Arch Linux and Ubuntu are the two open-source Linux distributions. These operating systems come with many wonderful features and advantages. At the same time, they have many differences as well. Understanding any tool right from the root is crucial for a developer or business user. On that note, this blog reveals the differences between Arch Linux and Ubuntu in many dimensions.
Arch Linux and Ubuntu are nothing but the two Linux distributions widely used by home users and businesses. Undeniably, both operating systems are sound in terms of installation, use, and performance. Although they have many standard features, they also have a few differences. This blog will detail the differences between the two Linux distributions, key features, and pros and cons.
Arch Linux vs Ubuntu - Topics of Content:
A Canadian scientist released Arch Linux in 2002. This Linux distribution was released to support advanced users who wish to control their systems completely. Basically, Arch Linux is a simple, general-purpose, lightweight Linux operating system. And it is a free, open-source Linux distribution with good customisation capabilities.
As Arch Linux is a lightweight operating system with good customisation features, it best suits small businesses. With the roll-release model, Arch Linux provides its users with the latest stable versions of the Linux distribution. Arch Linux encourages a Do-it-yourself (DIY) approach so that its users can make customisations easily. Unlike other distros, it is not software bloat but allows you to control the packages' installations. Furthermore, Arch Linux is the Linux distribution backed by Canonical and is one of the leading global software vendors.
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Arch Linux offers many excellent features to its users. Here are a few features listed below:
Here’s the list of the advantages of Arch Linux below:
Installation: With Arch Linux, you don’t require a desktop environment or Windows Manager, but the installation should have been done without any issues. Also, you can use patches when they are required.
Customisation: Arch Linux allows the Do-it-yourself (DIY) approach by which users can make customisations as they wish. No wonder that flexibility is one of the key advantages of Arch Linux.
Rolling Release Model: With this model, you need to install the operating system only once. Because of this, when there is an upgrade in the packages, you don't need to reinstall the software. Arch Linux allows continuous software upgrades without reinstalling the operating system.
Where there are pros, there might be cons as well. Let’s look at the drawbacks of Arch Linux below:
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A South African entrepreneur released Ubuntu in 2004. It is the modern, free, and open-source DEBIAN-based Linux distribution. And it is one of the popular distributions among other Linux distributions. Ubuntu is the desktop operating system developed by Linux. Mainly, it is intended for personal computer operating systems; however, it can be installed in public clouds and data centers. In short, Ubuntu is best suitable for home users and small businesses.
Know that security and release quality are the key features of Ubuntu. Besides, you can install Ubuntu in the systems where the latest versions of Windows are not compatible. Not only limited to this, but you can also install Ubuntu in other systems such as servers, Robots, IoT devices, mac computers, and so on. Note that the most recent release in Ubuntu is 16.04 Xenial Xerus.
Ubuntu comes with many good features. Let’s see how it works.
The advantages of Ubuntu are many. Let’s discuss them as follows:
User-friendliness: Beginners who wish to work on Linux operating systems can choose Ubuntu without a doubt. This is because it provides the features such as – shared efforts, shared code, and shared principles. Moreover, Ubuntu comes with easy use, stylish, and beautiful GNOME desktop environment allowing its users to customise the desktop as they wish. What’s more! Ubuntu offers desktop environments in different flavors.
Privacy and Security: it’s no wonder that Ubuntu is stable and fast. Generally, Ubuntu is more secure than other platforms such as Windows, macOS, etc. It supports protecting systems against virus attacks.
Apps: You can install any application in Ubuntu as with operating systems like Windows and macOS. Know that ‘Ubuntu software’ is the app store offered by Ubuntu. Any application can be found from this Appstore, undoubtedly.
Accessibility: With Ubuntu, you can work with the Content Management System platforms of PHP such as Laravel, WordPress, and Magento quickly. Additionally, you can work with the tools such as Ruby, Python, Java, and many more.
Performance: Ubuntu achieves quick booting of computers. And it is less affected by viruses. Another important thing is that Ubuntu provides free-of-cost IDEs. As a result, Ubuntu has become highly reliable and increased the confidence among users.
Free Upgrades: it's not a wonder that all the upgrades are free in Ubuntu and will be automatically released every six months – on average.
In fact, Ubuntu has a few setbacks as well. Following is the list of the drawbacks.
Let’s explore the key differences between Arch Linux and Ubuntu in detail. Here are the listicles.
Installation: With the help of driver manager and GUI, you can simplify Ubuntu installation. On the other hand, you have to use command lines in Arch Linux. Also, you can install a minimum set of packages with Arch Linux, whereas Ubuntu allows you to install many facilities. You can control the installation of packages in Arch Linux during installation. But, in Ubuntu, if you want to remove a few unwanted packages, you can do this only after the installation.
Customisation and User Experience: With DIY capabilities, users can make customisations in Arch Linux as they need. On the other side, the users who wish to make a one-time setup and no longer require customisations or changes can choose Ubuntu. In other terms, Ubuntu supports users who wish to make a hassle-free configuration setup.
File Systems: Ubuntu uses only the ext4 file system. At the same time, Arch Linux invariably uses different file systems such as – xfs, btrfs, and f2fs in addition to ext4.
Multimedia Support: With Arch Linux, you can choose any audio server such as PulseAudio or Pipewire – no matter what type. On the other hand, Ubuntu uses only PulseAudio as the default audio server.
Community Support: The user community in Ubuntu is massive, whereas it is small in Arch Linux. Therefore, you can take support from this vast community while working with Ubuntu, but chances are less with Arch Linux.
However, thanks to ArchWiki, the robust documentation setup compiled by Arch Linux supports users to get the information they need related to Arch Linux.
Releases: Arch Linux uses the ‘rolling release’ model for making upgrades with the support of Pacman. On the other hand, Ubuntu uses ‘point releases’ in which packages are tested against performance, compatibility, and security. In this regard, Ubuntu uses Advanced Package Tool (APT) for easy installation.
Repositories: Ubuntu has four repositories named – main, restricted, universe, and multiverse. On the other side, Arch Linux has two repositories named – supported and unsupported.
Performance and Scalability: Although both operating systems are sound in performance, Ubuntu faces hardware compatibility issues with older systems. Considering scaling, Arch Linux is better than Ubuntu due to its lightweight feature. On the contrary, Ubuntu demands little fine-tuning while scaling.
Both Arch Linux as well as Ubuntu have long been used by all types of developers and users. Essentially, they provide the best support to them in all dimensions. In the simplest terms, Arch Linux provides simplicity and freedom, whereas Ubuntu offers excellent release quality and security. Also, Arch Linux is flexible, and you can customise as you wish, whereas Ubuntu is suitable for easy installation and use. Either way, both the distros have many pluses and few minuses. In the end, it is the users who have to choose the right distro that will best fit their requirements.
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Kalla Saikumar is a technology expert and is currently working as a content associate at MindMajix. Write articles on multiple platforms such as ServiceNow, Business Analysis, Performance Testing, Mulesoft, Oracle Exadata, Azure, and other courses. And you can join him on LinkedIn.
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