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SAP CO Interview Questions

Knowledge of SAP CO can give you a competitive advantage, especially in finance and accounting. It can help you to stand out from the crowd and make yourself more valuable to employers. This article includes a list of the top SAP CO interview questions and in-line answers to those questions. So, check them out, and be prepared for your next SAP CO interview!

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SAP CO is a widely used enterprise resource planning (ERP) system across companies worldwide. As a result, SAP CO professionals have the opportunity to work with global clients, that can be a rewarding experience. According to job market data from various sources, including LinkedIn and Glassdoor, there are many job openings for SAP CO professionals across the world in various industries.

If you are interested in working in a dynamic, in-demand field that offers diverse opportunities and a competitive salary, SAP CO could be a great career choice for you. This blog on ‘SAP CO interview questions’ can help you prepare for job interviews. MindMajix’s subject matter experts have compiled these questions carefully to give you an idea of what to expect during the SAP CO interview process.

To have a clear understanding, we have divided these questions into three categories:

Top 10 Frequently Asked SAP CO Interview Questions

  1. What is SAP CO used for?
  2. What are the important organizational Elements Of Co?
  3.  What is ‘profitability Analysis’ (co-pa)?
  4.  How are cost flow and revenue flow related to the profit center?
  5. What does the term "cost roll-up" mean in the context of product costing?
  6. What is ‘Allocation Price Variance '?
  7. What is ‘summarization’ in Co?
  8. What is ‘Integrated Planning’ in Co-om-cca?
  9. Explain ‘Plan Layout.’
  10. Explain Product Cost Planning.

Basic SAP CO Interview Questions

1. What is SAP CO used for?

The SAP CO (Controlling) is used for internal reporting and business financial data analysis. The module enables organizations to properly manage their financial resources by assisting them in tracking and monitoring the costs related to various business operations.

Internal orders, product costing, profitability analysis, cost center accounting, and SAP CO functions are all included. It also enables establishing budgets and monitoring actual vs. projected expenditures, which aids firms in identifying areas where cost savings can be realized.

If you want to enrich your career and become a professional in SAP CO, then enroll in "SAP CO Certification Course" - This course will help you to achieve excellence in this domain.

2. What is the importance of Controlling in the SAP?

Controlling is a key SAP module that enables businesses to manage and analyze their financial performance. It allows companies to monitor and evaluate expenses, income, and profits to make wise business decisions.

3. What are the important organizational Elements Of Co?

The organizational elements of a CO typically consist of: 

  • Structure: This describes the business's hierarchical structure, functional divisions, and reporting lines.
  • Culture: A company's ideals, beliefs, and practices make up its culture. Engagement, output, and loyalty among employees can all be encouraged by a great culture.
  • Strategy: A company's strategy explains its long-term objectives and how it intends to get there. Target market research, product and service development, and determining competitive advantages are all included in this.
  • Processes: The actions and workflows utilized to carry out a business' daily activities are referred to as processes. Processes that are efficient and effective can increase productivity and lower expenses.
  • People: The company's partners, stakeholders, and employees are all part of the people factor. A successful CO must find, nurture, and hold on to talented people who share its values and objectives.

4. Explain about ‘company Code—Controlling Area’ Assignments.

The Company Code - Controlling Area assignments in SAP are used to connect a Company Code to a Controlling Area. This connection is crucial for an organization's effective cost and financial management.

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5. List the components Of SAP Controlling.

The components of Controlling typically include the following:

  • Cost Center Accounting.
  • Cost Element Accounting.
  • Profit Center Accounting.
  • Internal Orders.
  • Profitability Analysis.
  • Product Cost Controlling.
  • Activity-Based Costing.

6. Why do you need ‘Cost Element Accounting’?

Cost element accounting is essential to a company's cost accounting system. It helps in determining the true costs that go into the price of a good or service.

7. Explain ‘Cost Center Accounting.’

A sort of management accounting known as "cost center accounting" relates to monitoring and managing spending inside an organization. It entails determining, accumulating, and distributing expenses incurred by various organizational divisions or business units.

