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What Is Sap Netweaver

Are you looking forward to understanding everything about SAP NetWeaver? Don’t worry, here are the answers! You have come to the right place to find out everything pertaining to SAP NetWeaver. This blog covers the basics of SAP NetWeaver, its history, core capabilities, advantages, features, components, and architecture. Once you are done reading the blog, you can rest assured of gaining a comprehension of this realm. 

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In the powerfully developing realm of enterprise software solutions, SAP NetWeaver is emerging as a platform that is transforming and revolutionising how companies operate and thrive. While the suite is quite famous, not many people know what SAP NetWeaver is and its significant benefits for business owners. 

As companies are navigating the digital space and striving for easy transformation on the internet, SAP NetWeaver is a stimulant that is bringing innovation and assisting businesses to remain in the lead amidst staunch competition. Its capabilities to integrate, extend and optimise existing applications and systems make it an essential tool for companies trying to improve their customer experiences, operational efficiency and sustainable growth. 

In this article, let’s look at varying aspects of SAP NetWeaver and explore its functionalities, components, and the role it plays in empowering organisations.

What is SAP NetWeaver - Table of Content

What is SAP NetWeaver?

SAP NetWeaver is one of the integrated technology platforms brought forward by SAP, a world leader in enterprise software solutions. SAP NetWeaver creates a foundation for developing and handling varying systems, processes and applications in a company. This platform allows effortless integration and adjustment of diverse applications, technologies, and data sources. Thus, it offers a unified framework for businesses to improve their operations. 

SAP NetWeaver, at its core, is created to streamline effective collaboration, facilitate business processes and allow real-time access to essential information. By leveraging its functionalities, companies can accomplish more productivity, innovation and agility across different functions, like customer relationship management, supply chain management, human resources, finance, and more. 

With strong tools, this platform lets IT professionals and developers design, create, deploy and regulate applications more flexibly and easily. SAP NetWeaver enfolds open standards and provides support to several programming languages, which makes it an adaptable and versatile platform that can be integrated effortlessly with existing technologies and systems. 

Moreover, SAP NetWeaver is regarded as the central hub for data integration that enables organisations to use data analytics, reporting and business intelligence. It makes the information exchange between different databases and applications easier. This way, the platform provides the power of using comprehensive insights to make informed decisions. 

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SAP NetWeaver History

SAP NetWeaver is an extensively known Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) platform that comes with a rich history from its foundation. Since its inception, it has undergone significant changes and played a crucial role in shaping the digital transformative strategy of SAP. 

Its journey started in the early 2000s when SAP pinpointed the need for an all-inclusive integration platform to connect disparate software offerings easily. Thus, SAP NetWeaver was released in 2003. It was primarily designed to streamline smooth collaboration, interoperability and integration across non-SAP applications and SAP systems.  

In the initial years, this platform concentrated on offering a middleware layer that helped businesses integrate diversified data sources and applications. It allows organisations to streamline processes and consolidate IT landscapes by connecting varying software components. 

Throughout the years, it expanded its capabilities beyond the point of integration and transformed into a comprehensive development and application platform. Because of SAP NetWeaver Application Server (AS), companies garnered the capabilities to develop, deploy and run customised applications. 

In the following releases, SAP NetWeaver integrated extra components as well as functionalities, like Master Data Management (MDM), Process Integration (PI), Business Intelligence (BI), and the Enterprise Portal. These additions further allowed companies to leverage high-end analytics, develop robust portals, simplify business processes and regulate master data effectively. 

With the introduction of cloud computing and the increasing demand for digital transformation, SAP NetWeaver brought cloud technologies and underwent more advancements. SAP Cloud Platform Integration (earlier called SAP NetWeaver Cloud Integration) was a cloud-based integration solution that offered easy connectivity between cloud-based and on-premise systems. 

Presently, SAP NetWeaver is a crucial foundation for the enterprise software suite of SAP, offering powerful management of data, application development, and integration platform. Its extensive features, scalability and adaptability make it an important enabler for organisations looking forward to optimising IT scenarios and driving innovation. 

