SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) is an integration platform that facilitates the integration of cloud applications with other on-premise or cloud-based applications. The architecture of SAP CPI is designed to simplify the integration process, providing pre-packaged content and integration flows, as well as adapters and connectors to connect with various systems easily. Let us understand it in more depth.
Complex businesses have varying needs, and these are often met with third-party products and services. To enable data exchange between your SAP ERP and external systems, you need middleware. Middleware allows SAP to access data collected from your third-party products, and vice-versa. Without this communication, your information will be stored in silos. This defeats the purpose of investing in any service, as you will not be able to leverage its features. SAP has obviously thought of this, which is why it offers middleware options to its customers. SAP CPI is one of these options. Let us see what is SAP CPI in detail.
SAP HANA Cloud Integration allows you to connect your cloud applications quickly and seamlessly to other SAP and non-SAP enterprise software – without extensive coding. This integration as a service solution from SAP can help you harmonize business processes and data in a secure and reliable environment. The architecture includes an integration, connectivity, and process layer, each with components and functionalities. SAP CPI also offers features for security and compliance, scalability and flexibility, and integration with other SAP products.
You can perform Bi-directional integration to connect your cloud and enterprise applications, gain a unified view of all business data and eliminate data entry, perform centralized monitoring and management of integrations, speed implementation using pre-packaged integration content, and get lower TCO with an affordable, pay-as-you-go subscription model and minimal up-front investment. Architectural Overview of SAP Platform Cloud Integration (f.k.a HCI-PI) is another capability offered by SAP HANA Cloud Integration.
|SAP CPI Architecture - Table of contents|
SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) is a cloud-based integration platform that integrates various business systems and data sources. It offers a variety of features and capabilities for designing, executing, and monitoring integrations between different applications and services. The structure of SAP CPI is based on the concept of integration flows, a set of tasks or steps that define the integration logic. Integration flows consist of three main components- sender adapter, message mapping, and receiver adapter.
In addition to these main components, SAP CPI also offers a variety of other features and capabilities, such as pre-built integration content and templates for popular systems and applications, such as SAP ERP, Salesforce, and ServiceNow, a web-based designer tool for creating and modifying integration flows. It also monitors and error handles capabilities for managing integration flows and diagnosing issues. There are many security and compliance features to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of integrated data. Overall, the structure of SAP CPI is designed to be flexible, scalable, and customizable, allowing users to create and manage integrations that meet their specific business needs.
SAP Platform Cloud Integration is a cloud-based solution. The tenants are provisioned for you on request. For all matters of operation, it functions as a black box. However, seeing SAP Platform Cloud Integration is powered under the hood would be interesting. Developers can build integrations in virtualized environments, focus on enterprise integration patterns implementation challenges, and leave out the maintenance efforts on the platform. The platform has many advantages that might be unfamiliar to integration developers on SAP Process Orchestration.
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Understanding the SAP CPI architecture is essential for organizations that want to integrate their business systems and data sources effectively. Organizations can design, develop, and deploy integration flows that meet their business needs and requirements by understanding the CPI architecture. One of the key benefits of understanding the SAP CPI architecture is that it enables organizations to create integrations that are scalable and flexible.
With a clear understanding of the various components of the architecture, organizations can design integration flows that can handle large volumes of data and adapt to changes in business requirements over time. In addition, understanding the SAP CPI architecture allows organizations to optimize their use of the platform and its features. Knowing how the various components of the architecture work together, organizations can identify opportunities to streamline their integration processes, improve performance, and minimize errors and downtime.
Understanding the SAP CPI architecture is critical for organizations that want to achieve seamless and efficient integration of their business systems and data sources. By investing in learning about the architecture and its capabilities, organizations can leverage the full potential of SAP CPI to drive business growth and success.
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Overall, the three layers of the SAP CPI architecture work together to provide a comprehensive and powerful platform for integrating business systems and data sources. By leveraging the capabilities of each layer, organizations can create flexible, scalable, and secure integration solutions that meet their specific business needs and requirements. The SAP CPI architecture can also be described in terms of three layers that are closely related to the integration, connectivity, and process components of the platform –
This layer is focused on the integration components of SAP CPI, including the integration flows, mappings, and other artifacts that define the data transformation and routing rules between the various systems and data sources.
The integration layer of SAP CPI architecture consists of several vital components that work together to enable seamless integration between business systems and data sources.
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This layer is focused on the connectivity components of SAP CPI architecture, including the adapters, connectors, and other runtime services that provide communication between the various systems and data sources. This layer also includes the security and authentication components ensuring secure data exchange. Overall, the components of the connectivity layer in SAP CPI architecture provide a powerful and flexible platform for connecting different systems and data sources, ensuring seamless communication and integration across the enterprise.
The connectivity layer of SAP SPI architecture consists of several vital components that work together to enable communication and integration between different systems and data sources –
This layer is focused on the process components of SAP CPI, including the workflow and process management capabilities that enable users to design and automate business processes. This layer also includes the monitoring and analytics components that provide visibility into the performance and health of the integration processes.