Each division or business unit is given the title of "cost center" in cost center accounting, and each cost center's expenses are recorded independently from those of the others. The organization is thus able to pinpoint high-cost regions and take the necessary steps to control or minimize them.

8. What is ‘activity-based Costing’?

An accounting technique called "activity-based costing" (ABC) identifies and allocates costs to the numerous tasks carried out within a business process. Instead of only allocating costs based on broad assumptions like direct labor or machine hours, this approach of accounting acknowledges that the resources required by each activity are the real cost drivers of the process.

A business process can be broken down into its individual activities using ABC, and each activity's costs can be examined separately. By doing so, managers are better able to determine the actual cost of each good or service provided and may consequently make more educated choices regarding resource allocation, production, and pricing. 

9.What is ‘product Cost Controlling’ (co-pc)?

The SAP (Systems, Applications, and Products) software has a module called Product Cost Controlling (CO-PC) that manages and controls product costs inside an organization. It is a component of SAP's Controlling (CO) module.

CO-PC offers resources for budgeting, tracking, and analyzing product expenditures. It enables companies to determine the costs of their goods depending on a number of variables, including materials, labor, overhead, and other expenditures. organizations can use the module to track, examine, and take remedial action to reduce cost variations between actual and anticipated expenses.

10. What is ‘profitability Analysis’ (co-pa)?

The SAP ERP software has a module called Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) that enables businesses to examine their profitability from a variety of angles. It is used to assess the profitability of a company's offerings, clients, distribution networks, and geographical areas.

CO-PA, which gauges the profitability of various corporate divisions, is based on the idea of cost accounting. It assists in identifying areas for improvement and gives a thorough analysis of the expenses and revenues related to each section. The analysis findings can be applied to strategic pricing, marketing, and sales choices.

SAP ERP has two varieties of CO-PA: costing-based and account-based. Internal reporting uses CO-PA based on costs, whereas external reporting uses CO-PA based on accounts to meet.

Check Out : SAP ERP Interview Questions

11. How is profit center accounting (ec-pca) different from Co-pa?

Profit Center Accounting (EC-PCA) and Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) are both components of SAP's Controlling (CO) module and serve different purposes within an organization.

The primary goal of EC-PCA, which is used for internal accounting purposes, is to monitor the profitability of distinct business units or profit centers inside an organization. It enables management to assess these profit centers' performance, comprehend how they affect the organization's total profitability, and make defensible choices about resource allocation, cost management, and pricing policies. 

Contrarily, CO-PA is utilized for external reporting and is mostly focused on examining the profitability of particular goods, clients, and market groups. Management can use it to determine the most profitable goods and clients, comprehend the elements that affect profitability, and come to wise marketing and price decisions. 

12. Explain SAP CO integration.

SAP CO is an essential component of the SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system used to manage financial transactions, create budgets, and keep tabs on an organization's costs. By enabling a continuous data flow across various business processes, integrating SAP CO with other SAP modules, such as SAP FI (Financial Accounting), SAP MM (Materials Management), and SAP SD (Sales and Distribution), helps improve the organization's overall productivity.

13. What is a cost object?

Anything that requires a separate measurement of expenses is referred to be a cost object in accounting. It is an item, product, procedure, division, or client for whom expenditures build up. The cost object might be any entity for which a unique cost analysis is required to ascertain the cost of producing or delivering goods or services.

Cost objects can be classified into three main types:

  • Direct Cost Object: A cost object can be traced directly to a product or service.
  • Indirect Cost Object: A cost object cannot be traced directly to a product or service. 
  • Activity Cost Object: It is a cost object that is associated with a specific activity or process.

14. Differentiate between real and statistical postings?

A "real posting" is a transaction that involves an exchange of money or goods and impacts the company's financial status. Sales revenue, purchases, salaries, and rent payments are a few examples of real postings. These entries impact the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement of the business.

A "statistical posting," on the other hand, is a record that doesn't actually include the exchange of money or goods. Instead, it logs statistical information on the commodities' amounts, weights, or dimensions. The following are some examples of statistics postings: inventory changes, depreciation, and output levels. These items primarily serve management reporting and analysis needs; they have no bearing on the company's financial situation.

