Automation Anywhere has been one of the booming platforms in today’s RPA industry and is the most prominent RPA Tool. Various business organizations across the world are utilizing the innovations and advancements of Automation Anywhere to meet the needs of their customers. This tool is being considered important in various organizations.
This article is about Automation Anywhere Interview questions and we are going to discuss the topmost and frequently asked Automation Anywhere Questions in an interview. So, for your better understanding and convenience, we have segregated the questions into three levels
We Provided the most frequently asked automation anywhere interview questions and answers that will help you to crack your interview take look into them
|Types of Automation Anywhere Interview Questions|
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Automation is a technique used for creating a process or a system that works automatically. Automation can also be defined as a process to control or monitor the production and the delivery of various products and services.
Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a process used to automate business operations using robots, in order to reduce human interference. The main goal of RPA is to eliminate the tedious and repetitive clerical tasks performed by a human. Now we will have a look at each term of RPA:
There are a lot of benefits one can avail from employing robotic process automation:
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The main motive to use automation is to enhance efficiency and reduce the errors from several business processes. Moreover, it mostly avoids the intervention of humans to a great extent.
Automation Anywhere is one of the prominent RPA vendors offering authoritative and user-friendly RPA capabilities to automate any complex task. The main motive of RPA is to furnish users with secure, scalable, and volatile services.
The typical steps involved in automation anywhere are:
The key features of automation anywhere are:
Automation Anywhere is a distributed architecture. In this architecture, the control room will be the centralized manager.
This architecture mainly consists of Bot Creators and Bot Runners connected to the control room, as shown below in the figure.
Automation Anywhere architecture has three primary components. They are:
Along with the control room, it also deals with:
The control room is the central part of the Automation Anywhere architecture which acts as a web-based platform to control automation anywhere. It offers centralized features that include source control, automation deployment, provides a dashboard, and user management.
There are mainly three types of Bots present in Automation Anywhere:
Task Bots: These are the bots that automate the tasks that are repetitive as well as rule-based. These bots are best for HR Management, document administration, and IT services. These bots improve productivity, process efficiency, and ultimately save costs. The common examples of this will be customer registration and sending notifications.
Meta bots: Meta bots are blocks in automation anywhere which can be reused for the optimization of processes. The Meta bot blocks are independent and are used for performing common user interface operations such as logging into the system. Examples of Metabots will be the user login screen and user validation interface.
IQ Bots: Compared to the other two bots, IQ bots are much more advanced. These bots can train themselves accordingly from the given data and perform based on their learning. These bots automate using cognitive technology. Examples of this will be Multilingual ChatBots and Personal Assistants.
There are two types of licenses in Automation Anywhere. They are:
Bot Creator - The name itself gives the meaning that they are used for the creation of Bots. These are desktop-based applications, and their code is stored in the control room by receiving authentication. Different developers can create one or more kinds of Bots, but at last, they can be merged and can be executed at once.
Bot Runner - This is a kind of machine which is used to run Bots. By using Bot Runner, there is a possibility to run the Bots parallelly. To run any of the Bot, one must have a Run license. The bots are returned to the control room if there is any failure in the middle of the Process.
The system requirements are:
The following are the key applications where Automation Anywhere is used. They are:
Automation Anywhere must be used due to some reasons. They are:
The difference between RPA and selenium are as follows:
|Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a process used to automate business operations with the help of robots, in order to reduce human interference.||This automation tool is specially designed for testing web applications.|
|The key components are software bots.||The core part of Selenium is Web drivers.|
|Many tools can be used, but the cost depends on the features and advancements||Selenium is an open-source tool|
|Platform Independent||Platform independent and can be compared with C, Python, and PERL.|
Yes, we can use Automation Anywhere for the agile testing method same as that of continuous integration. In most situations, there is no need for a sophisticated level of documentation; in such cases, testing the agile method is not useful.
Three types of recorders are available in Automation Anywhere. They are:
The following are the benefits of Automation Anywhere:
It is a tool designed to automate GUI (Graphical User Interface) using the ‘Visual Image Match (VIM)’ Method. Sikuli is known as graphical UI. In the sikuli, all the web elements are stored in the project. This tool considers aspects like images and triggers Graphical User Interface interactions based on VIM. Sikuli is mainly used to automate flash objects as well as Windows-based applications.
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There are mainly four types of frameworks, and they are:
Selenium is a framework for the test suite in the automation anywhere approach. Selenium is open-source, and it is useful for automating mobiles and web environments. This framework provides enhanced support for programming languages, including PHP, Perl, Python, and Java.
Both selenium and sikuli are powerful tools used in Automation Anywhere. Selenium does not support automating the flash objects whereas sikuli does support it. Sikuli is used for automating web applications as well as Windows. On the other hand, selenium can work only on web applications. The visual match is present in the Sikuli and selenium does not contain a visual match in it.
