.
SAP cannot be called as a database. Since it is an application it uses the databases which is provided by other retailers. These retailers include Server, Oracle, SOL and many other retailers.