We have been seeing lots of programming languages these days, but nothing can beat the popularity of JAVA. For 25years, it's been the most leading programming language. The Java Framework is a platform that is used to create and develop web applications. There are numerous Java frameworks available in the market. In this article, we are going to check the list of Top 14 Java Frameworks. But, before that, What is a Java Framework? Let's get into the details.
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So, let us begin with the Java Framework definition first, which I am going to talk about in the section below.
Java Framework is a platform of pre-written codes that are used by Java developers to create Java web applications. It acts as a template in which a developer is able to use for creating the software application and Java program.
The Framework helps developers to generate a program for the application without the manual to refer to every line of code from scratch. It includes pre-defined functions and classes that are used to input, manage, and process the hardware devices, and communicate with system software. This process depends on the type of framework, a program to generate output, and preferences.
Let’s check out the Top14 Java frameworks further in detail.
First on the list is Apache Spark, which is a unified analytics engine used for large-scale data processing. It achieves high performance for both streaming and batch data using a physical execution engine, DAG scheduler, and a query optimizer. It provides around 80 high-level operators that are used to build parallel apps quickly.
Spark is used for a wide range of organizations to process large datasets. It runs on Kubernetes, Hadoop, Apache Mesos, or in the cloud. It can access various data sources such as Apache Hive, Apache Cassandra, Apache HBase, HDFS, Alluxio, and many more.
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Second on the list is Apache Struts, which is an open-source MVC framework used to create elegant, modern Java web applications. It supports extensible plugin architecture, convention over configuration, and ships with plugins to support AJAX, JSON, and REST. This framework is designed to organize the entire development process from building to deploying and maintaining applications.
Apache Struts provides easy integration with other frameworks such as Spring, SiteMesh, and Tiles. It offers integrated profiling to debug and profile the application. Also, the debugging tools provided by struts are used for integrated debugging. It has excellent support for multiple view options such as XSLT, Freemarker, JSP, and Velocity.
The blade is an MVC framework and is based on the principles of elegance and simplicity. It contains a collection of libraries from Captcha to JSON conversion from template to a simple database connection. The blade design is simple, easy to understand, and support of the standard library. It also supports the REST style routing interface, which provides DSL grammar to write with no invasive interceptors.
Next on the list is Dropwizard, which is a Java framework used to develop ops-friendly, RESTful, and high-performance web services. It pulls the libraries from the Java ecosystem into a simple, lightweight package. The Dropwizard is best suited for creating Java microservices.
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Grails is a robust Groovy-based web application framework for the Java Virtual Machine(JVM). It is built on top of Spring Boot and runs with Groovy programming language. Grails can be used for the development of various applications and are compatible with Java EE containers, Spring, JDK, Quartz, and Hibernate.
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Next is Hibernate, which is another Java framework that simplifies the development of Java applications to connect with the database. It is an open-source Object Relation Mapping(ORM) tool that implements the specifications of the Java Persistence API (JPA) for data persistence. It allows the user to convert information for various databases easily.
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JavaServer Faces is a Java-based web application framework that is used to simplify the development integration of web-based user interfaces. It can be used to create native programs, web development, and enterprise applications. Developers can reuse the UI components, combining these components with an application data source, and write the client-generated event to the server-side event handler to develop web applications.
Second last in the list is the JHipster, which is one of the latest Java frameworks that is used to generate, deploy, and develop modern microservices architectures and web applications. It allows the user to create applications based on the Spring. This framework enables the user to choose two different types of architectures, such as Microservices and Monolithic.
The last Java framework is MyBatis, which is a mapping framework that automates the mapping between the objects and SQL databases in Java, Ruby on Rails, and. NET. It simplifies the process of linking the Java application with an SQL database by acting as a middleware. MyBatis offers a simple API to connect with the database. It also provides support for a standard for custom SQL, advanced mapping, and stored procedures.
Play is a High-velocity Web framework that allows the user to build web applications with Scala and Java. It was designed to develop modern web and mobile applications based on web-friendly, stateless, and lightweight architecture. Play is built on Akka that provides predictable and minimal resource consumption for highly scalable applications.
Quarkus is a Kubernetes-native Java framework used for Java virtual machines (JVMs) that enables an effective platform for Kubernetes, serverless, and cloud environments. It is designed to work with popular frameworks, libraries like Eclipse MicroProfile, Java standards, Spring, and many more. Quark is an effective solution for running Java in serverless architecture, containers, function-as-a-service (FaaS), microservices, and cloud.
Spring is the most popular, open-source Java framework. It provides a comprehensive programming and configuration model for model Java-based enterprise applications. This framework can be used for the implementation of a real-time application. It includes Spring core, Spring ORM, Spring Security, Spring MVC, etc. are used in enterprise applications. Spring is a container of frameworks that enables the user to perform tasks of any complexity from working with the databases to test the procedures.
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Last on the list is Vaadin, which is an open-source modern web framework that helps Java developers to build a great user experience with minimal effort. This framework includes a library of UI components that are designed to work on both desktop and mobile. It allows the user to write UI in pure 100% Java without using HTML, CSS, and JS.
Vaadin provides access to the DOM directly from Java Virtual Machine(JVM). Its apps run on the server and maintain all the communications secured automatically. With the help of a robust Java ecosystem, Vaadin works with libraries, IDEs, and tools.
On a final note, I would like to conclude with these Top 14 Java frameworks. Each framework has unique benefits to meet the requirements of a developer to build a user-friendly web or mobile application. Choosing the most suitable framework provides the most effective results. If you have any framework to add, I’d be happy to read it in the comments below.
Keerthana Jonnalagadda working as a Content Writer at Mindmajix Technologies Inc. She writes on emerging IT technology-related topics and likes to share good quality content through her writings. You can reach her through LinkedIn.