Azure Data Factory (ADF) Integration Runtime

Are you curious to learn about Azure data factory and its integration runtime? Let's go ahead. This article blog will teach you about Azure Data Factory Integration runtime and its types. By going through this article, you will understand what Azure data factory is, what integration runtime is, different types of integration runtimes, and the practical approach to implementing them. Mainly, you will learn the step-by-step procedure to create an Azure data factory instance in a detailed way.

Integration runtime is the infrastructure that is used for computations. Azure Data Factory uses it to offer many integration capabilities. They can be data flows and data movement, activity dispatch, and SSIS package execution.

Know that the data factory offers three integration runtimes: Azure, self-hosted, and Azure SSIS. Azure integration runtime, as well as Azure SSIS, are usually managed by Microsoft. Besides, users manage self-hosted integration runtime.

This blog deeply digs into the basics of Azure data factory, integration runtime and its types, the step-by-step procedure to create Azure data factory instance, and so on. Let’s go over them!

Azure Data Factory Integration Runtime - Table of Contents

What is Azure Data Factory (ADF)?

Let's understand Azure Data Factory first. Azure Data Factory is the platform that is used to perform various operations on large amounts of data. To understand it more clearly, we will go through an example: Let's say there is an E-commerce company that generates an enormous amount of data daily, such as the number of orders placed, bookmarks, delivery status, etc., and the company wants to extract insights from this data and also wants to automate it such that company will get all the insights and report on daily basis.

Being a cloud-based Extract-Transform-Load (ETL) tool, A.D.F. provides the facility to build workflows and monitor and transform data at a vast scale. These workflows are usually referred to as 'Pipelines'. Additionally, users can also convert data into visuals using various tools available. With ADF's help, we can organize raw and complex data and extract meaningful insights.

It provides Integration Runtimes, which are responsible for executing data integration activities. Azure Data Factory supports data migrations and allows you to create and run data pipelines on a specified schedule.

If you want to enrich your career and become a professional in Azure Data Factory, then enroll in "Azure Data Factory Online Training". This course will help you to achieve excellence in this domain.

What is Azure Data Factory Integration Runtime?

Now moving towards A.D.F. Integration Runtime, A.D.F. integration runtime is a component of A.D.F. which helps integrate data sources and destinations. It is also used to manage data movements in and outside the ecosystem. It's a middle person who provides infrastructure, connectivity between various networks, and computation ability that helps to connect A.D.F. and other Data stores or services.

Types of ADF Integration Runtime

1. Azure Integration Runtime (Auto Resolve)

In Azure Integration Runtime, Moving data from Azure to non-azure sources is wholly managed and auto-scaled up. Integration runtime to data store traffic is done via public networks. In this Integration Runtime, Azure provides a range of static public IP addresses, and only these IP addresses are provided access to the data store, such that no other IP address can access the target data store. This type of integration runtime does not require any additional configuration during the creation of pipelines. It dynamically scales up or down as per the integration tasks.

2. Self-Hosted Integration Runtime

If you want to keep data separate from different environments, then you must go for self-hosted integration runtime. As a result, data from two different environments don’t interfere with themselves. With this runtime, you can make a secure transmission from the local environment to the Azure cloud. Besides, you can install this runtime on a virtual machine and on-premises systems.

3. Azure SSIS Integration Runtime

Here, SSIS is the short form of SQL Server Integration Services. With this runtime, you can run the SSIS packages in the Azure data factory. You can quickly shift current workloads to the cloud. Mainly, it offers good flexibility and scalability to the infrastructure. With this runtime, you can perform data integration and ETL workflows. It also offers excellent features such as cloud-enabled workloads, integration of Azure services, logging and monitoring, security compliances, and more.

Moreover, this runtime simplifies infrastructure management so that it is possible for users to focus on creating and running SSIS packages. Also, users can control costs by controlling the start and stop of SSIS packages based on needs.

Key Points of Azure Data Factory Integration Runtime

As you know, Azure Data Factory Integration Runtime manages data movement and transformation activities efficiently. Let's go through a few key points of Azure data factory integration runtime.

  • Data Movement: It simplifies data movement from many sources to destination points. It supports connection with both cloud-based as well as on-premises data sources. They can be Azure blob storage, Azure SQL Database, Oracle, SQL server, etc.
  • Connectivity: The connection with various data sources is made with the help of different protocols such as REST, HTTPS, and OData.
  • Data Transformation: Azure data factory provides wonderful data mapping and transformation capabilities. It helps to modify data structure, format, and content before you load them into the target data store.
  • Monitoring: Azure data factory IR provides robust monitoring and logging capabilities. It helps to track data movement activities and troubleshoot potential issues.
  • Security: Azure data factory employs encryption and authentication mechanisms to ensure secured data transfer.

