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Top Sitecore Interview questions - Table of Content
Following are the basic Sitecore Interview questions
Q1: What is Sitecore?
Ans: Sitecore is an integrated .NET Content Management System (CMS) platform used to create enterprise and intranet portal websites. It was founded in 2001 as a solid content management system in Denmark. Sitecore Experience Platform also combines customer data, marketing automation, and analytics capabilities to enhance customer journey with real-time, across the channel.
Q2: What are the top features of Sitecore?
Ans: The following are the top features of Sitecore CMS:
- With Sitecore, you can create a multi-language site with little effort.
- Offers personalized user experience and content variation features
- It offers flexibility and a highly customizable
- Integration with Cutting Edge Technology
- Highly scalable
- Role-based and User-based Security
- Improved Search Engine Optimization
Q3: What is an Item in Sitecore?
Ans: A Sitecore Item is a virtual object that is in-built in the Sitecore database. It represents a kind of information that builds a web page, such as a layout, a file, or a text.
Q4: What are the different types of Databases associated with Sitecore?
Ans: There are three different databases associated with Sitecore. They are:
- Master Database
- Web Database
- Core Database
These databases are the heart of content management in Sitecore.
[ Related Article: Sitecore tutorial for beginners ]
Q5: Define CMS in Sitecore?
Ans: The Content Management System (CMS) is used to create, manage, and optimize the customers’ digital experience. It is a software application that enables users to collaborate to create, edit, and produce digital content as blog posts, web pages, etc.
Q6: Define page in Sitecore?
Ans: A SPEAK page definition item determines the URL in the content tree to access the page in the browser. A page definition has mandatory properties like Theme and Browser Title. It has a normal Sitecore layout, but SPEAK pages must use a layout designed for SPEAK to ensure the page's visual appearance to the SPEAK UI guidelines.
Q7: What represents the watchtower image that appears after login to Sitecore?
Ans: The watchtower image represents that you have logged in by the Desktop mode and not by the Content Editor mode. Click on the Sitecore labeled option at the bottom left corner, log off, and again login by the Content Editor.
Q8: Define Standard values in Sitecore?
Ans: Standard values offer field values that used to apply to all the items depending on the data template. Each data item can override standard values for an individual in the data template. Each data template can have only one standard values items.
Q9: What are the different types of Sitecore Custom Tokens?
Ans: The following are the different types of Sitecore Custom Tokens:
- $name: Name of an item
- $date: Current server date
- $time: Current server time
- $id: Item ID
- $parentid: Item’s Parent ID
- $parentname: Item’s Parent Name
Q10: Define Incremental Publish in Sitecore?
Ans: Incremental Publish is the process the publishes items that are in the publishing queue only. When you change an item, then the item will add to the publishing queue automatically.
If the item has changed in the workflow, then the item is moved to the publishing queue. It is available only available when you publish the entire website.
Q11: Define Media items in Sitecore?
Ans: A media item is a set of several fields and has a file attached to the Media field. A media item can be a document, audio, video, or image file. When you upload the media file to the Sitecore Media Library, the file is attached to the media item and then referred to as a media item.
Q12: What are the different types of view modes in Sitecore?
Ans: There are three different types of view modes are available in Sitecore. They are as follows:
- Selected Theme
Q13: Define Layout in Sitecore?
Ans: Sitecore Layouts and Sub-layouts are used to organize the pages with the outer helix mark-up. Through layout definitions and placeholders, avoid statically binding renderings to layouts. It provides a visual representation of a basic structure.
Q14: How can you add a new site in Sitecore?
Ans: To add a new site in Sitecore, do the following steps:
- Create a start item in the content tree.
- Add the
definition into the section of the web.config file and populate it with required attributes.
- Modify the hosts file of the server and include the hostName that corresponds to the newly created site.
Q15: What is Media Library in Sitecore?
Ans: The Media Library is a place where users can maintain media content hosted on Sitecore. Images (gif, jpg, png) and non-HTML files (PPTs, PDFs, DOCs) can be uploaded to the Media Library and then later accessed through the Content Editor. The Media Library includes all your media items, such as documents, audio, video, and images.
Q16: What is the use of XSL in Sitecore?
Ans: XSL can generate in HTML forms easily, and the extensions in Sitecore can retrieve data submitted with forms and render it as part of the page, which the form posts. But XSL does not provide facilities to store submitted data to a database or send such data through email.
Q17: Difference between Sitecore and Umbraco?
Ans: Sitecore is a wider and extensive feature set compared to Umbraco, which includes web forms, marketing automation tools, personalization, and workflows that make the configuration more complex and the setup process much longer. Umbraco has a simple UI that makes it easy to set up and a short learning curve.
Q18: How to add a new command in Sitecore?
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Ans: To add a new command in Sitecore, do the following steps:
Click the Product Review workflow.
