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|Types of SAP MM Interview Questions|
Frequently Asked SAP MM Interview Questions
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The main difference between CBP and MRP
|When the materials are planned using this, the prediction for the required materials is done by past demand of the same materials.||When the materials are planned using this, the prediction for the required materials is done by SOP which is sales & operation planning|
|Forecasting, planning which is time-phased and reorders point are used here||Since this is used for the planning of the future everything depends on the size of the lot that was previously given.|
AP has a functional module which is known as SAP MM. It looks after the management of the material and obtaining handling. The module consists mainly of master data, the configuration of the system, and transactions to complete the procurement to pay process.
SAP stands for Systems, Applications, and Processing the Data. It is the most popular software application used to provide enterprise business solutions. This ERP software application was first introduced in Germany (Mannheim) in the year 1972. ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning.
It provides solutions by incorporating various business tasks like sales, purchase, and production. SAP obtains details from one business process and integrates them into another business process, thus speeding up the business process.
It is broadly used in industries, since it updates and process important data very quickly and used by the department to determine how to prepare the products and also it can program business process and provide real-time solutions for business.
To define the requirements, determination sources, selection of vendors, order processing, follow up with the clients, receipts of goods and inventory management, verification of bills, payment systems, etc.
The structure in the MM module is a ladder in which various organizational units are arranged designed according to the functions and tasks of each of them. The units that make the structure of the organization are as given below.
The first is the client and this unit is independent. This unit has a different record system and well as its own table sets. The second is the company code. This is one of the smaller units of the organization. For the need for external reports, one can make a self-reliant account set for the unit of company code. The third is the plan.
This is where the supplies are formed and the services and goods are given. The industry can be broken down into different plants based on maintenance, supplies, production, procurement, etc. The next is the location of the storage. The produced goods are kept in this unit. The next is the number of the warehouse this shows the system of the warehouse.
It is different for every area of storage and organization. After that is the storage type which tells one the different areas such as issuing area, area for picking up the goods, etc. The next is the organization of the purchasing which is the unit that negotiates with others for purchasing and also obtains the services and the material.
The next is group purchasing which is a code for an individual buyer or a group who actually purchases the materials. This unit is also partially involved in negotiating and obtaining the goods.
This is a final and formal confirmation of the essential materials to be supplied by the vendor to the industry. This will involve all the names of the essential materials with the equivalent plant. The details of the purchase would include the code of the company, the vendor’s name, the delivery date of the materials.
It is essential because it collects various information on the vendor and the materials supplied by them. For instance, the current price at which the vendor is selling the material is recorded in the purchase record.
The important criteria in purchasing include the following the unit of the order, the group of material, the base unit, the group of purchasing, the validity, the indicator of tax for that material, the part number of the manufacturer, and the manufacturer.
Once the purchase is processed by the vendor the material and goods are delivered to the party that ordered it and this process is known as the receipt of the goods. During this time when the material is delivered the party that acquires checks for the quality and the condition of the materials and goods. After the verification, the receipt is finally poster.
The code used for the transaction of the material view is MM50.
The code for deleting a batch is MSC2N. Alternatively, if one flags the batch of the master record then the batch record can be deleted completely.
The goods receipt can be posted by going to the option of logistics and then to the materials management and then the inventory management and the choosing the goods movement and then choosing the T code which is MIGO.
The source list is to identify the home of the supply from where the materials come. The code for creating the source list: ME01.
The essential information for making a record of purchase information is as follows
The number of the material, the part number of the manufacturer, the number of the vendor, the level code of the organization.
The meaning of planned delivery is the number of business days in which the person is expected to receive the materials and goods. The GR processing time is the number of business days in which the person has to inspect and place the material in the storage, after obtaining the goods and materials.
Material Requirement Planning is the first working manuscript from where the controller of MRP starts the work and it includes the planning of the information of the goods and materials. For accessing a single item one can use the code MD05.
RFQ is an abbreviation for Request For Quotation. It is a kind of a form that is given to the vendors for them to submit any quotation which is indicative of the terms and conditions and the price of the goods and materials. It has details of the quantity of the goods, information about the goods, the delivery date of when the form is to be submitted.
Reservation is the blocking of the stock beforehand so that its availability is ensured later in time. It ensures that the stock is made available and can be used as per requirement.
The Transactional code used for reservation is MB21.
CBP essentially means the consumption value of the materials in the past. It is used to know about the requirements in the future. Based on the consumption of the services in the past, the average requirement of the goods can be calculated.
The transactional type for the reversal of the issue of the goods is the number 262.
The formula for checking the quota rating is the addition of the base quantity of the quota and the allocated quantity quota and divides it by the overall quota.
The last stage of the procurement cycle is the verification of the invoice. This also updates the documents which are related to the accounts and finances. There is a difference between the real invoice and the blocked one the real invoice can be handled by verification of the invoice.
Some of the movement types are 351, 641, 643 for the stock order. Another one is 301 which can be used as an easy way for transferring materials.
A purchase requisition is said to an internal sheet and it is an appeal that is done to the organization which is going to purchase the services and send the list of the goods. But purchase order is the formal sheet that is sent to the vendor which has the list of the essential items that need to be taken from the vendor.
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When the invoice is related to an existing sheet then every information which is relevant is taken out by the system. This includes material, vendor, delivery, and its terms, payment, etc. One has to enter the invoice and the system takes out the account, tax, discount, and corrections that are relevant. If the invoice is been posted data like the average of the price are reorganized.
Parked documents are showed with the codes FBV3 and FB03. FBV3 displays the parked sheets whereas FB03 shows all the posted sheets. It is useful to use FBV3 if one needs to know if any documents still need approval or if they still need completion.
Different types of ERPs are as follows: SAP, Microsoft dynamics, People Soft, Oracles, Siebel, BAAN. These are some of the different types of Enterprise Resource Planning.
NetWeaver is an incorporated technology in which every product in the MySAP group can be used in a single go of a server which is known as SAP Web Application Server. This technology is very useful and helps the user efficiently. One of the advantages of using this is that the data related to SAP can be accessed by the enterprise through or even through mobile. This is not only cost-effective but also time-effective. If one uses this a lot of money is saved which could otherwise go into training a new user in the SAPclient.
Metadata: Metadata informs a person about the information of a data. This gives a person in-depth information about the hierarchy of the information or it is also called Meta Objects. There are many types of metadata. Some of the metadata are structural metadata, descriptive metadata, reference metadata, statistical metadata, and administrative metadata. Each of these types has a different kind of function in a system.
Next is the transaction data. This is nothing but the information pertaining to the transactions which happen on the day to day basis. After that comes the master data. Data provides essential information about the materials, the employees, and even information related to the customer of that service. One can also call it the data of reference.
For instance: the person orders a product which is 20 units. So instead of asking for the customer’s address 20 times, the same information can be used from the master data of the customer.
SAP cannot be called a database. Since it is an application it uses the databases which are provided by other retailers. These retailers include Server, Oracle, SOL, and many other retailers.
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