The process layer of SAP CPI architecture consists of several vital components that work together to enable the automation of business processes –
The Cloud Integration Runtime Environment (CIRE) is a critical component of the SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) system landscape. It is a cloud-based runtime environment that provides the infrastructure and resources needed to execute integration flows and business processes within the CPI platform. It provides a scalable and reliable platform for executing integration flows and business processes within the SAP CPI system landscape. The CIRE enables users to deploy, manage, and monitor complex integration scenarios, and to ensure seamless communication and integration between different systems and data sources.
The CIRE consists of several components that work together to provide a scalable and reliable runtime environment for integration flows, including –
The Cloud Integration Tenant (CIT) is another critical component of the SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) system landscape. It is a logical entity within the CPI platform that represents a specific customer or organization and provides a dedicated environment for developing, testing, and deploying integration scenarios. Cloud Integration Tenant (CIT) is a vital component of the system landscape for SAP CPI provides a dedicated environment for creating, testing, and deploying integration scenarios. It enables users to integrate different easily systems and data sources and to ensure seamless communication and collaboration across the enterprise.
The Cloud Integration Tenant (CIT) includes several key components that enable users to create, manage, and deploy integration scenarios, including
Integration flows are the core building blocks of SAP CPI architecture. They represent the end-to-end integration scenarios between different systems and data sources and define the message routing, transformation, and processing logic needed to ensure seamless communication and collaboration. Integration flows are created using the Eclipse-based Design Time Environment and are executed on the Cloud Integration Runtime Environment.
Integration Flows are a core component of the SAP CPI architecture, and they play a crucial role in enabling data transfer between systems and applications. Integration flows are pre-built templates that define data flow between different systems and applications, including mapping, transforming, and routing data.
In SAP CPI, integration flows are created using the Web-based Integration Designer, which provides a drag-and-drop interface for configuring the different components of the flow. The Integration Flow editor allows users to define the flow of data between the other components of the architecture, including the endpoints, data mapping, transformation, and routing. The role of integration flows in the SAP CPI architecture to enable the creation of complex integrations between different systems and applications without the need for custom coding or development.
Integration flows allow developers to build integrations quickly and efficiently, using pre-built templates and a simple, drag-and-drop interface. This helps to reduce the time and cost of building integrations while also improving the reliability and scalability of the integration architecture. Overall, integration flows are a critical component of the SAP CPI architecture, providing the foundation for building robust, scalable, and flexible integrations between systems and applications
Cloud connectors enable connectivity between SAP CPI and on-premise systems. They provide a secure and reliable way to access data and services behind the firewall and support a variety of protocols and standards, such as HTTP, HTTPS, SOAP, REST, and OData. Cloud connectors can be deployed on-premise or in the cloud and are managed through the Integration Directory.
Cloud Connectors are a vital component of the SAP CPI architecture, providing a secure and reliable way to connect cloud-based applications with on-premise systems. Cloud Connectors are software agents installed on a local server or network and provide a secure communication channel between SAP CPI and on-premise systems. The Cloud connector acts as a gateway between the SAP CPI cloud platform and an on-premise system, providing a secure communication channel that enables data to be transferred between the two environments.
The Cloud Connector establishes a connection with the SAP CPI platform and uses safe, encrypted communication protocols to transmit data to and from the on-premise system. They can be configured to support a wide range of on-premise systems, including databases, file systems, and other applications. They can also be configured to support a variety of authentication and encryption mechanisms, ensuring that data is transmitted securely and only authorized users are able to access the on-premise system.
The messaging infrastructure in SAP CPI is used to ensure reliable and secure message exchange between different systems and data sources. It includes message queues, topics, and subscribers and supports different messaging patterns, such as point-to-point and publish-subscribe. Messages can be persisted to ensure data consistency and integrity and monitored and managed through the Integration Directory.
SAP CPI uses a messaging infrastructure to handle data flow between systems and applications. The messaging infrastructure consists of topics, queues, and message persistence. Topics and queues route messages to the appropriate destination in an integration flow. Topics are used for one-to-many message distribution, where a single message is sent to multiple subscribers who are interested in receiving the message. Conversely, Queues are used for one-to-one message distribution, where a message is sent to a single subscriber.
Message persistence is another crucial aspect of the messaging infrastructure. Messages are stored in a persistent store to ensure they are not lost in case of system failures or network interruptions. SAP CPI provides different levels of message persistence, including guaranteed and best-effort persistence. Guaranteed persistence ensures that messages are not lost, while best-effort persistence tries to deliver messages but does not guarantee delivery.
SAP CPI also supports different message formats, including XML, JSON, and plain text. This flexibility allows for seamless integration with various systems and applications. Overall, the messaging infrastructure in SAP CPI plays a crucial role in ensuring that messages are delivered securely, reliably, and efficiently. It allows for the seamless flow of data between different systems and applications, facilitating efficient business processes.
