IAM stands for Identity and Access Management (IAM) enables users to access the right type of technology, be it networks, databases or applications. All of it is done at the right time. However, when it comes to hiring an employee to handle this technological aspect, how can aspirants put their best foot forward?
An array of organizations and companies come up with plenty of jobs in IAM, including third-party service providers, medium and small-sized businesses, and enterprises.
The frequent positions include IAM system architect, IAM access control specialist, IAM system engineer, IAM administrator and IAM consultant. Based on the position and the company, some of the IAM vacancies could be more customer-centric. Others may concentrate more on soft skills, like communication and collaboration.
So, if you are ready to make your career in any of these fields of IAM, here is a list of IAM interview questions that you can prepare for.
Ans: With an increase in security threats and user privacy preferences turning more difficult to handle, IAM has started to play a crucial role for organizations, irrespective of the industry and size. IAM is vital at a time when passwords get hacked within seconds, data breaches turn a frequent occurrence and intruders infiltrate government as well as organizational agencies.
Ans: Most of the IAM projects comprise working with active directory and other kinds of repositories that are compliant with Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). Accordingly, LDAP skills are required throughout the project for directory consolidation, QA testing, data conversions and other tasks.
Ans: Communication and collaboration skills are essential. I prefer working in a team as being a team player is vital, whether you have just started or are an IAM professional.
Ans: To get the IP address, first, go to Start > cmd—systeminfo. The other way is to go to Start > Powershell—systeminfo.
Ans: To give access to a user, first, browse the server in the Active Directory and look for the relevant Access groups in the Server properties. After that, add the user in the preferred group that offers access to the specific service. On the contrary, to disable somebody, look for the user in the Organizational Unit (OU) and right click, choose Disable Account.
Ans: Basically, cryptography can be defined as the study of secured and safeguarded communication techniques that let the sender and recipient see the contents. The concept is taken from a set of calculations based on rules, known as algorithms, and mathematical concepts. This helps convert plaintext into ciphertext and then again into plaintext. The entire process is known as decryption.
Ans: Cryptography keeps information concealed and confidential. In case a storage or transmission medium is compromised, encrypted information will render useless to unauthorized people without any key for decryption. And then, with the help of message digests and hashing algorithms, cryptography makes sure the information is accurate. Additionally, digital certificates, Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) and digital signatures can be used for the purpose of validation.
In the field of IAM, same like other security streams, filling up jobs with professionals requires a correct mixture, which is not easy to find. Thus, companies looking for IAM candidates turn creative when it comes to hiring. If you are somebody who is switching fields or just graduated, companies would often look into your ability and willingness to pick up concepts, especially the technical ones.
Hence, IAM job interview questions may also touch safeguards, security fundamentals, controls and the basics of cryptography, cloud computing, access management, identity protection and more.
Apart from the ones mentioned above, here are a few entry-level questions that you may face in an IAM interview. However, the answer for each of these questions will be customized as per your professional experience and preferences.
Ans: Whether you are a fresher or an experienced IAM professional, you will have to give a concise, on-point answer to this question. You would have to open up in such a way that the interviewer gets to learn more about your experience and skills so as to figure out whether you are a good match to the organization or not.
Ans: This specific question is for professionals in the IAM field. Basically, the users you would deal with vary on the basis of the job and the company, from privileged and customer accounts to service accounts, business partners, internal employees and much more.
Ans: Accordingly, IAM could be either a single product or a combination of hardware, cloud services, software and processes that offer administrators visibility and regulation over the organisation's data. So, if you have worked with any IAM tools and solutions before, mention them in detail.
Ans: You may also get a variation of this specific question, which could be “What is the hardest part of the job?” It is essential to discuss issues, obstacles and how you deal with them, what you learned throughout the way and what you may do differently in the future.
Ans: A majority of roles need you to explain technical aspects to those who don’t have a substantial tech background. Likewise, the interviewer may ask you a question that would assess your abilities and skills to explain.
Ans: Often, employers may also ask a question that would evaluate your interpersonal skill.
Ans: If you are new to IAM, some of the employers will be interested in practical experience. Thus, before an interview, you must create a list of all the projects you have completed so far.
---- Also Read: What is AWS IAM? ----
In addition to these, there are a handful of more questions that you may have to answer, such as:
When it comes to creating a well-paying career in IAM, you can choose from plenty of streams. However, while appearing for an interview, your technical and personal knowledge will be tested, regardless of the vacancy you are applying for. So, if you have an IAM interview scheduled, glance at these IAM Interview questions and prepare thoroughly.