Governor Limits in Salesforce

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Governor Limits in Salesforce

Salesforce has governor limits to assure the practical usage of the resources present in the platform. To use the code effectively, salesforce establishes some limits, and they are known as Governor limits.

Why governor limits

To assure that nobody gains requirements from other people, establishes many constraints that restrict standard code implementation. Salesforce will do this as it has multi-tenant architecture, because of which every organization and user share the same resource. 

If any governor limit is not satisfied, an error has occurred, further, the program is stopped or halted. So, it is critical to assure that code is extensible and should not violate any governor limits. This type of limits is known as single transaction basis.

Different kinds of Governor limits

1. Per-transaction certified managed Package Limits.

These managed packages are those who have passed AppExchange security checks for majority transaction limits. These managed packages are designed by salesforce ISV Partners and set up in our organization through AppExchange within a single namespace.

We can access any amount of certified namespaces with the help of a single transaction. Though, the precondition is that the number of operations which can be carried out in a separate namespace which should not surpass the per-transaction limits.

Moreover, the operations which can be carried out in the transaction throughout the namespace is restricted. For each namespace the overall limit is 11times. 

Every transaction limits count separately for certified managed packets anticipate

  • Effective CPU utilization.
  • Complete heap size
  • Numerous unique namespaces
  • Best transaction implementation time.

All the restrictions mentioned above apply to all transactions, still if the amount of certified managed packages working in the same transaction. When we set up an AppExchange package generated by an unauthorized Salesforce ISV partner, the code part of that specific package won’t have its governor limits.

2. Static Apex Limits

Till now, we are aware of various governor limits corresponding to every description given in apex. We observe additional governor limits i.e. for various types of callouts, loops, queries and records together with multiple transactions.



The callouts default timeout for every transaction

10 seconds

callout request or response maximum size

6 to 12 MegaBytes.

Maximum SOQL runtime prior salesforce abolishes transaction

2 Minutes

The maximum amount of trigger code units and classes in the apex implementation


Batch size of apex trigger


Batch size of For loop list


Number of records reverted for a batch apex query within Database.queryLocator

50 million

3. Per transaction apex limits

These limits are useful for counting every apex transaction. While we discuss batch apex, limits which are present for executing records batch are reactivated.  


Synchronous limits

Asynchronous limits

Total SOQL Queries used



SOQL Queries retrieved records



Issued SOSL Queries



Issued DML Statements



The total amount of callouts per transaction



Allowed send email Methods



Apex transaction execution time

10 minutes


  Salesforce Servers CPU time



4. Lightning Platform apex limits

The below-mentioned limits are not applicable for apex transactions, so lightning platform handles these limits.



The maximum amount of asynchronous method executions in 24 hours


Parallelly scheduled apex classes


Queued apex jobs or active parallelly


The maximum amount of batches submitted


Parallelly opened query cursors  per user 


Parallelly opened query cursors  per user 


5. Size-specific Apex Limits

Depending on the size these limits are particularly designed to assure that no outsized items are present in the classes.

Following table provides the limits of size-specific apex limits



  1. The maximum amount of characters per class

1 mn

  1. The maximum amount of triggers per class

1 million

  1. Apex maximum code utilization


  1. Limit 2 of methode size


Benefits of Governor limits

Apex has entirely different or individual coding limits.

Governor limits assist us to stay within the appropriate place of apex coding.

How to avoid Governor Limits

We can avoid governor limits by the following process

  • Avoid DML Statements and SOQL queries within the For Loop
  • Make sure that apex code manages more than one record at a time.
  • For loops, we should use collections.
  • Streamline different triggers over the same page.
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About The Author

Arogyalokesh is a Technical Content Writer and manages content creation on various IT platforms at Mindmajix. He is dedicated to creating useful and engaging content on Salesforce, Blockchain, Docker, SQL Server, Tangle, Jira, and few other technologies. Get in touch with him on LinkedIn and Twitter. Protection Status