15. How do you define ‘number Ranges’ In Co?

A number range is a series of numbers that are given to particular objects, such as cost centers, internal orders, profit centers, or other organizational units, in the SAP CO (Controlling) module.

Each object in the module has a unique identification number, which is also used to track and manage the expenditures and revenues related to the object.

16. How does ‘master data’ differ from ‘transaction Data’ in SAP CO?

Data types used in business operations include master data and transaction data. While transaction data refers to the data that often changes as a result of business activities, master data refers to the data that is relatively consistent and specifies the key entities in a company.

17. Describe the use of cost elements in SAP CO.

A cost element is a type of cost that is used to track and distribute costs in an organization's accounting system. It is a fundamental component of cost accounting that aids in locating and examining the cost elements of a company.

Businesses can better understand how their costs are dispersed throughout various parts of the organization and make more informed budgeting and resource allocation decisions by classifying spending into various cost categories.

18. What is the use of the primary cost element?

In SAP, a primary cost element is a master data object representing a single expense or revenue category in a company's financial accounting. It is used to assign costs or revenues to cost centers, internal orders, or other cost objects.

Each account in the company's chart of accounts that is important for cost accounting receives a primary cost element. It is referred to as a cost element in SAP's Controlling module and is used to allocate costs to cost centers or orders. Actual posts are based on primary cost aspects, which are constantly updated in the system in real-time.

19. What is the use of the secondary cost element’?

A secondary cost element is used in SAP Controlling to track costs or expenses that cannot be directly attributed to a cost object.

Secondary cost elements are used to record costs that are not immediately associated to a cost item, as opposed to main cost elements, which are used to capture costs that are directly related to a cost object, such as materials or labor. These expenses include things like taxes, depreciation, and overhead charges.

20. How can you automatically create cost elements in SAP CO?

Here are some general steps that may be involved in creating cost elements automatically:

  • Determine the categories of costs that you want to track and analyze. 
  • Identify the sources of data that you will use to calculate these costs. 
  • Set up rules and algorithms defining how costs should be allocated to specific elements. 
  • Test and refine the process to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Overall, the key to automatically creating cost elements is to clearly understand the types of costs you need to track and how they should be allocated. With the right processes in place, you can streamline this task and free up time for other important business activities.

Experienced SAP CO Interview Questions

21. How do cost-center accounting and profit centers relate to one another?

Both cost center accounting and profit-center accounting are separate accounting methodologies, but they have something in common in that they are both used to assess and oversee a company's financial performance.

Cost center accounting is used to keep track of the expenses incurred by different departments or operations within a business. 

On the other hand, profit-center accounting is used to monitor the sales and profits made by several corporate divisions. 

22. How are cost flow and revenue flow related to the profit center?

A profit center is an area of an organization that generates revenues and incurs costs. You can better comprehend how cost flow and revenue flow are related to the profit center by the following explanation:

  • Revenue flow: refers to the financial gain that the profit center experiences upon the sale of the products or services it produces. The revenue derived from these sales is displayed in the profit center's income statement.
  • Cost flow: In the income statement, the expenditures associated with the profit center are included as cost flows. In addition to direct costs like materials and labor, the expenses also include overhead costs like rent, utilities, and equipment. 

The difference between the revenue and the expenses is the profit or loss generated by the profit center. If the revenue exceeds the expenses, the profit center generates a profit; if the expenses exceed the revenue, the profit center generates a loss.

23. s it required to maintain the statistical key figure in the PCA module? 

The use of statistical key figures in the Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) module of SAP is optional and depends on the business requirements.

In order to collect non-financial data that may be important for analysis, such as the number of employees or the output of units, statistical key figures are utilized. Together with other cost and revenue components, these important numbers can be used to create a more complete picture of profitability.

Statistical key figures can also be utilized in the Product Cost Accounting (PCA) module to record non-financial data, but again, this is optional and will rely on the particular requirements of the organization.

