Are you preparing for a Windows Administrator’s interview? If yes, you’ve stumbled upon the right page. Here, you will find some of the latest Windows administrator interview questions for beginners and professionals. Let’s find out more ahead.
Basically, Windows administrators install and set up the Windows systems and servers. They offer back-end support, maintain the system’s stability and configure user access. An administrator also offers technical support to users and other administrators and assists the IT team in solving technical issues.
Furthermore, an administrator also maintains system security by noticing the system's faults and the server's architecture. So, if you are preparing to get a job in this industry, this post will help you become familiar with some of the best and latest Windows administrator interview questions.
Windows administrator 2022 (Updated) Questions and Answers have been divided into stages they are:
Jotted down below is a complete list of some of the latest Windows Administrator interview questions for beginners. Let’s have a look:
The server is a network operating system that offers services to the client operating system. On the other hand, a domain offers authorisation and authentication within a specific area where services can get deployed.
An Active Directory (AD) is a directory service that was developed by Microsoft and is used to store varying objects, such as network information, printer, computer, user, and more. It is used to facilitate the network efficiently with multiple domain controllers in varying locations with the AD database.
ADC is an acronym for Active Directory Domain Controller. It is a type of server that holds an active directory database. All of the active directories are replicated to the directory controller.
It concerns how and where active directory information is generally stored. Some of its types include
You can configure the application partition manually to use it with active directory integrated applications.
It is about defining objects and information about all the objects that can get stored in the active directory. Active Directory schema is an amalgamation of objects as well as their attributes. For example, you will be an object, and your first and last name will be the attributes.
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System state backup is used to back up the active directory through NTbackup. Minimally, you must back up at least two domain controllers in every domain. Also, you don’t have to back up the Relative ID (RID) master, as the RID master shouldn’t be restored.
You can authentically restore objects from domain partition and configuration. Authoritative restores schema-naming context doesn’t get supported.
Group policies specify how network resources, programs and operating systems work for workstations and users in a company. It is a collection of workstations and users’ configuration settings that get applied accordingly. Group policy objects are used to better administer group policies in the Windows environment.
DNS Scavenging is to remove and cleanup stake DNS records, such as housekeeping activity to delete unused or unwanted DNS entries in the DNS zone or server. It also cleans the dynamic DNS record but not the one that has been created manually.
One of the simple ways is to restart the system that triggers the DNS dynamic update. You can use the Ipconfig / registerdns command to force DNS Dynamic Update. You can also restart the netlogon service on service.msc.
If you already carry a significant amount of experience as a Windows administrator but are looking forward to changing your job, here is a list of Windows Administrator interview questions for professionals you should refer to for better preparation.
Some of the active directory database files are:
All AD changes are not directly written to NTDS.DIT database files. To begin with, you’ll have to write to EDB.Log and then to the database. Next, EDB.Che is used to track the updates of the database from log files. This is done to know what changes have been copied to the database file.
GPO stands for Group Policy Objects. These are the settings that are responsible for controlling the working environment of user and computer accounts. They help in defining software installation, security options, script options, folder redirection options and registry-based policies and maintenance options.
Generally, there are two different types of group policy objects, such as
In the windows DNS server, the following are the descriptions of primary, secondary and stub zones:
A thread comprises several executable plans that cooperate as an individual process. For instance, a thread may transmit the failure of a notification to the user, while an option may engage through signals of errors. However, the third thread may complete the foremost action.
On the other hand, a computer process is a process of programs that is executed regularly through a computer. Such a process can administer a variety of programs on a computer at the same time.
System administrators generally come across a variety of challenges and issues. Thus, to handle them, they must be good problem-solvers and administrators. They should have a thorough grasp of software, computer technology and networks.
Along with that, they should also offer technical assistance to employees. The primary duty of an administrator is to track the system. They can maintain the server performance and come up with innovative computer system designs.
Also, they should be able to quickly identify the parts that should be replaced in the situation of a hardware failure.
Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) is a system that allows you to acquire resources by computer title instead of IP address. In addition to this, it is an Operating System (OS) that practices a centralized computer to provide specific functions and rules for users as well as computers that are connected to a network.
For instance, if you’d need a computer to track the IP addresses and the names of varying computers in your network, WINS helps you out with this task.
Group Policy is the feature of a Microsoft Windows NT that is also a family of Operating Systems (OS) that handles the work setting of user and computer accounts. Basically, it provides central configuration management of OS, applications and users’ settings in an Active Directory setting.
Some of the roles of FSMO are:
Usually, the rational units of any Active Directory organization are known as a tree, forest and domain. Customers, devices, computers and more that share an analogous active database registry is known as a domain.
A tree is referred to as an assortment of domains available in the Active Directory that begins at one root and branches out into child peripheral and domains. This may also comprise an adjoining namespace linked in a transitive order.
And then the collection of domains is also known as the forest. It shares a general logical structure, registry setup, inventory and registry pattern. A forest typically marks the limits of clients, security for groups, and devices, for example, computers.
Domain local groups typically allocate the access approvals to international groups of domains for the domain’s local resources. Global groups provide access to other trusted and reliable resources of the domains. Here, the Universal group gives access to all of the reliable domain resources.
You can authoritatively restore the objects from the configuration and domain partition. However, the authoritative restores of the schema-naming aren’t supported here.
Both antivirus and firewall are security tools that have been designed to save systems. However, an antivirus is a software program that is curated to safeguard your system from spyware, viruses, hackers and more. On the other hand, a firewall is a low-level network security system which has been created to safeguard your network and system. It covers both private and public networks from security warnings.
So far, you must have got an overview of Window administrator questions that could be asked in an upcoming interview. So, going through the list of these questions will surely help you sharpen your knowledge and crack the interview like a profession. So, make sure you read through all of these questions and understand the basic ideas with utmost precision to get the job of your dream.
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Kalla Saikumar is a technology expert and is currently working as a content associate at MindMajix. Write articles on multiple platforms such as ServiceNow, Business Analysis, Performance Testing, Mulesoft, Oracle Exadata, Azure, and other courses. And you can join him on LinkedIn.
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