The framework is a platform for building any suite, including an automation suite. This is designed in such a way that it becomes more useful for providing adequate information on several aspects. Moreover, it provides a platform on which the developers can build the programs for a specific purpose.
In case of performing repetitive tasks, we will choose to automate a test. Automating a test saves a lot of time as well as reduces human efforts. Moreover, smoke, sanity, and regression test cases are scenarios where automating a test is a good option. Automating a test with more than one data set will provide more accurate results.
The following are the factors that must be considered while planning Automation Anywhere. They are:
Generally, this kind of question is asked by experienced professionals in automation.
Here you can mention the skills that you possess on automation tools. The answer to this question entirely depends on the individual.
Any systems with different features are used in Automation Anywhere. The main reason is that there is no necessity for back-end coding, and this is a great advantage for this framework as well.
The five things which we can automate are as follows:
There are several automation tools for testing, but some of the essential tools for automation anywhere testing are QTP, Robotium, SoapUI, and Telerik Test Studio.
QTP stands for Quick Test Professional, and it is one type of automation tool that is considered in test environments.
Launch Website Activity is the command used to launch the website.
The read CSV or Text File command is used to read the CSV files through Automation Anywhere.
The major difference between UiPath, Automation Anywhere and Blue Prism are:
|Feature||Automation Anywhere||UiPath||Blue Prism|
|Architecture||Network Computing Model.||Cloud-based orchestrator.||Two-tier architecture|
|Popularity||Less popular than UiPath and Blue Prism||Best popular tool||Popular when compared to Automation Anywhere.|
|Accuracy||Accurate across mediums.||Accurate among various levels such as Citrix automation, web, and desktop.||Provides more accuracy across Citrix automation for BPO.|
|Coding||Activities are provided for each and every functionality so that there is no need for programming.||No coding is required||In this, it provides a way for the users to code. But there is a possibility to manage without coding|
The significant difference between RPA and automation can be described based on parameters.
|Technology-Based||Comprehends the actions of the user at the UI level||Programming takes center stage and makes use of many APIs to integrate several systems on one platform|
|software/vendor limitations||RPA mostly relies on the UI layer and restrictions which it faces will be redundant.||Automation of legacy systems demands complete knowledge of the software.|
|Customization||RPA is designed in such a way that it can meet the needs of the particular user.||Traditionally automation faces critical challenges.|
|Usage||Mainly used in the production environment.||It is used for UAT environments and product performance.|
|Turn-around time||RPA offers a “record and plays” automation method.||Demands for quality tests and complex programming.|
|What does it reduce?||Reduces human intervention or workforce.||Reduces execution time.|
The following are the factors that we need to consider for scripting standards. They are:
The main reason for not considering manual testing is that it needs additional resources and also consumes a lot of time. Other causes such as projects are plentiful as well as time-bound and performing tasks repeatedly will make manual testing not wise for the Automation Anywhere.
In Automation Anywhere approach errors are handled based on the exact cause of the problem and nature. In this approach, automation software is already equipped with error-handling mechanisms to handle the errors.
Modern automation software is equipped with one of the key features known as ROI calculation. This calculating ROI offers more advantages and provides useful information. Moreover, it also provides a simple way to know what exactly to automate first. By this key feature, confusion among employees can be reduced, and the complex processes can be automated first and therefore enhances efficiency.
Automation Anywhere is a practical approach that reduces human efforts and errors. The main reason is this approach saves lots of time. This approach is similar to that of artificial intelligence to perform processes and tasks more efficiently.
The biggest challenge associated with Automation Anywhere is a shortage of skills and cost variations in some situations. Moreover, tasks are performed usually without worrying about failure and break in the middle of the functions.
We need to pay attention during task creation because it lets the automation process work reliably. Moreover, it also engages only those who have excellent skills in the process.
The first and foremost thing we need to pay attention to is whether the process can be automated or not. The next strategy is considering smaller inputs and building up slowly. Furthermore, we need to pay attention to another factor called information security. Another approach is to use the available tools to transform the operations.
Yes, but it is an extremely complex task to perform. Generally achieving 100% automation is not a target in any of the automation processes. Operations that aim at the same are not considered in any of the automation processes.
The tasks such as running the script and errors must be monitored regularly. Identification of strategies that are reusable and make use of it for the separate file is also followed. Moreover, following coding conventions and adding appropriate comments are the tasks that must be monitored regularly in automation.
The following are the characteristics of a good framework, and they are:
Yes, it is possible to read PDF files through Automation Anywhere. By PDF integration command, we can read PDF files in Automation Anywhere.
A MetaBot is a block in automation anywhere, which can be reused for the optimization of processes. Meta bot blocks are independent. MetaBots are primarily used for common user interface operations such as logging into the system. Through MetaBots, one can create automation building blocks, which can capture information from the user interfaces and the other APIs. MetaBots provide much-needed scalability to the applications by aiding integration with the other processes. MetaBots are best used for those processes which are complex and require scalability.
