Looking at this article, the very first question that pops into one’s mind is the right definition of an Ethical Hacker. The term hackers had a different meaning until the late ’90s and then there was a shift towards the ethical ways of hacking or to counter hack the hackers who intend to such events for bad reasons. It is an apt phrase to mention here that “the most effective and efficient way to prevent a hack is to think like a hacker”.
To give you a better introduction to how to become an ethical hacker, you need to know more about the Ethical hacking v9 Certification (Ethical Hacker) which is administered by the EC Council (that is the International Council of Electronic Commerce Consultants). This program aims at providing the IT professionals the tools and techniques when applied enables them to think/act like hackers.
Businesses have started investing in their IT front to upgrade their IT security personnel at the topmost priority ensuring that they are protected from Hackers by employing Ethical hackers to identify and cover up the security flaws in their Organizations. The biggest and most trusted certification that adds values to an individual’s resume is Ethical hacker certification. It is most suitable with a CCNA certification prior to achieving the Ethical hacker certification, as it helps you understand the network topology better and earlier.
Ethical hacker certification preparation generally involves two processes, one is to take up a 40-hour online training (which introduces the rightful candidates to the hacking tools and techniques that enable individuals to attain the “hacking mindset”) and then to attempt on the examination itself. The exam, in general, will try to test more than 18 subjects or domains of knowledge, which are listed below:
Background into Ethical Hacking
Foot-printing and Reconnaissance
Denial of Service (DoS) / Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)
Hacking Web Applications
Hacking Wireless Networks
Hacking Mobile Platforms
Evading IDS, Firewalls, and Honeypots
The computer-based and the closed book exam for certifications consists of 125 multiple choice questions out of which a passing score of 70% is to be attained to successfully complete the certification (70% of 125 questions turns out to 88 questions to be answered right, in order to complete the certification exam with a success). The exam can be taken in any examination center or a Pearson VUE testing center. With the details on the exam known, let us take a look at the actual content areas and also look at the scoring areas.
The domains of knowledge are further structured into only 7 content areas and each of these content areas is weighted differently with different weightages. Let us know individually look into all of these seven categories and try to understand the practical usage of it and also on concentrating on the scoring areas.
Background (4%): This section of the exam has only 5 questions to it and basically aims at testing the individual’s knowledge on various kinds of software, hardware, and systems that are vulnerable to hackers.
Analysis / Assessment (13%): The second section of the exam concentrates on the data/system analysis and risk / technical assessments. This section constitutes about 16 questions focusing on the points discussed above (on the factors that do contribute towards systems vulnerability and the techniques that could be put to use in identifying these factors.)
Security (25%): The second-largest section of the Ethical hacking certification exam focuses mainly on the security areas and this section constitutes 31 questions. This section will definitely test the knowledge of individuals attempting the Ethical hacking certification examination and it mainly tests the knowledge on the following subjects:
Systems security controls
False-positive/negative Validation Processes
Security policy implications
Wireless access technology (as like RFID, Bluetooth)
Tools / Systems / Programs (32%): The topmost section of the Ethical hacking exam and the most scoring of the sub-sections of the examination where there are about 40 questions. This section of the exam is going to test the expertise on the tools, systems, and programs used by hackers. This part of the examination will be a benefit if you have prior knowledge on programming languages such as C++ or Java, Scripting languages like PHP, and knowledge of different operating systems, network architectures. The following are the subjects that one can expect during the examination and particularly under this sub-section.
Network/wireless sniffers (e.g., Wireshark, Airsnort)
Cryptography techniques (e.g., IPsec, SSL, PGP)
Access control mechanisms
Programming languages (e.g. C++, Java, C#, C)
Boundary protection appliances
Port scanning (e.g., NMAP)
Domain name system (DNS)
Vulnerability scanner (e.g., Nessus, Retina)
Vulnerability management and protection systems (e.g., Foundstone, Ecora)
Operating environments (e.g., Linux, Windows, Mac)
Antivirus systems and programs
Log analysis tools
Procedures / Methodology (20%): This section of the exam comprises of 15 questions and is basically focused on Procedures and methodologies. To clear questions that fall into this category, it is very much needed to have knowledge of information architectures and also on security testing methods.
Regulation / Policy (4%): This section of the examination concentrates or focuses on the regulations and the policy issues and comprises of 5 questions. The sample questions can be focused on Payment Card Industry compliance-related security policies or compliance regulations or any other area as specific.
Ethics (2%): The final section of the exam constitutes questions on ethics, which is around 3 questions for the whole examination. This is more on the theory as, like the professional code of conduct, it's code of ethics and the appropriateness of hacking activities as such in various other contexts.
Until now you have understood the examination, the concentration of topics to go through for clearing your examination. If you are willing to go the extra mile by not just clearing the examination but also to make a mark for yourself in this line of business, then you have to take a look at the following points to ensure that you imbibe these in your preparation time.
Getting familiar with the exam: It is always a better choice to get yourself acquainted with what to expect from the examination point of view and what better a place than the official website itself. It provides you detailed information about the exam, the format, the duration, and FAQs related to the examination itself. Always ensure you know which version of you’re studying for, it has recently updated the curriculum to version 9 but the Version 8 is still around.
Follow a study-guide: Best series of documentation to follow for the exams is from itself. It is the most trusted documentation that one can follow and if you are in need of another resource to follow than the official documentation, then you can rely on this book from Amazon anyway.
Testing yourself with practice questions: One of the best options to test your confidence levels before you take up the actual certification is to take up mock-up tests on Skillset or on website or MeasureUp. Please make it a point that you come to this leg of your preparation only when you complete the studies or else the morale will be down low without the necessary preparation.
A quick Google search will provide you millions of results showing necessary content that one could use for the necessary preparation of the Ethical Hacker examination. With all those listings, it might get difficult for one to start and end it properly. Hence we have done some research to provide you the best of the articles and eBooks that one should go through before they attempt the Ethical Hacker examination. Following are the resources that we are talking about:
In this article, we have seen what takes it to be an ethical hacker, which needs to be gone through to be an ethical hacker. There are detailed steps on how to become an ethical hacker, how to prepare for it, and also how to successfully complete the certification examination.
All these discussed, it takes a lot of determination and hard work into the preparation for you to become a very capable ethical hacker. Hope this article provides all the information that you seek for becoming a successful ethical hacker.
Ravindra Savaram is a Content Lead at Mindmajix.com. His passion lies in writing articles on the most popular IT platforms including Machine learning, DevOps, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, RPA, Deep Learning, and so on. You can stay up to date on all these technologies by following him on LinkedIn and Twitter.