24. Explain some important terminologies in product costing.

Determining the overall expenses involved in creating a good or service is a process known as product costing. The following are some key terminologies in product costing:

  • Direct costs are expenses that can be directly linked to a particular good or service. Raw materials, direct labor, and other expenses connected to the product's creation are examples of direct costs.
  • Indirect costs are expenses required for the smooth operation of the production process but are not directly related to the creation of a good or service.
  • Overhead costs are indirect expenses that are challenging to link directly to a specific service or good.

25. What is a settlement profile?

In a project, revenues and costs are temporarily collected and must be settled as part of period-end processing. A settlement profile must be saved in the project profile or network type in order to determine if settlement is required, allowed, or blocked.

The settlement profile allows you to define the following for actual costs:

  • Full Settlement.
  • Not to be settled
  • Can be settled.

Settlement profiles can also be used to monitor changes over time and evaluate the success of development initiatives. Planners and policymakers should make sure that their decisions are supported by the most up-to-date information possible by routinely updating settlement profiles. They can also modify their strategies as necessary to address changing conditions and new difficulties.

26. What does the term "cost roll-up" mean in the context of product costing?

A method called cost roll-up calculates a product's total cost by adding all of the costs associated with the labor, overhead, and materials used to produce it. Cost roll-up is an essential concept since it enables companies to determine the cost of each product precisely and assists them in making decisions about pricing, production, and profitability.

Each product component is given a cost during the cost roll-up process, which is then added to the final product's overall cost. This comprises both direct and indirect expenditures, such as rent, utilities, and insurance prices, as well as the price of labor and raw supplies.

27. What are the ‘Period End Closing Activities’ in Controlling?

Period End Closing Activities in Controlling refer to the set of activities that need to be performed at the end of a financial period to ensure accurate and timely financial reporting. The following are some of the key activities involved in period-end closing in Controlling:

  • Cost Center Accounting
  • Profit Center Accounting
  • Internal Orders
  • Activity-Based Costing
  • Product Costing
  • Financial Reporting

28. Define the ‘Month End Closing Activities’ in Finance.

The process of wrapping up all financial transactions and creating financial statements and reports at the end of a given month is referred to as "month-end closing activities" in the world of finance. These tasks are essential for making sure that financial data is accurate and supporting organizational decision-making processes.

Depending on the organization's size and complexity, different specialized tasks will be included in the month-end closing.

29. Explain the iterative processing of cycles.

An analysis and improvement process that is repeated over many cycles or iterations is known as the iterative processing of cycles. This method involves repeatedly testing, modifying, and evaluating a system or process until the intended outcomes are obtained.

Each iteration is often created with the intention of improving upon the one before it by adding fresh information, criticism, or statistics. This iterative technique enables continual system or process improvement and fine-tuning, leading to greater performance and results.

30. Define Activity Price Calculation

The activity price calculation method calculates the cost of a task or activity within the business process. This is used in managerial accounting. It entails figuring out the overall cost of the resources necessary to carry out a specific task, like labor, supplies, and overhead, then dividing that cost by the number of goods or services produced.

31. What is the ‘Political Price’ for an activity type?

The term "political price" is used to describe the possible negative effects that an individual or organization may have as a result of engaging in a specific action or adopting a specific position on a political issue. This cost could be in the form of decreased public support, opposition from interest groups or political rivals, unwanted media attention, or even legal repercussions.

32. What is ‘Allocation Price Variance '?

A type of variance analysis called allocation price variance calculates the discrepancy between the price that was actually paid for a resource and the price that was anticipated or budgeted for it. It is a part of cost variance analysis and is employed to ascertain the causes of differences between actual costs and budgeted or anticipated expenses.

The difference between the resource's actual and planned prices is multiplied by the actual amount of the resource used to determine the allocation price variation. This estimate illustrates how the price discrepancy affects the project's overall cost.

