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Below mentioned are the Top Frequently asked Mean Stack Interview Questions and Answers that will help you to prepare for the Mean Stack interview. Let's have a look at them.
MEAN is the abbreviation for
MongoDB is a document-oriented database used for storing high volumes of data. It is classified as a NoSQL database with the scalability and flexibility that it provides for querying and indexing.
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ExpressJS or Express is an essential and moderate web framework of Node.js used for building applications, websites, and backends. It is a free and open-source framework available under MIT license.
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|Related Article: What is node js for|
Asynchronous event-driven IO helps synchronic request handling. All the apps of Node.js are unit asynchronous. This means that in case a Node receives a call for participation for a few Output/Input operations, it’ll execute that operate within the background and continue with the process of different requests. So it'll not await the response from the previous requests.
It's ideal to use Node.js for developing streaming or event-based period applications that need less C.P.U. Usage like.
It is appropriate for environments wherever many folks work along. For instance, they post their documents; modify them by doing check-out and arrival of those documents.
Node.js supports such things by making a happening loop for each amendment created to the document. The “Event loop” feature of Node.js allows it to handle multiple events at the same time while not obtaining blocked.
1. Good for a cooperative atmosphere
It is appropriate for environments wherever many folks work along. For instance, they post their documents, modify them by doing check-out and arrival of those documents.
Node.js supports such things by making an occurrence loop for each amendment created to the document. The “Event loop” feature of Node.js permits it to handle multiple events at the same time while not obtaining blocked.
2. Servers dedicated to the advertisement.
Again, we have got servers that are dedicated to handling thousands of requests which can be used for downloading the advertisements from the central host and the perfect answers for handling these tasks are Node.JS.
3. Servers dedicated to streaming.
Another ideal situation to use Node.js is for the multimedia system streaming servers wherever shopper fireplace request’s towards the server which is used to transfer totally different multimedia system contents from it.
Summarizing the whole, using Node.js is a smart choice, after you want high levels of concurrency, however, less quantity of dedicated C.P.U. Time.
The most common types of IDE’s that can be used for Node.JS development applications are:
These are the best IDE’s which you can use for developing Node.JS programs. Each of them is the top choice of IDEs that can be used for developing Node.js.
REPL is an acronym for reading Eval Print Loop. It also assesses datasets and lastly depicts the findings. It is important to note that REPL provides a climate that is quite similar to a Linux Shell. REPL is associated with the execution of the below-mentioned tasks.
It is interesting to note that a Node.Js application facilitates the creation of a single thread when it is activated. Whenever the Node.Js receives a request, it first completes the processing before moving onto the next request processing. It is also important to mention here that Node.Js works by using the event loop. It also uses call-back functions and handles multiple requests that are coming from the user. In the working procedure of Node.Js, an event loop always plays an essential role. An event loop is also known as a function which instigates all the event handlers. Hence, lots of works are done on the back-end. It is also important to note that while processing a request, Node.Js usually attaches a call-back function. When the response is ready, the event triggers the callback function to send the response to the queries of the user.
Node.Js makes extensive use of callbacks which enables it to trigger it at the execution of a given task. In this context, it is important to note that a majority of the APIs of the Node.Js is written in such a manner that it supports the feature of callbacks. Once the file read procedure gets completed, it would ask the call back function and can pass the contents of the file. Hence, it is evident that there is no wait or blocking due to the existence of File I/O. This is the reason that Node.js can be highly scalable as it is involved in processing a higher number of requests without waiting for the function to give back the result that is expected.
It is also known as a technique that comes from the client-side and is mainly intended for depicting the substances of a sheet without stimulating the page. It is interesting to note that there are some significant companies that use AJAX like Stack Overflow and Facebook. They use it to depict active content.
It is also known as a server-based stage which is extensively used to develop applications. You can cite an example in this context. For instance, if you are on the lookout to figure an online worker running scheme, then you cannot design it using JS that is from the side of the client. However, you can use Node.Js because it goes on a server like Apache.
The event module present in the Node.Js would allow you to create and manage custom events. In this context, it is important to note that the event module comprises of the class of game emitter that can be used to handle and raise custom events. You should also be aware of the fact that when an event emitter comes across an error, it usually emits an error event. On the other hand, when a new user gets added, it sends out a demonstration by the name of a new user. Moreover, when the new user gets removed, it sends a demonstration by the name of the remote user.
The full form of NPM is the Node Package Manager. It is associated with the two main functionalities which are listed below:
Apart from the questions mentioned above, always take into account the multi-core platforms of the Node.Js architecture. You also have to take into account the callback handler so that you can excel in the interview session.
Summon "require" is utilized for bringing in outer libraries, for instance, "var http=require ("http")". This will stack the http library and the single sent-out protest through the http variable.
"Express" is the most well-known structure utilized as a part of node.js
|Related Article: MEAN Stack Tutorial for Beginners|
To process and handle outside occasions and to change over them into callback summons an occasion circle is utilized. Along these lines, at I/O calls, node.js can change starting with one demand then onto the next.
The two kinds of API that work in Node.js are
Accentuating on the specialized side, it's a touch of the test in Node.js to have one process with one string to scale up on the multi-center server.
I/O is the shorthand for information and yield, and it will get to anything outside of your application. It will be stacked into the machine memory to run the program, once the application is begun.
In PC programming, occasion-driven writing computer programs is a programming worldview in which the stream of the program is controlled by occasions like messages from different projects or strings. It is an application engineering system partitioned into two areas 1) Event Selection 2) Event Handling
.js can be utilized for the accompanying purposes
A test pyramid depicts that when works test cases there should be essentially more low-level unit tests than strange state end-to-end tests.
While talking about HTTP APIs, it may come down to this:
Reliable style helps colleagues alter extends effortlessly without getting used to another style inevitably. Instruments that can help incorporate Standard and ESLint.
Angular.JS is a web application improvement structure while Node.js is a runtime framework.
Mongoose is an Object Document Mapper (ODM). This implies Mongoose enables you to characterize objects with a specific pattern that is mapped to a MongoDB archive.
Mettl Assessment for MEAN Stack Developer helps managers in enlisting applicants with 1-3 years of important work involvement. The test assesses a competitor's hands-on understanding and specialized aptitudes involving the four noteworthy segments:
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A nonspecific bit of code that keeps running in the middle of a few non-concurrent work calls is known as control stream work.
Node.js can be used for the spread of applications. However, it's one rib framework. Therefore we shouldn’t be using it for cases wherever the appliance needs a long interval. In case the server is performing some calculation, at that time it won't be allowed to method the other requests. So, Node.js is the best option once when there is a process that wants less dedicated C.P.U. Time.
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Pranaya is working as a Content Writer at Mindmajix. She is a technology enthusiast and loves to write about various technologies which include, Java, MongoDB, Automation Anywhere, SQL, Artificial Intelligence, and Big Data. You can connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter.