If you're looking for CyberArk Interview Questions for Experienced or Freshers, you are at the right place. There are a lot of opportunities from many reputed companies in the world. According to research, CyberArk has a market share of about 3.6%. So, You still have the opportunity to move ahead in your career in CyberArk Analytics. Mindmajix offers Advanced CyberArk Interview Questions 2019 that helps you in cracking your interview & acquire dream career as CyberArk Analyst.
Cyberark Interview Questions and Answers
Q1) What are the primary functions of CyberArk?
Ans: CyberArk Enterprise Password Vault, an element of the CyberArk Privileged Account Security Solution, has been designed to discover, secure, rotate and control access to confidential account passwords used to access any system throughout the organization in its Information Technology environment.
Q2) How does its security work?
Ans: CyberArk’s Digital Vault, also known as the Enterprise Password Vault (EPV) uses multiple layers of encryption to provide maximum security for the contents of each and every single safe. Each file within a safe is encrypted with a unique file encryption key and is stored within the safe and encrypted with a different safe encryption key which is unique to the safe. The safe encryption keys are then stored within the vault and are encrypted with a unique vault encryption key. All of these keys are delivered only to those users who have the appropriate access rights. Administrators classify access to safes and data within the safes so that users must be manually confirmed by a Safe Supervisor before they can access the safe along with its contents
Q3) What do you understand by CyberArk viewfinity?
Ans: CyberArk Viewfinity equips organizations to impose the least privilege policies for business and system administrators while elevates the privileges when needed to run authorized applications. This reduces the attack surface, minimize accidental or intentional damage to endpoints and servers, and segregate administrative duties on Servers. Complementary application controls prevent malicious applications from infiltrating the environment while allowing unknown applications to run in a safe mode.
Q4) What do you understand by privileged account security?
Ans: Privileged identity management (PIM) is a field which focuses on the special requirements of influential and powerful accounts within the IT infrastructure of an organization.
Q5) Define a privileged user?
Ans: A privileged user is a user of a particular system who, by virtue of occupation and/or seniority, has been designated powers within the computer system, which are considerably greater than those available to the majority of users. For e.g. cloud server managers, Systems administrators, Application or database administrators and some Applications which themselves use privileged accounts to correspond with other applications, scripts, databases, web services, and more. These accounts are often ignored and are exposed to significant risk, as their credentials are hardcoded and static. Hackers can easily get access to these attack points to escalate privileged access throughout the organization.
Related Article: CyberArk Tutorial
Q6) What do you understand by identity and privilege management?
Ans: Privileged identity management (PIM) is to keep an eye on for protection of superuser accounts in an organization's IT environments. Supervising is necessary so that the higher access abilities of super control accounts are not misused or abused by intruders.
Q7) Why Choose the CyberArk Privileged Account Security Solution?
Ans: CyberArk is the only organization that can provide full protection from advanced and insider attacks to diminish the risks and meet high standards in compliance management. CyberArk has been installed in large scale organizations and virtual environments, solving more privileged account security challenges than any other application. CyberArk supports a vast number of devices on-premises and cloud environments. CyberArk is the only organization with a native solution that provides full credentials to protection, session security, least privilege and application control, and continuous overseeing to rapidly detect threats and report on privileged account activities.
Q8) How many times we can increase access to the wrong Password count?
Ans: Maximum 99 times only.
Q9) What should a specific user have to get access to a specific safe?
Ans: A specific user must have safe ownership to get access to the specific safe.
Q10) What’s the password complexity required in CyberArk authentication using the internal CyberArk scheme?
Ans: There should be one minimum lowercase alphabet character with one uppercase alphabet character and one numeric character to generate a password in CyberArk authentication using the internal CyberArk scheme.
Q11) What do you understand by PrivateArk Client?
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Ans: The PrivateArk Client is a standard Windows application which is used as the administrative client for the PAS Solution. The Client can be deployed on multiple remote computers and can access the Enterprise Password Vault via LAN, WAN, or the Internet through the Web version of the client. From this interface, the users define a vault hierarchy and create safes. Access to the Enterprise Password Vault via the PrivateArk Client requires a user to be validated by the Digital Vault.
