In this article, we shall start with discussing about what RPA is, and also discuss various details that ponder around the automation techniques, advantages, and the other offerings that these tools bring to the table. However, the article focuses on covering details related to Blue Prism and how it is laid out. We will then take a look at how Blue Prism fares in comparison to other RPA tools. You can directly jump into a specific section that interests you, if you are already aware of the concepts or else go by the traditional approach of understanding the concepts first and then to the actual topics later


What is RPA ?

RPA is an acronym that stands for Robotic Process Automation and is a software that uses techniques like screen scraping and others to automate the necessary clerical tasks. RPA could be understood as a business process automation technique or technology which is based on the notion of intelligent workers or software robots. RPA is one of the branches of Artificial Intelligence where it is used extensively, to automate the workflows for their legacy systems. RPA finds its use in many organizations that still rely on age-old legacy systems. Other than this, there are other opportunities where skilled labor are used which could’ve been automated for efficient work completion.

In layman terms if we want to understand what RPA is, it can be broken down to three levels. 

  • Robotic - Machines that can enact human actions on a business system (hence called a robot)
  • Process - A sequence of steps when followed completes an assigned business task
  • Automation - Something which can be done by a machine than an individual to save time and also at the same time be effective and efficient.

Now, with this understanding, Robotic Process Automation is the art by which a possibility of monotonous work done by an individual be replaced by an automated task performed by robots instead of skilled labor. In other words, enacting a series of steps to complete a meaningful task without any human interaction or supervision can be termed as Robotic Process Automation.

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How does RPA work?

Now with an initial understanding of what RPA is all about, let us now take a deeper look and understand how does RPA actually work. Here, we shall discuss in detail to understand all the nitty-gritty details about Robotic Process Automation (RPA) altogether. RPA bots would be transforming back offices just the same way how the industrial robots transformed the traditional factory floors. RPA bots would be doing the same things that are actually done manually (in the traditional way), but the difference would be that it would all be programmed well beforehand.

For an example, if an RPA bot can be programmed to open a certain file, input some data into it and later copy paste some details. Such an RPA bot would require some knowledge either on the programming side but not with RPA. Let us take a look at 4 different ways of setting up an RPA bot to achieve a task as discussed earlier.

[Related Page: The Future in Blue Prism Automation Tool]


As discussed earlier, one of the ways to set up an RPA bot is via programming, using a programming language of your choice. But this will require an individual to be technically inclined to achieve this. Programming instructions would be laid out by such programs on how to use/interact with the actual system to get the things done. Since that this requires both programming skills and the patience to go through various scenario fixes, this not suitable for non-technical people. Hence we would not be discussing this any further, but it is an option nonetheless. 

Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs):

There are so many vendors who provide the required tools to configure RPA bots with features like dragging and dropping on to simple UIs. Using tools like this, RPA bots can be configured by anyone from the organization as such.


RPA bots can complete tasks based on recorded set of actions, just like macros on Excel. These activities can involve taking data from a source and merge it with some more additional data on Excel to come to a conclusion on the details available. Most of the campaigns are actually decided based on the data retrieved in such a manner. Recorders have the power to program RPA bots to perform a set of tasks without any issues repetitively. There are a couple of issues that this process is prone to:

  • Recording all the steps in a complex environment is error prone, and also at the same time can be difficult too.
  • Maintaining these recorders and to make minor changes based on the requirements can get a little cumbersome as these are machine generated.

Self-learning bots:

Self-learning bots are fed with the recorded employee tasks and activities and from it, RPA bots can identify any tasks that can be automated. Once these tasks are identified, they would be learning from the repetitive actions using the scraped screenshots and activities. Their learning can be a bit of concern as it totally relies on the scraped screenshots and any minor change to the actual set of recorded activities might have to relearn the process. Once these RPA bots are all setup in a Customer’s environment, there can be an orchestration service that handle the life-cycle of these bots.

[Related Page: RPA Implementation Challenges]

What is Blue Prism ?

Blue Prism Group is the Organization who has come with the enterprise Robotic Process Automation software named Blue Prism, which helps in eliminating high risk and low return manual data entry work. Blue Prism is a Robotic Process Automation software product that helps businesses with an agile digital workforce. These software robots can be more cost effective and efficient by following the rule based processes and interact with the business systems just the same way as any regular day user would do.

