Front-end development plays a significant role in the era of technology. If a person wants to create a website then front-end is considered as the top priority. JavaScript frameworks are part of front-end development. When you type a search query on Google, you will see a number of suggestions on JavaScript frameworks. But did you ever understand the basics that why are these frameworks necessary or why a front-end coder needs them?

Let us first dive into fundamentals!

The first step is to learn JavaScript

first step to learn JavaScript Frameworks

Before going into frameworks, tech experts suggest learning JavaScript. Getting a good hold over language that you want to master is mandatory before diving deep into the frameworks you want to use. Therefore, firstly learn how to develop software or a web app or a website using JavaScript. Let me tell you a secret! JavaScript is not at all limited to the development of websites, it can do wonders! During my first year of masters, I created a utility website using JavaScript where I embedded calculator, a note-taking app, clone of a search engine, etc. all these by using JavaScript, HTML, and CSS (got an idea?)

Basically, the ideology behind learning the basics is to understand how functions and objects are composed, how these are implemented, and what modules are there. After all, software development is about composition. During the first steps of JavaScript, you learn how a complex problem is broken into smaller bits and are solved using building blocks of the website (functions, objects, modules, etc.) These building blocks are collected together to form a complete website or software.

What are JavaScript Frameworks?

To put it simply, the JavaScript framework is a collection of components and libraries that are used to fulfill the requirements of a web application in different browser clients. When a programmer starts front-end programming, the first thing he chooses is a framework. After some trials of different frameworks, once the requirements are settled down, the next task is to opt for the right framework for the tasks. A framework aggregates the code of a programmer. Most of the frameworks are open source and up to date and a programmer is free to choose any framework that suits the requirement.

Why do front-end programmers need JavaScript Frameworks?

If you are reading this article, I believe that you are already aware of JavaScript and its components. To understand the meaning and functioning of the JavaScript framework, let us assume an example of building your dream house. To build your dream house, first, you collect all the stuff that is required for the building from scratch (blueprint, bricks, wood, paint, etc.) Coding a web app is very close to it. When you plan your website and read to code, you look for the features that you want to embed there. This is where JavaScript frameworks come into play. JavaScript frameworks provide you a collection of libraries, plugins, routine programming features that are pre-written using JavaScript code to implement it for the programming of your application. JavaScript frameworks are a powerful tool for the development of complex UIs Frameworks are designed to encourage the JavaScript programmers to develop a modular, standalone, and maintainable architecture that is easy to collaborate and build with other front-end developers.

Why should programmers use JavaScript frameworks?

If you simply want to render HTML from the server then you don’t need any JavaScript framework. JavaScript is useful when you don’t have enough knowledge of the working of a web platform. Not only this, but I would also add that JavaScript frameworks are a necessity for even the smaller projects. It saves lots of time and helps developers establish coding conventions and accord on methods. Modern JavaScript frameworks have intensified features and techniques for the basic handling of JavaScript and AJAX, improving the proficiency and code maintainability. Also, JavaScript frameworks let you build rich code snippets of HTML in an easy manner. In easy words, you can embrace modern web development with the JavaScript frameworks.

A curated list of top 10 JavaScript frameworks 

If you are exploring your career in the web development sector or want to skill-up your programming journey, I have curated a list of top 10 JavaScript frameworks that you can learn. The point here is to shed some light on which JavaScript framework can work best for you to land a great job.

Most Popular JavaScript Frameworks

#1 React.js

Facebook is the creator of the React framework that has earned popularity in a short span. React framework is used to create and operate the dynamic UI of the webpages with high traffic. Virtual DOM is used for integration with any application. A few years later after the development of React, the same team introduced React Native that is a tool used to create hybrid mobile applications for iOS and Android-based apps using JavaScript. Top tech giants like Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, Walmart Labs, Baidu Mobile, Bloomberg, Delivery.com, Gyroscop, Netflix, BBC, IMDb, Coursera, PayPal, Chrysler, Dailymotion, American Express, New York Times, Go Daddy, Khan Academy, CodeAcademy, DropBox, Atlassian, Airbnb, etc.