Manual testing needs multiple resources, and it is time-consuming and costly as well. Manual testing is prone to specific errors that are generated due to inaccurate data. Hence, manual testing is not a good option for complex as well as large projects. Testing through Automation Anywhere is faster and also testing complex projects without any human errors could be an easy task and can be completed on time efficiently.
For developers who are good at scripting, Automation Anywhere is the best choice, since it is entirely based on scripting. Blue Prism makes use of visual process designers instead of scripts. Secondly, macro readers are available in Automation Anywhere, which speeds up the process of mapping. This is something that is not available in Blue Prism since the architecture of Blue Prism is a bit outdated in comparison to the Automation Anywhere. Moreover, Automation anywhere is known for its cognitive capability rather than Blue Prism.
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It is understood that for every ten lines of code, there need to be three lines of code that need to be inserted. There should be optimized utilization of the system wherever there is a possibility, as it is a vital factor. There should be proper space, Uniform naming tradition, Error handling module, and administration.
From the bot store in Automation Anywhere, developers can purchase ready-to-use bots and digital workers. The ready-to-deploy bots are the bots, which are prebuilt and can automate individuals as well as repetitive tasks. On the other hand, Digital workers are the ones who can automate business processes. It saves the development costs as well as the development time since the bots are pre-built.
Automation Anywhere provides a platform for developing bots that could automate the business processes and repetitive as well as individual tasks. Automation anywhere helps in developing bots that can automate at an enterprise scale. It provides cognitive automation for unstructured data, which helps in developing intelligent bots. If the deployment needs to be done instantly, developers can buy ready deploy bot, instead of spending time on the development of bots. Bot store helps to jump-start bot deployment. Automation Anywhere is the best option for those developers who are good in programming since Automation Anywhere makes use of scripting for the development of Bots.
Some of the key advantages of RPA Mobile App in automation anywhere are:
The delay command delays the next step in the TaskBot as well as MetaBot. The delay command specifies whether to delay for a specific period of time or for a randomized period of time, based on a given range. While "Wait for window" command adds a particular condition to wait for the contents of a screen to change before doing the next set of actions.
Yes, it is possible to automate processes completely in an organization. With Automation Anywhere, 100 percent of automation could be achieved. However, it depends on an organization’s priority, whether it wants to go for complete automation or partial automation because complete automation has certain advantages. In an organization, primarily those areas are targeted for automation which has repetitive or redundant tasks.
One of the significant differences between test automation and the RPA is, the test automation lives in the context of test environments. It makes use of test data. On the other hand, RPA works on live business or production data, that exists in the production environments.
A CSV file could be easily read or imported in Automation Anywhere by using the command “Read from CSV”. The command is found under the applications category. After selecting the commands, the CSV file could be selected from its specified path, and then it could be imported almost instantly.
Bot lifecycle management is based on the principles of DevOps if you want to have a different environment for each of the stages, that is for the development stage, testing stage, and production stage. Hence, it enables end-to-end lifecycle management of the bots. In this way, the developer doesn’t need to manage the development process along with the test environments explicitly, as the lifecycle management framework will do the same. The Bot Lifecycle management framework will handle the dependencies as well. Bot lifecycle management is available with Automation Anywhere Enterprise. It also helps to integrate with DevOps workflow. So, in a given scenario, when the development has to be done as per the DevOps workflow, Bot Lifecycle management needs to be used.
For desktop applications, Screen Recorder and Smart Recorder can be used. While for web applications, Smart Recorder and Web Recorder can be used. Screen Recorder is considered as best for Capture Mouse Click and Keystroke Operations. This recorder includes operations such as Click, moments, Click and drag, and Insert Keystrokes. These activities are largely used for desktop; hence that is why it is suitable for desktop applications. Smart Recorder is primarily used for capturing window objects such as coordinates, object properties, and the image Playback mode. That is why it can be used for both desktops as well as web applications. Web Recorder is capable of extracting data from the website. Web recorder also functions based on the provided URL. That is why it is considered best for Web Applications.
There are different ways to control the task creation in Automation Anywhere. Some of the best practices are:
The steps which could be followed in this scenario are:
There are two types of error handling command in Automation Anywhere, and they are:
We use string operation commands in Automation Anywhere to perform the following actions:
Below are the different RPA tools
|Kofax||OpenSpan by Pegasystems|
|Kofax Capture||NICE Actimize RPA|
|RPA Infrastructure||and more...|
Soujanya is a Senior Writer at Mindmajix with tons of content creation experience in the areas of cloud computing, BI, Perl Scripting. She also creates content on Salesforce, Microstrategy, and Cobit. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter.