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Git is a free and open-source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
SCM tools like Subversion, CVS, Perforce, and ClearCase with features like cheap local branching, convenient staging areas, and multiple workflows.
The Git feature that really makes it stand apart from nearly every other SCM out there is its branching model.
Git allows and encourages you to have multiple local branches that can be entirely independent of each other. The creation, merging, and deletion of those lines of development takes seconds.
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Git is fast. Speed and performance have been a primary design goal of Git from the start. With Git, nearly all operations are performed locally, giving it a huge speed advantage on centralized systems that constantly have to communicate with a server somewhere.
Git was built to work on the Linux kernel, meaning that it has had to effectively handle large repositories from day one. Git is written in C, reducing the overhead of runtimes associated with higher-level languages.
git-pull - Fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch
SYNOPSIS: git pull [options] [ […?]]
In its default mode, git pull is shorthand for git fetches followed by git merge FETCH_HEAD. More precisely, git pull runs git fetch with the given parameters and calls git merge to merge the retrieved branch heads into the current branch. should be the name of a remote repository as passed to git-fetch
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Basically, git commit "records changes to the repository" while git push "updates remote refs along with associated objects". So the first one is used in connection with your local repository, while the latter one is used to interact with a remote repository.
Git is a version control system (VCS) for tracking changes in computer files and coordinating work on those files among multiple people. It is primarily used for source code management in software development but it can be used to keep track of changes in any set of files.
The purpose of Git is to manage a project, or a set of files, as they change over time. Git stores this information in a data structure called a repository.
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git add. adds all modified and new (untracked) files in the current directory and all subdirectories to the staging area (a.k.a. the index), thus preparing them to be included in the next git commit. Any files matching the patterns in the .gitignore file will be ignored by GIT add.
Git is a revision control system, a tool to manage your source code history.
GitHub is a hosting service for Git repositories.
GitHub is a website where you can upload a copy of your Git repository. It is a Git repository hosting service, which offers all of the distributed revision control and source code management (SCM) functionality of Git as well as adding its own features.
git pull --rebase is allows you to later squash your commits to a few (or one) commits. If you have merged in your (unpushed) history, it is not so easy to do a git rebase later.
git pulls origin master pulls the master branch from the remote called origin into your current branch. It only affects your current branch, not your local master branch.
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In short, svn is a Centralized Revision Control System, and git is a Distributed Revision Control System (DVCS).
Stashing takes the dirty state of your working directory, that is, your modified tracked files and staged changes, and saves it on a stack of unfinished changes that you can reapply at any time.
Pull is a fetch and a merge. * `git pull origin master` fetches commits from the master branch of the origin remote (into the local origin/master branch), and then it merges origin/master into the branch you currently have checked out.
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Priyanka Vatsa is a Senior Content writer with more than five years’ worth of experience in writing for Mindmajix on various IT platforms such as Palo Alto Networks, Microsoft Dynamics 365, Siebel, CCNA, Git, and Nodejs. She was involved in projects on these technologies in the past, and now, she regularly produces content on them. Reach out to her via LinkedIn and Twitter.
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