Data mapping and transformation is an essential capability in SAP CPI that enables users to convert data between different formats and structures and to transform data based on specific business rules and requirements. SAP CPI includes a graphical data mapping tool that allows users to define data transformations using a drag-and-drop interface and supports a wide range of data formats, such as XML, JSON, CSV, and EDI.
Data mapping and transformation capabilities are essential for any integration platform, and SAP CPI offers a robust set of tools to accomplish these tasks. In SAP CPI, data mapping and transformation are achieved using a graphical mapping editor, which allows users to define the mapping rules between different data formats and structures. The editor provides a drag-and-drop interface to map the source fields to the target fields, and it supports various mapping functions such as concatenation, arithmetic operations, and data type conversions. Users can also define custom functions and use them in their mapping rules.
SAP CPI supports a wide range of data formats, including XML, JSON, flat files, and EDI. This allows users to integrate different systems and applications regardless of their data formats. Data mapping and transformation are used extensively in integration flows to transform data between different systems and applications. For example, in an order-to-cash process, data may need to be transformed from an XML format used by an e-commerce application to a flat-file design used by an accounting system. The mapping editor in SAP CPI can be used to define the transformation rules, and the integration flow can be configured to execute the transformation as part of the overall process. It is a flexible and powerful toolset to transform data between different formats and structures, enabling seamless integration between other systems and applications.
Security is a critical aspect of SAP CPI architecture and includes several features and capabilities to ensure data privacy, confidentiality, and integrity. It provides transport layer security (TLS) to encrypt data in transit, access control to restrict access to sensitive data and services, and message encryption to ensure data privacy and confidentiality. Security can be configured and managed through the Integration Directory and customized based on specific business requirements and compliance standards.
Security features in SAP CPI ensure that data is protected throughout its journey between systems, and only authorized users have access to it. SAP CPI provides various security features to ensure safe and secure data exchange between systems. Some of the critical security features are –
Here is a more detailed explanation of each key feature of SAP CPI architecture.
SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) architecture is an integration platform that facilitates the integration of cloud applications with other on-premise or cloud-based applications. The architecture of SAP CPI is designed to simplify the integration process, providing pre-packaged content and integration flows, as well as adapters and connectors to connect with various systems easily.
SAP CPI is a cloud-based integration platform allowing businesses to connect different systems, applications, and data sources on-premise and in the cloud. SAP CPI provides a central hub for creating, managing, and monitoring system integration flows. These integration flows are created using a visual drag-and-drop interface, allowing users to define the integration's data mapping and transformation, routing, and processing logic.
SAP CPI also includes pre-packaged integration content, such as integration flows, adapters, and connectors, which can be easily configured and customized to meet the specific integration needs of a business. Additionally, SAP CPI provides a range of security features, including transport layer security, access control, and message encryption, to ensure the secure transfer of data between systems.
Once the integration flows are defined, SAP CPI executes them in the cloud using a messaging infrastructure that supports synchronous and asynchronous communication. SAP CPI also provides real-time monitoring and analytics capabilities, allowing users to monitor the performance and status of their integration flows and troubleshoot any issues.
Yes, SAP Cloud Platform Integration is an ETL (extract, transform, load) tool for data services. It allows you to move data efficiently and securely between on-premise systems and the cloud.
SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) is a module of the SAP Cloud Platform that enables businesses to integrate their cloud-based applications with other cloud or on-premise applications. The SAP CPI module provides a range of integration features, including pre-packaged integration content, adapters and connectors for various systems, and tools for data mapping and transformation. It also includes a messaging infrastructure for reliable message delivery, a web-based design interface for easy creation, and integration flow management.
No. With proper training and understanding, you can make and excel in your career in SAP CPI.
No. It is not really difficult to learn SAP CPI and make a career out of it.
Yes. SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) is a middleware. It facilitates the connection between users’ SAP ERP systems and third-party products or services. These can be cloud-based, on-premises, SAP, or non-SAP products. The service allows real-time data exchange between these systems.
SAP CPI is now called SAP Event Mesh.
SAP Integration Suite (SAP CPI) is an integration platform-as-a-service.
Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) used in SAP is a cloud middleware. It facilitates a connection between users’ SAP ERP systems and third-party products or services. These can be cloud-based, on-premises, SAP, or non-SAP products.
SAP’s focus on the Cloud increases by the year. When we glance at the SAP roadmap, it is clear and evident that cloud solutions will prevail. And what is not to like about the Cloud? Less need for infrastructure, minimal maintenance worries, lower costs, and increased accessibility. Overall, the components in SAP CPI architecture provide a powerful and flexible platform for automating business processes and streamlining operations. Move your business processes to the Cloud with SAP CPI; start migrating to a fully cloud-based system for a more sustainable IT landscape.
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Madhuri is a Senior Content Creator at MindMajix. She has written about a range of different topics on various technologies, which include, Splunk, Tensorflow, Selenium, and CEH. She spends most of her time researching on technology, and startups. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter .
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