As SAP continues innovating and transforming its offerings, SAP NetWeaver remains critical in its commitment to delivering cutting-edge solutions and empowering organisations in their digital journeys.

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Core Capabilities of SAP NetWeaver

SAP NetWeaver provides an extensive range of core capabilities that allow companies to integrate systems, manage data and develop applications effectively. Some of the core capabilities of SAP NetWeaver include:

  • People Integration: SAP NetWeaver eases people integration by offering services and tools that allow easy organisational collaboration and communication. It comprises enterprise portals, user management capabilities and social collaboration platforms. Such capabilities assist in connecting people, allow knowledge sharing and enhance organisational productivity. 
  • Information Integration: SAP NetWeaver allows information integration by harmonising and integrating data from different sources within the company. It comprises components such as data integration tools, master data management and quality management. Such capabilities ensure information remains reliable and consistent across varying systems, allowing precise reporting, decision-making and analytics.  
  • Application Platform: SAP NetWeaver is one such platform that helps develop, deploy, and manage business applications. It offers development tools, frameworks, and runtime environments for developing applications through technologies such as Java and Advanced Business Application Programming (ABAP). The application platform functionalities of SAP NetWeaver allow companies to create custom apps that align with certain business requirements and implement them effortlessly with other systems. 
  • Process Integration: SAP NetWeaver supports process integration by providing tools and services for orchestrating and integrating business processes across different systems and applications. It includes the Process Integration (PI) component, which enables the design, configuration, and execution of end-to-end business processes. This capability allows organisations to streamline operations, automate processes, and enable data flow and information exchange between disparate systems.

Advantages of SAP NetWeaver

SAP NetWeaver provides a gamut of benefits that eventually contribute to the efficiency and success of companies. Here are some of them: 

  • Enhanced Adaptability: SAP NetWeaver provides an adaptable and flexible platform that lets companies instantly respond to evolving needs of the business and market dynamics. It provides a scalable and modular architecture, allowing companies to integrate new processes, technologies, and applications easily. This adaptability assists companies in staying competitive and agile in an evolving business landscape. 
  • Lower Total Cost of Ownership: SAP NetWeaver assists in decreasing a company's Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). It offers services and tools for data management, application development and system integration in one platform. By this integration, you can eradicate the need for standalone, separate systems that lead to lower costs of infrastructure, decreased maintenance efforts and streamlined system administration. 
  • Better Return on Investment: SAP NetWeaver allows companies to accomplish a better Return on Investment (ROI) by making use of existing SAP investments. It provides easy SAP ERP system integration along with other SAP apps. Thus, it lets businesses extend the functionality of existing systems while maximising the investment. In addition to this, the application development capabilities of SAP NetWeaver allow the creation of custom apps that address certain business requirements; thus, improving ROI even more.

Features of SAP NetWeaver

SAP NetWeaver provides several capabilities and features that help organisations simplify operations, drive digital transformation and integrate systems. Here are some features of SAP NetWeaver you should be wary of:

  • Integration Capabilities: SAP NetWeaver allows easy integration of different applications and systems within the entire SAP ecosystem with other non-SAP systems. It offers a universal platform for harmonising and connecting the services, processes, and data of an organisation. 
  • Application Development: With the help of SAP NetWeaver, companies can create and deploy custom apps personalised as per their needs. It provides a strong environment for application development, including libraries, frameworks, and tools that facilitate the efficient and rapid development of mobile and web-based apps. 
  • Development and Operations (DevOps) Support: SAP NetWeaver offers comprehensive capabilities and tools for handling an all-inclusive lifecycle of applications, right from development to testing, deployment and operations. It supports DevOps practices while enabling easy collaboration between the development and operations teams to deliver applications efficiently. 
  • Cloud Integration: SAP NetWeaver provides cloud integration facilities that let companies connect their on-premise systems with cloud-based services and applications. It facilities hybrid situations, allowing organisations to leverage the advantages of cloud computing while retaining existing on-premises investments.
  • Security and Identity Management: SAP NetWeaver comprises strong identity and security management features to safeguard essential business data and ensure compliance with regulatory requirements. It offers user and role management, encryption mechanisms, authorisation and authentication capabilities. 

