Top 9 Java EE Frameworks

Frameworks make developer's life easier; how? Using a software framework to develop applications, developers can focus on high-level functionalities because low-level functionalities are fully taken care of by the framework. Let's have a look at the Top 9 Java EE frameworks to develop complex applications. 

Best Java EE Frameworks Tools in 2023

Table of Content - Here is the list of Java EE Frameworks tools


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#1. Spring Framework

Spring is a popular application framework for Java loved by developers. This framework offers integrated advanced features and resources to create almost any type of application. It runs on the JVM and supports several other programming languages like Kotlin and Groovy.

Spring framework performs recurring tasks in programming such as messaging, data processing, and security. It has a very complicated configuration compared to other frameworks but provides several advanced features useful for enterprise edition applications.

Spring Features

  • Easy test-ability and Backward compatibility
  • Provides efficient Eco-system and community
  • Enables to lead flexible code base like Plain Old Java Objects (POJOs)
  • Supports a large number of packages and classes for enterprise application development

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#2. Hibernate Framework

Hibernate is an open-source Java Framework, also called Object Relational Mapping (ORM) framework widely used to build database structures. It provides HQL query language for database management and offers smooth integration between the databases and Java-based web applications.

Hibernate Features 

  • Provides a secure and robust application base
  • Simple to change data into multiple databases.
  • HQL integrated with Independent database commands
  • It offers collections like Set, Map, and List to enhance applications

#3. Struts Framework

Apache Struts is an open-source MVC framework used by developers to build elegant Java applications. It uses MVC architecture, i.e., Model View Controller, to develop interactive Java-web applications.

The Apache Software Foundation has developed the Struts framework with a secure plug-in architecture, which allows extending the framework by creating JAR files to the classpath of Java-web applications. This framework integrates with multiple plugins, and many of them enable developers to incorporate Struts with different Java frameworks like JSF, JUnit, Spring, etc.

Struts Features 

  • Well-tested and Stable framework
  • It works efficiently with AJAX, REST APIs, and SOAP
  • Supports different types of templates and themes
  • Create web applications using simple, POJO actions
  • It allows integration with other frameworks via plugins

#4. JavaServer Faces (JSF) Framework

JSF is a framework used for building web applications and server-side UI components. It has many APIs that let a developer manage UI components and a custom tag library to develop the JSF interface. By using the Integrated Development Environment (IDE), it becomes astonishingly comfortable to build web applications.

JavaServer Faces Features 

  • Bean Annotations
  • Support HTML5
  • Component-Based Framework
  • Support Internationalization
  • Default Exception Handling
  • Implements Facelets Technology
  • Ease and Rapid web Development
  • Integration with Expression Language
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#5. Google Web Kit (GWT) Framework

GWT is one of the most popular open-source web frameworks mainly used to develop client Java code and extend it to JavaScript. Some popular Google applications such as Adwords, Google Wallet, Adsense, and Blogger are built using GWT.

This framework enables developers to build and test Ajax applications using Java. It has also encouraged developers to create complex web applications for sectors such as banking and trading etc.

Google Web Kit Features 

  • Dynamic and reusable UI components
  • Simple RPC mechanism.
  • Browser history management.
  • Support for full-featured Java debugging.

#6. Play Framework

Play web framework has a user-friendly, lightweight, and stateless structure that allows the development of scalable web applications quickly using Java & Scala.

By using Akka open-source toolkit, this framework is created and runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Akka open-source toolkit includes essential tools and features and user-friendly interfaces for developing web applications and therefore increases the productivity of development.

Play Features

  • Secure configuration
  • Enormous Ecosystem
  • Developer productivity is very high
  • Creates loosely coupled web applications
  • Available with Selenium, JUnit, and unit testing

#7. Grails Framework 

Grails is an open-source Groovy-based framework. Groovy language enhances productivity and enables Oops concepts to develop applications. Learning Groovy is easy that easily integrates with other Java components and features. Also, it has a community and offers more than 900 plugins managed by the community level.

Grails Features

  • Persistence framework
  • Templates using Groovy Server Pages
  • Extensible and customizable Ajax support
  • Dynamic tag libraries to develop web page components

#8. Vert.X Framework

Vert.X is a framework that is primarily built for Java and supports many other languages as well. If you use JavaScript, Groovy, Ceylon, or Ruby, then you can use those on Vert.X framework.  Moreover, one of the amazing facts is that it is a library and not a container.

Vert. X Features 

  • Event-Driven run time, Non-blocking
  • Easy to use scalability and concurrency
  • Polyglot (supports several languages)

#9. Apache Wicket

Wicket is known as “Apache Wicket” because it can be accessed through Apache Software Foundation. Apache Wicket is an open-source and lightweight web framework having an excellent user interface. Developers use it to develop server-side web applications scripted in Java.

A developer can create simple HTML pages and decrease the complexity of writing Wicket applications. With pure Java code and HTML markup, Wicket is the go-to web framework for developers. This popular framework also contains powerful test applications that enhance the productivity of development.

Apache Wicket Features

  • Support HTML and Java languages
  • Easy to write and organize your code
  • Documentation and Support
  • Debug to test particular components of your code


Java Enterprise Edition Frameworks provide a skeleton or complete structure of an application that helps the programmer with the basic tools to create a web-based application or any kind of software. Frameworks consist of a huge collection of pre-written code. 

These were some of the most popular JavaEE frameworks used by programmers to develop robust applications.

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Last updated: 04 Apr 2023
About Author

Pooja Mishra is an enthusiastic content writer working at She writes articles on the trending IT-related topics, including Big Data, Business Intelligence, Cloud computing, AI & Machine learning, and so on. Her way of writing is easy to understand and informative at the same time. You can reach her on LinkedIn & Twitter.

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