Q12) What is PrivateArk Vault Command Line Interface?
Ans: The PrivateArk Vault Command Line Interface (PACLI) enables the users to access the PAS Solution from any location using fully automated scripts, in a command-line environment. Users accessing the PAS solution via the PACLI have access to the limited interface for management, control, and audit features. PACLI is not incorporated in the evaluated version of the TOE
Q13) What are the CyberArk Vault protection layers?
Ans: Following are the CyberArk Vault Protection Layers:
1. Firewall & Code Data Isolation
2. Encrypted Network Communication & Visual Security Audit Trail
3. Strong Authentication & Granular Access Control
4. File Encryption & Dual Control Security.
Q14) What is Password Vault Web Access (PVWA) Interface?
Ans: The Password Vault Web Access Interface is a complete-featured web interface providing a single console for requesting, accessing, and managing privileged account credentials passed throughout the enterprise by both end-users and system administrators. PVWA’s dashboard facilitates users to get an overview of the activities in PAS Solution, as well as getting insights about all the activities that have taken place.
Q15) What is Privileged Session Manager SSH Proxy (PSMP)?
Ans: The PSMP is a Linux-based application similar to the PSM. The only difference is that it acts as a proxy for SSH13 enabled devices. PSMP controls access to privileged sessions and initiates SSH connections to remote devices on behalf of the user without the need to reveal SSH credentials. PSMP records the text-based sessions which are stored in the EPV, later to be viewed by an authorized auditor. Unique to the PSMP is single sign-in capabilities allowing users to connect to target devices without exposing the privileged connection password.
Q16) What is Central Policy Manager (CPM)?
Ans: The Central Policy Manager automatically imposes the organizational security policy by routinely changing passwords on remote machines and storing the new passwords in the Enterprise Password Vault, all without any human interaction. The CPM has been designed to be capable of generating new random passwords and replacing existing passwords on remote machines and saving the new passwords in the Enterprise Password Vault. Passwords monitored and generated by the CPM conform to the Master Policy created by the organization. Administrators will be notified via the PVWA when passwords are about to terminate, are terminated, or do not meet the Master Policy criteria. Administrators can implement a one-time password policy (OTP), which requires a password to be keyed in each time a user logs in with the existing password.
Q17) What is On-Demand Privileges Manager (OPM)?
Ans: On-Demand Privileges Manager permits privileged users to use administrative commands from their native Unix or Linux session while eliminating the need for root access or admin rights. This secure and enterprise-ready pseudo solution provides unified and correlated logging of all superuser activity linking it to a personal username while providing the freedom required to perform job functions. Granular access control is provided while monitoring all administrative commands continuously of super users' activity based on their role and task.
Q18) What is Application Identity Manager (AIM)?
Ans: The Application Identity Manager is an application based on Windows and Linux which facilitates access to privileged passwords and eliminates the need to hard code plaintext passwords in applications, scripts, or configuration files. As with all other credentials stored in the Enterprise Password Vault, AIM passwords are stored, logged, and managed strongly. AIM is separated into two components: a Provider, which securely retrieves and caches passwords and provides immediate access to the requesting application; and the SDK, which provides a set of APIs for Java, .NET, COM14, CLI15, and C/C++. In the evaluated version, the AIM Provider for Windows and SDK have been excluded.
Q19) What do we mean by “Penetration Test”?
Ans: A penetration test(Pen Test) attempts to exploit the vulnerabilities to determine whether unauthorized access or other malicious activity is possible. Penetration testing typically includes network penetration testing and application security testing as well as controls and processes around the networks and applications and should occur from both outside the network trying to come in (external testing) and from inside the network. The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) was introduced to provide a minimum degree of security when it comes to handling customer card information. While the Standard has been around for over a decade, penetration testing has only recently been officially incorporated into the process. For instance, as a Penetration Tester in CyberArk, you will be the go-to-guy of finding traditional and creative ways of breaking CyberArk products’ security and suggest robust solutions to fixing it.
