Azure Architect Interview Questions

Have you been working as a Azure architect professional? Is your interview around your corner? Well, with the employment season, we have curated Azure architect interview questions with the help of professionals. This will not only help you bag the job but also assist in understanding the concepts required as a last minute revision.

A specialized cloud architect, an Azure architect develops solutions for the Microsoft Azure cloud. The Azure architects are familiar with every stage of the life cycle of a software project, as well as the specific management, team roles, and technical implementation.

Before we dive into the interview questions, let us first understand the roles and responsibilities of an Azure architect professional. The roles and responsibilities of an Azure cloud solutions architect vary greatly in scope depending on the size and type of business organization. However, the majority of Azure architects typically carry out the following tasks:

  • Direct a team of architects in the implementation of a cloud solution.
  • Work alone with technical and business stakeholders to comprehend the challenges the organization faces and to exercise due diligence
  • Create and deploy an Azure cloud architecture while managing issues like migration
  • Calculate and describe the solutions required to carry out cloud migration and ongoing operations.
  • Execute the practical application of suggested solutions and give technical direction to teams throughout the phases of solution development and deployment.
  • Provide team members with information and direction about engineering techniques, standards, and best practices in a proactive manner.
  • Determine the suppositions, problems, and risks that arise through the lifecycle of the project and communicate them.
  • Be the arbiter who finds the right balance between what can be achieved in a realistic manner and what is strategically logical.

With the content being said, it is quite obvious that the demand for these professionals is quite high. Keeping that in mind we have divided these questions into two categories for better understanding which will increase the chances of you bagging the dream job. The categories are:

Top Azure Architect Interview Questions and Answers

  1. Azure App Service: What is it?
  2. Describe the Azure Service Bus and its two components.
  3. Describe the concept of Azure Monitoring.
  4. Windows Azure Diagnostics: What is it?
  5. What exactly do Azure's Network Security Groups do?
  6. Describe Azure's Site Recovery feature.
  7. What are the Windows Azure platform's three main parts?
  8. What does a role in Azure mean?
  9. Explain: The Azure deployments slot 
  10. What are the various Azure storage area types?

Top Questions for Azure Architect Freshers

1. What exactly is updated domains and fault domains?

A fault domain is a logical collection of the underlying hardware that, like a rack in an on-premise data center, shares a single power source and network switch. The Azure platform distributes the VMs across all these fault domains as you create them within an availability set. This strategy reduces the effects of potential hardware malfunctions, network failures, or power outages. A logical collection of the hardware resources known as an update realm is capable of concurrent maintenance or rebooting. The Azure platform distributes the virtual machines across these notification domains as you create them within an availability set.

2. What really is autoscaling in Azure? 

Autoscaling is a technique for automatically changing the number of computing resources allotted to your application depending on its requirements at any given moment. The important thing to remember is that regardless of how quickly or slowly or how large or small your site grows over time, you now can design a scalable architecture that will automatically scale up or down to meet your needs. These are the most well-liked auto-scaling techniques:

  • Vertical Scaling
  • Horizontal Scaling
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3. What happens if you use up all of your allowed failed attempts to authenticate via Azure AD?

To lock accounts, we employ a more sophisticated technique. Based on the request's IP address and the passwords entered, this is done. Based on how likely an attack is, the length of the lockout also lengthens.

4. What distinguishes storage queues from service bus queues?

The Azure Storage Queue is easy to use, and developers report positive results. The Azure Storage Emulator is used locally, and debugging is simple. You can quickly view the top 32 messages in Azure Storage Queues thanks to the tooling, and if the notifications are in XML or JSON, you can view their contents right from Visual Studio. Additionally, these queues can be cleaned of their contents, which really is particularly helpful for QA and development tasks.

The Azure Service Bus Lines are sophisticated and supported by numerous practical mechanisms, making them enterprise-worthy. They were designed to forward messages to certain other Queues and the Service Bus

5. Differentiating Azure Load Balancers from Azure Traffic Manager.

  • Azure Traffic Manager: Azure Traffic Manager's function is to route traffic globally based on adaptable policies, enabling a great user experience that is consistent with how you've organized your application globally.
  • Azure load manager: Traffic within a region is directed by Azure Load Balancer, which is its function. This works in conjunction with Azure Traffic Manager, which routes the interior traffic to a region in between virtual machines. Local failover and global traffic management are obtained by combining the two.