Right-click the Draft state, then click Insert, Command, and name the new command Submit.
Click Submit command, and select Awaiting Approval in the Next state field.
Now create the commands below, under the Awaiting Approval state
Reject with Next state set to be Draft.
Approve with Next state set to be Approved.
Q19: How do you disable analytics in Sitecore?
Ans: To disable analytics on the item, do the following steps:
Expand the content tree in the Content Editor and navigate to the content item you want to change the analytics settings.
Go to the Analyzer tab, click on Attributes group and then click Attributes.
Attributes dialogue box open, open settings tab Enable the check box to disable analytics for this item and click OK to save your changes.
When you disable an item, such item is no longer visible in the visitor session trail or any other reports in Sitecore.
Q20: What is the latest version of Sitecore?
Ans: Sitecore released version 3.4 of Content Hub in 2020 with new scalable and streamlined capabilities to accelerate the digital transformations.
Q21: What are the types of Rendering in Sitecore?
Ans: The following are the different types of Rendering in Sitecore.
View Rendering: It is a Razor view that offers a default controller and model for the view.
Controller Rendering: It allows you to supply controller, view, and model. It enables you to specify the rendering definition item regarding what action Sitecore takes to render the component.
View Rendering and Controller Rendering are the most commonly used Rendering types.
Item Rendering: It allows you to requests an item to render itself. The item has information about how it renders.
Item Rendering is occasionally.
Method Rendering: It provides the outputs with the return value of the call to a static method.
XSLT Rendering: It is similar to the View Rendering type used to render Sitecore XSLT on a Sitecore MVC page using XSLT as the template engine instead of Razor.
Url Rendering: It renders the response of the HTTP GET request into the current page.
Method Rendering, XSLT Rendering, and Url Rendering are supported for legacy reasons.
Q22: Define Versioning in Sitecore?
Ans: In the Content Editor, you can add new versions of any item in Sitecore, and you can add as many versions as you want. There are two types of versions:
Language versions: Version of an item in various languages. For example, you can add additional versions of an item's images if you want to display the alternative text in both languages.
Numbered versions: Versions of an item in the same language. For example, you can add a second version of your products page to use during special promotions.
Q23: What is a Template in Sitecore?
Ans: A template in Sitecore is an item that defines the structure and behavior of other items. Every item in Sitecore is an example of some template. It also defines the sections and fields in which it breaks down into the content. Each section represents the sub-item under the template, and every field is a sub-item under the item of the related section.
Q24: What are the different types of templates in Sitecore?
Ans: There are three different types of templates in Sitecore:
Data Template: Data Template includes fields and can be specified by editors using the insert page.
Branch Template: The Branch template enables you to determine the complete branch of templates by building an instance of the branch template to a whole item structure appears, so the user does need to create them.
Command Template: Command template only deals with the command that is evoked when creating a specified template. It is used for the automatic creation of items with business logic.
Q25: What are the different types of publishing modes to publish a website?
Ans: There are three types of publishing modes to publish a website. They are:
Incremental Publish: Incremental Publish is used to publish only items that are in the publishing queue. Each time you change an item, the item is automatically added to the publishing queue. It is only available when you publish the entire website.
Smart Publish: Smart publish is used to publish all items that have changed since the last publication.
Republish: Republish is used to publish everything. It overwrites every item in the target database with the equivalent item from the Master database, even if it has not changed.
Q26: How to move items to a different location in Sitecore?
Ans: To move an item, do the following steps:
In the Experience Editor or the Content Editor, you can move the item to another location.
In the Experience Editor, go to the Home tab>Edit group, and click the Move page.
In the Content Editor, navigate to the item that you want to move. On the Home tab, in the Operations group, click Move to. Or you can right-click on an item, click Copying, and click Move to.
In the Move-Item To dialogue box, select the location to move the item. Navigate to the location in the content tree on the Browse tab for the Search tab's location.
Q27: What are the Standard fields?
Ans: Sitecore offers few fields for all the items, such fields are known as Standard fields. These fields help you to:
Set icon of Sitecore item
Check last item updates status
Check the current status of the item workflow, etc.
Q28: How many ways you can log in to Sitecore?
Ans: There are three ways that you can log in to Sitecore. They are as follows:
Q29: Which field includes item sort value?
Ans: The sort order field under the appearance section that includes item sort value. In the Content tree, we can decrease the sort value to move up and increase the sort value to move down the items.
Q30: Difference between Package and Serialization in Sitecore?
Ans: Package has a size limit of 2GB, so we need to create multiple packages if the deployment exceeds 2GB size, Whereas, Serialization does not have a size limit for items.
After installing the package, there is no way to revert the items when you made changes to items, whereas, Serialization can revert the installation using the revert option.
Developers usually prefer to use Serialization than Package in Sitecore.