Are you a Sitecore Developer or considering becoming one? If that's the case, you've come to the correct place. In this Sitecore Interview Questions article, I've collected dozens of possible questions that interviewers might ask potential Sitecore hires. This list was compiled using the expertise of MindMajix instructors who are industry experts.
The most important thing to remember is that Sitecore is a powerful content management system and is used by organizations all around the world. If you want to develop your Sitecore skills in a thoughtful, organized manner and become certified as a Sitecore professional, we can assist you. We guarantee that once you complete this MindMajix Sitecore certification course, you will be capable of handling a range of Sitecore roles in the market.
Before attending an interview, skim over these often asked Sitecore Interview Questions and Answers. I put myself in your shoes to structure the questions below. The majority of the answers in this blog are provided from your point of view, as a potential Sitecore expert. I've also divided the questions into the following categories:
|Types of Sitecore Interview Questions|
Please let us know if you've attended any Sitecore interviews or have any other questions you'd like answered in the comment section below. We'll get back to you as soon as possible.
Sitecore is a major enterprise-level content management system based on ASP.NET that gives web content editors and marketers complete control over their website, from social integration and blog postings to advanced personalization, eCommerce, and more. Sitecore is a Microsoft Gold Independent Software Vendor (ISV) partner.
The top features of Sitecore CMS are as follows:
The following three SQL Server databases are used by Sitecore CMS:
Sitecore 10.0, which was launched in 2020, is the most latest version available.
A template in Sitecore is an item that defines the structure and behavior of other items. Every item in Sitecore is an example of some template. It also defines the sections and fields in which it breaks down into the content. Each section represents the sub-item under the template, and every field is a sub-item under the item of the related section.
There are three different types of templates in Sitecore:
The Fields in the Sitecore Standard Template indicate how Sitecore should manage an item, such as when it should be published, which workflow it should be in, which users should be able to access it, and so on. When you pick an item in the Content Editor, the portions of its template appear in the right pane.
A page in Sitecore consists of a page layout and renderings. The overall structure of the page is defined by the page layout. The page layout is created by a developer, and it may include placeholders for renderings. A rendering is a section of a page that is defined.
For a data template, standard values allow you to establish default field values, default settings, and insert options. They appear as a child item of the data template __Standard Values in the content tree.
The basic building blocks of your Sitecore website are items. An item can be any type of information that makes up a webpage, such as a paragraph of text, a layout or a media file.
A media item is a set of several fields and has a file attached to the Media field. A media item can be a document, audio, video, or image file. When you upload the media file to the Sitecore Media Library, the file is attached to the media item and then referred to as a media item.
Incremental Publish is the process the publishes items that are in the publishing queue only. When you change an item, then the item will add to the publishing queue automatically.
If the item has changed in the workflow, then the item is moved to the publishing queue. It is available only available when you publish the entire website.
Sitecore Layouts and Sub-layouts are largely used to arrange pages using outer HTML mark-up. Layouts and sub-layouts (also known as View Renderings in MVC) manage the overall page design and so contain extremely site or project particular mark-up, so they belong in the Project layer modules.
XSL can generate HTML forms easily, and the extensions in Sitecore can retrieve data submitted with forms and render it as part of the page, which the form posts. But XSL does not provide facilities to store submitted data to a database or send such data through email.
This image appears to be owing to the fact that you are not logged in to the content Editor, but rather to the computer's developer tool. The button in the lower-left corner of the screen must be pressed (it is labelled "Sitecore"), after which we should press the "log out" button to return to the login screen. From here, the login procedure is straightforward: select "content material Editor," enter the user name and password, and then select "Login."
The following are the different types of Sitecore Custom Tokens:
There are three different types of view modes available in Sitecore, such as:
A content management system is used to create, manage, and improve the digital experience of your customers. A CMS is a piece of software that allows users to collaborate on the creation, editing, and publishing of digital material such as web pages and blog posts.
Sitecore is a platform that includes a. net CMS, e-commerce, and digital marketing capabilities. The company's key product is Sitecore Experience Platform (XP), which combines Sitecore's robust content management system (CMS), Sitecore Experience Database (xDB), and Sitecore Experience Manager.
Sitecore is a closed-source CMS with expensive licensing fees. Despite the fact that Sitecore does not come with modules activated out of the box, it does include some of the most powerful marketing automation capabilities on the market, making it a perfect platform for enterprises concerned about content personalization, marketing, and journey orchestration.
The Content Delivery (CD) role manages visitor requests across channels, chooses which content to offer, and renders output in the channel's appropriate format.
For increased scalability and performance, you can set up one or more content delivery servers. You can organize content delivery servers into clusters if you foresee a large number of visitors or want to configure servers in multiple geographic areas.
In Sitecore, the master database is shown by a Content Management (CM) server, that allows content authors to develop and preview site updates before publishing them to the online database.
The Content Editor is a content management and editing tool that you may use to edit all of your website's content. It's intended for more experienced content authors who are already familiar with Sitecore and its features.
The design and functionality of the Content Editors vary based on the user's role, local security settings, and changes made to the Sitecore installation.
When working in the Content Editor, the user interface consists of three primary areas that you can configure to meet your specific needs. The three areas are as follows:
Content editor and experience editor are the two editing tools in Sitecore where you can create and edit your content on the website.
Sitecore is a wider and extensive feature set compared to Umbraco, which includes web forms, marketing automation tools, personalization, and workflows that make the configuration more complex and the setup process much longer. Umbraco has a simple UI that makes it easy to set up and a short learning curve.
There are three ways that you can log in to Sitecore. They are as follows:
The sort order field under the appearance section includes item sort value. In the Content tree, we can decrease the sort value to move up and increase the sort value to move down the items.