The digital workforce that you create (the RPA bots) are very much secure, reliant, consistent and also scalable. This will relieve the skilled individuals from the mundane and monotonous job and lets them concentrate on much bigger areas of interest. All of this can be achieved by the software robots that we create using Blue Prism, which in turn will be called your digital workforce.


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Overview of Blue Prism:

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As discussed above, Blue Prism is a tool that could be used to automate your business process through presentation integration. It has a built-in support to connect to a variety of application user interfaces ranging from browser-based HTML pages, Windows applications, Java applications and also Mainframe applications that will be accessed via terminals. Blue Prism uses an adapter that will enable interfacing with the external world, called as Visual Business Object (VBO). Each of these VBO implementations use a specific set of operations that are run against an application’s user interface. A organization user (might be a developer or even a business analyst), may use a Blue Prism component called Blue Prism Object Studio GUI to create these objects. None of these processes require writing any code for that.

Each of these Visual Business Objects, would expose its own operations to a Blue Prism process and in order to create one, a user would use Blue Prism Process Studio. The steps for the process can be defined by the user graphically and each of these steps would then be invoking the necessary VBOs to talk to your business application. All of these objects, the VBOs, the processes and all the information related to these objects are finally stored on a SQL Server database. Control Room is the module that the business users can use to start or view the information related to Blue Prism processes. System Manager is the module that allows users to configure additional users, allows to perform management related tasks and also allows to view audit logs.

In a real life scenario, Blue Prism process acts the same way as like a human user accessing each of the business applications to carry out a regular business process. The following picture will show a clearer depiction of all the modules that we have discussed till now:

Blue Prism Overview

Blue Prism Features:

In the previous sections of the article, we have gone through the details about Blue Prism and also we have gone through a brief overview of the product as well. In this section, let us go through some of the features that Blue Prism offers to their end customers as well:

  • Enables a safe and secure management of its virtual workforce (containing the software robots)
  • It is a full blown automation solution that helps in load distributions and also maintains its own queue management
  • Blue Prism provides encryption, load balancing and features like audit.
  • It has a feature of different spying modes based on the application type
  • Blue Prism also enables the session details to external Analytics systems or monitoring systems to configure dashboards
  • With its latest version (v6), it extends its support to Amazon AWS Cloud and Microsoft Azure.
  • Many of the file types ranging from XML, CSV, Excel, PDF and all image types can be automated
  • Blue Prism can also automate code that’s written in Mainframe, Java, Windows applications and even in Web based applications
  • There is absolutely no need to write any code when working with Blue Prism tool


Blue Prism Components:

Blue Prism as such is a combination of libraries, tools and also some runtime environments provided for RPA. Each of these RPA based softwares have two main components in general. Let us discuss about these in the further sections of the article, but let us take a brief glance about them below:

  • Process Studio
  • Object Studio

What is a Object Studio?

Blue Prism Object Studio is the module where you get the chance to create a Visual Business Object, generally goes by the acronym VBO. Visual Business Objects are created just so that they can interact with other business applications.

What is a Visual Business Object?

A Visual Business Object (VBO) is assigned to enact as an adapter to a specific application’s user interface. To achieve this, each of a VBO has 3 components that it relies upon:

  • Connector:
    • It is a standard library provided by Blue Prism in order to enable communication with a specific application’s user interface.
  • Application Control Interface (ACI):
    • This in specific is used to expose the elements of the target application’s user interface using the VBO’s connector in turn.
  • Pages:
  • There can be one or more than one pages involved and each of these to implement the whole operation or a part of the operation which a VBO can later perform.

Understanding the 3 components within a VBO

Choosing a Connector:

A connector within the VBO’s context is the one who is responsible to handle all the low-level interaction with the target application’s user interface. Since there can be various application interfaces available based on the application that is chosen, Blue Prism has provided a plethora of connectors (of which, we will discuss some below):

  • HTML connector to interact with the HTML, JavaScript or ActiveX controls of the application’s browser interface.
  • Java connector to work with user interfaces with technologies like Swing, AWT, Applets or Oracle Forms further based on the JVM used.
  • Mainframe connector to connect via the terminal emulators from vendors as like IBM, Micro Focus, Attachmate etc.
  • Citrix connector to connect to application’s user interface via Microsoft Remote Desktop Services or Citrix XenApp.