MindMajix Youtube Channel

Steps To Create Azure Data Factory Integration Runtime

Following is the step-by-step procedure to create Azure Data Factory Integration Runtime: 

Step 1: Create an Azure Data Factory Instance:

1.1. First, Register to the Azure portal using the link

1.2. Next, Click the "Create a resource“ tab in the portal's upper-left corner.

Create a resource

1.3. Now, Search for “Data Factory” and select it from the results.

1.4. Lastly, Click the "Create” button to start the creation process and fill in the required details to create an Azure Data Factory instance.

Step 2: Create Linked Services:

Know that Linked Services determines the connection credentials as well as the required information for every data store. It is important that You must create Linked Services before setting up Integration Runtime (IR).

2.1. First, navigate to your Azure Data Factory instance In the Azure portal.

2.2. Next, click on the button "Author." located on the left-hand side menu

2.3. Then, Click the "Manage" button at the top.

Create Linked Services

2.4. Click the "Linked services" button in the left-hand side menu.

left-hand side menu

2.5. Click the "+ New" button to create a new Linked Service.

2.6. Now, you can choose the type of data store you want to connect. It may be Azure Blob Storage or Azure SQL Database. Then, follow the prompts to provide the connection details.

2.7. Lastly, Repeat the process to create Linked Services for all the data sources as well as destinations.

Step 3: Set-Up Integration Runtime:

Once you have created the Linked Services, you can set up Azure Data Factory Integration Runtime. You can follow the following steps to set up your integration runtime:

3.1. First, navigate to the Manage Tab on the Azure Data Factory Homepage.

Manage tab

3.2. Then, Select the Integration Runtime.

 Integration Runtimes

3.3. Select the “+ New” option.

Set-Up Integration Runtime + New

3.4. You will see a few options. Select Azure, Self-Hosted, and then choose Continue.

Azure Self-Hosted

3.5. After this, select Azure and click Continue.

select Azure

3.6. Provide a name for your Azure IR, and click Create.

 Azure IR

3.7. You will see a popup asking you to select a region. Auto resolve will automatically choose IR based on skin region.

Virtual Network Configuration

3.8. Ensure you see the newly created IR on the Integration Runtimes page.

 Integration Runtimes page.

Learn Top Azure Data Factory Interview Questions and Answers that will help you grab high paying jobs

Azure Data Factory Integration Runtime FAQs

1. What data factory version can I use to create data flows?

You can use the Data Factory version 2 to create data flows.

2. Is there any limit for integration runtime instances in a data factory?

No. There is no limit to having many integration runtime instances in a data factory.

3. What do you mean by Azure data factory?

With azure data factory, you can build data-driven workflows in the cloud. Also, you can manage and automate data movement operations effectively.

4. Name a few major components used in Azure data factory.

  • Pipeline
  • Activity
  • Dataset
  • Mapping data flow
  • Linked service
  • Trigger
  • Control flow.

5. Is coding skill required to work with Azure data factory?

No. Coding skills are not required for Azure data factory. You can easily create workflows in the Azure data factory.

6. Is Azure data factory an ETL tool?

Yes. Azure data factory is an ETL tool.

7. Does learning Azure data factory worthwhile?

Of course! There is a soaring demand for Azure data factory engineers across the world. Therefore, if you gain certification in Azure Data Factory, the chance of getting hired by top companies is high.

8. What triggers does Azure Data Factory support?

Azure data factory supports the following triggers. They are listed below:

  • Schedule trigger
  • Tumbling window trigger
  • Event-based trigger.


This article taught us about Azure Data Integration Runtime, its types, features, and many more. We also get to know how to set up an integration runtime. Now you are ready to install the Azure data factory on your own.

If you want to know more about Azure data factory integration runtime, you can register in MindMajix Azure Data Factory Course and get certification. It will help you improve your Azure data factory skills and elevate your career.

Course Schedule
Azure Data Factory TrainingMay 28 to Jun 12View Details
Azure Data Factory TrainingJun 01 to Jun 16View Details
Azure Data Factory TrainingJun 04 to Jun 19View Details
Azure Data Factory TrainingJun 08 to Jun 23View Details
Last updated: 16 Aug 2023
About Author

Viswanath is a passionate content writer of Mindmajix. He has expertise in Trending Domains like Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Blockchain, etc. His articles help the learners to get insights about the Domain. You can reach him on Linkedin

read less
  1. Share:
Microsoft Azure Articles