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How to Install Microsoft SQL Server?

Are you facing challenges in installing the SQL Server? If yes, then your search for the best SQL Server installation guide ends here. This comprehensive guide covers the detailed steps to install the SQL Server along with its overview and features. By the end of this article, you will gain not only a clear understanding of the SQL server but also, the SQL Server instance running on your system.

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The role of data is critical for the success of business. But, the success solely lies in organizing and managing the data. A Relational Database Management System (RDBS) provides a great way to store and manage structured data in the form of tables. And, many organizations need such efficient and scalable systems to manage their enterprise data in a structured way.

SQL Server is an RDBMS System developed by Microsoft that helps organizations for this purpose. It stores the structured data and provides its efficient retrieval. In this article, we will install SQL Server on our Windows system to clear all your queries regarding SQL Server Installation. Let us start without any delay.

Table of Contents

Overview of SQL Server

SQL Server acts as a Relational Database and stores the data in the form of Tables that possess a logical entity relationship among them. It simplifies the process of data retrieval using the Structured Query Language(SQL) to store, manage, fetch, and manipulate the data in the database. It runs as a database server on your system which can be connected with other applications to store or retrieve data.

Before we go ahead with its SQL Server installation, it is important to understand some of its notable features.

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Features of Microsoft SQL Server

  • It Provides Analytical Services: It has support for the analytical services to create Online Analytics Processing System (OLAP) data mining applications which helps users in data-intensive applications.
  • It Allows us to Create and Manage Reports: The SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS) feature of the SQL server helps to create, manage, and deploy interactive reports using data. This feature is useful for gaining and delivering useful insights from the data.
  • It Helps us to Create Machine Learning Solutions: SQL Server supports Languages such as R and Python to develop scalable machine-learning solutions for utilizing enterprise data.
  • It Supports Azure Services Through Integration: SQL Server offers Azure services such as Azure Synapse Link, Microsoft Purview access policies, and Azure extension for SQL Server. Thus, users can utilize Azure services in their workflow.
  • It Enhances Security with Server-Level Roles: It provides the feature of server-level roles using which users can control the permission access on the database server. This prevents the database from unauthorized data access. 

After knowing the features of SQL Server, we have to check for the prerequisites for SQL Server installation.

Prerequisites to Install SQL Server on Windows

1. System Requirements

Ensure that your system fulfills some minimum requirements before installing the SQL server on Windows. The system requirements for the SQL server as shown below:

  • Storage: Minimum 6 GB of free disk space. However, the disk space requirement depends upon which components you want to install.
  • RAM: Minimum memory for Express Editions should be 1 GB. For the other editions, we recommend you have at least 4 GB of RAM.
  • Processor Type and Speed: At a minimum, the system must have the x64 Processor with a capacity of 1.4 GHz. It is recommended to have at least a 2 GHz capacity processor.

System requirement to install SQL server

In addition to this, the disk space requirement for the different services and components of the SQL Server is mentioned below:

2. Disk Requirements

SQL Server is supported on the Disks which have standard native sector sizes of 512 bytes and 4 KB. To check your disk information for SQL Server Installation, open System Information and expand the ‘Components’ option. Then, expand the ‘Storage’ option and click on ‘Disks’ as shown below:

Since the sector size is 512, it is suitable for installation. Now, we can proceed ahead to install Microsoft SQL Server on our Windows System. Here, We are installing the SQL Server Developer Edition which is available free for development and testing environments.

Disk requirement

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How to Download and Install Microsoft SQL Server?

Step 1: Go to https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/sql-server/sql-server-downloads. Choose the SQL Server developer edition and click on the download button.

Download specialized SQL Server edition

Step 2: Navigate to downloads and double-click on the file to start the SQL server installation. The setup wizard pops up as shown below. Choose the ‘Basic’ installation which has all the default installation and configuration settings for SQL Server.

Choose Basic installation

Step 3: Accept the Licensing Terms and click the ‘Next’ button. 

Accept SQL Server license

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Step 4: Choose the destination where you want to install and click on the ‘Install’ button.

Select installation location

Step 5: The installation starts as shown below:

Installation begins

Step 6: Once the installation is done, click on the ‘Install SSMS’ button to install the server manager on your system.

Next install SSMS

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Step 7: You will be redirected to the Microsoft Official site. Click on the download link as illustrated below:

Download SSMS from official site

Step 8: Go to the folder where the SSMS setup is downloaded and run it. The installation launches as outlined below. Click on the ‘Install’ button to continue.

Click on install

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Step 9: The installation of SQL Server begins as shown below:

Installation begins

Step 10: Close the setup after the installation is completed.

Close the setup

Step 11: Launch the Server Management Studio by running it as administrator. 

Launch SSMS by running it as administrator

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Step 12: Connect to the database server with default credentials as shown below:

Connect to database server

Step 13: The server connection is visible in the studio as shown below:

Successfully installed SQL Server

Thus, SQL Server is successfully installed on our Windows Platform.

 

SQL Server Installation FAQs

1. What is the pricing of SQL Server?

The pricing of SQL Server is different for different editions. It is available in the form of Enterprise, Standard, Web, Developer, and Express editions. Out of these, Developer Edtion is free to use for Development and Testing purposes and Express Edition is a free entry-level database suitable for small-scale applications. Other editions are paid and require a license. 

2. Can I run more than one instance of SQL Server on my System?

Yes, you can run multiple instances of SQL Server so that various applications can separately retrieve the data from the database.

3. Is SQL Server supported on Linux and Ubuntu?

Yes, SQL Server can be installed on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.x Server or 9.x Server and SUSE Enterprise Linux Server v15 (SP1 - SP4). For Ubuntu, the supported versions are Ubuntu 20.04, or 22.04.

4. What is the difference between SQL Server Developer and Express Editions?

You can use Developer Edition only for development and testing environments. It cannot be used for production environments. But, Express edition is a free version of SQL Server which can be used for production environment for small-scale applications.

5. Is SQL Server supported on x86 Processors?

No, SQL Server is unsupported on x86 processors. It is compatible with x64 processors with a minimum of 1.4 GHz capacity.

Conclusion

Microsoft SQL Server helps us the Software Experts to Store and Manage their Enterprise data in a structured way. Using SQL queries, we can easily search or retrieve the data from the SQL Server instance running on the system. With many additional features such as Master Data Services, Azure Features, and other integration features, it provides a fully functional interface to store and manage enterprise data.

You have now gained a clear understanding of SQL Server and its installation on Windows Platform. Go ahead and experience the robust data storage interface using SQL Server on your system.

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Last updated: 06 Feb 2024
About Author

Viswanath is a passionate content writer of Mindmajix. He has expertise in Trending Domains like Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Blockchain, etc. His articles help the learners to get insights about the Domain. You can reach him on Linkedin

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