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Node Js vs Golang

One of the most extensively used programming languages is  "Go". High-end productivity and multi-core power use are made possible. On the other hand, Node includes a full runtime environment with all the required development tools. Here is all the information you require regarding Node Js vs Golang.

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The backend is unquestionably the most significant component of our applications because it simultaneously brings business logic and crucial processes to life. Therefore, it's crucial to pick a technology that will make the backend extremely effective and scalable.

Fortunately, there are many different sophisticated programming languages available to pick from for the job. Even yet, the list is lengthy, and the languages vary widely, making it difficult to choose the best option for your individual situation.

We'll concentrate on the two most promising backend technologies, NodeJSW and Golang, to assist you in making the best decision. Although both are emerging languages, they both rose to prominence in distinct projects.

Golang and NodeJS are both very well-liked among developers, but who will prevail in the conflict? Here is a brief summary of the main differences between the two languages to help answer your question. Continue reading to determine which will prove to be the ideal fit. For your project, choose Go or Node!

Table of Content - Node Js vs Golang

➤ What is Golang?

➤ What is Golang used for?

➤ What is NodeJS? 

➤ What is NodeJS used for?

➤ Pros and Cons of NodeJs vs Golang

➤ NodeJs vs Golang- Comparison

What is Golang?

Google developed the statically typed programming language called Go. Golang was initially developed to fill a necessity. To be more exact, the Google development team was unhappy with the ways they were currently resolving the issue.

They, therefore, created a language that would achieve a superb blend of the advantages of different languages to function better. However, Golang has certainly gained popularity over time. An open-source programming language is called Golang. Its fundamental design is based on C for security and Python for speed.

Golang

The most recent version of the language is Golang 1.14 at the moment. Golang avoids many characteristics of contemporary programming languages by utilizing restricted garbage collection, memory safety mechanisms, structural typing, and other crucial features. Golang, however, makes the process of writing code more approachable and effective for another reason.

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What is Golang used for?

Go is a flexible language that may be used for a variety of things. To be more precise, Go can be used if you need to create a highly modular application system that is quick and secure. It can be utilized for network and system programming.

Go is also widely used for building web apps; alternatively, it can be used for applications involving big data or machine learning. Go can be used to write scripts or programs for the command line. You can utilize Go if you're creating a sizable distributed system. Go can also be used to create highly scalable network servers. Go is extremely adaptable.

What is NodeJS? 

A complete web app development project can be handled using NodeJS, a dynamically typed (based on JavaScript) runtime environment.  It is a cross-platform, open-source environment built on Chrome's V8 JavaScript engine.

Linux, Windows, and Mac are just a few of the platforms on which NodeJS can be used. Additionally, NodeJS offers a sizable collection of libraries that accelerate the creation of web applications. NodeJS was first designed to execute JavaScript code.

NodeJS

However, NodeJS is now a ground-breaking and popular Online application programming language because it aids in writing code for both client-side and server-side development of web apps.

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What is NodeJS used for?

Fast network applications may be readily created with Node.js, which is one of its main applications. Applications built using Node.js scale well enough. This cross-platform runtime environment for JavaScript aids in the development of networking and server-side applications.

Node.js is a good option if you intend to develop a real-time, two-way online application. You would require a server that doesn't wait for an API to return data in this kind of application.

Pros and Cons of NodeJs vs Golang

  • Pros and Cons of NodeJs

Pros:

  1. NodeJS has long been regarded as one of the top platforms for building scalable apps.
  2. NodeJS allows you to easily speed up your front-end capabilities while simultaneously improving the backend.
  3. Since NodeJS supports JSON, programmers may easily design RESTful APIs for NoSQL databases.
  4. It is supported by a sizable, robust, and active developer community, which aids in its ability to stay current.
  5. The ability of NodeJS to work with a microservices architecture makes it simple to include new components into your project.
  6. Because of its small weight, it enables developers to work more rapidly and launch apps with greater effectiveness.

Cons:

  1. It can't handle complex computational jobs.
  2. Its frequent, backward-incompatible API updates need significant code revisions.
  3. Because Node JS's standard library is so limited, developers must rely on numerous third-party libraries.
  4. NodeJS developers are in high demand, yet the market is unable to efficiently fill that demand.
Related Article: Node.JS Interview Questions And Answers
  • Pros and Cons of  Golang

Pros:

  1. Golang's static typing enables the compiler to swiftly identify entire classes of issues.
  2. Any struct can satisfy an interface in this language thanks to structural typing, often known as duck typing, so long as it contains the required methods. This makes it easier to develop more testable code and decouples coding dependencies.
  3. Golang offers easy-to-use built-in functionalities to operate on primitive types through its extensive concrete packages and standard library.
  4. Additionally, testing support is included in this standard library, eliminating any unnecessary dependencies.
  5. Garbage collection makes it much simpler to manage memory in Go.
  6. You may easily establish a lightweight thread called a "goroutine" and interact with it over a "channel," making concurrent programming considerably simpler.