33. Describe ‘Direct Allocation’ methods of posting in CO.

There are two direct allocation posting techniques in SAP CO (Controlling):

  • Automatic Account Assignment: Using the information given for account assignment, the system uses this method to automatically identify the pertinent CO item (such as a cost center, internal order, etc.). The allocation is carried out automatically when the transaction is posted using this technique when it is based on a set rule or formula.
  • Manual Account Assignment: In this technique, the user chooses the pertinent CO object by hand while posting. This method is employed when the allocation depends on a judgment call or needs to be reviewed by a person before it is made. The system requests that the user select the CO object and then executes the allocation in accordance with the

34. Explain ‘Automatic Account Assignment.’

The ability to automatically assign a default or pre-defined account code to a transaction based on specific predefined criteria is known as automatic account assignment and is a feature of accounting software.

This function is very helpful in businesses with lots of transactions because it saves time and lowers the risk of human error when entering data manually.

35. How does ‘validation’ differ from ‘substitution’?

Validation refers to the process of verifying whether a given input or data meets certain criteria or requirements. Validation aims to ensure that the data is valid, accurate, and consistent with what the software expects.

Substitution, on the other hand, refers to the act of replacing one value or expression with another. 

36. Explain ‘reposting’ in Cost Center Accounting.

Reposting, in the context of cost center accounting, describes the process of moving costs from one cost center to another cost center or from one cost object to another cost object. Reposting is frequently utilized when costs need to be redistributed after being improperly allocated or when costs need to be changed.

Overall, cost center accounting reposting is essential for guaranteeing correct cost allocation and assisting organizations in better understanding and Controlling their expenditures.

There are different types of reposting that can be done in Cost Center Accounting, including:

  • Reposting of actual costs
  • Reposting of statistical costs
  • Reposting of planned costs

37. Is ‘Periodic Reposting’ different from ‘reposting’?

Yes, periodic reposting is different from reposting.

Reposting refers to the act of sharing someone else's post, usually without making any changes to the content or adding any additional context. It is a one-time event where you share the post once.

Periodic reposting, on the other hand, refers to the practice of reposting the same content multiple times over a set period. The purpose of periodic reposting is to increase the visibility of the content and reach a wider audience. 

38. What is ‘Direct Activity Allocation’?

A cost accounting technique called "Direct Activity Allocation" allocates direct expenses to particular organizational activities or tasks. The purpose of Activity-Based Costing (ABC) systems, which seek to present a more accurate view of the true costs of goods, services, or other activities, is to employ this approach frequently.

Instead of being evenly distributed across all activities, the costs of resources required for a specific activity are directly assigned to that activity under direct activity allocation. This makes it possible to track and analyze costs associated with particular activities more precisely, which can assist businesses in finding opportunities for cost reduction and procedure improvement.

39. How do you calculate ‘accrued Costs’?

Expenses that have been incurred but not yet paid for are referred to as accrued costs. These costs are listed as a liability in the company's financial accounts until they are paid.

You must take the following actions in order to determine accumulated costs:

  • Choose the time frame for which you wish to compute accrued costs. 
  • Identify the expenses that have occurred during the period but have not yet been paid for. 
  • Calculate each expense that has been incurred but not yet been reimbursed.
  • The total accumulated costs are calculated by adding together all of the period-related expenses that have been incurred but not yet been paid for.

40. Describe the ‘reconciliation Ledger.’

A reconciliation ledger is a financial document that keeps track of and balances all transactions involving two or more parties. The ledger is used to make sure that both parties accept the transactions and the associated sums.

The accounting procedure of reconciliation is essential to ensuring the accuracy and completeness of financial accounts. Bank accounts, credit card accounts, and other financial accounts can all be reconciled using a reconciliation ledger.

Advanced SAP CO Interview Questions

41. What is ‘variance Analysis’ in Co-om-cca?

Variance analysis is a technique used in management accounting, notably in the Controlling (CO) module of SAP, to control and analyze costs. It entails comparing the projected or budgeted expenses for a given period with the actual costs incurred during that period, and then examining the causes behind any discrepancies between the two.

Variance analysis is used to track and examine discrepancies between actual costs and projected costs for a cost center in the CO-OM-CCA (Cost center Accounting) module of SAP. Users can construct cost centers, assign costs to them, and then compare actual costs to planned or budgeted costs for each cost center using the module.

