Do you know that Thymeleaf is a newer JSP? In this article, we'll compare two versions of the same page for the same Spring MVC application. One version was made with Thymeleaf, and the other was made with JSP, JSTL, and the Spring tag libraries. Here is all the information you require regarding Thymeleaf vs JSP will be curated in a detailed manner along with its features, advantages and disadvantages.
Spring MVC works with many different ways to create templates, such as Thymeleaf, FreeMarker, and JSPs. Also, a lot of other templating engines have their integrations with Spring MVC. They typically include aids for things like printing a variable value, formatting a string, iterating over a collection, filling out forms with parameters, etc. the common issues with views in MVC.
Thymeleaf is more recent, hence it resembles older web MVC frameworks like Django or Rails. more compact and expressive than program-oriented, and more declarative and data-oriented. The older JSP technology is more similar to PHP than the more recent frameworks. It is verbose as Java is and is more program-oriented than data-oriented.
|Thymeleaf vs JSP: Table of Content|
Thymeleaf's main goal is to offer a beautiful and highly maintainable way to create templates. To achieve this, it uses the Natural Templates idea to embed its logic into template files in a way that does not preclude the template from being used as a design prototype. By doing this, the communication between the design and development teams is improved.
Thymeleaf was additionally developed from the bottom up with HTML5 and Web Standards in mind, enabling you to design fully validating templates if that is something you are required to have.
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Similar to Servlet technology, JSP technology is used to construct web applications. Because it offers more capability than a servlet, such as expression language, JSTL, etc., it can be viewed as an extension of the servlet.
HTML tags and JSP tags both make up a JSP page. Because we can separate designing and coding, JSP pages are simpler to manage than Servlet. It offers extra features like Expression Language and Custom Tags, among others.
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1. Supports emails with rich HTML
Thymeleaf's Spring email utilities enable the sending of rich emails. This indicates that, in contrast to other template engines, Rich HTML email features are implemented.
2. Open source
Thymeleaf is an entirely open-source project with thorough instructions and a lively developer community. This implies that bugs are occasionally fixed and new features are released frequently.
3. Strong expression of language
Standard Dialect is used by Thymeleaf as the expression language, which is superior to other template engines like JSP.
4. Integration of development and design
Web designers and developers may work together more effectively thanks to the template engine. The view files may be easily viewed by the designers, who can then work accordingly. Collaboration and understanding will improve with ease.
Here are a few of the key distinctions between Thymeleaf and JSP, according to various criteria
|A template engine called Thymeleaf accepts an HTML file, parses it, and then generates and serves online content. If you include a lot of logic in Thymeleaf code, it's simple to make it illegible.||JSP is not a template engine. After being compiled, it becomes a servlet, which then serves web content.|
|Thymeleaf should be your choice if you want a typical web application where every request should result in a round trip to the server and a page reload. To resolve and render the thymeleaf template at the server side in such a circumstance, the spring boot backend controller will therefore be largely set up with a view resolver. In this instance, the Controller annotation will be applied.||Use Angular or React if you want your front end to have a rich user experience and be a SPA. Additionally, JSON endpoints should be used to expose your spring boot backend. Use of RestController would require GetMapping or PostMapping.|
|Thymeleaf is more recent, hence it resembles older web MVC frameworks like Django or Rails more. more compact and expressive than program-oriented, and more declarative and data-oriented.||The older JSP technology is more similar to PHP than the more recent frameworks. It is verbose as Java is and is more program-oriented than data-oriented.|
You may use Thymeleaf, a wonderful templating engine that takes the role of JSP, in any Spring MVC or Spring Boot application. It's enjoyable to use compared to JSP.
JSP is not a template engine. After being compiled, it becomes a servlet, which then serves web content. Thymeleaf, on the other hand, is a template engine that takes an HTML file, parses it, and then generates web content that is served.
Thymeleaf is a back-end application; it is not a front-end.
A template maker is called Thymeleaf. On the backend server, Spring produces HTML pages. Every time a page is changed, the backend must be called, a new page is created, and the user's page is refreshed.
Compared to other templating languages, Thymeleaf is pretty slow. JSP, on the other hand, is very fast, and FreeMarker and Velocity are close behind.
Thymeleaf is easy to learn and use, so we can write great, clean code that takes the separation of concerns into account.
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Thymeleaf and JSP, both of them are Spring MVC view layers. The first and most fundamental distinction is seen in the file extensions. (.jsp &.html). JSP is not a template engine. After being compiled, it becomes a servlet, which then serves web content. Thymeleaf, on the other hand, is a template engine that takes an HTML file, parses it, and then generates web content that is served.
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