These features collectively make SAP NetWeaver a versatile and comprehensive platform for organisations seeking to integrate systems, develop applications, and leverage data-driven insights to drive digital transformation initiatives.

SAP NetWeaver Components

The SAP NetWeaver components provide extensive capabilities and functionalities that allow companies to integrate systems, manage data, deliver business intelligence, improve collaboration, and streamline processes within their IT landscapes.

  • SAP Business Information Warehouse (SAP BW): SAP BW is a component of SAP NetWeaver that enables organisations to gather, store, and analyse data from various sources. It provides tools and functionalities for data extraction, transformation, and loading (ETL), modelling, reporting, and analysis. SAP BW helps organisations make informed business decisions by providing a centralised and structured view of business data.
  • SAP Business Intelligence (SAP BI): SAP BI is another component of SAP NetWeaver that focuses on delivering comprehensive business intelligence capabilities. It includes tools and functionalities for data warehousing, reporting, visualisation, and ad-hoc analysis. SAP BI helps organisations turn raw data into meaningful insights, enabling effective decision-making and strategic planning.
  • SAP Enterprise Portal: The SAP Enterprise Portal is a component of SAP NetWeaver, a central access point for applications, information, and services. It provides a personalised and role-based portal environment that allows users to access relevant business data, collaborate with colleagues, and perform tasks efficiently. The SAP Enterprise Portal enhances productivity and user experience by integrating various systems and providing a unified interface.
  • SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI/PI): SAP XI, now known as SAP Process Integration (PI), is a component of SAP NetWeaver that facilitates seamless integration between different systems, applications, and technologies. It enables the exchange of data and messages across heterogeneous landscapes, supporting internal and external system integration scenarios. SAP PI streamlines business processes by orchestrating and managing system data flow.
  • SAP Knowledge Warehouse: The SAP Knowledge Warehouse component manages and distributes knowledge assets within an organisation. It provides a centralised repository for storing and organising documents, reports, and other knowledge resources. SAP Knowledge Warehouse enables effective knowledge sharing, collaboration, and retrieval, fostering innovation and improving decision-making.
  • SAP Master Data Management (SAP MDM): SAP MDM is a component of SAP NetWeaver that focuses on managing master data, such as customer, product, and supplier information. It provides tools and functionalities for data consolidation, harmonisation, and governance, ensuring consistent and reliable master data across the organization. SAP MDM helps organisations improve data quality, streamline processes, and enhance decision-making.
  • SAP Mobile Infrastructure: SAP Mobile Infrastructure (SAP MI) is a component that enables the development and deployment of mobile applications within the SAP NetWeaver environment. It provides tools and frameworks for creating mobile applications that integrate with backend systems, allowing users to access and interact with business data on mobile devices.
  • SAP Web Application Server (SAP WAS): The SAP WAS is the runtime environment for deploying and running web-based applications within SAP NetWeaver. It supports various programming languages, such as ABAP and Java, and provides a platform for developing and executing custom business applications.
  • SAP NetWeaver Process Integration (SAP PI): SAP PI, formerly known as SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI), is a component that enables the integration of different systems and applications within the SAP landscape. It provides tools and services for configuring and managing integration scenarios, data mapping, and message routing. SAP PI ensures smooth communication and data flow between disparate systems, facilitating end-to-end business process integration

SAP NetWeaver Architecture

The architecture of SAP NetWeaver is designed to provide a flexible, scalable, and integrated platform for enterprise application integration, development, and deployment. It comprises various components and layers that enable seamless connectivity, efficient data processing, and secure operations. Here are the key elements of SAP NetWeaver architecture:

