Are you one among them who is confused about forwarding career into the Cybersecurity field? Then you have reached the right place. In this blog, we’ll clear all your doubts and provide complete information regarding Cybersecurity field. 

Cybersecurity is a fast-growing technology with lots of exciting opportunities worldwide. Organizations of every size require a cybersecurity professional to protect their data. As the threat of cyberattacks is alarming the world at a rapid pace, the demand for cybersecurity professionals has raised drastically. In recent years, the number of job postings has been multiplied 3x faster for cybersecurity professionals compared to other IT jobs.

Before jumping into the core field, let’s see the key topics which we are going to discuss in this blog:

Essential skills needed for Cybersecurity careers:

There are many core skills required for individuals to enter into the Cybersecurity realm.

Below mentioned are the few of the key required skills:

  • Computer networking skills
  • Communication Skills
  • Able to work in a team environment
  • Integrity and Discretion
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Programming Skills
  • Deep knowledge of Security Principles
  • Risk Analysis
  • Network Protocols
  • Malicious Codes
  • Understanding of intruder techniques

Cyber Security Career paths

Cybersecurity professionals can find opportunities in various industries. Some of the significant career paths are listed below:

  1. Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)
  2. Forensic Computer Analyst
  3. IT Security Consultant
  4. Penetration Tester/Ethical Hacker
  5. Security Architect
  6. Information Security Analyst
  7. Security Systems Administrator

1. Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)

A chief information security officer (CISO) is a senior-level executive responsible for maintaining and establishing organization strategy, vision, and program.

If you wish to lead a team and IT initiatives, becoming a CISO is a lucrative and rewarding career path.

Eligibility criteria: 

  • Minimum a Bachelor’s degree needed in Cybersecurity technology, information technology, or a computer science-related subject.
  • Attain a Master’s or an MBA in information technology or a database administration.

Job responsibilities:

  • Conduct employee security awareness programs and communication practices.
  • Develop strategic plans to deploy information security technologies.
  • Protect the organization's data privacy.
  • Conduct electronic discovery and digital forensic investigations.

CISO salary:

  • On average, a Chief Information Security Officer salary range around $223,916 per annum.

2. Forensic Computer Analyst

Forensic computer analyst works with law enforcement agencies and private firms to retrieve information from computers and data storage devices. They collect data from digital devices as part of their investigation.

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Eligibility criteria:

  • A bachelor’s degree in forensic computing, computer security, or a related subject is required.

Job Responsibilities:

  • Use forensic tools and software to retrieve and analyze data.
  • Recover damaged, deleted, or encrypted files.
  • Keep up to date with the latest cyber-crime developments and methods within the digital forensics field.
  • Work to relevant ISO accreditations.


  • The average salary of a Computer Forensic Analyst range around $95,510 per annum.

3. IT Security Consultant

IT Security Consultants implement the best security solutions for an organization's needs. They meet with clients to protect an organization’s cybersecurity objectives efficiently and effectively.

Eligibility criteria:

  • A bachelor’s degree in computer science, cybersecurity, information technology, or another closely related subject.
  • Also, having one or two professional certifications are beneficial.

Job Responsibilities:

  • Prepare cost estimates and detect integration issues for IT projects.
  • Find the most effective ways to protect data, networks, software, etc., from possible attacks.
  • Perform security assessments and risk analysis.
  • Define and maintain corporate security policies.
  • Plan, research and design robust security architectures for any IT project.


  • The average salary of a Security Consultant range around $83,014 per annum.

4. Penetration Tester/Ethical Hacker

Penetration Testers identify security weaknesses in IT systems, applications, and networks using the tactics employed by criminal hackers. They work with a series of tools to simulate real-life attacks, detect weak spots, and improve the organization's security posture.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Earn a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, cybersecurity or a related field. 
  • Gain relevant experience with industry certifications.

Job Responsibilities:

  • Design and execute new penetration tools and tests.
  • Uncover security holes and methods that attackers could use to exploit system weaknesses.
  • Execute penetration tests on web applications, systems, and networks.


  • The average salary of a Penetration Tester range around $81,356 per annum.

5. Security Architect:

Security Architects are responsible for implementing and maintaining network security for organizations. If you are passionate about problem-solving and developing strategies for organizations' security, then the Security Architect career path is for you.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Earn a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, cybersecurity or a related field. Or gain equivalent experience with relevant industry certifications.

Job Responsibilities:

  • Handle hands-on repair of issues raised in problem reports and also analyze breaches followed by security incidents.
  • Research and implement advanced security standards, systems, and best practices.
  • Perform security assessments, risk analysis, and vulnerability testing.


  • The average pay of a Security Architect stands at $121,601 per annum.

6. Information Security Analyst:

Information security analysts are responsible for planning and implementing security measures to secure the organization's data and networks.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • A bachelor’s degree in computer science, engineering, mathematics, or another computer-related field.
  • Some companies prefer an MBA in information systems.

Job Responsibilities:

  • Test and implement network disaster recovery plans.
  • Perform risk assessments.
  • Prevent data loss and service interruptions by staying up to date with advanced technologies.
  • Install firewalls, data encryptions, and other security practices.


  • On average, Information Security Analyst pay stands at $98,123 per annum.

7. Security System Administrator:

Security systems administrators are in charge of the daily operations of security systems such as systems monitoring, running regular backups; configuring and maintaining individual user accounts.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Associate's degree in computer science or a related field.
  • Bachelor’s degree needed in Information security or systems administration.

Job Responsibilities:

  • Protect systems against unauthorized access, and perform vulnerability and penetration tests.
  • Configure and support security tools (firewalls, antivirus, and IDS/IPS software).
  • Monitoring traffic for suspicious activity.
  • Conduct security audits.
  • Implement network security policies.
  • Develop and update disaster recovery protocols.


  • The average salary of a System Security Administrator range around $69,750 per annum.

Cybersecurity career roadmap

The below-mentioned figure shows how an individual has to cross through to reach the top of the positions available in the Cyber Security realm.

Frequently asked Cyber Security Interview Questions & Answers

Benefits of Cybersecurity Career Field:

  • There is no defined career path in this field.
  • Job satisfaction and fulfillment.
  • Unlimited growth opportunities.
  • Cybersecurity professionals are always in high demand.
  • Learning never stops.
  • Salaries continue to rise.

Cybersecurity Certifications

The major cybersecurity certifications which are in-demand in the market are listed below:

Certification Name Description
CompTIA Security+ Covers principles of network security and risk management.
CompTIA Network+ Covers fundamental principles to design, manage, and troubleshoot any wired and wireless devices.
Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC) Offers several certifications in Forensics, Security Administration, Audit, GSE, Management, Legal and Software Security.
EC-Council Certifications Offers various security-related certifications such as Certified Ethical Hacker, Chief Information Security Officer, and more.
NIST Cybersecurity Framework Offers certification for both foundation and practitioner.
ISACA Certifications Offers certifications in IT audit, risk and information system, security and governance.

Industries that provide enormous opportunities for Cybersecurity professionals worldwide:

The major sectors where there is a huge demand for cybersecurity professionals worldwide:

  • Tech companies
  • Defense companies
  • Government departments
  • Banking and Finance
  • E-commerce sector
  • The Media


In this blog, we’ve tried to explore and understand the Cybersecurity field, roles, certifications, and more that aspirants should know to advance their career in this field. We hope this will be a quick reference for you to move ahead in the cybersecurity realm.

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