6. Azure App Service: What is it?

For experienced developers, Azure App Service is a managed service Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) offering that offers a wide range of capabilities for use in integration, mobile, and web scenarios. For Enterprise Developers and System Integrators, mobile apps in Azure App Service provide a very flexible, publicly available mobile application development platform that offers a wealth of capabilities to mobile engineers.

7. What is a Service Level Agreement (SLA) for Azure?

The SLA guarantees that access to the cloud service will be retained at least 99.95% of the time when you have sent two or more position instances for each role. Additionally, when a role instance's procedure isn't running, identifying and re-correction actions will start 99.9% of the time.

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8. List the many benefits of utilizing Azure ML Studio.

The most well-liked features of Azure ML Studio are its comprehensive set of tools for ranking, clustering, classification, anomaly detection, ranking, and recommendation,. Processes are made simple by the drag-and-drop utility's availability. TensorFlow, Microsoft's Cloud Toolkit, SparkML, and other frameworks are among those that the Azure ML Studio supports.

9. Short description of the Azure Notification Hub

The notification service offered by Microsoft Azure is called Azure Notification Hub. Numerous platforms, including Windows, iOS, WindowsPhone, Android, etc can receive these notifications. Any platform can receive push notifications thanks to this infrastructure. One can telemetry, schedule, and monitor the push notification using Notification Hub. To comprehend the Notification Hub, focus on tags and templates.

10. Describe the Azure Service Bus and its two components.

The cloud-based messaging and communication system used by various applications and devices is called Azure Service Bus. Azure Service Bus offers "message brokers" to handle message processing and "messaging stores" to store messages for later retrieval. The Azure Service Bus contains two entities: queues and topics.

11. How has the hybrid cloud helped to strengthen Azure?

Building applications for both the cloud and on-premises is possible with a hybrid cloud. By achieving efficiency with the aid of DevOps tools, it benefits Azure. Applications can be developed more quickly in the hybrid cloud. It is more practical to be able to utilize it from any remote location.

12. How is the Text Analysis API used?

A type of cloud-based service called Azure ML Text Analysis API is primarily utilized for the NLP of raw text. Key-phrase extraction, Language sensing, object parts, and sentiment analysis are the four main tasks of text analysis.

13. What exactly is an Azure Web App?

The service known as Azure Web App assists us in creating user-interactive, multifunctional, secure, scalable, and extremely reliable applications. It is a platform that aids in hosting web applications by creating, distributing and operating programs. Platform-as-a-Service includes Azure Web App. High scalability, multilingual support, DevOps optimization, compliance and security, simple integration to Visual Studio and Code, serverless code, and low maintenance costs are just a few of the features of the Azure Web App.

Related Article:  Microsoft Azure Tutorial

14. What is the dead letter queue concept?

Death of the letter The queue's function is to store messages that the recipient does not receive. Additionally, it looks for unprocessed messages. Usually, it happens when the queue length exceeds.

15. Describe the concept of Azure Monitoring.

Microsoft's Azure Monitor service aids in the analysis, gathering, and telemetry of data on on-premise and cloud environments. The main benefit of Azure Monitoring is that it aids in quickly identifying problems. Additionally, it aids in raising performance.

Related Article: Azure Monitor

16. Explanation of Azure's verbose monitoring

To analyze the situations that arise during the processing of the application, it gathers data performance matrix within the specific role instance.

17. When do Break-fix issues in Azure occur?

Break-Fix situations are technical hiccups that occur when functions meant to support technology performance fall short of completing their core implementation.

18. List the three ways that one can handle the session state in Azure 

Azure Table, Windows Azure Caching, and SQL Azure are the three methods of managing sessions.

19. Describe the function of Azure Functions

Azure Function is a serverless solution that enables application development without the need for writing any code. Additionally, it enhances the experience of development.

20. What functions does the Application Gateway perform?

This particular variety of load balancers aids in controlling and keeping track of the traffic of web applications. It is set up in the OSI model's application layer. Application Gateways assist with managing sessions, HTTP traffic monitoring, URL-based routing, SSL termination, and Web Application Firewall management.

Top Interview Questions for Azure Architect Experience

1. What are the three RBAC control types available in Microsoft Azure?

The three various roles are as follows:

  • Owner: It is fully authorized to use all resources, including the ability to grant others access.
  • Contributor: All types of Azure services can be created and managed by this contributor, but it is unable to grant access to others.
  • Reader: It has the ability to view current Azure resources.

