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Q1) What is OKTA?
OKTA is an application management service, developed for cloud, which ties all devices, logins and application.
Q2) Why OKTA is in demand?
OKTA is in demand due to below three reasons.
1. It helps organizations to construct customer-oriented experiences.
2. It helps to block data breaches.
3. It helps to construct and modernize IT.
Q3) Give names of different OKTA products.
There are different products provided by OKTA.
1. Single sign-on
2. Lifecycle management
3. Universal directory
4. Multi-factor authentication
5. OKTA API Products
Q4) What is Single Sign-on? Explain its benefits.
Single Sign-On (SSO) enables us to integrate all web and mobile apps. It has many benefits like it reduces login related help desk problems. It is also faster and easy to use different apps for new users. Also, IT related businesses can be integrated faster.
Q5) Define Multi-factor authentication.
Multi-factor Authentication provides different ways to implement various factors of authentication across usability and assurance levels. Different factors are described as below:
1. Knowledge: It depends on users’ knowledge
2. Possession: It depends on something users have
3. Biometric: It depends on something which user is.
Q6) Mention few benefits of OKTA Universal directory.
Universal Directory is the centralised place for managing all users, groups and devices from any sources. It has few benefits which make it most secure.
- It provides group-based password policies
- All the users and passwords are stored securely in it
- It has also option of complexity for password policy
- It also supports rich SAML and authorization scenarios based on different attributes.
Q7) Can admin of OKTA see passwords of any user?
Passwords are not visible to anyone. OKTA Admin can only see username of any user.
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Q8) What is SAML?
Security Assertion Markup Language(SAML) is an open standard for issuing authorisation and authentication between different providers.
Q9) Why to use SAML?
SAML has many benefits for individual user, identity provider and service provider.
- It saves time from administrative tasks like password resets etc.
- It increases security
- It also increases usage by reducing barriers to entry.
Q10) How does SAML works?
SAML sets the secure environment between different organizations. To communicate seamlessly, identity provider and service provider needs to implement SAML. Once SAML has been set up, when user tries to access SP, IDP will authenticate user. SP will confirm and assures that message is coming from the trusted IDP and registers a session with app for user.
Q11) Explain the difference between SCIM connector and server.
SCIM is the System for Cross-domain Identity Management. SCIM is used to connect Okta to on-premises applications. Okta and on-premises applications communicate via Okta provisioning agent and a SCIM server or a provisioning connector constructed with the help of provisioning connector SDK.
Q12) How can we set up to send an email notification to new users upon joining?
There is one checkbox, which needs to be unchecked to send a welcome email to any new user. Navigation for same is as below.
Okta Admin Console → Directory → Directory Integrations → AD → Settings → ‘Don't send new user activation emails for this domain’ Checkbox
Q13) How long SMS(OTP) is valid for multi-factor authentication? Can we edit it?
SMS(OTP) is valid only for 5 minutes. We cannot modify it. Timeout is not configurable as of now in Okta MFA.
Q14) Is there any way to remove remembered device or account so that it will re-prompt for MFA?
Yes, it is possible to forget a remembered decide/account. There is a table called Prople, where the “reset multifactor” button is placed. This button can clear the MFA factor setup on any device or account.
Q15) Can we enter multiple mobile numbers in Okta MFA?
No, Okta MFA doesn’t support multiple mobile numbers as of now.
Q16) How to add factor in Java?
Code to add factor in JAVA: oktaClient.instantiate(SecurityQuestionFactor.class);
Q17) How to add users in bulk in Okta?
Okta Admin can upload users in bulk by navigating to below location.
Directory → More Actions → “Import Users From CSV”
Okta also provides Realtime Sync facility to updates user profiles, groups, group members during sign in period instead of waiting for any import.
Q18) Can we give priority to password policies?
Universal directory provides group password policies, where any policy having higher priority over others will take precedence.
Q19) Can users be notified if their passwords will be expiring soon?
Okta supports password expiration notification to Okta users. This option can be seen under below directory.
Security → Authentication → Default Policy → Prompt user "X” days before password expires.
Q20) Which two attributes defines last logon of a Okta user?
Whenever any Okta user logs in Okta account, the AD attributes- lastLogon and lastLogonTimestamp are modified and updated to recent.
Q21) Can we set up MFA when user changes the password?
MFA is only applicable to user logins. There is no option which can prompt MFA while user is changing password.
Q22) Is it possible to change MFA prompt text?
No, Okta doesn’t support changing MFA prompt text as of now.
Q23) Define state token.
State token is termed as a temporary token which encodes the state of current transaction.
Q24) Is there any way to download all users or groups from Okta?
All users and groups can’t be located at one place. 80% of them will be found in system logs and reports. Users permissions can be found in Security → Administrators directory.
Q25) If multiple factors are configured for Okta MFA for any user, which one will be considered?
In case of multiple factors for Okta MFS, user will get a chance to choose factor they wish to use. Admin can restrict easy factors by creating policies.