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How to Install Apache Kafka on Windows

Are you facing challenges in Apache Kafka Installation? If it is so, you are at the right place. This article covers simple steps for the installation of Apache Kafka along with its overview and its features. By the end of this article, you will get all your doubts clear about the Kafka Installation. Let us utilize the potential of Apache Kafka in real-time data streaming.

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The data-driven applications require a seamless flow of information across the systems. This is the reason why data experts need tools that enable them to capture huge volumes of data in real-time from different sources in the form of a stream of events. To meet this goal, Apache Kafka, which is an open-source tool helps you in event-based data streaming. 

In this article, we will learn about the installation of Apache Kafka on Windows along with its overview and features so that you can easily use this tool to accelerate your data streaming. Let us kickstart our event-streaming with Kafka.

Table of Contents

Overview of Apache Kafka

Apache Kafka helps organizations the development of real-world data pipelines. It works as a distributed system of clients and servers and supports the Publish-Subscribe model to process the data. This process enables us to send messages over processes, applications, and servers.

It has a set of code APIs for Java and Scala which includes the Admin, Producer, Consumer, Stream, and Connect API. These APIs help in management and administration tasks. But let us see some features of Kafka before installing it.

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Features of Apache Kafka

  • It is capable of event-storing and event-processing
    Kafka is able to store streams of events reliably for as long as you want and process streams of events as they occur.
  • It  supports integration with other platforms
    You can integrate Kafka with other platforms such as Apache Spark, Apache Storm, Hadoop, and AWS. With this, you can use the capabilities of other platforms in your application.
  • It is scalable and fault-tolerant
    Kafka works well in cases of multiple producers and consumers reading and writing simultaneously. Also, it works as a distributed system which makes it extensible and recoverable during failure.
  • It offers faster processing
    Apache Kafka has a low-latency rate which means that it can process data or streams of events quickly. This enables us to process huge volumes of data faster.

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Prerequisites for Kafka Installation

For installing and running the Apache Kafka, it is required to install the JRE on our Windows system. Follow the below steps to install JRE on your system.

Step 1:  Go to the official website https://www.java.com/en/download/ and click on the download button as shown below.

JRE Installation On Windows Step 1

Step 2: Navigate to the folder where the setup has been downloaded. Start the installation by double-clicking on it. Click on the Install button to start the installation of JRE as illustrated below.

JRE Installation On Windows Step 2

Step 3: Installation of JRE begins as shown below.

JRE Installation On Windows Step 3

Step 4: Close the setup once the installation is done. 

JRE Installation On Windows Step 4

Step 5: Open the command prompt and type the command ‘java -version’ to verify that JRE has been installed on your system.

JRE Installation On Windows Step 5

Thus, JRE has been installed on our system. Now, we will move on to the Kafka Installation.

Steps for Kafka Installation on Windows

Step 1: Go to the official website https://kafka.apache.org/downloads and select the latest version ‘Scala 2.13’ to download the setup file.

Apache Kafka Installation On Windows Step 1

Step 2: Navigate to the folder where the setup file has been downloaded. Extract the zip file and rename the folder to ‘Kafka’ for simplicity. You can move this folder to ‘C’ drive to quickly access it using the command prompt. 

Apache Kafka Installation On Windows Step 2

Step 3: Now, you have to perform some configuration steps to install Kafka on Windows. Navigate to the config directory of the Kafka folder as shown below.

Apache Kafka Installation On Windows Step 3

Step 4: Open the ‘server.properties’ file in the notepad text editor. To do so, right-click on the file select the ‘open with’ option, and choose Notepad as the editor.

Apache Kafka Installation On Windows Step 4

Step 5: Find the line ‘log.dirs=/tmp/kafka-logs’ and replace the path ‘/tmp/kafka-logs’ with ‘C:/Kafka/kafka-logs’ and save the changes as demonstrated below.

Apache Kafka Installation On Windows Step 5

Step 6: Similarly, open the ‘zookeeper.properties’ using Notepad. Find the line ‘dataDir=/tmp/zookeeper’ and replace it with ‘dataDir=C:/Kafka/zookeeper-data’ and save the file as outlined below.

Apache Kafka Installation On Windows Step 6

Step 7: Now, switch to the ‘Kafka’ folder and open the command prompt here. Execute the command ‘.\bin\windows\zookeeper-server-start.bat .\config\zookeeper.properties’ and the zookeeper starts as shown below:

Apache Kafka Installation On Windows Step 7

Step 8: Open a new command prompt window on the ‘Kafka’ folder and execute the command ‘.\bin\windows\kafka-server-start.bat config\server.properties’ to start the Kafka server. The Kafka server starts as shown below.

Apache Kafka Installation On Windows Step 8

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Should I separately install Zookeeper before installing Kafka?

After the release of Apache Kafka 2.8.0, the dependency for Zookeeper has been removed. Now, you do not need to separately install it as it has been replaced by KRaft mode.

2. What version of Java is recommended to install Kafka?

It is recommended to install the Java 8 or higher version for installing and running Apache Kafka on your Windows system.

3. What is the use of Zookeeper in Apache Kafka?

Zookeeper manages and coordinates the Kafka Brokers along with maintaining the metadata about the brokers, topics, partitions, and configurations.

4. What is the default port for Kafka on Windows?

On the Windows system, Kafka starts on port 9092. You can also run multiple Kafka brokers on different ports of your system.

5. Is there any GUI-based tool for Apache Kafka?

Yes, Confluent provides GUI Tools for Apache Kafka so that you can use Kafka with a better user interface

6. Is Zookeeper deprecated in the latest version of Kafka?

Zookeeper has been deprecated with the release of Apache Kafka 3.5. However, it is still supported for metadata management of Kafka clusters. As per the official documentation, Zookeeper is planned to be removed with the upcoming Kafka 4.0 release.

Conclusion

Apache Kafka works as a client-server-based distributed system that communicates via a high-performance TCP network protocol. Many organizations use Kafka for real-time event streaming as a set of publish-subscribe feeds. It is also used as Website Activity Tracking and Log Aggregation Tool.

You have gained a clear understanding of Apache Kafka and its installation on Windows. You are all set to explore the world of event-based streaming with Apache Kafka on your system.

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Last updated: 30 Dec 2023
About Author

Soujanya is a Senior Writer at Mindmajix with tons of content creation experience in the areas of cloud computing, BI, Perl Scripting. She also creates content on Salesforce, Microstrategy, and Cobit. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter.

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