2. What procedures must be followed in order to transfer an Azure virtual machine from one virtual network to another?

  • In VNET1, eliminate a virtual machine.
  • In VNET2, create a virtual machine.
  • To the newly created VM, attach an existing disc.
Related Article: Azure Virtual Machine

3. How can a virtual machine in an Azure Availability Set be resized?

  • Put a stop to each VM in the availability set.
  • enlarge the single VM 
  • Launch the single VM that you resized.
  • Start the additional VMs once the resizing is successful.

4. Windows Azure Diagnostics: What is it?

You can gather diagnostic information from a Windows Azure-running application using Windows Azure Diagnostics. Diagnostic data can be used for auditing, performance evaluation, resource usage monitoring, traffic analysis, capacity planning, and debugging.

5. What distinguishes Block Blob from Page Blob?

Block blobs are made up of individual blocks, each of which is assigned a unique block ID. By uploading a group of blocks and trying to commit them using their block IDs, you can create or adjust a block blob. You can also upload an entire block blob with a single Put Blob procedure if the block blob is no bigger than 64 MB in size.

A group of pages is called a page blob. A page is a set of data that can be recognized by its tilt from the blob's beginning. By trying to call Put Blob and clarifying its maximum size, you can initialize a page blob.

6. Swap deployments: what are they?

You can "swap" the deployments by changing the VIPs used to access the two deployments in order to promote one from the Azure staging environment to the manufacturing environment. The cloud service's DNS name now points to the implementation that was previously in the staging environment after the deployment.

7. What exactly are Microservices?

The method of building independent core functions is known as microservices. The process is finished by integrating them. Microservice architecture has the benefit of not affecting other functions if one of the functions fails. It was constructed with the intention of providing services more quickly.

8. An overview of the AKS

AKS, or Azure Kubernetes Service, was developed with the intention of managing containerized applications. It aids in the efficient administration of the Kubernetes cluster. Scalability, deployment automation, and workload management are all enabled by open source. It has a self-healing capability as well. The shorthand for Kubernetes is K8s.

9. Inform me about Azure CosmosDB

Microsoft provides CosmosDB, a service as a platform (PaaS). It is thought of as a cloud-based NoSQL database. Additionally, CosmosDB includes an Azure Document database and is available across all Azure Regions. Global replication and distribution of the data in CosmosDB.

In CosmosDB, serverless databases, automatic scaling, and capacity management all work together to balance demand and storage capacity. For web, gaming, IoT, and mobile applications that need a sizable storage platform, CosmosDB offers a solution.

10. Describe the Azure Kubernetes Service in brief (AKS).

A hosted Kubernetes cluster can be easily installed on Azure thanks to the Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS). It is the only one in charge of overseeing containerized applications. It is an open-source approach to traffic management, scaling, and automatic deployment. As a managed Kubernetes service, Azure handles crucial tasks like health diagnosis and management. Due to Azure's control over the Kubernetes masters, you are only responsible for managing and maintaining the agent nodes. As a result, AKS is totally free; the only nodes in the clusters for which you must make payment are the agent nodes.

11. What exactly do Azure's Network Security Groups do?

For various Azure resources, a network security group is a collection of security rules (access control list of rules) that permit or disallow incoming and outgoing network traffic. NSGs can be used to link subnets or specific NICs linked to a subnet so that the rules are applied to every solitary VM in that subnet. For each rule, you can specify the host, the protocol, the sender and receiver addresses, as well as other details.

12. Define Azure table storage.

The Windows Azure Table data storage holds enormous amounts of structured data. A NoSQL service, it accepts calls from within and outside the Windows Azure cloud.

  • Table: A table is a collection of things. A single table could indeed contain entities with different sets of characteristics because tables do not start imposing a format on their constituent entities. A single account contains many tables.
  • Entity: An entity is a group of attributes, much like a database entry. The size of a single entity can reach 1MB.
  • Properties: A property is a pair of name values. There are a maximum of 252 properties per object. Each entity also has three system properties: a partition key, a row, and a size.

13. Describe Azure's Site Recovery feature.

Site Recovery is a provider that guarantees efficient business operations by maintaining corporate workloads and apps online during outages. With the aid of physical and virtual machines, this Azure feature operates in a way that copies activities from the primary site to a secondary location (VMs). You move to the backup location, where you can access the apps when your primary location goes down. When it has been repaired, you can go back to the main location. Replication is ensured for Azure VMs, on-site VMs, Azure Stack VMs, and physical servers by Site Recovery.