42. What are ‘categories Of Variances’ in Co-om-cca?

CO-OM-CCA (Controlling - Overhead Cost Management - Cost Center Accounting) is an SAP module that tracks costs and expenses within an organization. In this module, variances are differences between planned or expected costs and actual costs. There are two main categories of variances in CO-OM-CCA:

  • Price variances: Price variances arise when the actual price paid for a material or service is different from the planned or expected price. 
  • Quantity variances: Quantity variances arise when the actual quantity used for a material or service is different from the planned or expected quantity. 

43. Explain the ‘input Variance.’

In SAP Controlling, the cost of a good or a process is analyzed and managed using two types of variances: input variance and output variance.

The difference between the actual amount of input material or resources utilized in a production process and the standard amount that was anticipated to be used is referred to as input variance. This variance is calculated by contrasting the actual cost of the input item or resource with the standard cost. Utilization variance and efficiency variance are other names for input variance.

44. What is an ‘output Variance’?

Output variance refers to the difference between the actual output quantity of a product or service and the standard output quantity that was expected to be produced. This variance is calculated by comparing the actual revenue generated from the product or service with the standard revenue. Output variance is also known as price variance or revenue variance.

45. How to deal with ‘variances’?

SAP Controlling is a module in SAP that helps in managing an organization's cost and profitability. In order to deal with variances in SAP Controlling, you can follow these steps:

  • Identify the type of variance
  • Take corrective actions
  • Monitor the results
  • Continuous improvement

Overall, dealing with variances in SAP Controlling requires a systematic approach that involves identifying, analyzing, taking corrective actions, monitoring results, and implementing continuous improvement measures.

46. What are the ‘standard reports’ in SAP CO?

A variety of standard reports from SAP Controlling are available to aid in financial analysis and decision-making. The following are some of the standard reports in SAP Controlling that are most frequently used:

  • Cost Center Reports 
  • Profit Center Reports 
  • Internal Order Reports 
  • Product Costing Reports 
  • Cost Element Reports

47. What is ‘summarization’ in Co?

Summarizing transaction data in the Controlling (CO) module is referred to as "summarization" in the context of SAP Controlling. This is accomplished by combining numerous distinct transactions into a single line item.

It assists in making complex data analysis and reporting processes simpler. Users can access data more granularly, such as by business area, profit center, or cost center.

In the CO module, summarization can be done at several levels, including cost center, profit center, internal order, and so forth. Utilizing programmes like the SAP Report Painter or SAP Report Writer, the summarizing process can be automated.

48. What is a ‘plan Version’?

A "plan version" in SAP Controlling is a way to generate and manage different iterations of a financial plan or budget within a company. It enables the development of multiple scenarios or "what-if" studies to aid decision-makers in weighing their options and reaching well-informed conclusions.

49. What is ‘Integrated Planning’ in Co-om-cca?

The process of developing and managing cost center plans and budgets that are integrated with the organization's overall financial and operational plans is referred to as "integrated planning" in the SAP CO-OM-CCA (Controlling - Overhead Cost Management - Cost center Accounting) module.

Integrated planning in CO-OM-CCA involves the following steps:

  • Defining the cost centers that need to be planned as well as the organizational structure.
  • Establishing planning profiles that specify the planning criteria.
  • Creating cost center plans based on the planning profiles that outline each cost center's anticipated costs and activities.
  • The integration of the cost center plans with other operational and financial strategies.
  • Reviewing and analyzing the plan's data.
  • Updating the plans frequently to take developments into account.

50.  Explain ‘Plan Layout.’

"Plan layout" in SAP Controlling often refers to a unique screen layout used for entering or presenting data in different SAP transactions. Users can customize or alter their screen layouts by picking and choosing different fields, labels, and other components.

For a variety of SAP transactions, including internal order planning, cost center planning, and profit center planning, a plan layout can be developed. Users can speed up data entry and analysis by designing a personalized plan layout, which allows them to customize the SAP system to their own requirements and preferences.