-Interested to Learn React JS - then read our React Framework Tutorial Blog

Key Takeaways

  • Reusable components
  • Synchronization of state and view
  • Routing and template system
  • Play well with other .js libraries
  • Great customization

-Interested to learn more advanced concepts of React Javascript Framework - Read our React Interview Questions and Answers

#2 Node.js

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Node.js is a server-side framework created on Google Chrome’s runtime to build scalable and scalable network applications easily. It utilizes an event-driven and non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient. Node.js is known for being data-intensive real-time web applications that run on distributed devices. Top tech giants like eBay, General Electric, GoDaddy, Microsoft, PayPal, Uber, Wikipins, Yahoo!, and Yammer are utilizing Node.js services.

Key Takeaways

  • Very fast in the execution of code
  • Node server does not wait for an API to return data
  • Give the output in chunks
  • Efficient in single-page applications (SPA)
  • Great to use for data streaming applications

-Interested to learn more advanced concepts of Node Javascript Framework - Read our Node JS Interview Questions and Answers

#3 Vue.js

Vue was developed with a primary goal to make UI development more organized. With Vue, you can store component logic and layouts along with style sheets in just one file (React works the same but without style sheets). For the communication of components, Vue makes use of props and state objects. The file size of Vue is small; therefore, you can integrate Vue in your web development projects without creating a slowdown. Companies like Facebook, Adobe, Xiaomi, WizzAir, Alibaba, Grammarly, GitLab, Behance, Nintendo, and Livestorm are utilizing the Vue framework.

Key Takeaways

  • High front-end security
  • Perfect to use in single-page applications (SPA)
  • Fast and lightweight
  • Vue.js DevTools is an extension of a web browser that permits designers to inspect their web applications and change data manually
  • Consider Vue for big projects without any problems

#4 Angular

Angular is known as the powerhouse that has secured its place next to React in the ecosystem of JavaScript frameworks. Currently, Angular is among the advanced and modular frameworks for front-end development. It is maintained by Google itself thus, users may experience confidence in its long usage. Angular follows the POJO model which means Plain Old JavaScript Objects that give spontaneous and planned objects and logics. Angular is simple to use as it utilizes HTML to build a UI. With Angular, you are not required to spend time on writing many code snippets for different platforms; just one application is written for the various platforms. Top companies like Microsoft, Autodesk, MacDonald's, UPS, Cisco Solution Partner Program, AT&T, Apple, Adobe, GoPro, ProtonMail, Clarity Design System, Upwork, Freelancer, Udemy, YouTube, Paypal, Nike, Google, Telegram, Weather, iStockphoto, AWS, Crunchbase, etc. are utilizing AngularJS framework.

-Interested to Learn Angular Framework - then read our Angular Framework Tutorial Blog

Key Takeaways

  • Commendable flexibility
  • Angular Ivy is used to reducing the size of applications
  • The use of TypeScript to clinch type safety in Angular applications
  • Angular can be an alternative if you don’t want to work with the additional libraries of React
  • Loaded with powerful features like dependency injection, templates, forms, etc.
  • Use filters according to the usage of ideal parameters

-Interested to learn more advanced concepts of Angular Javascript Framework - Read our Angular Interview Questions and Answers

#5 Polymer

The Polymer framework of JavaScript is an open source server-side runtime environment of JavaScript that works on cross platforms. The framework is capable of creating website elements without going into a complex level. The Polymer is supportive to both single-way and double-way data binding. PPolymer.js is another JavaScript library created by Google. Companies like Bloomberg LP, MobilePay, Acorns, Digital Services, Google Cloud, Taboola, Web-Stack, Telemetry, etc. are making use of the PolymerJS framework.