  • Presentation Layer: This layer comprises user interfaces and applications that interact with end-users. It includes web browsers, SAP Fiori apps, and custom-built user interfaces that provide access to SAP NetWeaver functionality.
  • Application Layer: The application layer hosts the business logic and core application components. It consists of the SAP NetWeaver Application Server (AS), which serves as the runtime environment for executing applications and handling requests. The AS supports various programming languages, such as Advanced Business Application Programming (ABAP) and Java, allowing developers to create and deploy apps on the platform.
  • Integration Layer: The integration layer facilitates seamless integration between different systems, applications, and data sources. It includes components like the Process Integration (PI) module, which enables the exchange of data and processes across heterogeneous systems, and the Enterprise Services Repository (ESR), which provides a centralised repository for defining and managing integration interfaces.
  • Data Management Layer: The data management layer handles data storage, retrieval, and processing. It includes components like the SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse (BW), which enables data warehousing and analytics, and the Master Data Management (MDM) module, which provides capabilities for managing and harmonising master data across the enterprise.
  • Infrastructure Layer: The infrastructure layer comprises the underlying components supporting the SAP NetWeaver platform. It includes database systems (such as SAP HANA or Microsoft SQL Server), operating systems (such as Windows or Linux), and network infrastructure. This layer provides the foundation for running SAP NetWeaver and ensures availability, performance, and scalability.
  • Security Layer: The security layer encompasses various security mechanisms and components to protect the SAP NetWeaver environment. It includes authentication and authorisation services, secure communication protocols, encryption algorithms, and user management functionalities. This layer ensures data and applications' confidentiality, integrity, and availability within the SAP NetWeaver landscape.
  • Administration and Monitoring: SAP NetWeaver provides comprehensive administration and monitoring tools to manage and monitor the platform's performance. These tools enable system administrators to configure and maintain the SAP NetWeaver environment, monitor system health, troubleshoot issues, and optimise performance.

The architecture of SAP NetWeaver is designed to support a modular and flexible approach, allowing organisations to selectively implement the components and layers based on their specific needs and requirements. It enables seamless integration, efficient application development, and secure operations, making it a robust platform for enterprise-level solutions.

Installation Options for the SAP NetWeaver Application Server

The SAP NetWeaver Application Server can be installed in two different system types: ABAP System and Java System.

  • ABAP System: An ABAP System is primarily used for developing and running ABAP-based applications. SAP has developed ABAP, a programming language widely used for building applications within the SAP ecosystem. An ABAP System provides the runtime environment for ABAP programs and allows organisations to leverage the extensive standard SAP applications and functionalities. It is typically used for SAP ERP systems and other ABAP-based solutions.
  • Java System: A Java System is focused on running Java-based applications within the SAP NetWeaver environment. It provides the runtime environment for Java applications and supports various Java technologies and frameworks. A Java System allows organisations to develop and deploy custom Java applications that integrate with SAP systems and services. It is commonly used for web-based applications, mobile applications, and custom development scenarios where Java is the preferred programming language.

It's important to note that both ABAP and Java systems can coexist within a single SAP NetWeaver landscape, enabling organisations to leverage the strengths of both programming languages and technologies. This allows for hybrid scenarios where ABAP and Java applications can seamlessly interact and integrate.

The choice between an ABAP System and a Java System depends on the organisation's specific requirements, the nature of the applications to be developed or deployed, and the existing landscape and technology stack. Organisations may choose one or both systems based on business needs and technical considerations.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is the function of SAP NetWeaver?

The primary function of SAP NetWeaver is to serve as an integrated technology platform that enables businesses to seamlessly integrate systems, develop applications, and manage data for their enterprise operations. It is a foundation for organisations to integrate their systems, develop custom applications, manage data, and streamline business processes. It helps businesses achieve operational efficiency, agility, and innovation by leveraging the power of integrated technology solutions.