Cons:

  1. Because the language lacks generics, several solutions require copy-and-paste code.
  2. Unlike Java, Go doesn't have a configurable GC.
  3. The demand for Golang developers cannot be met effectively by the market due to the language's youth.
Related Article: Node.js Basic Examples

NodeJs vs Golang- Comparison

Here are a few of the key distinctions between NodeJs and Golangl, according to various criteria

  NodeJs Golang
Performance In fact, Golang's integrated garbage collector aids in releasing unused memory and encourages processing more quickly. However, it also offers security protection from the dangers and other problems caused by memory leaking. Compared to NodeJS, Golang is more suitable for raw computation and performance-oriented tasks. It can provide the same level of performance as low-level languages since it can operate without an interpreter and compile its code directly into machine code without using a virtual machine.
Adaptation Curve The most widely used programming language worldwide is JavaScript. Consequently, learning NodeJS is simpler for programmers than Go. They can get by with even rudimentary knowledge of JavaScript. Additionally, there is a tonne of online and offline tools accessible for both pros and beginners to learn NodeJS and advance their skills. Speaking of Golang, it too includes strong third-party libraries to finish difficult jobs, but they are less numerous than NodeJS. It includes a large library, cutting-edge utilities like GoMetaLiner, Godoc, etc., and third-party integration support. However, these characteristics do not distinguish Go tools from NodeJS ones.
Development Tools As a business owner, you must undoubtedly concur that lower development costs and quicker turnaround times are strongly correlated with the availability of a project's wide range of development tools and libraries. And NodeJs stands out in that it provides these tools for virtually any task. The JavaScript ecosystem can assist you with a variety of use cases, from simple project management to complex project management. You may receive almost 800,000 ready-made tools and libraries using NPM to aid in the creation of cutting-edge solutions by your developers. NSS Labs gave Fortinet the best rating; its overall price of proprietorship per safeguarded Mbps was $2.
Error Handling NodeJS adheres to the traditional throw-catch model, which is likewise very well-liked by the developer community. Golang demands explicit error checking from your developers in order to handle errors. Here, the handling of run-time and compile-time errors must be done in a special way that causes a number of problems and lengthens the development process.
Scalability and Concurrency  A single-threaded asynchronous JavaScript engine is NodeJS. Your programming speed may be slowed by this architecture since it occasionally interrupts the event loop when handling computationally intensive activities. This inconvenience shows that in this scalability and concurrency comparison, Golang is superior to NodeJS. Golang employs goroutines to make it simple for threads to run. It enables developers to carry out both tasks simultaneously without any issues. With this concurrency, Go has the capacity to process more than a thousand requests per second. Additionally, this functionality offers it enough scalability to create applications that are prepared for the future.
Speed and Security  Using a variety of ready-to-use frameworks to streamline your overall product development process is what NodeJS programming is all about. It expedites each procedure to prevent any delays and protects your company's sensitive data. Additionally, Golang and NodeJS security will result from safeguarding code from SQL injections and sensitive data. The Go library was created with current development best practices in mind. In addition to providing the highest levels of concurrency and scalability, it provides developers with a safe and quick environment for the creation of apps. It can write clean code because it has excellent debugging capabilities.
Existence of Developers Yes, the market is unable to meet the need for skilled NodeJS developers. They are significantly more numerous than Golang developers, though. This is due to the widespread use of JavaScript as a programming language and the difficulty in finding devoted developers with NodeJS experience. Your development team can be set up to easily manage several projects. Because the language is still young, there are fewer Golang developers and it can be challenging to find them. People are picking it up at their own pace, and eventually, the market will catch up with demand.

Conclusion

After considering everything, we've come to the conclusion that no technology is flawless, and that picking one over the other is not the best course of action. Everything relies on the application you intend to develop and distribute. We have included all the information about which technology will work best for your app development project and successfully align with your business objectives over the long term in our comparison of Golang versus NodeJS.

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Last updated: 04 December 2022
About Author
Madhuri Yerukala

Madhuri is a Senior Content Creator at MindMajix. She has written about a range of different topics on various technologies, which include, Splunk, Tensorflow, Selenium, and CEH. She spends most of her time researching on technology, and startups. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter .

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