If you're looking for SharePoint Interview Questions, you are at the right place. Mindmajix presenting a list of Top 101 interview questions on Sharepoint for Experienced & Freshers. There are a lot of opportunities from many reputed companies in the world. According to Datanyze SharePoint has a market share of about 23.34%
So, You still have the opportunity to move ahead in your career by choosing SharePoint. Okay, Let's dive right in
|Types of SharePoint Interview Questions|
Microsoft SharePoint is a browser-based collaboration and document management platform. It is used for creating websites that access workspaces, documents, as well as host defined applications such as blogs and wikis. We can use it as a secure place for storing, organizing, sharing, and accessing information from any device.
It is comprised of a multipurpose set of technologies used for internal purposes to assist and simplify the workflow within an organization. It is not a free platform; a user has to take a subscription for it.
Zones are the logical paths for accessing the same web application. For each web application, five zones can be created, and they are-
Ans: LINQ (language integrated query) uses a SQL-like syntax to frame query expression in an object language way to fetch data from the databases in SharePoint.
SharePoint Online and Office 365 do share some capabilities-such as storing documents. Office 365 refers to subscription plans, while SharePoint Online is a collaborative platform that allows an enterprise to store, retrieve, manage, and report on digitized documents.
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It brings all the news from communication sites and team sites together into one central board.
The major feature of SharePoint Server 2019 is a modern team and communication site, that includes different templates: topic, blank, and showcase.
Anyone can create content easily with the new user-friendly improvements in the SharePoint Server 2019.
SharePoint Server 2019 also supports modern SharePoint lists and libraries. Modern SharePoint lists include conditional formatting features. Modern SharePoint libraries support users to quickly view their information about documents, including metadata and permissions.
This modern feature is a major improvement to secure the external sharing of folders and files.
Microsoft has refreshed the Suite navigation and app launcher feature in the latest release of the SharePoint server.
Windows SharePoint Services is a portal-based platform used for information sharing, document collaboration, and customized web services. It is available for free with Windows server 2003. As a platform, it makes use of Windows Server, ASP.Net, and IIS.
Also, it supports webmasters with the development and deployment of applications; locates and shares the documents in a distributed environment.
Site templates are pre-built functions designed based on particular business needs. These templates are useful for creating and customizing the SharePoint site.
Whereas, Site definition is mainly a combination of XML or ASPX files that contain information about necessary components. It stores information about libraries, web files, navigation bars, and features to be included on the site.
Sandbox runs in an isolation area while the normal functions of SharePoint operate as usual. It brings stability to the SharePoint farm by restricting the actions that can cause performance, security, and other related issues.
|Explore SharePoint New Features|
A module is a file or group of file instances used to define the location of files during the site creation and also to implement a web part page.
SSS stands for secure store service, which is a database to store credentials of the application IDs.
They provide a logical grouping of services scoped for a particular web application.
The SharePoint crawler used NTLM authentication. Federated locations offer information available outside of the internal network to the end-users.
System center data protection manager
1. SQL server
2. System center data protection manager
3. SharePoint farm backup and recovery
A site contains web pages and several assets such as lists related to it, whereas MySites are the personalized and targeted SharePoint for every user.
|Learn SharePoint Tutorial|
It is a command-line tool that was added to SharePoint in the year 2010. It exists in the 14HIVE>BIN folder and is used to create a new site collection.
Three editions for SharePoint 2010
These are the periodic release of software updates for SharePoint containing solutions for issues developed since the last cumulative update release. It is crucial to install the latest edition to ensure the full functionality of SharePoint.
The basic differences between the SharePoint server and Site server are as follows:
Web site creation for data sharing and document collaboration
SharePoint server services are the key information worker infrastructure to offer additional functionality to the MS office system.
Manages web sites with multiple technologies
Order processing, content management, production management, etc.
|Explore Sharepoint Information Architecture Detail Guide|
No, that is not possible.
By default, all sites are private. To make it public, a user has to enable anonymous access for the entire site. Under each website, a user can create ten sub-sites, each having unique permissions
In SharePoint, a.ddf is a data directive file used while specifying the source files and their destination locations.
CAML (Collaborative Application Markup Language) is an XML-based language used in SharePoint to define the fields and views in sites and lists
It is basically a functionality where something is executed in the context of a different identity such as giving anonymous access to users for the account.
To specify explicit credentials, instantiate the web service, and then using the credentials properties use the System.Net.NetworkCredential class and give the username, password, and domain as per your wish.
It is used to check whether the specified login name is associated with the valid user of the Web site or not. If not, it adds it to the Web site.
To bypass the access-denied error, RunWithElevatedPrivileges is used by a non-privileged user. Users can call the RunWithElevatedPrivileges method provided by the SPSecurity class to make a call into the object model.
To manage projects, SharePoint offers many facilities to users such as
SharePoint Callout is used to make several types of commands on the SP(add a new item, update and make site navigation links). The user can append a new record to the SP list without the need to open the default add new SP list item dialogue box.
The document library stores list of files and folders where a user can find out who created which file and can add, download, edit, delete a folder or file from a SharePoint document library.