2. What is the difference between SAP ERP and SAP NetWeaver?

SAP ERP is a comprehensive software suite that integrates business functions, such as finance and sales. At the same time, SAP NetWeaver is an integrated technology platform for application development, integration, and data management. SAP ERP is the core system for managing enterprise operations, while SAP NetWeaver provides the underlying infrastructure and tools for seamless integration, customisation, and development within the SAP ecosystem. SAP ERP relies on SAP NetWeaver's integration services for system connectivity, while SAP NetWeaver offers development frameworks and runtime environments for building and deploying applications. They enable organisations to streamline operations and leverage technology for business success.

3. What are SAP NetWeaver components?

SAP NetWeaver comprises several key components that provide a comprehensive technology platform for enterprise integration, development, and data management. These components include the Process Integration (PI) module for seamless system connectivity, the Enterprise Portal for personalised and role-based portals, the Business Warehouse (BW) for data warehousing and analytics, and the Master Data Management (MDM) for centralised master data governance. Additionally, SAP NetWeaver encompasses application development tools and frameworks, such as the ABAP and Java development environments, along with the underlying infrastructure components like the Application Server (AS). These components empower organisations to integrate systems, develop applications, and manage data effectively within the SAP ecosystem.

4. What is SAP NetWeaver also known as?

SAP NetWeaver is also known as SAP NetWeaver Application Server (AS) or SAP AS. 

5. How do I start SAP NetWeaver?

Starting SAP NetWeaver involves several steps. First, ensure that your system meets the hardware and software requirements. Next, start the underlying database system, such as SAP HANA or Microsoft SQL Server. Then, start the SAP NetWeaver Application Server (AS) using the relevant command or graphical interface. This will initiate the AS processes and services. Afterwards, you can access the SAP NetWeaver system using a web browser or SAP GUI client by entering the appropriate URL or system ID. Depending on your specific configuration, you may need to log in with valid credentials. Once logged in, you can begin utilising the functionalities provided by SAP NetWeaver.

6. How to install SAP NetWeaver?

Installing SAP NetWeaver is a complex process that requires careful planning and technical expertise. Here is a general overview of the steps involved:

  • Ensure that your hardware and software meet the prerequisites for the desired SAP NetWeaver version.
  • Download the SAP NetWeaver installation files from the SAP Support Portal or acquire them from SAP.
  • Create a detailed installation plan, including system landscape design, network configuration, and component selection based on your business requirements.
  • Run the SAP NetWeaver installation program and follow the on-screen instructions. Provide the necessary information, such as the installation directory, database details, and system ID.
  • Select the SAP NetWeaver components you want to install, such as Application Server, Process Integration, or Business Warehouse. Specify the installation options, such as language packs and add-ons.
  • After the installation, perform system configuration tasks, including setting up database connections, defining system parameters, and configuring security settings. Apply any necessary patches or updates to ensure system stability and security.
  • Validate the installation by performing thorough, functional, and performance testing to ensure that SAP NetWeaver functions correctly.

7. What is the default port of SAP NetWeaver?

Some common default ports of SAP NetWeaver include ports 443 for HTTPS communication and 80 for HTTP communication. Typically, they are used for web-based access.


In conclusion, by leveraging SAP NetWeaver, organisations can achieve enhanced adaptability, lower total cost of ownership, better return on investment, improved collaboration and productivity, and streamlined business processes. It empowers organisations to leverage their existing SAP investments, integrate systems, manage data effectively, and make informed decisions based on reliable insights. SAP NetWeaver enables organisations to transform their IT landscapes, drive digital transformation initiatives, and achieve operational excellence in a rapidly evolving business environment.

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Last updated: 14 Dec 2023
About Author

Kalla Saikumar is a technology expert and is currently working as a Marketing Analyst at MindMajix. Write articles on multiple platforms such as Tableau, PowerBi, Business Analysis, SQL Server, MySQL, Oracle, and other courses. And you can join him on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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