A few years back, the generation of reports from the database for analyzing the data seemed extremely difficult. But now, by using the SSRS tool, we can even generate reports for complex datasets. SSRS is a server-based report developing a software system which provides an interface with Microsoft Visual Studio. SQL administrators and Developers can connect to the database and use SSRS tool to modify SQL reports to decrease its complexity.
SSRS (also called as Microsoft SQL reporting service) is a reporting service tool which is used to produce formatted reports. The reports are displayed in the form of images, graphs, charts, and data which are executed using user-defined parameters and are hosted on the server.
Basically, there are three types of reporting services. They are as follows:
The main reasons for choosing the SSRS tool are listed below:
For instance, consider an educational institute where students from different branches and years are present.
The accountant of the college must create a database for each and every student and staff. Once they join the institution, the university receives the amount from the college according to the fee structure.
Without SSRS, the educational institutions would have to manually generate a report and send to the university with the following data: number of students who took the admissions, their branch details, fee structure, and the student education details. Hence, it is a time-consuming process to send this data in the correct format. With this tool, the university can get access to the reports on the cloud.
The following are the four phases in which reports are generated and accessed:
There are many types of reports that SSRS tool can develop. The following is a list of a few types of SSRS reports:
Parameterized reports: These reports are generated by taking the input values.
Linked Reports: These types of reports are generated from the existing report with a link at a point retaining the original report definition.
Snapshot reports: This report contains query results and layout information.
Drill down Report: These reports hide the complexity. User can toggle between hidden reports and original data and controls the access to reports.
SSRS has a complex architecture that includes administration tools, report viewers, and development tools, the following are the important components of SSRS architecture.
Report Builder: It is a report publishing tool hosted on the client-side computer. It has an easy to use interface with drag and drop options.
Report Designer: This is a publishing tool is used to develop various types of reports and is hosted on Visual Studio.
Report Manager: It checks whether the reports match the given requirements and makes decisions based on the generated reports.
Report Server: It is a report server which stores metadata that is retrieved from the SQL Server database engine.
Report server database: It stores resources, delivery data, metadata, security settings, and report definitions.
Data sources: it is a relational or multidimensional data sources from which the reporting services retrieve data from.
Almost every enterprise will follow the standard reporting lifecycle, classified as shown below:
Authoring: This is the first phase of the life cycle, It defines the syntax of the data and layout for the data. The following are the tools used in this process:
Management: The second phase is the management stage which involves management of a published report.
Delivery: This is the final phase, where the reports need to be delivered to the client. Delivery can be done based on demand. Using automation features, the reports are created and sent to the customer.
SSRS is one of the best reporting tools used by the fortune 500 companies around the globe. This tool reduces the burden of the organizations by delivering excellent service. Using this tool, we can generate various reports for data analysis and as it is a cloud-based service, it can be accessed anywhere at any time on the internet. Hope you had a clear understanding of SSRS reports and their uses.
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