SharePoint 2016 has the following improved features as compared to its old versions - Durable, fast site collection creation, Main role, Hybrid search, Shortcut keys for Document library functions links.
SharePoint 2019 has got these features - Modern view for pages, SharePoint online has been introduced, New home page to create sites from the different web application.
Oauth is open-source authentication used to access third-party apps on the Sharepoint site. Third-party apps use the access tokens to fetch data from the SharePoint server for that user.
Backup/restore is used for site-level, whereas import/export is used for a list and item level.
IIS logs store all data related to HTTP requests made by users. ULS logs will contain details once the user is validated by IIS. It stores all details such as SharePoint services and applications.
It removes a user or security group completely from the site.
Crawl is the process of accumulating content for search. To fetch the information, the crawl component connects to the content sources and passes crawled items to the content processing component. There are three main types of SharePoint Crawl - Full Crawl, Continuous crawl, and Incremental crawl.
During the full crawl, the search engine crawls to index each item regardless of previous crawl status. The incremental crawler will enable the crawler to cover only newly created or modified items. Continuous crawl regularly checks the items after every 15 minutes and takes instant action and sends it to the content processor.
The threshold limit for SharePoint list is 5000, which means when a user clicks/ opens a document library or list, he/she can see 5000 items at a time. If the limit is increased, it will display more, but performance will be affected.
Team site is a private site used to store documents of particular team activities whereas a communication site is dedicated to customers and all company members and is used to publish details of the new products and services offered by the company.
When the SharePoint server is installed, it allows ten percent of the total physical memory to distributed cache. If the distributed cache is stopped, the user will see runtime error, access denied page loading slowly, no newsfeed, and so on.
|Explore OneDrive Vs SharePoint|
OneDrive is a cloud solution to store your data file securely so that you can access it from anywhere. Sometimes, a user might face OneDrive SharePoint sync issues due to-
First of all, enable external sharing on the site. Once it is enabled, users can be added to the site. Users will receive the invitation in their Gmail and should accept the invitation to login to the site.
The request Management feature present in SharePoint 2013 handles incoming requests by evaluating logic rules to determine what/which action to take, and which machine in the farm should handle the incoming requests.
When we perform some actions like creating or updating a task is called a method activity. An event activity is the one that occurs in response to an action.
WebPartManager is known as the central class of the Web Part Control Set and is responsible for everything occurring on a WebPart Page such as events, controls, and functionalities.
Override the CreateChildControls method to initialize new controls. Also, you can control the exact rendering by calling the Render method in web parts.
Links can be created to mapped drives in MOSS 2007 or WSS v3 via new content type for Ink files
New instance of a list can be created by an instance of. XML file
It is a base type from where the content type is derived. An ancestral type defines the metadata fields within the custom content type.
It is a secure database that stores credentials associated with the application IDs.
Site columns are the pre-defined data columns that are reused in several content types.
A command used for Backup:
stsadm -o backup -url http://moss:4002/ -filename c:bkupsite.bak
Command to restore :
stsadm -o restore -url http://moss:4004/ -filename c:bkupsite.bak
BCS stands for Business Connectivity Services and it is used to perform read and write into the external database. BDC stands for Business Data Connectivity and it is used to perform read operations from the external database.
Library is used to store documents and a list is the container of similar items stored in the form of rows and columns. We cannot create a document in a list but we can attach a list to a document.
SharePoint is used by most organizations for
With every update, SharePoint is becoming better than its previous version. Here, we will be discussing some of the basic features of SharePoint.
WSP ie. Wen Solution Package is basically a file that contains information about images, resources, site definitions, and many other features mixed with the site.
A group of people can collaborate and work together
Only a few people can collaborate and work
Automatically creates an office 365 group, OneNote, Mailbox, etc
Contains only communication site
Office 365 is SAAS
Mossie. Microsoft Office SharePoint Server is a complete version of a portal-based platform used for creating, managing, collaborating, and sharing documents as well as web services.
FBS stands for Form-Based Authentication which is a process where a user has to fill all the credentials presented in a custom HTML page. If credentials are right as per the web application, then the user gets access.
Follow the steps to resolve the issues
With this amazing feature in SharePoint, a user can search files and documents across Microsoft 365 and SharePoint server simultaneously
Go to Site->Site settings->Audit log settings->Select the box which is required.
The deleted content remains for 30 days in the recycle bin.
Alternate access mappings provide different URLs for the same SharePoint site. It was implemented due to the common scenarios where the URL of a web request received by IIS differs from the URL typed by the user.
A timer job is a job that is executed periodically. For eg, sending of emails after regular intervals, data updation every day, creation of reports every week, etc.
A farm can have a maximum of 500 content databases.
A confluence is a bottom-up approach whereas Sharepoint is a top-bottom approach and allows add-ons from third parties too. There is no controlled intranet and microblogging in Confluence.
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Pooja Mishra is an enthusiastic content writer working at Mindmajix.com. She writes articles on the trending IT-related topics, including Big Data, Business Intelligence, Cloud computing, AI & Machine learning, and so on. Her way of writing is easy to understand and informative at the same time. You can reach her on LinkedIn & Twitter.