The demand for SoapUI professionals is always on the rise. This is due to the fact that many companies across the world are using SoapUI because of its various testing capabilities, which include functional, performance, stress, and data-driven testing, etc. We are providing here a good number of questions with an intention to help the SoapUI aspirants.
Soap is a lightweight protocol defined by the World Web Consortium (W3C).
The following are the parts of SOAP:
Apart from SOAP, the other two communication channels in a web service are HTTP / POST, and HTTP / GET.
SOAP supports Functional Testing, Security Testing, and Load Testing.
Whereas SOAPUI contains basic testing features, the SOAP UI NG Pro is an advanced tool containing more features including data-driven functionality and reporting, etc.
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HTTP / POST, HTTP / GET, and SOAP serve the following purposes:
SoapUI is user-friendly as its interface is simple. Another reason is it provides support to standard protocols and technologies so we can test different types of APIs.
WSDL (Web Services Description Language) is the standard format for describing a web service. It is written in XML.
Log pane stores the transaction-related information between the client and the server. The most commonly used log panes in SOAP UI are Soapui Log, HTTP Log, Error Log, and Memory Log.
In Soap UI, an assertion is used to validate the response – whether the data is as per the expectation.
Property transfer serves the purpose of extracting a specified value from a response and transfers it to the other elements in a project.
The JDBC Status assertion validates the execution of the JDBC request of the target TestStep.
The types of performance testing include Baseline testing, Load testing, Soak testing, and Scalability testing.
The RESTful Web Services are the ones, which are based on REST architecture. They implement the REST architecture using HTTP methods.
We can manage database operation in Soap UI using a TestStep namely, JDBC Request.
We use the JDBC Timeout assertion to check if the current SQL query is executed within the specified query timeout value.
The fundamental difference is – Soap is a protocol whereas the Rest is architecture.
Soap achieves its business logic by using named operations and interfaces.
We use the groovy script in the Groovy script test step and Script Assertion.
The test messages are transported by HTTP.
The properties are defined in the levels mentioned below:
Apart from the above, the TestSuite and TestCase properties are defined in the levels corresponding to them.
The SoapUI Log serves the purpose of displaying the webserver response information.
WSDL is used to describe Soap based web service functionality. The WSDL files are used to generate assertions, mock services, and test requests.
The major components of a web service are WSDL (Web Service Description Language), SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol), UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration), and RDF (Resource Description Framework).
The different elements of a Soap document include envelope element, header element, body element, and fault element.
Soap interacts with web applications by using the XML language.
The functionalities of Soap include inspection of web service, invoking, development, simulation and mocking, functional testing, load, and compliance testing.
The order should be Testsuite, Testcase, and Teststep.
A Teststep contains a set of functional tests.
The use of XPath Assertion is to compare the XPath expression result with the expected value.
Ravindra Savaram is a Content Lead at Mindmajix.com. His passion lies in writing articles on the most popular IT platforms including Machine learning, DevOps, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, RPA, Deep Learning, and so on. You can stay up to date on all these technologies by following him on LinkedIn and Twitter.