51.  Explain  ‘Plan Profile.’

An established set of guidelines specifying how data is input and processed during the planning process is a plan profile in SAP Controlling. The planning procedures and methods that are available for a given planning object, such as a cost center or a profit center, are determined by the plan profile.

A plan profile can include various settings, such as Planning methods, layout, parameters, and authorization.

52.  How to copy ‘plan data’ from one period to another?

To copy 'Plan Data' from one period to another in SAP Controlling, you can use the following steps:

  • Go to the SAP Easy Access Menu and navigate to the transaction code to access the Plan Data Maintenance screen.
  • Enter the Controlling area and the plan version.
  • Select the "Copy" button to initiate the data copy process.
  • In the "Source" section of the "Copy Plan Data" screen, select the period from which you want to copy the data.
  • In the "Target" section of the "Copy Plan Data" screen, select the period to which you want to copy the data.
  • Choose the "Execute" button to start the data copy process.
  • Review the data in the target period to ensure that it has been copied correctly.

53.  What is the recommended planning sequence in SAP CO?

The recommended planning sequence in SAP Controlling (CO) is as follows:

  • Define the organizational structure
  • Plan and allocate costs
  • Plan revenues
  • Perform profitability analysis
  • Plan and perform internal orders
  • Plan and perform activity-based costing
  • Perform periodic closing

54. What options are available for entering ‘Plan Data'?

In SAP Controlling (CO), there are two options for entering plan data:

  • Manual Entry: In this option, the user manually enters the plan data into the system. 
  • Importing Data: In this option, the plan data is imported into the system from an external source such as Microsoft Excel.

55. What is distribution in SAP Controlling?

In SAP Controlling, distribution refers to the process of allocating or distributing costs from a sender cost center or internal order to one or more receiver cost centers or internal orders based on predefined allocation rules.

56. What is the use of assessment in SAP Controlling?

The method of assessment in SAP Controlling (CO) enables you to transfer expenses from one cost object to another. Cost centers, internal orders, profitability sectors, and other entities can all be considered as cost objects.

When you want to transfer indirect costs, like overheads or administrative costs, from one cost object to another, assessment is often utilized. The objective is to more fairly and accurately divide these expenses depending on the cost objects' real resource consumption.

57. What are planning methods in SAP Controlling?

In SAP Controlling, there are several planning methods that can be used for budgeting, forecasting, and other types of financial planning. Some of the commonly used planning methods in SAP Controlling include:

  • Manual Planning
  • Automatic Planning
  • Integrated Planning
  • Flexible Planning

58.  What is cost planning in SAP Controlling?

Cost planning in SAP Controlling is a process that involves forecasting and budgeting costs for various business activities or projects. It lets organizations make wise financial decisions by assisting them in estimating and planning for their expenses and earnings.

59.  Explain Product Cost Planning.

SAP has a module called Product Cost Planning (CO-PC-PCP) that is used to control the expenses related to manufacturing a product. It enables businesses to budget and determine the cost of goods sold (COGS) for a certain product by accounting for different cost elements like materials, labor, overheads, etc.

The main objective of product cost planning is to deliver precise and trustworthy data on the expenses related to producing a product. This information is essential for businesses to make educated judgments about pricing, profitability, and cost-cutting strategies.

60. Explain Profitability analysis in SAP Controlling

Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) in SAP Controlling is a potent tool for examining an organization's profitability from many angles. It offers details on a company's income and expense streams, enabling an in-depth study of the profitability of certain goods, clients, and business divisions.

Tips to clear the SAP CO Interview

Here are some tips to help you prepare for an SAP CO (Controlling) interview:

  • Familiarize yourself with SAP CO: Ensure that you are well-versed in the features and capabilities of SAP CO.
  • Understand the company’s business processes: Research the company you are interviewing for and familiarize yourself with their business processes. Examine how they now use SAP CO and how it integrates into their broader business operations.
  • Prepare for technical questions: Be prepared to answer technical questions about SAP CO.
  • Highlight your experience: Be prepared to discuss your knowledge of SAP CO and how you have applied it to your previous positions.
  • Communication: SAP CO requires collaboration and communication with various departments in a company.
  • Stay up-to-date with SAP CO: Keep abreast of SAP CO's latest developments and features. This will demonstrate your interest in the technology and commitment to your SAP CO career.