Solr is a highly reliable search technology that powers many of the world's major websites' search and navigation services. Distributed indexing, centralized configuration, automated failover and recovery, replication with load-balanced querying, and other features are included.
Sitecore, on the other hand, is a leading digital experience software that helps businesses create seamless, personalized digital experiences around the world. We get the best of both worlds when Sitecore's power is combined with Solr's search capabilities. There are a few setup and configuration steps for using Solr with Sitecore.
Sitecore Solr is an indexing technology. Sitecore's content and operational databases are searched using the Lucene and Solr search engines.
When working with documents, Solr employs a defined schema. The Populate Solr Managed Schema tool allows you to change an existing schema. This tool populates Sitecore fields for you and ensures that you have all of the fields you need.
By scanning items in Sitecore databases, Sitecore keeps indexes up to date. Sitecore performs a process that updates the indexes whenever you update, create, or delete an item. By the time you've saved or published an item, the process is usually complete. When you create a new item in the Content Editor, for example, it is immediately added to the index.
Flowchart for Sitecore Indexing:
Web development teams utilize Sitecore Experience Accelerator (SXA) to speed up the website development process and reuse templates, layouts, and components across multiple sites. Multi-tenancy is supported by Sitecore SXA. Tenant Folder and Tenant functionality can be used to do this.
Sitecore Experience Platform must be deployed on your on-premise content management server before you can install Sitecore Experience Accelerator (SXA). From the Sitecore Downloads page, you must download the SXA installation package that corresponds to your Sitecore Experience Platform version.
SXA includes a number of default renderings as well as rendering options. Rendering variants are adaptable versions of the default renderings that can be customized. Designers and front-end developers can also construct additional rendering options to enhance reusability. This allows authors to offer their content in a variety of ways.
Tenants and Sites
Multi-tenancy is supported by Sitecore SXA. Tenant Folder and Tenant functionality can be used to do this. We can use Tenant to create several sites within a single instance. Its advantage is that it eliminates the need for any additional configuration, which was previously required to create multi-tenancy in a standard Sitecore instance. As a result, we can enable or disable functionalities for each tenant.
The ‘Tool box' has been added to Sitecore SXA, where you can access all reusable renderings. When utilizing the experience editor to create pages, makes things easier for the content editor.
Grid and column layout
Sitecore SXA pages have a responsive grid layout built-in. Pages are divided into equal columns by a grid. You can divide the available columns on your website using row and column splitters or by modifying the grid settings of the renderings on the page.
SXA Themes differentiating structure (HTML) from design (CSS), to make website design changes easier.
Page and Partial Designs
Partial and Page Designs were introduced in Sitecore SXA. Partial Designs are sections of a layout that a site employs in various locations, while Page design is the presentation specification for a Page and comprises of one or more Partial Designs and renderings.
One of the most useful aspects of SXA is Creative Exchange, which makes life easier for front-end developers. It enables front-end developers to work on static HTML, CSS, and JS files, allowing them to export static sites or pages and send them to independent creative designers to work on.
CSS styles and JS scripts can be optimized to improve the SXA site. This is possible thanks to SXA's Asset Optimizer feature.
Pipelines define a set of processors that perform a certain task, such as defining the Sitecore context for an HTTP request or generating a message list in the Content Editor.
In Sitecore, a pipeline is a set of actions that run in order to complete a task. The processors defined above run in order from first to last when the getRenderingPreview pipeline is run. Data is often passed between processors in the form of an argument object in most pipelines.
The following steps explain how to implement a pipeline in Sitecore:
Under configuration/sitecore/pipelines in web.config pipeline defines Sitecore context.
By default, 19 processors are available; however, if you install Sitecore DMS, you will have access to 21 processors.
To add a new site in Sitecore, do the following steps:
The Media Library is a place where users can maintain media content hosted on Sitecore. Images (gif, jpg, png) and non-HTML files (PPTs, PDFs, DOCs) can be uploaded to the Media Library and then later accessed through the Content Editor. The Media Library includes all your media items, such as documents, audio, video, and images.
To add a new command in Sitecore, do the following steps:
Now create the commands below, under the Awaiting Approval state
To disable analytics on the item, do the following steps:
The following are the different types of Rendering in Sitecore.
In the Content Editor, you can add new versions of any item in Sitecore, and you can add as many versions as you want. There are two types of versions:
Language versions: Version of an item in various languages.
For example, you can add additional versions of an item's images if you want to display the alternative text in both languages.
Numbered versions: Versions of an item in the same language.
For example, you can add a second version of your products page to use during special promotions.
There are three types of publishing modes to publish a website. They are:
To move an item, do the following steps:
|The maximum limit for package generation in Sitecore is 2GB. You can't make a bundle that's bigger than 2GB. If the package is more than 2GB, it must be split into numerous packages.||
The maximum limit for package generation in Sitecore is 2GB. You can't make a bundle that's bigger than 2GB. If the package is more than 2GB, it must be split into numerous packages.
Serializing Sitecore items has no size restrictions
|After you've deployed the Sitecore items to the target instance, you'll need to make some adjustments to the majority of them. You can no longer use the Package option to reverse the modifications made to certain of the items in Sitecore to the prior version (as they are when they are deployed). If you reinstall the package, you may lose the changes you made previously. As a result, using Packaging to restore selected products to a previous version is not an option.||We can achieve this flawlessly with Serialization. We can revert a single item or an entire item tree using the revert item' and ‘revert tree' options.|
Ravindra Savaram is a Content Lead at Mindmajix.com. His passion lies in writing articles on the most popular IT platforms including Machine learning, DevOps, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, RPA, Deep Learning, and so on. You can stay up to date on all these technologies by following him on LinkedIn and Twitter.