Creating an application control interface:

Based on the connector chosen above, Blue Prism would further models each of these screens in an application’s user interface as a group of elements, and each of these elements would represent some aspect of the user interface. Further to that, a user would then make use of Application Modeler to create ACIs. Below is the typical Application Modeler setup:

Blue Prism Object Studio

Creating pages:

Logic of a Visual Business Object (VBO) is implemented within one or more pages. The following figure shows how each page contains the required operations which are nothing but a set of stages holding the data items used by that operation.

Pages in VBO containing stages along with data items

A page when published allows for it be invoked by Blue Prism process or by other softwares as well. A page can be kept private so that it can be used in other pages inside a VBO. Irrespective of the choices made, a page begins with a Start and ends with an End stage (as shown in the figure above). Let us now take a look at some of the most common stages within a VBO:

  • Read: Reads the data from an UI element into a data item
  • Write: Puts data from an available data item onto a UI element
  • Navigate: Do necessary clicks to navigate to the respective area on a application screen
  • Wait: Conditional wait for a condition to be met
  • Link: Stages within a page’s operations can be linked
  • Decision: Provides a conditional statement to decide (control flow)
  • Choice: Enacts as like a Switch statement allowing only one choice from the available list of choices
  • Calculation: Expressions that perform data manipulation or calculation
  • Loop: Constructs to traverser through the available data
  • Page: To call another Page from within a VBO
  • Exception: Erroneous scenarios throwing back failure of an operation
  • Recovery: Handles code blocks to recover from erroneous scenarios
  • Resume: Ends a timed wait and gets back into execution
  • Alert: Notifies subscribers on the even that has happened, for example an exception will be notified

Frequency Asked Blue Prism Interview Questions

What is Process Studio?

Blue Prism Process Studio will be similar to a flowchart and it will be the actual area where a process be created. There are other features like Control loops, logic, variables and object calls possible than what are available in Object studio. These can all be sequenced and tested cleanly inside a business flow flawlessly. A process can further be understood as a depiction of a human user. It can also be a sequential set of steps that needs to be carried out with the interaction from several other applications.

What is a Blue Prism process?

As discussed above, a Blue Prism process can  be understood as a depiction of a Human user as it accesses applications through their respective user interfaces as a regular user does. To be very precise, to some extent a Blue Prism process can be understood similar to that of a VBO.

Creating a process:

A Business Process is created using Blue Prism Process Studio and as we discussed - as Blue Prism Processes are similar to VBOs, Process Studio is also similar to Object Studio. This is depicted in the following figure in some more detail:

 Blue Prism Process

Just the way we have seen in Object Studio, a process has its own page where the analyst can group on logic basis. Process Studio just like Object Studio, allows its users to create some logic graphically. Process Studio also provides debugger tools to allow users to step through processes and understanding the logics better. The biggest challenge that someone might face is the business processes being set with the proper values. Hence the feature from Process Studio to keep track of the history of changes that were made and made by which individual, to recover the last working state without any hassles.

There is also another issue that analysts face while working with business processes - track of what happens when these are executed. Blue Prism process can be tested to see how much percentage of chances the process is covering based on the real time data, which helps them tweak the process a little bit - should there be a need to do it. Immediate feedback can be achieved and also very helpful in making the business process more effective and efficient.

What are Business Objects?

In order to implement a RPA system in any given organization, there is a need for us to have a real process which does the actual tasks and it also needs to work along with a set of external applications. Business Object is a diagram which is different from the actual process diagram that is nothing but an interface to the application. 

Business Object will never be configured in the Blue Prism Process Studio but will be configured on an environment called the Blue Prism Object Studio. The main objective of a Business Object is to provide an interface to a business application. A Business Object will never be exposed to the Control Room module and it will never be running on its own. It will always be used along with a Process.

