The manufacturing industry often relies on either Lean Manufacturing methodologies or Six Sigma. Both Lean and Six Sigma are the obvious choices of what they offer to manufacture facilities and end-users. The debate between the methods to eliminate defects is quite prolonged. But the truth is both Lean, and Six Sigma offer groundbreaking approaches to address wastage during production.
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Both tools are great options for eliminating waste while improving cyclo efficiency and process flow. For all manufacturing organizations in the world, flow improvements are a great deal. Lean encourages general and daily improvements, whereas Six Sigma is data-based and targets specific improvements for each project. Lean vs Six Sigma, there are notable distinctions, both theoretically and practically. It is important to understand the difference that sets both the methodologies apart from each other.
Irrespective of their subtle and noticeable differences, Lean and Six Sigma have similar goals. Both focus on eliminating production waste by creating an effective system. The guide will provide readers with a comprehensive guide on Lean, Six Sigma key differences as their approaches make them different.
So, let us begin with the Lean definition first, which I am going to talk about in the section below.
Toyota came up with Lean to improve the overall process of manufacturing. Lean addresses waste removal strategies and methodologies that aid manufacturing facilities across the world. With Lean, any activity which doesn’t seem to add value to end-users and the organization should be eliminated.
Lean focuses on eight major areas to eliminate waste and make production fruitful:
Lean came into being with a single-most goal to make manufacturing a treat for production facilities. Hence, Lean can be implemented on a varied niche of industries and all different operation types. Lean never focus on a single point, instead to optimize, Lean incorporates numerous technologies, departments, and assets even before the production reaches end-users.
As lean emphasizes the whole flow process rather than concentration on isolated points, the methodology goes beyond eliminating waste. Instead, it creates a continuous improvement culture across organizations.
Taiichi Ohno, a notable Toyota executive, was the first to identify seven types of waste (Muda). Upon identification, the revolutionary Toyota Production System came into being. Further, Lean did encompass several processes of improvement over the years, like World Class Manufacturing. As per the very essence of Toyota Production System, Lean seeks to shorten the lead times, minimize waste and at the same time enhance efficiency.
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Lean shares an uncanny similarity with Six Sigma as it uses DMAIC, meaning Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control. Irrespective of the similarities, Lean is entirely different from Six Sigma as it utilizes a step-by-step methodology to solve chronic problems. The roadmap of Lean DMAIC are as follows:
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Runs everlasting improvement events
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Back in the early 80s, Bill Smith at Motorola came up with the Six Sigma concept for improving the quality of products by measuring defects. Over the years, Six Sigma is spread across different verticals and industries. Six Sigma universally stands for the continual process of improvement.
It focuses on reducing errors and variance in both conventional and modern-day production processes. As Six Sigma reduces friction, it ultimately leads to producing top-notch products and services. If manufacturing units don't pull off dependability, it leads to unforeseeable errors and defective products. Six Sigma's usual standard is to reduce the defect to approximately 3.4 per a million opportunities.
Moreover, Six Sigma offers distinctive belt classifications like a green belt, master black belt, yellow belt, and black belt. Employees often have to learn the methodology of different straps and the in-depth knowledge that comes with the platform.
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Six Sigma comprises two essential methods: fact-based and data-driven to identify and eliminate the overall process. Two methods of Six Sigma are as follows:
Six Sigma is all about improving critical CTQs, which is denoted as T.
Further, this makes the equation "Y + f(x)" that guides the team by communicating the project which should be accomplished.
When the whole of Ys is understood, it becomes essential to measure them and determine the target's meeting. Analyzing Ys is necessary to understand the characteristics' processes which ultimately leads to variation. Lastly, the interpretation will be reduced to control variables. The variables here are regarded as "Xs."
During a production process, there could be several Xs that could impact the stand of Y. However, if Y becomes the function of X, then it would be essential to define the overall Xs with absolute precision to have authority over them ultimately.
Y = f (x1, x2, x3, x4,…)
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Lean isn't the perfect or close to an ideal replacement for Six Sigma & vice versa as both methods are very different approaches. The quest or the endeavor they share, like achieving efficiency, effectiveness, and cost reduction, has already made the world a better place. Moreover, both Lean and Six Sigma focus on entirely different problems. As a business owner or a consumer, it is essential to note the differences theoretically and practically.
The present-day Lean & Six Sigma practices have seen a lot of evolution throughout the years. Moreover, both of the manufacturing methodologies were born to address complex environments for manufacturing. At first, Lean became mainstream for automotive brands in Japan. However, when the western counterparts began integrating Lean into their businesses, distinctive versions of Lean came into being.
Six Sigma and Lean have similar goals to eliminate waste and increase systems' efficiency. However, as the definition to address the waste differs in both cases, their stance makes them poles apart.
Theoretically, the most significant difference between Six Sigma and Lean is how practitioners identify wastes. In terms of Lean, waste refers to an activity or process that doesn't substantially value customers. On the other hand, in Six Sigma, waste reduction focuses on one task at a time.
Lean practitioners also focus on optimizing any processes that have the potential to create value. Six Sigma's ultimate goal is to eliminate defects by simply reducing variability.
Another notable difference between Six Sigma and Lean lies in its mindset. When manufacturers implement Lean comprehensively, it will enable aiding people to make intelligent decisions. Lean idealists tend to apply continuous improvement methods to figure out ways to eliminate wasters and increasing value.
It is easier for anyone to become a Lean thinker to apply consistent improvement methods to make production efficient.
Six Sigma is a complete structured, systematic program that tackles organizations' platforms by reducing risk and vulnerability. Six Sigma is famous for its certification system. In an organization, individuals with any experience can operate Six Sigma. The basic rundown of the platform are:
Today, Lean Practices are an integral part of software development, where Lean still has a hold. Organizations and team parts of the said organizations rely on the fundamental principles of Lean to bring more value to their customers.
Six Sigma is curated to work even in complex environments by diminishing variability and reducing risk to attain a breakthrough. Six Sigma is perfect for application in a wide array of functional areas like manufacturing, engineering, sales/marketing, plant operations, and customer service. Six Sigma requires a lot of resources to run efficiently.
Six Sigma provides numerous certifications which are hierarchical, structured for leadership. Additionally, Six Sigma is a perfect addition to perfectly compartmentalized organizations. Six Sigma's certification programs empower professionals to perform specific roles by localizing problem-solving skills, training teams for projects, and helping individuals lead during complex instances.
On the other hand, Lean provides fluidity by encouraging practitioners to have big goals in solving organizational problems irrespective of whether the individual is an executive or contributor. Lean is very well suited for properly structured environments; however, it is best for an autonomous organization, enabling open collaborations across different management levels and departments.
Transformations businesses and organizations either implement Six Sigma or Lean for ensuring optimum manufacturing. Even if there are notable differences between Lean and Six Sigma, both platforms streamline production and eliminate waste. Irrespective of whether organizations need continuous, lightweight improvement, both Six Sigma and Lean are more than capable of fulfilling production needs. Organizations can also choose to go with the best virtues or Lean and Six Sigma if they have the resource. The ultimate goal is to accumulate and analyze data to make vital decisions in the long run.