Key Takeaways

  • Supports cross-browser compatibility
  • Supports gesture events
  • Easy and efficient to handle hybrid mobile application development
  • Uses command line interface for the management of complex projects
  • Enables to create reusable widgets

#6 Ember

The architecture of Ember incorporates adapters, components, controllers, helpers, models, routes, services, templates, utilities, and add-ons. EmberJS has an integrated CLI that lets it complete projects at a strict timeline. It not only allows creating new projects with readymade setups but also enables you to create controllers, components, and project files using automatic generation. EmberJS is underrated but it is an ideal choice for the development of complex client-side applications. Popular websites like LinkedIn, Netflix, Nordstrom, etc. are making use of the EmberJS framework.

Key Takeaways

  • Command line interface tool
  • A good choice for complex client-side applications
  • Boaster of scalability and flexibility
  • Regular updates
  • A full package of commonly used features

#7 Aurelia

Aurelia is the next generation framework of JavaScript that is made up of smaller modules and allows front-end developers to pick and choose the bits that work for them or to choose an entire framework. It has the capability to extend the usage of HTML for different purposes involving data binding in it. Companies like Chegg, Deloitte, Contingent, BAE Systems, Freska, fileee, dev, etc. are using the features of the Aurelia JavaScript framework.

Key Takeaways

  • Easily extensible to add or remove any tools from the framework
  • Easy to work with
  • Self-directed to the web standards to keep you updated with modern concepts
  • Use of TypeScipt makes it agile to be adaptable to multiple situations of JavaScript

#8 Mithril.js

Mithril is another JavaScript framework that is utilized primarily for single-page applications. As per its native website, Mithril is around 7kb gzipped and has no dependencies on other libraries and this is the major reason for the use of this framework. Companies like Vimeo and Nike make use of Mithril JS.

Key Takeaways

  • Small file size of 8kb only
  • Lightest fast loading file feature
  • Great start-up guide by its community

#9 Meteor

Meteor is a complete package for full stack development. This means; you can handle everything from the database to the UI with the same language and the same framework. The Meteor.js or MeteorJS framework is used in various areas like front- end development, back-end development, database management, and business logic. Companies like Accenture, Rocket.Chat, Digital Services, Shelf, ShopCo., Deloitte, Meteor, Esri use Meteor JS in their tech stack.

Key Takeaways

  • The entire package of web app development (Full stack)
  • Allows the same code on the front-end as well as back-end (for both mobile and web apps)
  • Multiple database integration (MongoDB, Server-client, Minimongo, Reactive)
  • A customized package manager solution

#10 Backbone

As per its name, it acts as the backbone of your project. It is an MVC architecture based framework of JavaScript that allows quick development of single-page applications. If you want to use the Backbone JS framework then you have to opt for tools like Chaplin, Marionette, Thorax, Handlebars or Mustache, etc. If you want to develop an app that has multiple users, then Backbone collections (arrays) are the best to go with to separate the models. Backbone library includes events, models, collections, routes, and views. Organizations like Uber, Pinterest, Reddit, etc. ensures the usage of Backbone JS in their tech stacks.

Key Takeaways

  • Easier front-end to develop single-page apps
  • When the model is modified, it itself updates the HTML of your app
  • A simple library to separate business and UI logic
  • Over 100 extensions available and are open source and free
  • Allows simple, systematic, and organized code

Verdict

As per Google Trends, the React JavaScript framework has the strongest growth in the tech market as compared to the other frameworks. Below is the pie chart based on Google Trends:

google trends for JavaScript Frameworks

Various researches are somewhere reflective of the job market. The above research was done a few years back but we can clearly see the interesting differences in the choice of JavaScript frameworks among the front-end programmers. React is taking the lead currently also with a healthy margin.

Future of JavaScript frameworks

It will be awesome to learn as many frameworks as you want but if you want a job then you'll have better odds if you learn to React initially. React JavaScript framework is in higher user satisfaction with 89% users satisfied.

Future of JavaScript Frameworks

(Source: https://2019.stateofjs.com/front-end-frameworks/)

Crux!

The set of frameworks would give any developer to meet his needs and give him a way to build a front-end application. Through this article, I have tried giving a basic roadmap on JavaScript frameworks. I hope this will succeed in achieving your front-end development goals. Happy reading!