14. Does Traffic Manager support sticky sessions?

Clients are directed to the most appropriate service endpoint using DNS responses because the Traffic Manager operates at the DNS level. Additionally, since clients are able to bypass Traffic Manager and connect to the service endpoint, the HTTP traffic between both the client and the server is hidden from Traffic Manager. Additionally, the source IP address of the DNS query that the Traffic Manager receives belongs to the recursive DNS service rather than the client. The traffic Manager is consequently unable to keep track of specific clients or establish persistent sessions. All DNS-based traffic control systems, including Traffic Manager, are subject to this restriction.

Related Article: Azure DNS - Azure Domain Name System

15. What Azure feature can be applied to prevent a heavy application load in the event of flow-level no-man assistance?

The use of VM Scale sets, which specify the specifications for providing a new VM when there is an increase in application load, is the solution to this issue. A load-balanced group of VMs can be created and managed by developers using Azure VM Scale Sets. Depending on demand or a predetermined timeline, the number of virtual machine instances can be automatically increased or decreased. With the aid of scale sets, programmers can make it easier to build large-scale applications that can handle enormous amounts of data, workloads, and compute demands. They enable developers to manage, update, and configure big VMs and guarantee the high availability of the applications.

Most Common  Azure Architect FAQs

1. What different types of cloud deployment models are there?

The three cloud-based deployment models are as follows:

  • Public Cloud: Your cloud provider owns the infrastructure, and the server you are using might be a multi-tenant system.
  • Private cloud: You own the infrastructure or the cloud provider only provides that service to you. For instance, hosting the website on the servers or using a dedicated server from the cloud provider.
  • Hybrid Cloud: This type of cloud computing refers to the use of both public and private clouds simultaneously. For instance, you could host your company's website for the general public on the public cloud and store confidential data on your own internal servers. A hybrid cloud would be this kind of configuration.

2. What is the name of the architecture that I have a few private servers on my establishments and that I have dispersed some of my caseloads on the public cloud?

An example of this kind of architecture is a hybrid cloud. because we use both on-premises servers, which is the private cloud, and the public cloud.

3. What are the Windows Azure platform's three main parts?

The following are the top three elements of the Windows Azure platform:

  • Compute
  • Storage 
  • AppFabric

These parts are available as Azure AppFabric, and Azure Storage. and Azure Compute

Related Article: What is Microsoft Azure

4. What is the Azure CDN's advantage?

The term "Content Delivery Network" refers to Azure. It has three benefits: quick response times, assistance with bandwidth conservation, and shorter load times.

5. Describe the significance of Azure HDInsight.

HDInsight is a component of the Hadoop ecosystem. It assists in processing a large amount of data efficiently, smoothly, and quickly. Even the configuration of the installed software and clusters can be managed completely.

Related Article: HDInsight Of Azure

6. What does a role in Azure mean?

It can be described simply as a group of permissions that facilitate read and write operations. About 120 roles can be found in Azure RBAC.

7. Explain: The Azure deployments slot 

 There are slots for deployment in the Azure Web App Service. Azure Web App supports two different slot types: A manufacturing slot as well a Staging slot. The application runs by default in the production slot, but organizing slots are used to test the usability of the app before promoting it to the manufacturing slot.

8. How can two virtual networks interact with one another?

We must establish a Gateway subnet in order to connect two virtual networks together. The virtual network's range is specified along with the gateway subnet. To specify the size of the subnet to be contained, IP addresses must be used.

9. What are the various Azure storage area types?

  • BLOB: An element for storing large amounts of data or binary data, such as images, audio files, and visual documents, is provided by BLOBs. They can be acquired by using REST APIs and scale up to 200 terabytes.
  • Table: Tables represent areas where information is stored as cloud properties across multiple machines.
  • Queue: A queue's sole purpose is to facilitate communication between Web and Worker Role example instances. They assist in storing texts that customers may access.

10. An availability set is what?

A logical collection of VMs called an availability set gives Azure insight into how your application is designed to offer redundancy and availability. To support a high-availability application and adhere to the 99.95% Azure SLA, it is advised that two or more VMs be created inside an availability set. For unplanned maintenance events when a solitary VM is running on Azure Premium Storage, the Azure SLA is in effect.

Key Upshots

Consider obtaining a certification first if reading thru these Azure interview questions and answers makes you uneasy about how well you'll perform in a meeting. You'll know more about the platform and be able to respond to even highly technical questions if you have an Azure certification. More importantly, you'll boost your confidence and give your resume more credibility.

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Last updated: 04 Apr 2023
About Author


Madhuri is a Senior Content Creator at MindMajix. She has written about a range of different topics on various technologies, which include, Splunk, Tensorflow, Selenium, and CEH. She spends most of her time researching on technology, and startups. Connect with her via LinkedIn and Twitter .

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