Most Commonly Asked SAP CO FAQs

1. What is the CO concept in SAP?

In SAP, CO stands for "Controlling." The Controlling module in SAP is dedicated to giving management the data they need to make wise decisions.

The CO module enables businesses to manage their internal accounting and reporting while also planning, monitoring, and Controlling their costs. The Financial Accounting (FI) and Materials Management (MM) SAP modules can be connected with this module to provide a full view of an organization's financial and operational data..

2. What is the full form of CO in SAP?

SAP CO is formally known as SAP Controlling. It is a component of the SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system that concentrates on management accounting and aids businesses in tracking and analyzing their financial data. The SAP CO module supports internal orders, product costing, cost and profit centers, and profitability analysis. Additionally, it offers resources for planning, budgeting, and keeping track of business activities.

3. What are SAP CO modules?

A set of modules in the SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system called SAP CO (Controlling) modules are made to help managerial decision-making by giving information for planning, Controlling, and monitoring business operations.

There are several sub-modules within SAP CO:

  • Cost Element Accounting (CEA): This area tracks and manages expenses.
  • Cost Center Accounting (CCA): This module keeps track of how much an organization spends on particular cost centers or departments.
  • Internal Orders (IO): This module tracks the costs associated with specific projects or orders.
  • Profitability Analysis (CO-PA): This module provides information on the profitability of products, customers, and sales regions.
  • Product Cost Controlling (PC): This module is used to determine the cost of producing a product, including direct material costs, labor costs, and overhead costs.
  • Profit Center Accounting (PCA): This module tracks the profitability of individual profit centers within an organization.

4.What is the role of SAP CO?

SAP CO's main responsibility is to assist management in making decisions by giving precise and timely information on the business's financial and operational performance. For organizations to handle and monitor their financial transactions, cost accounting, and profitability analysis, the SAP CO module offers a number of capabilities.

5. What are the responsibilities of SAP CO?

The responsibilities of SAP CO can vary depending on the specific needs and requirements of an organization, but some of the typical responsibilities of SAP CO include:

  • Cost accounting
  • Budgeting and forecasting.
  • Profitability analysis.
  • Activity-based costing
  • Internal reporting.

6. What is the difference between FI and CO in SAP?

SAP FI (Financial Accounting) and SAP CO (Controlling) are two different modules of the SAP ERP system that handle financial and accounting data for a company.

The company's financial transactions and accounting processes, including general ledger, accounts payable, accounts receivable, asset accounting, bank accounting, and tax accounting, are dealt with using SAP FI. It offers a centralized platform for tracking, analyzing, and documenting financial activities as well as for producing financial reports for use in making decisions.

On the other hand, SAP CO handles management accounting tasks including internal orders, product costing, profitability analysis, cost center accounting, and accounting for profit centers. It offers a framework for making decisions and performance management and aids in planning, monitoring, and Controlling the expenses related to various company activities.

7. What is SAP CO assessment?

The SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system provides a feature called SAP CO (Controlling) Assessment that enables businesses to assess the profitability and effectiveness of their operational procedures. The SAP CO assessment aims to give decision-makers the knowledge they need to streamline corporate operations and choose wisely how to allocate resources.


SAP CO is a highly effective solution for managing costs and improving financial performance. It’s ideal for organizations looking to optimize their operations and gain a competitive edge in the market. We hope this blog provided you with the necessary information in preparing for the SAP CO interview.If you’re interested in becoming SAP CO certified, check out MindMajix’s SAP CO training program.

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Last updated: 27 May 2023
About Author


Madhuri is a Senior Content Creator at MindMajix. She has written about a range of different topics on various technologies, which include, Splunk, Tensorflow, Selenium, and CEH. She spends most of her time researching on technology, and startups. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter .

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