Other RPA tools available in the market:

In the sections above, we have gone through a very detailed explanation of all the components within Blue Prism and about the product altogether. Let us now take a look at the other available options for businesses to look at, other than Blue Prism. This is more likely to be an introduction into the other available tools in the market but won’t cover any internal details about the product. Let us now take a look at these, one after the other:

  • UiPath:

UiPath is yet another strong player in the RPA domain competing with Blue Prism neck on neck. They have already been providers for robotic process automation solutions to organizations as like Ernst & Young, SAP, JPMorgan, Accenture, Deloitte, BBC etc.
UiPath provides 3 robotic process automation tools namely - UiPath Studio, UiPath Orchestrator and the UiPath Robots

  • Openspan:

Pega had recently acquired Openspan RPA software organization to complement their already existing BPM (Business Process Management) platform. This makes Pega an ideal choice for Organizations who would no longer have to choose between Automation Vs Digital transformation. Robotic Automation & Intelligence is the offering provided by Pega in the RPA domain.

  • Automation Anywhere:

Automation Anywhere is another vendor in the RPA domain who has already been providing robotic process automation solutions to clients as like KPMG, ECM2, Genpact etc. Automation Anywhere Enterprise is the product that Automation Anywhere provides.

  • Workfusion:

WorkFusion is yet another organization which is committed to develop AI based software products to bring about transformation at work. Some of the key areas where WorkFusion concentrates are Cognitive Automation, Artificial Intelligence and Robotic Process Automation. WorkFusion is already partnered with Wipro, Virtusa, FIS, HCL and etc.

Differences between the available RPA tools:

With the other tools discussed in some detail which fall in the same space of Robotic Process Automation, let us now dedicate some time in understanding how these can outperform each other on various aspects. As there are multiple factors that we can evaluate each of these products, we have tried to keep it to bare minimum but details intact. With no further delay, we will take a look at the following table which provides the differences amongst these RPA tools.

Features UiPath Blue Prism Automation Anywhere Openspan WorkFusion
How to learn? Has a free-edition to play with and understand the features available There is no trial version available but its feature are well explained A 30 days trial version to explore and understand the features available No Trial version available Has a WorkFusion RPA Express version to get yours hands dirty
How easy or hard is the learning? Comes with a user friendly visual designer explaining stuff on the go. Comes with a user friendly visual designer explaining stuff on the go.
This is easier than Automation Anywhere
Strictly for developers as it requires heavy programming skills Relatively easier than Automation Anywhere Relatively easier than Automation Anywhere
Popularity Most popular
More popular than Automation Anywhere
Least popular when compared to UiPath and Blue Prism Least popular amongst the tools that we are discussing Midway between Blue Prism and Openspan
Pricing UiPath sells per bot Blue Prism sells per bot too Automation Anywhere sells per process Has a subscription based pricing (SaaS) WorkFusion sells per process
Extremely user friendly
Has features like macro recording and drag-drop
Has features like drag-drop
Has features like macro recording and drag-drop

Has features like drag-drop

Has features like macro recording and drag-drop

Benefits of using Blue Prism:

In the earlier sections, you would have got a complete idea about Blue Prism altogether. In this section of the article, we will see some benefits of using Blue Prism tool:

Benefits of using Blue Prism

  • No IT skills are required to implement in Blue Prism
  • A solution can be implemented at the shortest time span
  • Allows you to automate application controls there by increasing bot’s velocity
  • Provides a rich feature set on the analytics suite
  • Allows building effective and efficient end to end business process automation
  • More efficient and effective end to end business process automation can be achieved using Blue Prism
  • You can obtain real time feedback from Control Room module, which will help you get a detailed insight into your digital workforce.
  • Custom permissions module allows robot groups and robots be given user specific access for a safe and secure automation process
  • Data storage, access and connectivity is ensured using the multi-tiered encryption algorithms
  • Customized digital front ends provide an easy way to integrate front office agents and the back office bots in improving humans and bots interaction.


In this article, we have discussed in detail about the core concepts of Robotic Process Automation (RPA) and later we discussed in detail about one tool named Blue Prism. It is a full blown solution to all your automation requirements. We have discussed in detail on the usage of Process Studio and Object Studio respectively. We have gone through some of the advantages that Blue Prism brings to the table and also discussed about the tools that fall into the same space. Also, we have discussed in detail about their differences and how each of these solve the automation requirements in different business areas.

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