Q20) What is BYOC?
Ans: BYOC is short for bringing your own computer, a common phrase used by gamers when attending a multiplayer gaming event. BYOC is where gamers are asked to bring their own computer and hook it up to the network to take part in the multiplayer PC gaming event. You can practically use any client to access the target system if PSM is enabled, and flexible. CyberArk PSM integrates with more target system type other than others
Q21) If a CyberArk vault user changed his Active Directory password, what will happen with his CyberArk account?
Ans: Nothing happens if CyberArk uses the LDAP authentication process.
Q22) Which Component used on all Cyberark solutions?
Ans: CyberArk Enterprise Password Vault, a component of the CyberArk Privileged Account Security Solution, is used on all CyberArka Solutions. It has been designed to discover, secure, rotate, and control access to privileged account passwords used for accessing systems throughout the organization. The solution facilitates organizations to understand the scope of their privileged account risks and put controls in place to minimize the risks. Flexible policies enable organizations to enforce granular privileged access controls and automating workflows and rotating passwords at a regular interval without requiring manual effort. To demonstrate its compliance, organizations can easily collect report on which users accessed what privileged accounts, when, and why.
Q23) What do we need to enable auto password reconciliation policy in CyberArk?
Ans: Following are the prerequisites to enable auto password reconciliation policy in CyberArk.
1. Enable Password reconciliation for a specific policy with the Organization.
2. An additional account on the target server with sufficient rights should be created.
3. Automatic password verification should be enabled by the system administrators
4. Enable password reconciliation when the password is not synchronized.
Q24) What are User Directories that are supported by CyberArk?
Ans: CyberArk supports Active Directory, Oracle Internet Directory, Novell eDirectory, IBM Tivoli DS.
Q25) What are the steps required to register a privileged account to CyberArk PIMS using PVWA?
Ans: In order to register to a privileged account we need to:
1. Create a safe & define the safe owner
2. Create a PIM Policy
3. Create CPM & PSM Policy
4. Add account with its properties (username, password, address etc)
Q26) What CyberArk PSM has web form capability means?
Ans: CyberArk PSM has web form capability means, With a set of conditions, PSM connector can be integrated into a web-based application. By default PSM web capability only covers html login page with form id, input form for user/password and a button name attribute.
Q27) What do you understand by Privileged Threat Analytics?
Ans: CyberArk Privileged Threat Analytics is a safety intelligence solution that permits organizations to detect, alert, and respond to anomalous privileged activity indicating an attack in progress. The solution collects a targeted set of data from multiple sources, including the CyberArk Digital Vault, SIEM, and network taps or switches. Then, the solution applies a complex combination of statistical algorithms, enabling organizations to detect indications of compromise early in the lifecycle of the attack by identifying malicious privileged account activity.
Q28) What do you understand by Privileged Session Manager?
Ans: Privileged Session Manager secures, controls, and scrutinize privileged user access and activities to critical Unix, Linux, and Windows-based systems, databases, virtual machines, network devices, mainframes, websites, SaaS, and all other available options. It provides only one point for access control, prevents malware from jumping to any target system, and records every keystroke and mouse click for continuous monitoring.
Q29) What do you understand by SSH Key Manager?
Ans: SSH Key Manager helps organizations prevent unauthenticated access to private SSH keys, which are frequently used by privileged Unix/Linux users and applications to validate privileged accounts. SSH Key Manager secures and rotates privileged SSH keys based on the privileged account security policy and controls and scrutinize access to protect SSH keys. This solution enables organizations to gain control of SSH keys, which offers access to privileged accounts but is often ignored.
Q30) Which component of CyberArk enables commands to be whitelisted or blacklisted on a per-user and/or per-system basis?
Ans: On-Demand Privileges manager enables the commands to be whitelisted or blacklisted.
Q31) Can CyberArk Vault be managed manually?
Ans: CyberArk Vault can be managed using PrivateArk Client, PrivateArk Web Client, and Private Vault Web Access.