Today, Golang and Python are the two widely used programming languages. At a basic level, Golang is the statically typed and compiled language, and Python is the dynamically typed and interpreted language. At a common point, they are the languages – simple to learn and easy to use. Although they have many similarities, many differences exist between the two languages. This blog will compare the languages from many angles, such as features, pluses and minuses, etc., which will help you better understand the languages. Let’s unpack the story!
Developers have used many programming languages for application development for the last few decades. However, nowadays, there is much talk about Python and Golang among software professionals, undeniably. Know that Golang is the procedural, lightweight, compiled language. On the other hand, Python is the Object Oriented Programming Language (OOPS) based and interpreted language. Be it Golang or Python - developers must analyse the languages based on many parameters when choosing the correct programming language for developing applications. For example, they need to analyse them based on the learning curve, simplicity, scalability, debugging, maintenance, etc.
On that note, this blog aims at analysing Golang and Python in all possible dimensions. Once you complete this blog, you should get a clear-cut idea about the two, which will assist you in picking the right one for your application development.
Let’s get on board now!
Golang, also known as Go, is the programming language supported by Google. It is an open-source, simplest, multipurpose, and statically-typed programming language. Know that Golang is named one of the top ten programming languages by the survey of IEEE Spectrum. No wonder Golang allows you to build reliable and maintainable codes confidently.
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You can use Golang for web development, cloud computing, front-end development, and much more. It is widely used across various applications such as Kubernetes, Terraform, Openshift, Docker, and Juju. Additionally, the companies such as Google, Cloudfare, DropBox, Couchbase, Netflix, Twitch, MongoDB, Suncloud, and Uber use Golang for developing their applications.
Golang comes with many features you can see below:
1. Static Typing: Basically, Go is a statically typed language. This language can accurately compile codes and ensure compatibility and type conversions. Thus, you can minimise errors during runtime and avoids issues arising in the production stage.
2. Concurrency Support: Generally, concurrency is applied to programs where there is a need to execute multiple tasks simultaneously. This way, Golang offers many concurrent options for developers, which are usually easy to use and track. Especially, mobile application developers widely use concurrency options to handle multiple tasks simultaneously. Also, developers can quickly free up resources when they use concurrency options. Because of this, Golang is used as the forefront language for developing scaled applications, microservices, and cloud applications.
3. Standard Library: Golang has a robust standard library. This library supports developers in avoiding third-party packages.
4. Toolset: Golang offers many tools that support developers in multiple ways while developing applications. You can see the listicles of a few tools in the following:
5. Goroutines: Generally, Goroutines is a lightweight tool that helps to increase the efficiency of Go programming by providing concurrency support.
6. Compilation and Testing Capabilities: One of the prime features of Golang is its compilation and testing capabilities. No doubt that you can run codes written in the Go language on any platform. Golang performs high-speed compilation and execution of codes. Mainly, Golang generates only one executable file without any dependencies. And this file can be uploaded and run anywhere. Besides, Golang allows you to run unit tests while writing codes in parallel.
7. Garbage Collection: Golang offers a single executable automatic garbage collection and memory safety. It allows you to free up pointers or the situations connected with the dangling pointer.
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Given below is the list of advantages of Golang over other similar languages. Know what they are below:
No doubt Golang has a few shortcomings as well. Let’s take a look at them.
Python is an open-source, object-oriented, interpreted, and powerful language. Not just that, it is a language that is easy to read, understand, and learn. This is because Python doesn’t allow using semicolons and brackets in codes. Also, Python offers developers a simple syntax format and dynamic typing option. In a way, the Python program will look like a collection of English words. Know that Python is one of the high-level languages with high-level built-in data types used to write complex operations in a single statement. Additionally, Python offers high-level data structures, interfaces, ready-made classes, and many more.
As mentioned, Python is one of the dynamically typed languages. So, you don't need to declare data types of variables. In other words, argument and variable declarations are not needed while programming in Python. It allows you to write compact and readable programs quickly. Overall, Python is an ideal language for application development and is used to increase applications' productivity significantly.
Python has many fantastic features for developing robust software applications. Let's explore a few of them:
Basically, Python is an interpreted language. It means that compilation is not carried out separately but will be taken place during run time. It allows developers to save development time significantly. Unlike other programming languages, the interpreter executes codes line by line. This is the reason that Python comes up as a popular language among developers. Not only that, you can easily add built-in functions and modules to the interpreter.
It allows developers to execute Python scripts from desktops. With the finder window, you can use Python launcher as a default application to open any .py script. Not just that, you can control the way developers launch Python scripts with many options provided by the Python launcher.
No wonder Python programs can be split into many modules. Because of this, Python comes up with an extensive collection of modules. You can use these modules in other programs as well. In a way, modules form the basis for Python programs. Every module will have elements such as file I/O System calls, interfaces, and sockets to GUIs.
Python offers a robust and extensive library for image manipulation, unit testing, databases, expressions, etc. For developers, this library helps to avoid writing codes repeatedly. The Python package management system offers a standard format to distribute programs and libraries in this regard. It simplifies the installation and use of third-party packages, modules, and extensions. And Python package index allows you to access libraries. Besides, extensions are used to perform critical operations at high speed and link Python programs to libraries.
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Here, we will find the list of advantages of Python. Let's have a look at them below.
Keep in mind that when there are pros, there must be cons as well, undoubtedly. Based on this concept, Python has a few drawbacks as well. Let’s see them below:
Golang and Python go parallel in many ways. Let’s see the similarities between them below:
[ Related Article: Golang vs Java ]
Golang and Python have many differences in terms of performance, execution, structure, etc. let’s examine them one by one below:
|Language||Statically typed and Compiled language||Dynamically typed and Interpreted language|
|Structure||Procedural based||OOPS based|
|Syntax||Not simple as Python. Uses brackets, more verbose||Simple. Uses indentations, less verbose|
|Performance||Speed execution||Not so speed as Golang|
|Concurrency||Yes||No, But parallelism using threads.|
|Use case||Mainly used for System Programming||Mainly used for Data science programs|
Let’s wrap off! Golang and Python are essentially simple to learn and simple to use languages. Golang is OOPS based compiled language, whereas Python is the procedural-based interpreted language. Golang is mainly used for system programming, whereas Python is used for data science programs. Now the question is, which is the best language for software development – Golang or Python? For system programmers and web developers, Golang is the best language. On the contrary, Python is the best language for data science professionals. Ultimately, it relies on developers who should make the best deal out of the two based on their needs.
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Madhuri is a Senior Content Creator at MindMajix. She has written about a range of different topics on various technologies, which include, Splunk, Tensorflow, Selenium, and CEH. She spends most of her time researching on technology, and startups. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter .
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