Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a well-known term for everyone as it plays the most important role in our daily life. From roots to robots, we can observe the development of AI. As AI solutions were spreading all over the world, a career in the AI field leads to a great extent. Today, I would like to take you through Artificial Intelligence Interview Questions which are curated by AI experts. Let’s get started.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a stream of computer science that enhances the intelligent machines that work and react like humans. The ability of a machine to simulate intelligent human behavior. AI is commonly used for various applications such as decision-making, speech recognition, perception, cognitive abilities, computer vision, and many more.
The applications of AI are as follows:
The following are the best AI programming languages used for Artificial Intelligence:
There are four types of Artificial Intelligence as follows:
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The following are the stages of learning AI:
Artificial General Intelligence (AGI): It is also known as Strong AI, which is considered a threat to many scientists' human existence. It is an evolution of AI where machines can think and make decisions just like humans.
Artificial Normal Intelligence (ANI): It is also known as Weak AI that can perform only a defined activity set. It does not perform any thinking ability; instead, it performs a set of pre-defined functions.
Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI): ASI can perform everything that a human can do. Alpha 2 is an example of ASI, which is the first humanoid ASI robot.
Ans: An Intelligent Agent (IA) refers to an autonomous entity that acts as a directing its activity to achieve goals as an agent upon an environment using observation by actuators and sensors as an intelligent.
With strong AI, machines can think and perform tasks as their own, as humans do. With Weak AI, the machines cannot perform tasks independently; instead, it depends heavily on human interference.
Strong AI has a complex algorithm that helps it act in various situations, whereas Weak AIs are pre-programmed by humans.
In Artificial Intelligence, an expert system is a computer system that imitates human experts' decision-making ability. Expert systems are developed to solve problems by reasoning the bodies of knowledge, represented mainly as an if-then formula instead of conventional procedural code.
An expert system is designed to have the following characteristics:
A* is formulated with weighted graphs, which means it can find the best path involving the smallest cost in terms of time and distance. This makes A* algorithm in artificial intelligence an informed search algorithm for best-first search. A* search algorithm separates it from other traversal techniques as it has a brain.
The following are the various domains of Artificial Intelligence:
Machine Learning is an application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) that offers systems the ability to learn and improve from experience automatically without being programmed externally. It focuses on enhancing computer programs that can access the data and use it to learn accordingly. To make it simple, Machine Learning is a subset of AI that uses data to enhance machines in solving complex problems.
Read these latest Machine Learning Interview Questions that help you grab high-paying jobs!
There are three different types of Machine Learning:
|Artificial Intelligence||Machine Learning|
|Artificial intelligence is a technology that enables a system to imitate human behaviour.||Machine Learning is a subset of an AI that enables a machine to learn from experience automatically.|
|Machine Learning and Deep Learning are the two main subsets of AI.||Deep Learning is the main subset of Machine Learning.|
|It includes self-correction and reasoning and learning.||It includes self-correction and learning when introduced with new data.|
|AI deals with unstructured, structured, and semi-structured data.||Machine Learning deals with semi-structured and structured data.|
|AI has an extensive range of scope.||Machine Learning has a limited scope.|
Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a subfield of Artificial Intelligence, computer science, and linguistics concerned with the communications between human language and computer language that helps in specific how to program computers to analyze and process large amounts of natural language data.
An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is a computing system designed to simulate the human brain's analysis and processes of information. It acts as a foundation of AI and solves the problems that prove difficult or impossible or statistical standards. ANN has a self-learning capability that allows users to produce better results.
The following are the three commonly used types of neural networks in AI:
Deep Learning is an AI function that imitates the working of the human brain in processing data for use in recognizing speech, making decisions, detecting objects, and translating languages. It can learn without human guidance, drawing from data that is both unlabeled and unstructured.
Fuzzy logic (FL) is a method of reasoning that represents human reasoning. The approach of FL imitates the process of decision-making done by humans, including all possibilities between YES or NO's digital values. It works on the levels of possibilities of input to achieve a definite output.
The various search algorithms in AI are:
The Depth-First Search method takes less memory.
The steps that are involved in Machine Learning are as follows:
The following are two various steps that we make in constructing a plan:
The following are the advantages of an expert system:
An expert system includes three components of Expert System:
User Interface: The User Interface allows the user to communicate with the expert system to find the solutions for a complex problem
Knowledge Base: The Knowledge Base is a kind of Storage that is used to store high-quality and domain-specific knowledge
Inference Engine: It is the main processing unit of an expert system. It enables various inference rules to the knowledge base to bring a conclusion. The system extracts the information from the KB with the inference engine.
In the context of AI and DL systems, the game theory allows some of the key capabilities required in multi-agent environments in which various AI programs are required to interact to meet the goals.
Game Theory is a branch of mathematics used to develop the strategic interactions between multiple players with pre-defined rules and the outcomes. It is also used to define several instances in our daily life and machine learning models.
The Turing Test is a process of inquiry in Artificial Intelligence (AI) to determine whether a computer or not, which is capable of thinking like a human being. The Turing test is named after Alan Turing, is the method of testing a machine’s human-level intelligence.
Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) is a mathematical framework for designing sequential decision problems under uncertainty and Reinforcement Learning problems. The main goal of this process is to achieve maximum positive rewards by choosing the optimum policy.
The following are the four elements of MDP:
In this process, the agent implements an Action A to transition from the start state to the End state, and while performing these actions, the agent receives few rewards. The series of actions taken by the agent can be defined as a policy.
The First Order Predicate Logic (FOPL) offers the following:
The language of FOPL includes the following:
The following are the list of few machine learning algorithms:
K-means clustering is an unsupervised learning algorithm used to identify data objects clusters in a dataset. K-means attempts to classify data without having trained with labelled data. Once the algorithm has been executed, and the groups are defined, users assign any new data to the most relevant group.
The following are the real-world examples of K-Means:
Overfitting refers to a design that develops the training data. It occurs when a model learns the noise and detail available in the training data; thus, it negatively impacts the performance of the model on the new data.
The following are methods used to avoid overfitting in neural networks:
Hidden Markov Model is a statistical model used to describe the evolution of observable events that depend on internal factors, that are not observable directly. We can call the observed event a symbol and the invisible factor underlying the observation of a state.
The following are the applications of Machine Learning:
TensorFlow is an end-to-end open-source library for numerical computation and large-scale machine learning. It includes a flexible ecosystem of tools, comprehensive, and community resources that allow developers to build and deploy the application easily. It holds together a combination of deep learning and machine learning algorithms and models to make them useful in a common metaphor.
A Hash Table is a data structure used to store data in an associative way. In this table, data is stored in an array format where each data has its respective unique index value.
On winding up, these TOP frequently asked interview questions will help you to crack the interview easily. There is more job openings and this was the best time to grab an opportunity. All the best! Thanks for learning!
Keerthana Jonnalagadda working as a Content Writer at Mindmajix Technologies Inc. She writes on emerging IT technology-related topics and likes to share good quality content through her writings. You can reach her through LinkedIn.