Software development in the today’s world depends on two things, namely – our own source code and additional binary components. Binary components to understand it perfectly, it can be understood as the output of an intermediate step in your actual development process. Most common examples for the binary components are the JAR, WAR, EAR packages in the Java world and these can vary as we vary with the Programming language itself. Most of the Organizations would want to set up their DevOps process based on their build tool and then comes the need for a Repository Management tool that handles all such requirements. There are various kinds of options available in the market that can take up the responsibilities of a Repository Manager (either we can choose for a free open source version or we could go pro with a paid version, this helps mature the whole DevOps process in your Organization).
With this common understanding let us now go through the various available options that we can see in the DevOps space of Repository Management.
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In the section above, we have tried to understand the requirement where we want the Repository Management tools to kick in, in the actual DevOps process. With this understanding, let us take a look at the available tools in the market and understand the pros and cons of each of these tools. You can go through all the available options and make your choice to fit your Organization requirements precisely.
The next product in the listing for the day is Helix Core Version Control which is based on the Versioning engine that powers Perforce customers who see lightning fast, file level asset management. Helix Core, formerly known as Perforce Helix is the version control engine for the large-scale development environments. It manages a centralized database and also along with it a master repository of all possible file versions.
Helix Core clients are classified into 5 categories (based on the way that they connect to the Code repository): GIT, Command, GUI, Web, and Plugin. Perforce system can make a portion or all of its content made available as GIT repositories. Users of GIT and of other clients can make use of this and work with the same file content and history. GIT commits will further be visible to others as Perforce Changelists and the other way round for others.
Following are some of the advantages of using Helix Core Version Control, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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Archiva, yet another tool from the Apache family of software offerings – It is an extensible Repository management software that provides its help in taking care of the enterprise-wide build artifact repository. An incoming request with a virtual repository or a repository group URL – Archiva would look for the requested artifact from the repositories under that specific group. Having said that, Archiva would look for the artifact under the specified group only when it has the permission to do so. The very first resource that is found for the requested artifact would be returned as a response to the incoming request.
Following are some of the advantages of using Archiva, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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Cloundsmith Package is one of the best DevOps tools that is available in the Repository Management space and also ensures that levels up your DevOps enterprise grade repositories as like Debian, Maven, Python, Ruby, Vagrant and more. It lets you focus on your product as Cloudsmith Package simplifies all your concerns related to the whole process in itself and handles the package management in the best way possible for you.
Following are some of the advantages of using Cloudsmith Package, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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Artifactory is the enterprise-ready repository manager available today, supporting secure, clustered, High Availability Docker registries. JFrog is a universal artifact repository and distribution platform. A unique DevOps tool, JFrog Artifactory is a universal artifact repository manager that fully supports software packages created by any language or technology. Integrates with all major CI/CD and DevOps tools to provide an end-to-end, automated, bullet-proof solution for tracking artifacts from development to production. Remote artifacts are cached locally for reuse, eliminating the need to download them again and again.
Following are some of the advantages of using JFrog Artifactory, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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Pulp, a platform that is specifically designed to manage repositories of software packages to be made available for a large number of consumers to consume. Pulp can locally mirror small part or all parts of the repository, host your own software packages in repositories and also manage various kinds of content from various sources to a single and a centralized place. Pulp as a tool has its plugin integrations with software like RPM, Python, Puppet, Docker and also OSTree. To be very precise, the primary focus was on software packages such as RPMs and/or Puppet modules.
There are few core capabilities of Pulp as like syncing and publishing to the repositories have been implemented in a rather generic way so that it can be extended further by the plugins to support specific content types. Since the design of Pulp is flexible enough, Pulp can be extended further to nearly any type of digital content. The most important feature of Pulp is that it makes it very easy for the third party plugins to be written and deployed separately from the Pulp platform. Any of the new plugins that are installed on Pulp, it detects these and activates them automatically.
Following are some of the advantages of using Pulp, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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Sonatype Nexus manages all the software artifacts that are required for your development, deployment and also for your provisioning. Nexus also helps in sharing these artifacts are needed by other developers or end users. Nexus provides greater and an easier way of maintenance of your internal repository and also access to an external repository. Nexus controls access to and also deployment of each and every artifact in your organization from a centralized location.
Sonatype Nexus is the repository that any of the teams would require as it is one of the most reliable sources for the components that are needed and when they are needed the most. With this tool in your DevOps pipeline, you can completely forget the past with stalled build because of missing components or unavailable components. It is built on the same foundation as that was built for the popular OSS solution Nexus Repository Pro which includes enterprise support. It provides features as like Repository Health Check, Application Health Check which provides security and also licenses details for components that are found inside your applications or repositories.
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Following are some of the advantages of using Nexus, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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NuGet is the official package manager for .NET managed by the Outercurve Foundation. The original purpose to have a repository manager is to organize on your binary components that the development team relies upon and to maintain it properly. The whole idea of committing these along with your source code beats the purpose of using any Repository Managers and hence NuGet comes into use. The NuGet workflow has been put in place to commit the packages folder into source control with the reasoning that if they don’t have NugGet, they might end up dumping all these binaries into the source control only for the reason to allow others to build the whole application code.
Following are some of the advantages of using NuGet, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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There are scenarios where MyGet gets to be implemented quite differently from NuGet or the like and the scenarios as like:
With that discussed, let us now take a look at the difference that is observed between MyGet and NuGet. With MyGet, there is a possibility to set up the feed less than 5 seconds and all this can be done without even setting up any of our own infrastructures. There is only one feed per account in NuGet whereas with MyGet you can have multiple feeds per account. It also allows you to delegate privileges to others without even sharing an API key as everyone would be having their own API key and secure access to MyGet.
Following are some of the advantages of using MyGet, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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There are three components to npm, they are the website, registry and the cli. The npm website is the place where developers discover packages, set up their profiles and also manage the other aspects of npm. The npm registry is the huge database that contains all the dependencies and stuff whereas the npm cli is the one that is used by most of the developers to interact with npm.
Following are some of the advantages of using npm, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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The Docker Hub can be very easily defined as a Cloud repository in which Docker users and partners create, test, store and also distribute Docker container images. Through the use of Docker Hub, a user can very easily access public, open source image repositories and at the same time – use the same space to create their own private repositories as well.
Following are some of the advantages of using Docker Hub, let us now take a look at each and every one of them:
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In this article, we have gone through the basics of Repository Management and also understood the reason why Organizations have to focus on having such tools in their DevOps pipeline for their software development processes. We have also gone through relatively thorough list of DevOps tools that fit in, in the world of Repository Management processes. Hope you have got all the information that you were looking for at one place and please do provide us with your feedback to improve upon the upcoming articles as well.